Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) December 26th, 2016 While solar cell technology is currently being used by many industrial and government entities, it remains prohibitively expensive to many individuals who would like to utilize it.. There is a need for cheaper, more efficient solar cells than the traditional silicon solar cells so that more people may have access to this technology. One of the current popular topics in photovoltaic technology research centers around the use of organic-inorganic halide perovskites as solar cells because of the high power conversion efficiency and the low-cost fabrication.
Nanomechanics Inc. December 27th, 2016 Nanomechanics Inc., a leading provider of innovative tools for industry and academia that are designed to understand, evaluate, and test the mechanical performance of materials at the micro- and nano- levels, today reported their fourth quarter 2016 results, which showed continued year over year gains for the company.
Cardiff University December 28th, 2016 The European Commission Funded, FP7 PCATDES Project has commenced Field Testing of its latest photocatalytic reactor in early December 2016. The Project’s objective is to research and create a solution with the eventual capability of providing an affordable, environmentally friendly and effective method of better cleaning up waste water produced by Food Industries.
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz December 28th, 2016 Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) have made another important breakthrough in the field of future magnetic storage devices. Already in March 2016, the international team investigated structures, which could serve as magnetic shift register or racetrack memory devices. This type of storage promises low access times, high information density, and low energy consumption. Now, the research team achieved the billion-fold reproducible motion of special magnetic textures, so-called skyrmions, between different positions, which is exactly the process needed in magnetic shift registers thereby taking a critical step towards the application of skyrmions in devices. The work was published in the research journal Nature Physics.
World Scientific December 29th, 2016 A team of researchers from Tufts University in Medford, MA have put together a review article, which discusses recent developments in stimuli-responsive membranes with an emphasis on membranes manufactured by polymer self-assembly. The article describes the state-of-art stimuli-responsive mem-brane manufacturing processes followed by examples explaining their stimuli-responsive behaviors. In the end, an overview of future development and challenges in this field is highlighted. The subject covered by the review article is a new and promising field. The report appears in the December 2016 issue of the journal TECHNOLOGY.
World Scientific December 29th, 2016 Cellular activated carbon, a new type of activated carbon we prepared, is based on carbon foams, the inner surfaces of which are activated physically by CO2 to generate an available surface made up of micro/mesopores. The carbon foams are enriched with macropores that are connected to the cell walls. After activation, the cellular activated carbon produces a great deal of micro and mesopores at the surface of the macropores; therefore, this new bimodal cellular activated carbon can be used just like the classic activated carbon as an adsorbent, catalyst support, energy storage and biological material in various industries.
Lomonosov Moscow State University December 30th, 2016 Physicists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University have obtained diamond crystals in the form of a regular pyramid of micrometer size. Moreover, in cooperation with co-workers from other Russian and foreign research centers they have also studied the luminescence and electron emission properties of obtained diamond crystals. The research results have been represented in a serie of articles published in the leading peer review journals, the most recent appeared in Scientific Reports.
Kyushu University, OPERA December 30th, 2016 Reproducibility is a necessity for science but has often eluded researchers studying the lifetime of organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Recent research from Japan sheds new light on why: impurities present in the vacuum chamber during fabrication but in amounts so small that they are easily overlooked.
Rice University December 18th, 2016 Graphene quantum dots may offer a simple way to recycle waste carbon dioxide into valuable fuel rather than release it into the atmosphere or bury it underground, according to Rice University scientists.
Brookhaven National Laboratory December 19th, 2016 Fuel cells are a promising technology for clean and efficient electrical power generation, but their cost, activity, and durability are key challenges to commercialization. Today’s fuel cells use expensive platinum (Pt)-based nanoparticles as catalysts to accelerate the reactions involved in converting the chemical energy from renewable fuels–such as hydrogen, methanol, and ethanol–into electrical energy. Catalysts that incorporate less expensive metals inside the nanoparticles can help reduce cost and improve activity and durability, but further improvements to these catalysts are required before these fuel cells can be used in vehicles, generators, and other applications.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory December 19th, 2016 Scientists have enlisted the exotic properties of graphene, a one-atom-thick layer of carbon, to function like the film of an incredibly sensitive camera system in visually mapping tiny electric fields in a liquid. Researchers hope the new method will allow more extensive and precise imaging of the electrical signaling networks in our hearts and brains.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology December 19th, 2016 Microelectromechanical systems, or MEMS, are tiny machines fabricated using equipment and processes developed for the production of electronic chips and devices. They’ve found a wide variety of applications in today’s consumer electronics, but their moving parts can wear out over time as a result of friction. A new approach to microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), developed by a team of researchers at MIT, could offer a new way of making movable parts with no solid connections between the pieces, potentially eliminating a major source of wear and failure.
University of Illinois at Chicago December 20th, 2016 What can’t graphene do? You can scratch “detect cancer” off of that list. By interfacing brain cells onto graphene, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have shown they can differentiate a single hyperactive cancerous cell from a normal cell, pointing the way to developing a simple, noninvasive tool for early cancer diagnosis.
Harris & Harris Group December 20th, 2016 Fellow Shareholders: The purpose of this letter is to share with you a proposed plan for a strategic restructuring that we believe has the opportunity to unlock value for our shareholders. Specifically, we are recommending the separation of Harris & Harris Group, currently a business development company (“BDC”), into two distinct entities. The first entity will be a registered closed-end fund named 180 Degree Capital Corp (“180”) that will focus on (1) optimizing the value in our existing portfolio; and (2) pursuing a new investment strategy focused on constructive activism in substantially undervalued small, publicly traded companies. The second entity, HALE.life Corp (“HALE”), will be an operating company focused exclusively on building a high-growth, precision health and medicine business.
Forschungszentrum Juelich December 21st, 2016 Magnetic nanovortices, so-called “skyrmions”, count among the most promising candidates for the future of information technology.
University of Wurzburg December 21st, 2016 Nanotechnology offers many chances to benefit the environment and health. It can be applied to save raw materials and energy, develop enhanced solar cells and more efficient rechargeable batteries and replace harmful substances with eco-compatible solutions.
Osaka University December 21st, 2016 Hydrogen gas is a promising alternative energy source to overcome our reliance on carbon-based fuels, and has the benefit of producing only water when it is reacted with oxygen. However, hydrogen is highly reactive and flammable, so it requires careful handling and storage. Typical hydrogen storage materials are limited by factors like water sensitivity, risk of explosion, difficulty of control of hydrogen-generation. Hydrogen gas can be produced efficiently from organosilanes, some of which are suitably air-stable, non-toxic, and cheap. Catalysts that can efficiently produce hydrogen from organosilanes are therefore desired with the ultimate goal of realizing safe, inexpensive hydrogen production in high yield. Ideally, the catalyst should also operate at room temperature under aerobic conditions without the need for additional energy input.
Tokyo Institute of Technology December 21st, 2016 Traditional computer memory, known as DRAM, uses electric fields to store information. In DRAM, the presence or absence of an electric charge is indicated either by number 1 or number 0. Unfortunately, this type of information storage is transient and information is lost when the computer is turned off. Newer types of memory, MRAM and FRAM, use long-lasting ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity to store information. However, no technology thus far combines the two.
Brookhaven National Laboratory December 22nd, 2016 Building nanomaterials with features spanning just billionths of a meter requires extraordinary precision. Scaling up that construction while increasing complexity presents a significant hurdle to the widespread use of such nano-engineered materials.
Nanometrics Incorporated December 22nd, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (Nasdaq:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced that company management is scheduled to present at the 19th Annual Needham Growth Conference.
Oregon State University December 23rd, 2016 Faster production of advanced, flexible electronics is among the potential benefits of a discovery by researchers at Oregon State University’s College of Engineering.
spectrum.ieee.org/ December 3rd, 2016 Lithium-sulfur batteries (Li-S) can hold as much as five times the energy per unit mass that lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries can. However, Li-S batteries suffer from the propensity for polysulfides to pass through the cathode, foul the electrolyte, then pass through to the other electrode, depleting it of sulfur after just a few charge-discharge cycles. This phenomenon is known as the “shuttle effect.” Now researchers at the University of Texas at Austin have developed an electrode structure for a Li-S battery that makes use of coaxial polypyrrole-manganese dioxide (PPy-MnO2) nanotubes. This novel electrode combats the shuttle effect by essentially encapsulating the electrodes with the nanotubes.
University of Texas at San Antonio December 3rd, 2016 A new study by Lyle Hood, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), describes a new device that could revolutionize the delivery of medicine to treat cancer as well as a host of other diseases and ailments. Hood developed the device in partnership with Alessandro Grattoni, chair of the Department of Nanomedicine at Houston Methodist Research Institute.
Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore December 4th, 2016 Have you ever wondered how you see the world? Vision is about photons of light, which are packets of energy, interacting with the atoms or molecules in what you’re looking at. Some photons reflect off, reaching your eyes. Others get absorbed. The main decider of which happens is the photon’s energy – its colour.
University of Sussex December 5th, 2016 Scientists at the University of Sussex have invented a ground-breaking new method that puts the construction of large-scale quantum computers within reach of current technology.
Surrey NanoSystems December 5th, 2016 Exclusive rights to the use of ultra-black Vantablack S-VIS surface coating in blackbody calibration sources has been agreed between Surrey NanoSystems and Santa Barbara Infrared.
Cornell University December 5th, 2016 Just like workers in a factory, enzymes can create a final product more efficiently if they are stuck together in one place and pass the raw material from enzyme to enzyme, assembly line-style. That’s according to scientists at Cornell’s Baker Institute for Animal Health, the first team to recreate a 10-step biological pathway with all the enzymes tethered to nanoparticles.
University of Texas at Dallas December 6th, 2016 University of Texas at Dallas physicists have published new findings examining the electrical properties of materials that could be harnessed for next-generation transistors and electronics.
Tokyo Institute of Technology December 6th, 2016 *Tokyo Tech researchers demonstrate operation energy-savings in a low price silicon power transistor structure by scaling down in all three dimensions.*
Leti December 6th, 2016 A Leti research project presented at IEDM 2016 today clarified for the first time the correlation between endurance, window margin and retention of resistive RAM (RRAM), a non-volatile random-access memory.
Leti December 7th, 2016 In IEDM 2016 Keynote, She also Cites Vital Role Nonprofit Research and Technology Organizations Play In Making Technology More Efficient and Ensuring Safety and Security
Journal Nanotechnology Progress International (JONPI) December 7th, 2016 This issue covers the area of carbon nanotubes and molecular beam epitaxy for applications in nanomedicine, nanoelectronics, etc.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. December 7th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it will host a webcast and conference call on Wednesday, December 14, 2016, at 4:30 p.m. EST to discuss its financial results for the fiscal 2016 year ended September 30, 2016.
Australian National University December 7th, 2016 Scientists at The Australian National University (ANU) have designed a nano crystal around 500 times smaller than a human hair that turns darkness into visible light and can be used to create light-weight night-vision glasses.
Johns Hopkins University December 8th, 2016 Experiments using laser light and pieces of gray material the size of fingernail clippings may offer clues to a fundamental scientific riddle: What is the relationship between the everyday world of classical physics and the hidden quantum realm that obeys entirely different rules?
Brookhaven National Laboratory December 8th, 2016 Catalysts are at the heart of fuel cells-devices that convert hydrogen and oxygen to water and enough electricity to power vehicles for hundreds of miles. But finding effective, inexpensive catalysts has been a key challenge to getting more of these hydrogen-powered, emission-free vehicles out on the road.
University of Illinois at Chicago December 8th, 2016 Battery researchers seeking improved electrode materials have focused on “tunneled” structures that make it easier for charge-carrying ions to move in and out of the electrode. Now a team led by a researcher at the University of Illinois at Chicago has used a special electron microscope with atomic-level resolution to show that certain large ions can hold the tunnels open so that the charge-carrying ions can enter and exit the electrode easily and quickly.
Oregon State University December 8th, 2016 After decades of eluding researchers because of chemical instability, key metal-oxide clusters have been isolated in water, a significant advance for growing the clusters with the impeccable control over atoms that’s required to manufacture small features in electronic circuits.
Forschungszentrum Juelich December 9th, 2016 An international team of scientists has succeeded in making further improvements to the lifetime of superconducting quantum circuits. An important prerequisite for the realization of high-performance quantum computers is that the stored data should remain intact for as long as possible. The researchers, including Jülich physicist Dr. Gianluigi Catelani, have developed and tested a technique that removes unpaired electrons from the circuits. These are known to shorten the qubit lifetime (to be published online by the journal Science today, DOI: 10.1126/science.aah5844).
Norwegian University of Science and Technology December 9th, 2016 Does it really help to drive an electric car if the electricity you use to charge the batteries come from a coal mine in Germany, or if the batteries were manufactured in China using coal?
Leti November 28th, 2016 Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, along with Inac, a fundamental research division of CEA, and the University of Grenoble Alpes have achieved the first demonstration of a quantum-dot-based spin qubit using an industry-standard fabrication process.
Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw November 28th, 2016 A Polish-British team of physicists has constructed and tested a compact, efficient converter capable of modifying the quantum properties of individual photons. The new device should facilitate the construction of complex quantum computers, and in the future may become an important element in global quantum networks, the successors of today’s Internet.
University of Illinois College of Engineering November 28th, 2016 A multi-institutional research collaboration has created a novel approach for fabricating three-dimensional micro-optics through the shape-defined formation of porous silicon (PSi), with broad impacts in integrated optoelectronics, imaging, and photovoltaics.
Nanobiotix November 28th, 2016 NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering novel approaches for the local treatment of cancer, today provides an update on the global development of its lead product, NBTXR3, across all indications.
University of Maryland November 29th, 2016 A voltage-controlled hydraulic actuator is presented that employs electroosmotic fluid flow (EOF) in paper microchannels within an elastomeric structure. The microfluidic device was fabricated using a new benchtop lamination process. Flexible embedded electrodes were formed from a conductive carbon-silicone composite. The pores in the layer of paper placed between the electrodes served as the microchannels for EOF, and the pumping fluid was propylene carbonate.
Rice University November 29th, 2016 Bumpy surfaces with graphene between would help dissipate heat in next-generation microelectronic devices, according to Rice University scientists.
Leti November 29th, 2016 Leti CEO Marie Semeria will present an opening-day keynote at IEDM 2016, one of the high-tech industry’s most prestigious annual events, on the topic of “Symbiotic Low-Power, Smart and Secure Technologies in the Age of Hyperconnectivity”.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology November 30th, 2016 It’s a well-known fact that water, at sea level, starts to boil at a temperature of 212 degrees Fahrenheit, or 100 degrees Celsius. And scientists have long observed that when water is confined in very small spaces, its boiling and freezing points can change a bit, usually dropping by around 10 C or so.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology November 30th, 2016 A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research.
University of California – Riverside November 30th, 2016 A University of California, Riverside assistant professor has combined photosynthesis and physics to make a key discovery that could help make solar cells more efficient. The findings were recently published in the journal Nano Letters.
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) November 30th, 2016 The discovery of photoemission, the emission of electrons from a material caused by light striking it, was an important element in the history of physics for the development of quantum mechanics. Scientists from the Chair of Laser Physics at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have successfully measured photoemission from sharp metal needles on a scale never before achieved. The researchers’ results have been published in the journal Physical Review Letters.
Kazan University November 30th, 2016 According to current estimates, dozens of zettabytes of information will need to be placed somewhere by 2020. New physical principles must be found, the ones that facilitate the use of single atoms or molecules as basic memory cells. This can be done with the help of lasers. However, the existing methods of optical storage are limited to the diffraction limit (~500 nm), so the respective recording density is roughly ~1 Gb per square decimeter.
University of Surrey December 1st, 2016 Research from the University of Surrey reveals scientists are able to improve the efficiency of solar cells more than threefold •The solar cells are a flexible, lightweight and environmentally-friendly and have the capacity to be printed in different colours and shapes •The solar cells are a contrast to their inorganic competitors as they also convert efficiently indirect sunlight, making them ideal material to power devices on the move, such as for the Internet of Things
Brown University December 1st, 2016 Researchers from Brown University have demonstrated an unusual method of putting the brakes on superconductivity, the ability of a material to conduct an electrical current with zero resistance.
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center December 2nd, 2016 Things that happen on the surface are often given short shrift compared to what goes on inside. But when it comes to chemical reactions, what occurs on the surface can mean the difference between a working material and one that refuses to perform its duty.
MetaShield LLC December 2nd, 2016 MetaShield LLC, a market leader in advanced glass-based coating technology, today announced an independent research study indicating its proprietary MetaSOLTM nanotechnology coating can provide a 1.2 percent (absolute) efficiency boost for triple junction solar cells.
Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore November 19th, 2016 Anyone who has tried to lead a group of tourists through a busy city knows the problem. How do you keep the group together when they are constantly jostled, held up and distracted by the hubbub around them?
University of Vienna November 20th, 2016 Twisted light Time and again, properties of the light surprise the research world. For example, light can be brought into a corkscrew-like form in order to produce so-called “screws of light”, as Anton Zeilinger, quantum physicist at the University of Vienna, describes. The amazing fact is that one can in principle impose any number of windings on each individual light particle – called photons. The larger the number of windings, the larger the so-called quantum number with which the photon is described. The Viennese scientists results of the Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology (VCQ) at the University of Vienna and the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information Vienna (IQOQI Vienna) at the Austrian Academy of Sciences have now made use of this feature in two papers, breaking previous records on the transmission distance and the magnitude of the quantum number.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology November 21st, 2016 A team of physicists from ITMO University, MIPT, and The University of Texas at Austin have developed an unconventional nanoantenna that scatters light in a particular direction depending on the intensity of incident radiation. The research findings will help with the development of flexible optical information processing in telecommunication systems.
University of Central Florida November 21st, 2016 A team of UCF scientists has developed a new process for creating flexible supercapacitors that can store more energy and be recharged more than 30,000 times without degrading.
Oxford Nanoimaging Limited November 22nd, 2016 Oxford Nanoimaging Limited manufacture and sell microscopes offering super-resolution and single-molecule performance to research users. Today, the company reports on the work of early-adopters for their Nanoimager technology at the MRC Centre for Molecular Bacteriology and Infection located at Imperial College, London.
Quorum Technologies Limited November 22nd, 2016 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, report on the work of the Agricultural Research Service of the US Department of Agriculture where their PP2000 Cryo-SEM preparation system is in use to prepare soft bodied organisms including mites & ticks for study using cryo-SEM
University of Illinois at Chicago November 23rd, 2016 A new, ultrathin film that is both transparent and highly conductive to electric current has been produced by a cheap and simple method devised by an international team of nanomaterials researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago and Korea University.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology November 23rd, 2016 Graphene, a two-dimensional form of carbon in sheets just one atom in thick, has been the subject of widespread research, in large part because of its unique combination of strength, electrical conductivity, and chemical stability. But despite many years of study, some of graphene’s fundamental properties are still not well-understood, including the way it behaves when something slides along its surface.
American Institute of Physics November 24th, 2016 Whether it is clouds or champagne bubbles forming, or the early onset of Alzheimer’s disease or Type 2 diabetes, a common mechanism is at work: nucleation processes.
American Institute of Physics November 25th, 2016 The quest to develop a wireless micro-robot for biomedical applications requires a small-scale “motor” that can be wirelessly powered through biological media. While magnetic fields can be used to power small robots wirelessly, they do not provide selectivity since all actuators (the components controlling motion) under the same magnetic field just follow the same motion. To address this intrinsic limitation of magnetic actuation, a team of German researchers has developed a way to use microbubbles to provide the specificity needed to power micro-robots for biomedical applications.
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY November 25th, 2016 In a multi-national effort, an interdisciplinary team of researchers from DESY and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has built a new kind of electron gun that is just about the size of a matchbox. Electron guns are used in science to generate high-quality beams of electrons for the investigation of various materials, from biomolecules to superconductors. They are also the electron source for linear particle accelerators driving X-ray free-electron lasers. The team of DESY scientist Franz Kärtner, who is also a professor at University of Hamburg and continues to run a research group at MIT, where he taught till 2010 before coming to Hamburg, presents its new electron gun in the scientific journal Optica.
University of California – Riverside November 13th, 2016 Controlling the flow of heat through semiconductor materials is an important challenge in developing smaller and faster computer chips, high-performance solar panels, and better lasers and biomedical devices.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. November 14th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) delivered a poster presentation with Phase 1 clinical data and an oral presentation with preclinical data on ARC-AAT, its investigational medicine for the treatment of liver disease associated with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD), at The Liver Meeting® 2016, the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD), in Boston. The data indicate that in a first-in-human clinical study, ARC-AAT was well tolerated and induced deep and durable reduction of the target AAT protein. The preclinical data suggest that treatment with ARC-AAT over time may improve liver health and prevent further damage.
Nanobiotix November 14th, 2016 NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering novel approaches for the local treatment of cancer, today announces preclinical data demonstrating that its leading radioenhancer nanoparticle, NBTXR3, actively stimulates the host immune system to attack tumor cells. These data from the ongoing NBTXR3 immuno-oncology preclinical program were presented at one of the leading global immuno-oncology conferences, the 31st Annual Meeting of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC), being held November 9-13, 2016 in National Harbor, Maryland, USA (Paris S., Pottier A., Levy L., and Lu B. Hafnium oxide nanoparticles, a radiation enhancer for in situ cancer vaccine).
Rice University November 14th, 2016 Scientists at Rice University have discovered that an atom-thick material being eyed for flexible electronics and next-generation optical devices is more brittle than they expected.
Oxford Instruments NanoScience November 14th, 2016 Oxford Instruments is pleased to announce the launch of the unique SampleProtect measurement system. It is ideal for ESD protection and is optimised for opto-electrical measurement experiments, ensuring sensitive samples are protected throughout the whole experiment. It also minimises the time taken to obtain first experimental results.
Bruker Corporation November 14th, 2016 At the 46th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Bruker (NASDAQ: BRKR) today announced the release of the Ultima NeuraLight 3D™ simultaneous, all-optical stimulation and imaging platform for neuroscience applications. The NeuraLight 3D module is the most advanced 3D holographic solution for multi-cell brain research to decode neural connectivity and neural networks. Bruker’s proprietary spatial light module (SLM) technology enables the mapping of neural networks on an unprecedented level with respect to stimulation frequency and spatial resolution on both in vivo and in vitro experimental models. This significant breakthrough in 3D optical stimulation, in conjunction with multiphoton microscopy, was achieved in close collaboration with leaders in neuroscience research at Stanford University, Columbia University, and University College London.
Harris & Harris Group November 14th, 2016 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY) issued the following letter to shareholders today that may also be found on its website at ir.hhvc.com/letters.cfm.
University of Central Florida November 15th, 2016 Marty McFly’s self-lacing Nikes in Back to the Future Part II inspired a UCF scientist who has developed filaments that harvest and store the sun’s energy — and can be woven into textiles.
Leti November 15th, 2016 Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, and three French partners are collaborating in a “house-cleaning” project aboard the International Space Station that will investigate antibacterial properties of new materials in a zero-gravity environment to see if they can improve and simplify cleaning inside spacecraft.
University of California, San Diego November 15th, 2016 A team of mechanical engineers at the University of California San Diego has successfully used acoustic waves to move fluids through small channels at the nanoscale. The breakthrough is a first step toward the manufacturing of small, portable devices that could be used for drug discovery and microrobotics applications. The devices could be integrated in a lab on a chip to sort cells, move liquids, manipulate particles and sense other biological components. For example, it could be used to filter a wide range of particles, such as bacteria, to conduct rapid diagnosis.
Mesothelioma.net November 16th, 2016 The search for a cure for mesothelioma is in no way limited to the shores of the United States. The toxic impact of asbestos is felt internationally, with the highest incidence of malignant mesothelioma per capita being found in Australia, where over 700 new cases are diagnosed each year. According to the country’s Asbestos Diseases Research Institute (ADRI) more than 10,000 Australians have died of mesothelioma since the early 1980s and the organization expects another 25,000 to be lost over the next forty years. But ADRI researchers have teamed up with a New Zealand-born associate professor at the University of Sydney Medical School, Dr. Glen Reid, along with a Sydney-based biotech company called EnGelIC to research the way that the disease responds to chemotherapeutic drugs and find a better solution. What they’ve come up with is a “futuristic new drug delivery system that relies on nanotechnology and guiding antibodies” The bottom line – they’ve found that it works.
Bruker Corporation November 16th, 2016 – Bruker’s Nano Surfaces Division and Cetim today announced that Bruker has delivered its Contour CMM™ Dimensional Analysis System to the Cetim Carnot Institute in France. In a collaborative agreement, Cetim will validate the system’s measurement accuracy and performance across a wide variety of applications at their Picard facility over the next year. In addition, Cetim will offer European manufacturers precision measurement services with the Contour CMM. The new instrument enables the ability to perform simultaneous nanoscale surface height, roughness, texture, and 3D form measurements for geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T). The delivery of this innovative platform opens the door to high-precision 3D scanning for aeronautics, automobile, medical, and precision machining sectors.
ICN2 November 16th, 2016 The Chemical Communications journal reviews the advances made towards the confinement of chemical reactions within small droplets. The focus of the article falls to the tip-assisted chemistry, a technique recently amended by the ICN2 Nanostructured Functional Materials Group.
National Institutes of Natural Sciences November 16th, 2016 Kenji Ohmori (Institute for Molecular Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, Japan) has collaborated with Matthias Weidemüller (University of Heidelberg), Guido Pupillo (University of Strasbourg), Claudiu Genes (University of Innsbruck) and their coworkers to develop the world’s fastest simulator that can simulate quantum mechanical dynamics of a large number of particles interacting with each other within one billionths of a second.
Purdue University November 17th, 2016 Glycoproteins have vast structural diversity which plays an important role in many biological processes and have great potential as disease biomarkers. Here we report a novel functionalized reverse phase protein array (RPPA), termed polymer-based reverse phase GlycoProtein Array (polyGPA), to specifically capture and profile glycoproteomes, and validate glycoproteins. Nitrocellulose membrane functionalized with globular hydroxyaminodendrimers was used to covalently capture pre-oxidized glycans on glycoproteins from complex protein samples such as biofluids. The captured glycoproteins were subsequently detected using the same validated antibodies as in RPPA.
Leti November 17th, 2016 On Sunday, Dec. 4, Institute also Will Lead Short Course On ‘Design/Technology Enablers for Computing Applications’ and Host Workshop for Invited Guests on ‘Disrupting the Computing Paradigm’
OCSiAl November 18th, 2016 The first-ever Industry Summit in the rapidly developing and expanding field of nanoaugmented materials was held on 14–16 November at the birthplace of the world’s largest production facility for single wall carbon nanotubes, in Novosibirsk, Russia. The organiser of the event – OCSiAl – synthesises almost 90% of the world’s capacity of this unique conductive additive for thousands of materials.
University of Gothenburg November 18th, 2016 What do fireflies, Huygens’s wall clocks, and even the heart of choir singers, have in common? They can all synchronize their respective individual signals into one single unison tone or rhythm.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology November 5th, 2016 Scientists from the Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ICP RAS) and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have demonstrated that sensors based on binary metal oxide nanocomposites are sensitive enough to identify terrorist threats and detect environmental pollutants. The results of their study have been published in Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical.
North Carolina State University November 5th, 2016 “Novel synthesis and properties of pure and NV-doped nanodiamonds and other nanostructures” Authors: Jagdish Narayan and Anagh Bhaumik, North Carolina State University Published: Nov. 2, Materials Research Letters DOI: 10.1080/21663831.2016.1249805 Abstract: We report a novel method for synthesis and processing of pure and nitrogen-vacancy (NV)-doped nanodiamonds with sharp NV0 and NV– transitions at ambient temperatures and pressures in air. Carbon films are melted by nanosecond lasers in super undercooled state and quenched rapidly. We can form single-crystal nanodiamonds, microdiamonds, nanoneedles and microneedles, and large area films. Substitutional nitrogen atoms and vacancies are incorporated into diamond during rapid liquid-phase growth, where dopant concentrations can far exceed thermodynamic solubility limits through solute trapping. These nanodiamonds can be placed deterministically and the transitions between NV– and NV0 can be controlled electrically and optically by laser illumination.
University of Massachusetts at Amherst November 5th, 2016 Inspired by proteins that can recognize dangerous microbes and debris, then engulf such material to get rid of it, polymer scientists led by Todd Emrick at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have developed new polymer-stabilized droplet carriers that can identify and encapsulate nanoparticles for transport in a cell, a kind of “pick up and drop off” service that represents the first successful translation of this biological process in a materials context.
Universitat Rovira i Virgili November 7th, 2016 This discovery may raise concerns about safety of nanomaterials for public health and may suggest to revise the security norms at nanoscale bringing attention to the safety of nanomaterials in general.
University of California, San Diego November 7th, 2016 A team of engineers at the University of California San Diego has developed a magnetic ink that can be used to make self-healing batteries, electrochemical sensors and wearable, textile-based electrical circuits.
Bruker Corporation November 7th, 2016 Bruker’s Nano Surfaces Division today announced the release of a nanoscale scratch option for its NanoForce Nanomechanical Testing System. The new option brings the industry-leading low-noise floor, precision, and stability of the NanoForce to controlled lateral displacement between tip and sample during nanoindentation. This significantly expands the platform’s capabilities to characterize the resistance of thin films and coatings to scratching, cracking, chipping, scuffing, and delamination, without compromising its ability to accurately investigate the uniformity of mechanical properties via instrumented indentation tests on nanoscale surfaces and structures over large sample areas.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology November 7th, 2016 Atoms, photons, and other quantum particles are often capricious and finicky by nature; very rarely at a standstill, they often collide with others of their kind. But if such particles can be individually corralled and controlled in large numbers, they may be harnessed as quantum bits, or qubits — tiny units of information whose state or orientation can be used to carry out calculations at rates significantly faster than today’s semiconductor-based computer chips.
American University November 7th, 2016 What if you could take one of the most abundant natural materials on earth and harness its strength to lighten the heaviest of objects, to replace synthetic materials, or use it in scaffolding to grow bone, in a fast-growing area of science in oral health care?
Massachusetts Institute of Technology November 8th, 2016 A new imaging technique developed by scientists at MIT, Harvard University, and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) aims to illuminate cellular structures in deep tissue and other dense and opaque materials. Their method uses tiny particles embedded in the material, that give off laser light.
Keystone Nano November 8th, 2016 Keystone Nano is pleased to announce that that it has received orphan drug status for the use of Ceramide to treat Liver Cancer from the FDA. This very important designation provides key benefits to the company including a period of market exclusivity upon product approval. “We are pleased to be granted orphan drug status as this helps Keystone Nano accelerate the development of Ceramide NanoLiposome (KN-001) for the patients battling Liver Cancer,” remarked Jeff Davidson, Keystone’s Chief Executive Officer.
Penn State November 8th, 2016 By creating atomic chains in a two-dimensional crystal, researchers at Penn State believe they have found a way to control the direction of materials properties in two and three dimensional crystals with implications in sensing, optoelectronics and next-generation electronics applications.
American Institute of Physics November 8th, 2016 A team of researchers in Russia worked together to shed new light on the heterogeneous nature of a polar organic liquid mixed with water. They used laser light as a tool in two ways, dynamic light scattering and phase microscopy, that allowed them to demonstrate the existence of stable nanodroplets of tetrahydrofuran (THF) in the bulk of aqueous electrolyte solutions and to develop a new theory that explains the spontaneous generation of heterogeneous nanoparticles in aqueous solutions of polar organic solutes in terms of nanodroplet formation due to “twinkling” hydrogen bonds.
The University of Hong Kong November 9th, 2016 A team of researchers led by Dr Jinyao Tang of the Department of Chemistry, the University of Hong Kong, has developed the world’s first light-seeking synthetic Nano robot. With size comparable to a blood cell, those tiny robots have the potential to be injected into patients’ bodies, helping surgeons to remove tumors and enabling more precise engineering of targeted medications. The findings have been published in October earlier in leading scientific journal Nature Nanotechnology.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. November 9th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) is providing an update on its Heparc-2004 clinical study of ARC-520, its therapeutic candidate under clinical investigation for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Heparc-2004 is a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-dose study of ARC-520, which is currently being performed in up to 12 patients in the United States under an Investigational New Drug (IND).
Industrial Nanotech, Inc. November 9th, 2016 Industrial Nanotech, Inc. (OTC PINK: INTK), a global leader in nanotechnology-based energy saving solutions, today announces that the Company plans to sell its newest product line, designed for the home builder and homeowner market, to a major paint company.
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) November 9th, 2016 A little frustration can make life interesting. This is certainly the case in physics, where the presence of competing forces that cannot be satisfied at the same time – known as frustration – can lead to rare material properties. Just as water molecules become more ordered when they cool and freeze into ice crystals, the atoms of magnets become more ordered with decreasing temperature as the tiny magnetic fields or ‘spins’ of individual atoms start to point in the same direction. So-called ‘spin liquids’ are the exception to this rule, with spins continuing to fluctuate and point in different directions even at very low temperatures. They offer exciting possibilities for new discoveries in physics. Scientists from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) have modelled a particular spin liquid, showing that disorder can co-exist with order. Three major publications mark the milestones in this field of research.
Harris & Harris Group November 9th, 2016 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY), reported today that, as of September 30, 2016, its net asset value and net asset value per share were $75,322,949 and $2.44, respectively. The Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may be accessed at http://ir.hhvc.com/sec.cfm .
University of California, San Diego November 9th, 2016 Engineers at the University of California San Diego have fabricated the first semiconductor-free, optically-controlled microelectronic device. Using metamaterials, engineers were able to build a microscale device that shows a 1,000 percent increase in conductivity when activated by low voltage and a low power laser.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf November 9th, 2016 Tinier than the AIDS virus — that is currently the circumference of the smallest transistors. The industry has shrunk the central elements of their computer chips to fourteen nanometers in the last sixty years. Conventional methods, however, are hitting physical boundaries. Researchers around the world are looking for alternatives. One method could be the self-organization of complex components from molecules and atoms. Scientists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) and Paderborn University have now made an important advance: the physicists conducted a current through gold-plated nanowires, which independently assembled themselves from single DNA strands. Their results have been published in the scientific journal Langmuir.
Springer November 10th, 2016 Superconductivity is like an Eldorado for electrons, as they flow without resistance through a conductor. However, it only occurs below a very low critical temperature. Physicists now believe they can enhance superconductivity – the idea is to externally drive its underlying physical phenomena by changing how ions vibrating in the crystal lattice of the conductor material, called phonons, interact with electron flowing in the material. Andreas Komnik from the University of Heidelberg and Michael Thorwart from the University of Hamburg, Germany, adapted the simplest theory of superconductivity to reflect the consequences of externally driving the occurrence of phonons. Their main result, published in EPJ B, is a simple formula explaining how it is theoretically possible to raise the critical temperature using phonon driving.
Max Planck Gesellschaft November 10th, 2016 What would happen if an electric current no longer flowed, but trickled instead? This was the question investigated by researchers working with Christian Ast at the Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research. Their investigation involved cooling their scanning tunnelling microscope down to a fifteen thousandth of a degree above absolute zero. At these extremely low temperatures, the electrons reveal their quantum nature. The electric current is therefore a granular medium, consisting of individual particles. The electrons trickle through a conductor like grains of sand in an hourglass, a phenomenon that can be explained with the aid of quantum electrodynamics.
Rice University November 10th, 2016 Graphene, the atomically thin sheets of carbon that materials scientists are hoping to use for everything from nanoelectronics and aircraft de-icers to batteries and bone implants, may also find use as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), according to new research from Rice University.
Vesper November 10th, 2016 Vesper, developer of the world’s most advanced acoustic sensors, is a finalist for two Annual Creativity in Electronics (ACE) Awards: VM1000, the first piezoelectric MEMS microphone, for Ultimate Products: Sensors, and Vesper CTO Bobby Littrell for Innovator of the Year. Hand-selected by a panel of EE Times and EDN editors as well as by independent judges from across the industry, ACE Awards finalists will be recognized during an awards ceremony on December 7, 2016 at Embedded Systems Conference Silicon Valley in San Jose, CA – which is where winners will also be announced.
FullScaleNANO November 11th, 2016 Nanotechnology manufacturers seeking ways to measure and analyze nanoparticles now have a simple, fast, accurate and cost-effective tool thanks to the recent release of NanoMet by developer FullScaleNANO.
Northwestern University November 11th, 2016 •Northwestern alumnus Carson Bruns is co-author of the very visual book •New bonds are few and far between in chemistry, Stoddart says •Mechanical bond has made tiny molecular machines possible •Mechanomolecules hold promise for use in electronics, sensors and health care
Indercience Publishers November 11th, 2016 There are two types of liquid water, according to research carried out by an international scientific collaboration. This new peculiarity adds to the growing list of strange phenomena in what we imagine is a simple substance. The discovery could have implications for making and using nanoparticles as well as in understanding how proteins fold into their working shape in the body or misfold to cause diseases such as Alzheimer’s or CJD.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology November 11th, 2016 Scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (ICP RAS), and Chuiko Institute of Surface Chemistry of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (ISC NASU) have proposed a model nanosized dipole photomotor based on the phenomenon of light-induced charge redistribution. Triggered by a laser pulse, this tiny device is capable of directed motion at a record speed and is powerful enough to carry a certain load. The research findings were published in the Journal of Chemical Physics.
University of Alberta October 29th, 2016 Robert Wolkow is no stranger to mastering the ultra-small and the ultra-fast. A pioneer in atomic-scale science with a Guinness World Record to boot (for a needle with a single atom at the point), Wolkow’s team, together with collaborators at the Max Plank Institute in Hamburg, have just released findings that detail how to create atomic switches for electricity, many times smaller than what is currently used.
University of Wurzburg October 30th, 2016 So-called monolayers are at the heart of the research activities. These “super materials” (as the prestigious science magazine “Nature” puts it) have been surrounded by a virtual hype in the past ten years. This is because they show great promise to revolutionise many areas of physics.
Lehigh University October 31st, 2016 Gallium nitride (GaN) has emerged as one of the most important and widely used semiconducting materials. Its optoelectronic and mechanical properties make it ideal for a variety of applications, including light-emitting diodes (LEDs), high-temperature transistors, sensors and biocompatible electronic implants in humans.
Duke University October 31st, 2016 Crustaceans that thrive in the vastness of the open ocean have no place to hide from their predators.
Oxford Instruments NanoScience October 31st, 2016 Oxford Instruments is pleased to announce its latest new product within the Cryofree® cooling systems family – the Io. As part of the company’s ongoing innovation strategy, the launch of Io will further expand the scope of scientific applications to be performed by the research community.
Forschungszentrum Juelich October 31st, 2016 An international research team has proved the existence of spin-spirals in a quantum liquid. They emerge at low temperatures from the magnetic moments (“spins”) of manganese scandium thiospinel single crystals (MnSc2S4). Neighbouring spins fluctuate here collectively as spirals, but when spatial distances are involved, they do not take on any particular order, just as water molecules will only form structures with neighbouring water molecules. Proof of this so-called “spiral spin-liquid” was achieved with the help of polarized diffuse neutron scattering on an instrument of Forschungszentrum Jülich at its outstation at the Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Zentrum.
Sustainable Nanotechnologies (SUN) Project November 1st, 2016 The EU FP7 Sustainable Nanotechnologies (SUN) Project is coming to its end in March 2017. The project has designed its final events to serve as an effective platform to communicate the main results achieved in its course within the Nanosafety community and bridge them to a wider audience addressing the emerging risks of Key Enabling Technologies (KETs).
Sustainable Nanotechnologies (SUN) Project November 1st, 2016 The results from the 3rd SUN annual meeting showed great advancement of the project. The meeting was held in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK on 4-5 October 2016 where the project partners presented the results obtained during the second reporting period of the project.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. November 1st, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) will make presentations at the following upcoming events:
EM Resolutions November 1st, 2016 EM Resolutions, manufacturers and suppliers of tools and accessories for users of electron microscopes, launches the EM-Storr vacuum sample storage container.
Quorum Technologies Limited November 1st, 2016 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, report on the use of their Q150T ES combined sputter coating and carbon coating system selected as a general purpose workhorse facility for the Biomedical Imaging Unit at Southampton University.
Lomonosov Moscow State University November 1st, 2016 Bolometer is a device for measuring electromagnetic radiation energy flow based on measurement of variations of physical parameters of thermosensitive element as a result of heating by absorption of radiation energy.
University of Houston November 2nd, 2016 Researchers at the University of Houston have reported a new method for inducing superconductivity in non-superconducting materials, demonstrating a concept proposed decades ago but never proven.
Aalto University November 2nd, 2016 Researchers at Aalto University and the University of Jyväskylä have developed a new method of measuring microwave signals extremely accurately. This method can be used for processing quantum information, for example by efficiently transforming signals from microwave circuits to the optical regime.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology November 2nd, 2016 Spinach is no longer just a superfood: By embedding leaves with carbon nanotubes, MIT engineers have transformed spinach plants into sensors that can detect explosives and wirelessly relay that information to a handheld device similar to a smartphone.
Queensland University of Technology November 3rd, 2016 Would you dress in diamond nanothreads? It’s not as far-fetched as you might think. And you’ll have a Brisbane-based carbon chemist and engineer to thank for it.
nzherald.co.nz November 3rd, 2016 With Associate Professor Egill Skulason from the University of Iceland, Garden will create new nanoparticle catalysts that can selectively convert nitrate to nitrogen without generating harmful by-products. Nanoparticles have a high surface to volume ratio, diverse chemical environments and unique reactivity patterns – all good traits for their development into highly efficient catalysts.
Forge Nano November 3rd, 2016 Forge Nano, formerly PneumatiCoat Technologies, a Colorado-based startup that has innovated a breakthrough technology to enable precision nano coatings at scale for manufacturing of products such as Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery materials, today announced it has closed a Series A investment of $20 million to expand its manufacturing capacity and fuel rapid growth.
Leti November 3rd, 2016 Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, and PYXALIS, a French SME specializing in high-performance image sensors, today announced a new technology that lowers readout noise for image sensors down to 0.5 electron noise and dramatically improves low-light image sensing capabilities.
University of California, Santa Barbara November 3rd, 2016 Using cutting-edge first-principles calculations, researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) have demonstrated the mechanism by which transition metal impurities – iron in particular – can act as nonradiative recombination centers in nitride semiconductors. The work highlights that such impurities can have a detrimental impact on the efficiency of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) based on gallium nitride or indium gallium nitride.
Bentham Science Publishers November 4th, 2016 Despite the numerous challenges associated with the application of nanotechnology in neuroscience, it promises to have a significant impact on our understanding of how the nervous system works, how it fails in disease, and the development of earlier and less-invasive diagnostic procedures so we can intervene in the pre-clinical stage of neurological disease before extensive neurological damage has taken place.
Rice University November 4th, 2016 Scientists at Rice University and at the University of Graz, Austria, are driving three-wheeled, single-molecule “nanoroadsters” with light and, for the first time, seeing how they move.
Princeton University October 22nd, 2016 For the first time, an experiment has directly imaged electron orbits in a high-magnetic field, illuminating an unusual collective behavior in electrons and suggesting new ways of manipulating the charged particles.
KaSAM-2016 October 24th, 2016 The ‘Kathmandu Symposia on Advanced Materials- 2016 (KaSAM-2016)’, organized by Nepal Polymer Institute (NPI) in association with the Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), the Pokhara University and German-based Institute of Polymer Materials (IPW) has successfully concluded in Pokhara of western Nepal.
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science October 24th, 2016 Yuan Yang, assistant professor of materials science and engineering at Columbia Engineering, has developed a new method to increase the energy density of lithium (Li-ion) batteries. He has built a trilayer structure that is stable even in ambient air, which makes the battery both longer lasting and cheaper to manufacture. The work, which may improve the energy density of lithium batteries by 10-30%, is published online today in Nano Letters.
University of Liverpool October 24th, 2016 New research led by the University of Liverpool aims to improve the administration and availability of drug therapies to HIV patients through the use of nanotechnology.
University of Southampton October 24th, 2016 A team of scientists, led by the University of Southampton, have produced a fast nanoscale optical transistor using gold nanoantenna assisted phase transition.
Springer October 24th, 2016 In 1937, US physicist Isidor Rabi introduced a simple model to describe how atoms emit and absorb particles of light. Until now, this model had still not been completely explained. In a recent paper, physicists have for the first time used an exact numerical technique: the quantum Monte Carlo technique, which was designed to explain the photon absorption and emission phenomenon. These findings were recently published in EPJ D by Dr Flottat from the Nice -Sophia Antipolis Non Linear Institute (INLN) in France and colleagues. They confirm previous results obtained with approximate simulation methods.
Rice University October 25th, 2016 Layers of graphene separated by nanotube pillars of boron nitride may be a suitable material to store hydrogen fuel in cars, according to Rice University scientists.
Vienna University of Technology October 25th, 2016 As humans, we sniff out different scents and aromas using chemical receptors in our noses. In technological gas detection, however, there are a whole host of other methods available. One such method is to use infrared lasers, passing a laser beam through the gas to an adjacent separate detector, which measures the degree of light attenuation it causes. TU Wien’s tiny new sensor now brings together both sides within a single component, making it possible to use the same microscopic structure for both the emission and detection of infrared radiation.
Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology October 26th, 2016 Physicists at The Australian National University (ANU) and University of Queensland (UQ) have produced near-perfect clones of quantum information using a new method to surpass previous cloning limits.
American Chemical Society October 26th, 2016 Nanomedicine has the potential to help personalize cancer treatments and reduce side effects of therapeutic drugs. While some progress has been made toward the latter goal, customized treatments are still hard to come by. Now scientists report in the journal ACS Nano a new step toward seeing where certain cancer drugs accumulate in the body in order to better treat patients. They tested their drug-carrying, lipid-based nanoparticles in animals.
Northwestern University October 26th, 2016 Northwestern University nanoscientist Chad A. Mirkin has been awarded the 2016 RUSNANOPRIZE for his invention of spherical nucleic acids (SNAs), tiny structures used around the globe for medical diagnostics, therapeutics and research purposes.
UCLA October 26th, 2016 Nanoscience research involves molecules that are only 1/100th the size of cancer cells and that have the potential to profoundly improve the quality of our health and our lives. Now nine prominent nanoscientists look ahead to what we can expect in the coming decade, and conclude that nanoscience is poised to make important contributions in many areas, including health care, electronics, energy, food and water.
University of Basque Country October 27th, 2016 The study began by taking the medical history of 11 children, all of whom had a disorder due to mycobacteria infections, as the basis. All were discovered to have the same phenotype with the same mutation, which was located in the interferon-gamma (IFNGR) receptor, so the group began to explore what was causing this dysfunction.
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology October 27th, 2016 The mechanism of sodium ion storage in an important two-dimensional material could be a simpler and less toxic route to cheaper batteries, a team of KAUST researchers discovered.
University of California, Santa Barbara October 28th, 2016 In 1959 renowned physicist Richard Feynman, in his talk “Plenty of Room at the Bottom,” spoke of a future in which tiny machines could perform huge feats. Like many forward-looking concepts, his molecule and atom-sized world remained for years in the realm of science fiction.
Penn State October 28th, 2016 An electric current will not only heat a hybrid metamaterial, but will also trigger it to change state and fade into the background like a chameleon in what may be the proof-of-concept of the first controllable metamaterial device, or metadevice, according to a team of engineers.
KaSAM-2016 October 15th, 2016 Pokhara, a famous touristic city in Western Nepal, is finally set to host its first ever international meeting on Advanced Materials next week. The meeting named as “Kathmandu Symposia on Advanced Materials (KaSAM)- 2016” will be held from October 17-20, 2016 in Mount Kailash Resort, Lake Side, Pokhara. This edition of biennial KaSAM series is organized by Nepal Polymer Institute (NPI) in association with Pokhara University, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) and a German based organization- Institut für Polymerwerkstoffe (IPW)- Merseburg.
Sandia National Laboratories October 15th, 2016 By forcefully embedding two silicon atoms in a diamond matrix, Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
ICN2 October 15th, 2016 Researchers from ICN2 Phononic and Photonic Nanostructures Group publish in Scientific Reports findings providing the basis for new electromechanical designs using 2D-nanocellulose. In a longer-term perspective, the reinterpretation of electrical features for hydrogen bonds here introduced could pave the way in the understanding of life-essential molecules and events.
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) October 16th, 2016 Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have made a discovery that could lay the foundation for quantum superconducting devices. Their breakthrough solves one the main challenges to quantum computing: how to transmit spin information through superconducting materials.
North Carolina State University October 17th, 2016 “Nanoscale topography, semiconductor polarity and surface functionalization: additive and cooperative effects on PC12 cell behavior” : This work compares the behavior of PC12 cells on planar and patterned III-nitride materials with nanostructured topographies. Three different materials’ compositions containing N-polar and Ga-polar areas are studied: Al0.8Ga0.2N, Al0.7Ga0.3N, and GaN. Surface microscopy and spectroscopy, along with biological assays are used to understand the connection between nanoscopic features, polarity and surface functionalization. All materials are modified using a solution based approach to change their surface composition. The results demonstrate that altering the surface hydrophobicity can be used to generate additive effects with respect to protein adsorption in addition to the cooperative effects observed with respect to planes’ polarity and topography.
Chalmers University of Technology October 17th, 2016 Less than a micrometre thin, bendable and giving all the colours that a regular LED display does, it still needs ten times less energy than a Kindle tablet. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed the basis for a new electronic “paper”. Their results were recently published in the high impact journal Advanced Materials.
University of Basel October 17th, 2016 A new type of atomic force microscope (AFM) uses nanowires as tiny sensors. Unlike standard AFM, the device with a nanowire sensor enables measurements of both the size and direction of forces. Physicists at the University of Basel and at the EPF Lausanne have described these results in the recent issue of Nature Nanotechnology.
Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 34003 October 17th, 2016 Recently, researchers from Vienna University of Technology (TU Wien) have discovered a novel way to fabricate pure gold nanostructures by the additive direct-write lithography called FEBID. This work will open a new door for applications of 3D gold devices. The work has recently been published in nature publication group’s journal, Scientific Report, on September 26, 2016.
Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) October 17th, 2016 In a paper in Scientific Reports, a research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute describes a novel light-activated phenomenon that could become the basis for applications as diverse as microscopic robotic grippers and more efficient solar cells.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October 17th, 2016 Detailing the molecular makeup of materials — from solar cells to organic light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and transistors, and medically important proteins — is not always a crystal-clear process.
Deben October 18th, 2016 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on the application of their in situ tensile stages for micro X-ray computed tomography for materials characterisation at the University of Applied Sciences in Upper Austria.
National Space Society October 18th, 2016 On October 17, 2016, the upgraded Orbital ATK Antares rocket returned to flight following an October 14th, 2014 launch accident. The Antares is boosting a Cygnus cargo capsule to the International Space Station loaded with supplies and scientific equipment.
Leti October 18th, 2016 Scientists at Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, will give four presentations at SEMICON Europa, Oct. 25-27, in Grenoble, and Leti’s Patterning Program Manager Laurent Pain will chair a session on lithography. Leti also will present multiple product demos in a wide range of fields that showcase how its advanced technology has gone from research to final product.
EM Resolutions October 18th, 2016 EM Resolutions, manufacturers and suppliers of tools and accessories for users of electron microscopes, announce the availability of new cryo microgripper for cryo-FIB lift-out, a product of Kleindiek Nanotechnik.
University of California, Santa Barbara October 18th, 2016 In a development beneficial for both industry and environment, UC Santa Barbara researchers have created a high-quality coating for organic electronics that promises to decrease processing time as well as energy requirements.
University of Alabama at Birmingham October 19th, 2016 University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers will use pressures greater than those found at the center of the Earth to potentially create as yet unknown new materials. In the natural world, such immense forces deep underground can turn carbon into diamonds, or volcanic ash into slate.
Tokyo University of Technology October 19th, 2016 Due to the nature of this work, it is hoped that such results will contribute to the field of correlated electronic glassy dynamics in condensed matter physics; give a better understanding of charge noise effects in mesoscopic devices; and enable new studies for developing novel technologies in the important field of semiconductor-based quantum information processing.
American Chemical Society October 19th, 2016 A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is often a death sentence because chemotherapy and radiation have little impact on the disease. In the U.S. this year, some 53,000 new cases will be diagnosed, and 42,000 patients will die of the disease, according to the National Institutes of Health. But research now being reported in ACS Nano could eventually lead to a new type of treatment based on gold nanoparticles.
Rice University October 19th, 2016 Carbon fiber, a pillar of strength in materials manufacturing for decades, isn’t as good as it could be, but there are ways to improve it, according to Rice University scientists.
University of the Witwatersran October 20th, 2016 Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications. Superlattices are made up of alternating layers of very thin semiconductors, just a few nanometers thick. These layers are so thin that the physics of these devices is governed by quantum mechanics, where electrons behave like waves. In a paradigm shift from conventional electronic devices, exploiting the quantum properties of superlattices holds the promise of developing new technologies.
Wiley October 20th, 2016 Electronics that can be embedded in clothing are a growing trend. However, power sources remain a problem. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, scientists have now introduced thin, flexible, lithium ion batteries with self-healing properties that can be safely worn on the body. Even after completely breaking apart, the battery can grow back together without significant impact on its electrochemical properties.
Rice University October 20th, 2016 Scientists at Rice University are smashing metallic micro-cubes to make them ultrastrong and tough by rearranging their nanostructures upon impact.
University of Wisconsin-Madison October 20th, 2016 Flooring can be made from any number of sustainable materials, making it, generally, an eco-friendly feature in homes and businesses alike.
Elsevier October 21st, 2016 Dozens of dangerous gases are produced by the batteries found in billions of consumer devices, like smartphones and tablets, according to a new study. The research, published in Nano Energy, identified more than 100 toxic gases released by lithium batteries, including carbon monoxide.
Stanford University October 21st, 2016 A new design for solar cells that uses inexpensive, commonly available materials could rival and even outperform conventional cells made of silicon.
PLOS October 21st, 2016 Every year, more than 350 million people in over 120 countries contact dengue fever, which can cause symptoms ranging from achy muscles and a skin rash to life-threatening hemorrhagic fever. Researchers have struggled to create effective vaccines against dengue virus, in part because four distinct serotypes, or strains, cause the disease and a vaccine must immunize against all four individually. Now, a new type of nanoparticle, described in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, effectively vaccinated mice against one of the serotypes and could be created to target all four.
Kansas State University October 21st, 2016 Lasers have successfully recorded a chemical reaction that happens as fast as a quadrillionth of a second, which could help scientists understand and control chemical reactions.
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) October 21st, 2016 Physicists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have developed a novel nanotool that provides a facile means of characterizing the mechanical properties of biomolecules.
Penn State University October 8th, 2016 A new tool that uses a forest-like array of vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes that can be finely tuned to selectively trap viruses by their size can increase the detection threshold for viruses and speed the process of identifying newly-emerging viruses. The research, by an interdisciplinary team of scientists at Penn State, is published in the October 7, 2016 edition of the journal Science Advances.
University of Connecticut October 8th, 2016 Researchers at the University of Connecticut have uncovered new information about how particles behave in our bloodstream, an important advancement that could help pharmaceutical scientists develop more effective cancer drugs.
UCLA October 9th, 2016 UCLA nanoscience researchers have determined that a fluid that behaves similarly to water in our day-to-day lives becomes as heavy as honey when trapped in a nanocage of a porous solid, offering new insights into how matter behaves in the nanoscale world.
Nanometrics October 10th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its third quarter financial results after market close on October 27, 2016. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.
SAFENANO October 10th, 2016 2016 sees SAFENANO celebrating 10 years of supporting the responsible development of nanotechnology (www.safenano.org/about/safenano-celebrating-10-years/), from the latest advances in medicines and healthcare, to the personal cosmetics, paints, packaging and now 3D printing. SAFENANO has been de-risking nanotechnology using its unique combination of multi-disciplinary expertise, laboratory and state-of-the-art equipment with enterprises from small start-ups to multi-national corporations.
Rice University October 10th, 2016 Rice University scientists have discovered how to subtly change the interior structure of semi-hollow nanorods in a way that alters how they interact with light, and because the changes are reversible, the method could form the basis of a nanoscale switch with enormous potential.
University of California, San Diego October 10th, 2016 Researchers have designed a device that uses light to manipulate its mechanical properties. The device, which was fabricated using a plasmomechanical metamaterial, operates through a unique mechanism that couples its optical and mechanical resonances, enabling it to oscillate indefinitely using energy absorbed from light.
Phantoms Foundation October 10th, 2016 Kuala Lumpur will host the 1st edition of Graphene Malaysia International Conference (www.graphenemalaysiaconf.com): 08-09 November, 2016.
PR&D – Public Relations für Forschung & Bildung GmbH October 10th, 2016 Comet dust from the Rosetta mission is providing insights into the origins of our Solar System. A research project focussing on the dust, which is supported by the Austrian Science Fund FWF and being carried at the Space Research Institute (IWF) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, has direct access to data from a high resolution atomic force microscope on board the Rosetta orbiter.
University of Michigan October 10th, 2016 Researchers have engineered a material that could lead to a new generation of computing devices, packing in more computing power while consuming a fraction of the energy that today’s electronics require.
EM Resolutions Limited October 11th, 2016 EM Resolutions, manufacturers and suppliers of tools and accessories for users of electron microscopes, report on the research of Peter Martin from the University of Bristol. He is applying Kleindiek micromanipulators in the characterisation of materials resulting from the accident at the Japanese nuclear power station.
Rice University October 11th, 2016 Rice University wireless researchers are taking a page from radio inventor Guglielmo Marconi to create the first laser-free, wireless system capable of delivering 1 terabit of data per second.
Nexeon October 11th, 2016 Nexeon – the UK company developing advanced silicon materials for next generation rechargeable (Li-ion) batteries – has announced the opening of an office and development laboratory in Japan. Nexeon Japan K.K. is located in Yokohama, closer to many of Nexeon’s development partners and prospective customers in the electronics and automotive sectors.
MEMS & Sensors Industry Group October 11th, 2016 MEMS & Sensors Industry Group (MSIG)’s annual MEMS & Sensors Technology Showcase at MEMS & Sensors Executive Congress® 2016 (November 9-11, 2016 in Scottsdale, AZ) highlights some of the newest and most unique MEMS/sensors-enabled applications in the industry. MSIG today announced the shortlist of finalists who will compete for the title of winner at this year’s event. i
TU Delft October 11th, 2016 The power of future quantum computers stems from the use of qubits, or quantum bits, which do not have to be either 0 or 1, but can also be 0 and 1 at the same time. It is not yet clear on which technology these qubits in quantum computers will be based, but qubits based on electron spins are looking more and more promising. It was thought that these could only be produced in the expensive semiconductor material gallium arsenide, but researchers have now discovered that the more common material silicon, the basic material of modern computer chips, is even better. Researchers from Delft, the University of Wisconsin and Ames Laboratory, led by Prof. Lieven Vandersypen of TU Delft’s QuTech discovered that the stability of qubits could be maintained 100 times more effectively in silicon than in gallium arsenide. They publishing their research in PNAS this week.
University of Central Florida October 12th, 2016 A newly established UCF agricultural center with the goal of combating crop disease and feeding the world’s growing population debuted recently with an inaugural symposium.
Tokyo Institute of Technology October 12th, 2016 Ultra-thin ferroelectric material for next-generation electronics(Tokyo, 12 October 2016) Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have demonstrated the potential of a new, thin-film ferroelectric material that could improve the performance of next-generation sensors and semi-conductors.
University of Melbourne October 12th, 2016 Led by the University of Melbourne and published today in Nature Nanotechnology, the work holds promise for micro and nano scale applications including drug delivery, chemical sensing and energy storage.
DryWired October 12th, 2016 Windows are responsible for over 25% of the heat transfer in structures. According to the DOE, there are 50 billion square feet of uninsulated, single-pane glass in the U.S. along with 250,000 federal buildings, most with uninsulated glass.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology October 12th, 2016 Scientists at Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and several universities in the US came up with a technology for faster structure analysis of receptor proteins, which are important for human health.
Brookhaven National Laboratory. October 13th, 2016 Tomoyasu Mani, former Goldhaber Fellow at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and now an assistant professor in the University of Connecticut’s Department of Chemistry, has received the 2016 Blavatnik Regional Award for Young Scientists in the chemistry category. The awards, established in 2007 by the Blavatnik Family Foundation in partnership with the New York Academy of Sciences, celebrate the innovative achievements of postdoctoral scientists 42 years of age or younger who work in New York, New Jersey, or Connecticut. Mani is being recognized for his “advances in the understanding of electron transport occurring in organic photovoltaics used in solar energy capture and conversion.”
National Space Society (NSS) October 13th, 2016 Enterprise In Space (EIS), a non-profit program of the National Space Society (NSS), is thrilled to announce two new partnerships with 3D Hubs and Sketchfab to further develop the world’s first NewSpace education program.
Particle Works October 13th, 2016 Particle Works – the nano- and microstructured material specialist – provides microencapsulation services for drug development applications, including controlled drug release, solubility enhancement or targeted drug delivery. Using its expertise in microfluidics and nanoparticle synthesis, the company can create bespoke PLGA formulations and coatings to alter drug release profiles, enhance the efficiency of targeted drug delivery and more precisely control dosing regimes.
University of Missouri-Columbia October 14th, 2016 Silver nanoparticles have a wide array of uses, one of which is to treat drinking water for harmful bacteria and viruses. But do silver nanoparticles also kill off potentially beneficial bacteria or cause other harmful effects to water-based ecosystems? A new paper from a team of University of Missouri College of Engineering researchers says that’s not the case.
Brookhaven National Laboratory October 14th, 2016 Cuprates, or compounds made of copper and oxygen, can conduct electricity without resistance by being “doped” with other chemical elements and cooled to temperatures below minus 210 degrees Fahrenheit. Despite extensive research on this phenomenon-called high-temperature superconductivity-scientists still aren’t sure how it works. Previous experiments have established that ordered arrangements of electrical charges known as “charge stripes” coexist with superconductivity in many forms of cuprates. However, the exact nature of these stripes-specifically, whether they fluctuate over time-and their relationship to superconductivity-whether they work together with or against the electrons that pair up and flow without energy loss-have remained a mystery.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology October 14th, 2016 Researchers at MIT and elsewhere have developed a new way of driving fluid droplets across surfaces in a precisely controlled way. The method could open up new possibilities for highly adaptable microfluidic devices, as well as for de-icing technologies, self-cleaning surfaces, and highly efficient condensers
University of East Anglia October 3rd, 2016 Researchers using DNA sequencing to profile antibiotic resistance in infection have achieved a turnaround time from ‘sample to answer’ of less than four hours for urinary tract infections (UTIs).
cccnews.info October 3rd, 2016 The arrests last month of SUNY Poly CEO Alain Kaloyeros, 60, on corruption charges, and Syracuse University business dean Kenneth Kavajecz, 51, for allegedly soliciting a prostitute, were sensational enough, but add to that some of the details of the stories: Kaloyeros was legally paid nearly $1 million a year for pretty much separating the Polytechnic College from SUNY Albany and rebranding the Utica SUNY campus as “SUNY Poly,” and Kavajecz is paid about $500,000 a year to run the 23rd best undergraduate business program in the country.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology October 3rd, 2016 When one type of an oxide structure called perovskite is exposed to both water vapor and streams of electrons, it exhibits behavior that researchers had never anticipated: The material gives off oxygen and begins oscillating, almost resembling a living, breathing organism.
Leti October 4th, 2016 Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, announced today it has joined the Stanford SystemX Alliance, a network of 100 renowned Stanford University professors and 27 world-class companies, joining forces in a pre-competitive environment to define tomorrow’s research strategies. Leti’s participation bridges the gap between two worlds – academia and industry.
STMicroelectronics October 4th, 2016 STMicroelectronics (NYSE: STM), a global semiconductor leader serving customers across the spectrum of electronics applications, today revealed its contributions to an intelligent toothbrush system from Oral-B. ST’s motion-sensing and control chip inside the toothbrush help develop healthier brushing habits.
Haydale Ltd October 4th, 2016 Haydale Composite Solutions (HCS) have been awarded a contract extension by UK utility company – National Grid to develop 14 different lightweight composite Gas Transition Piece (GTP) solutions for 7 different pipeline diameters from 300-1050mm. Each size has a variant for use on sites where access to the pipe is restricted by space constraints.
Rice University October 4th, 2016 Though they’re touted as ideal for electronics, two-dimensional materials like graphene may be too flat and hard to stretch to serve in flexible, wearable devices. “Wavy” borophene might be better, according to Rice University scientists.
Northwestern University October 5th, 2016 Sir Fraser Stoddart, Board of Trustees Professor of Chemistry in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern University, today (Oct. 5) was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) October 5th, 2016 If the 1967 film “The Graduate” were remade today, Mr. McGuire’s famous advice to young Benjamin Braddock would probably be updated to “Plastics … with nanoparticles.” These days, the mechanical, electrical and durability properties of polymers–the class of materials that includes plastics–are often enhanced by adding miniature particles (smaller than 100 nanometers or billionths of a meter) made of elements such as silicon or silver. But could those nanoparticles be released into the environment after the polymers are exposed to years of sun and water–and if so, what might be the health and ecological consequences?
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science October 5th, 2016 A team led by Cory Dean, assistant professor of physics at Columbia University, Avik Ghosh, professor of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Virginia, and James Hone, Wang Fong-Jen Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Columbia Engineering, has directly observed—for the first time—negative refraction for electrons passing across a boundary between two regions in a conducting material. First predicted in 2007, this effect has been difficult to confirm experimentally. The researchers were able to observe the effect in graphene, demonstrating that electrons in the atomically thin material behave like light rays, which can be manipulated by such optical devices as lenses and prisms. The findings, which are published in the September 30 edition of Science, could lead to the development of new types of electron switches, based on the principles of optics rather than electronics.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. October 6th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) and Spring Bank Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: SBPH), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapeutics for the treatment of viral infections, cancer, and inflammatory diseases, today announced an agreement to perform collaborative studies on Arrowhead’s ARC-520 and Spring Bank’s SB 9200, for the treatment of chronic Hepatitis B (HBV). The companies plan to first conduct preclinical models with both agents together and then study the agents clinically in a cohort to be added to Arrowhead’s ongoing MONARCH Phase 2b study, in which patients will receive a dosing regimen that includes ARC-520, SB 9200, and an oral direct-acting antiviral.
Brookhaven National Laboratory October 6th, 2016 Iron-based superconductors can conduct electricity without resistance at unusually high temperatures relative to those of conventional superconductors, which must be chilled to near absolute zero (minus 459 degrees Fahrenheit) to release their superconducting powers. In addition, they’re relatively easy to bend and can carry electrical current easily in different directions under high magnetic fields before superconductivity becomes suppressed. These characteristics make iron-based superconductors promising for advanced energy applications, from electric vehicles to wind turbines and medical imaging devices. However, the amount of current they can carry has been low in comparison to other superconductors. Scientists have been trying to increase this amount, but doing so has often come at the cost of degrading another key superconducting property-the critical temperature at which superconductivity emerges.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology October 6th, 2016 Microencapsulation, in which a tiny particle of one material is encased within a shell made from another, is widely used in pharmaceuticals manufacturing and holds promise for other areas, such as self-repairing materials and solar power.
United States National Nanotechnology Initiative October 6th, 2016 National Nanotechnology Day, a series of events and activities led by the U.S. nanotechnology community, is an annual opportunity to inform the public and stakeholders about nanotechnology and its benefits; the accomplishments of industry, academia, and government in nanotechnology R&D, commercialization, and education; and the future opportunities and promise for nanotechnology. The purpose of this day is to celebrate the hard work of scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs who have helped nanotechnology move from a laboratory curiosity to an enabling technology that is rapidly becoming pervasive in consumer products, medicine, transportation, energy, and infrastructure.
CNRS (Délégation Paris Michel-Ange) October 6th, 2016 Jean-Pierre Sauvage, a CNRS researcher from 1971 to 2014 and currently professor emeritus at the Université de Strasbourg, has been awarded the 2016 Nobel prize in chemistry, jointly with Sir James Fraser Stoddart (UK), and Bernard L. Feringa (the Netherlands). All three are rewarded for the design and synthesis of “molecular machines”. The work of Jean-Pierre Sauvage gives the nanosciences a new dimension with the development of molecular machines capable of reproducing movements of the living world.
Purdue University October 6th, 2016 Auxetic Black Phosphorus: A 2D Material with Negative Poisson’s Ratio Yuchen Du1,3, Jesse Maassen1,3,4,*, Wangran Wu1,3, Zhe Luo2,3, Xianfan Xu2,3,*, and Peide D. Ye1,3,* 1 School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 2 School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University 3 Birck Nanotechnology Center, Purdue University 4 Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, * Address correspondence to: firstname.lastname@example.org (P.D.Y.); email@example.com (X.X.); firstname.lastname@example.org (J.M.) The Poisson’s ratio of a material characterizes its response to uniaxial strain. Materials normally possess a positive Poisson’s ratio – they contract laterally when stretched, and expand laterally when compressed. A negative Poisson’s ratio is theoretically permissible but has not, with few exceptions of man-made bulk structures, been experimentally observed in any natural materials. Here, we show that the negative Poisson’s ratio exists in the low-dimensional natural material black phosphorus, and that our experimental observations are consistent with first principles simulations. Through applying uniaxial strain along armchair direction, we have succeeded in demonstrating a cross-plane interlayer negative Poisson’s ratio on black phosphorus for the first time. Meanwhile, our results support the existence of a cross-plane intralayer negative Poisson’s ratio in the constituent phosphorene layers under uniaxial deformation along the zigzag axis, which is in line with a previous theoretical prediction. The phenomenon originates from the puckered structure of its in-plane lattice, together with coupled hinge-like bonding configurations.
Strem Chemicals, Inc. October 6th, 2016 Strem Chemicals’ Newburyport, MA facility announced today that as a result of exceeding key performance requirements for the Society of Chemical Manufacturers and Affiliates’ (SOCMA) ChemStewards® program, it has qualified for the program’s highest ranking – the Excellence Tier.
Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology October 7th, 2016 SiC is becoming an increasingly important material, particularly in the arena of high performance GaN RF devices using SiC as a substrate. A smooth via etch through the SiC is essential to enable these devices, and Oxford Instruments has just announced the ideal solution for etching high quality SiC vias efficiently, its high performance PlasmaPro 100 Polaris etch system.
Genome Institute of Singapore, A*STAR October 7th, 2016 Scientists have uncovered a new class of master control elements in stomach cancer called “super-enhancers”, which control critical cancer genes and proteins required for stomach tumours to survive and grow.
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) October 7th, 2016 With the high environmental cost of conventional energy sources and the finite supply of fossil fuels, the importance of renewable energy sources has become much more apparent in recent years. However, efficiently harnessing solar energy for human use has been a difficult task. While silicon-based solar cells can be used to capture sunlight energy, they are costly to produce on an industrial scale. Research from the Energy Materials and Surface Sciences Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), led by Prof. Yabing Qi, has focused on using organo-metal halide perovskite films in solar cells. These perovskite films are highly crystalline materials that can be formed by a large number of different chemical combinations and can be deposited at low cost. Recent publications from Prof. Qi’s lab cover three different areas of innovation in perovskite film research: a novel post annealing treatment to increase perovskite efficiency and stability, a discovery of the decomposition products of a specific perovskite, and a new means of producing perovskites that maintains solar efficiency when scaled up.
ICN2 September 26th, 2016 The discovery, published today in Nature, is a significant breakthrough in solid state physics and is also potentially relevant for technology. The phenomenon, called flexoelectricity, arises from the redistribution of atoms and electrons in a material when it is bent. This redistribution of charges can be used to generate an electrical current. It was already known that insulating materials can be flexoelectric. The surprise discovery is that semiconductors can also be flexoelectric, and moreover they can generate far more electricity than insulators.
Brookhaven National Laboratory September 26th, 2016 A team of scientists studying solar cells made from cadmium telluride, a promising alternative to silicon, has discovered that microscopic “fault lines” within and between crystals of the material act as conductive pathways that ease the flow of electric current. This research-conducted at the University of Connecticut and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, and described in the journal Nature Energy-may help explain how a common processing technique turns cadmium telluride into an excellent material for transforming sunlight into electricity, and suggests a strategy for engineering more efficient solar devices that surpass the performance of silicon.
Investigación y Desarrollo September 27th, 2016 In order to extend the life of fruits and vegetables and preserve them for longer refrigeration, UNAM researchers developed an edible coating with added functional ingredients applied to freshly cut foods.
Cell Proliferation September 27th, 2016 Epidermal growth factor plays a critical role in breast malignancies by enhancing cell proliferation, invasion, angiogenesis and metastasis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a crucial process by which epithelial cells lose polarity and acquire migratory mesenchymal properties. Gold nanoparticles are an efficient drug delivery vehicle for carrying chemotherapeutic agents to target cancer cells and quercetin is an anti-oxidative flavonoid known with potent anti-malignant cell activity.
Yale University September 27th, 2016 Sticky nanoparticles that deliver drugs precisely to their targets — and then stay there — could play a crucial role in fighting ovarian and uterine cancers.
XEI Scientific Inc. September 27th, 2016 XEI Scientific, the leading supplier of Evactron® remote RF plasma de-contaminators for electron microscopes, announced the promotion of Dr Barbara Armbruster to the position of Worldwide Sales and Marketing Director. Dr Armbruster joined XEI Scientific in May as Director of Marketing after holding Product Management positions at Hitachi High Technologies America, JEOL USA and Gatan Incorporated. She was awarded a PhD in Botany from Duke University.
Oxford Instruments plc September 27th, 2016 As key providers of leading edge process technology equipment for HBLED manufacture, Oxford Instruments has been a major part of the HBLED industry since its very beginning. Now the company’s systems are being used to facilitate the introduction of UV LEDs, being utilised in water purification systems to bring safe drinking water to remote places.
Leti September 28th, 2016 Oct. 3 Event Features Leti Experts on MEMS, IoT Communication Solutions,Smart Lighting and Display Applications, and System Reliability & Security.
Picosun Oy September 28th, 2016 Picosun Oy, the leading provider of high quality industrial ALD (Atomic Layer Deposition) technology, has patented a novel ALD nanolaminate to protect electronics such as smartphones, tablets, computers, and lighting devices from overheating.
Cambrios Advanced Materials September 29th, 2016 Cambrios Advanced Materials Corporation, which was formed to continue research, development and sales of silver nanowire inks based on Cambrios Technologies innovations in solution coated transparent electrodes, will be hosting meetings at the company’s private suite at Hotel The Manhattan during CEATEC Japan 2016.
Northwestern University September 29th, 2016 •Latest understanding of how materials’ properties change when shrunk to nanoscale •Presenters to discuss advances, issues and applications of nanotechnology •Symposium is free and open to the public •Northwestern has led nanotechnology research for nearly two decades
Massachusetts Institute of Technology September 29th, 2016 MIT researchers have designed nanosensors that can profile tumors and may yield insight into how they will respond to certain therapies. The system is based on levels of enzymes called proteases, which cancer cells use to remodel their surroundings.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology September 30th, 2016 In the future, our health may be monitored and maintained by tiny sensors and drug dispensers, deployed within the body and made from graphene — one of the strongest, lightest materials in the world. Graphene is composed of a single sheet of carbon atoms, linked together like razor-thin chicken wire, and its properties may be tuned in countless ways, making it a versatile material for tiny, next-generation implants.
GLOBALFOUNDRIES September 30th, 2016 INVECAS Inc. and GLOBALFOUNDRIES announced today that INVECAS will provide IP and end-to-end ASIC design services as a part of the foundry’s FDXcelerator™ Partner Program, an ecosystem designed to facilitate 22FDX SoC designs for tomorrow’s intelligent systems. The collaboration accelerates the adoption of FDX technology in applications spanning Internet-of-Things (IoT), mobile, RF connectivity, and networking markets.
Harris & Harris Group September 30th, 2016 Current and prospective shareholders of Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY) may be interested in a number of announcements by some of our portfolio companies during the third quarter of 2016. These announcements, as well as news from our other portfolio companies, can be found on our website at www.hhvc.com.
Oxford Instruments Asylum Research September 19th, 2016 Get ready to surf your sample with new economical atomic force microscope (AFM) probes. “Econo Board™ Probes” are the first group of probes released from Asylum Research’s new line of SurfRider™ Probes. They are budget-priced probes that rival the performance of more expensive premium probes, making them suitable for nearly all routine AFM measurements. As the probes are inexpensive, they are also perfect for training or education; an occasional tip crash “wipeout” won’t break the budget!
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona September 19th, 2016 PHENOMEN is a ground breaking project designed to harness the potential of combined phononics, photonics and radio-frequency (RF) electronic signals to lay the foundations of a new information technology. This new Project, funded though the highly competitive H2020 FET-Open call, joins the efforts of three leading research institutes, three internationally recognised universities and a high-tech SME. The Consortium members kick-off the project with a meeting on Friday September 16, 2016, at the Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICN2), coordinated by ICREA Research Prof Dr Clivia M. Sotomayor-Torres, of the ICN2’ Phononic and Photonic Nanostructures (P2N) Group.
Rice University September 19th, 2016 The combination of graphene nanoribbons made with a process developed at Rice University and a common polymer could someday be of critical importance to healing damaged spinal cords in people, according to Rice chemist James Tour.
Mehr News Agency September 20th, 2016 The International School on Applications of Nanomaterials in Medicine is due to be held at Sharif University of Technology early November, INIC announced Sat.
Bruker Corporation September 20th, 2016 Bruker’s Nano Surfaces Division today announced the release of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) capability for its Dimension Icon® atomic force microscope (AFM) platform. Utilizing a proprietary probe design, Bruker’s new PeakForce SECM™ mode controls nanoelectrode tip position and tip-sample interaction with unprecedented precision to provide simultaneous capture of topographical, electrochemical, electrical, and mechanical maps. This capability provides access to previously unobtainable nanoscale observation of redox reactions and their kinetics. Now researchers are able to address vital evolution of materials for energy, environment, and biochemical sensors.
Institute for Basic Science September 20th, 2016 Devices based on light, rather than electrons, could revolutionize the speed and security of our future computers. However, one of the major challenges in today’s physics is the design of photonic devices, able to transport and switch light through circuits in a stable way. Sergej Flach, Director of the Center for Theoretical Physics of Complex Systems, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) and colleagues from the National Technical University of Athens and the University of Patras (Greece) have studied how to achieve a more stable propagation of light for future optical technologies. Their model was recently published in Scientific Reports.
Investigación y Desarrollo September 20th, 2016 The photonic integrated circuits could replace electronic, currently used in computers or smartphones, to make them faster and compact In order to create effective technology that provides competitive in the market for data transmission, the mexican engineer Aura Higuera Rodriguez works in the design, manufacture and testing of dedicated optical interconnection between chips nanolasers, which ensures low power consumption and quick communication between them for sending information.
BBI Solutions September 20th, 2016 BBI Solutions has launched Morffi™, a novel conjugate blocking technology that enhances signal intensity and improves the sensitivity of lateral flow immunoassays, at the Lateral Flow Test Development seminar in Seattle, USA, on the 20th September. The technology, developed in-house by BBI Solutions scientists, improves the limit of detection of an assay, providing an increase in sensitivity of up to ten times and a faster time to result.
As You Sow September 21st, 2016 Rather than respond to shareholder concerns that Walgreens’ store-brand infant formula may contain harmful, “needle-like” nanomaterials, Walgreens filed a motion with the SEC to block the inquiry.
American Chemical Society September 21st, 2016 Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the U.S., which makes for a perky population — but it also creates a lot of used grounds. Scientists now report in the journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering an innovative way to reduce this waste and help address another environmental problem. They have incorporated spent coffee grounds in a foam filter that can remove harmful lead and mercury from water.
American Chemical Society September 21st, 2016 It seems like almost every week another food product is being recalled because of contamination. One of the more common culprits is a pathogenic strain of E. coli. To help prevent illnesses caused by this bacteria in food or water, researchers have developed a new nanosensor to rapidly detect its presence. The study appears in the journal ACS Infectious Diseases.
Oxford Instruments NanoScience September 21st, 2016 Oxford Instruments announces the launch of the 2016 technical workshops in India. Now in their 5th year, these workshops held across India have proven extremely popular, with previous events in Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Mohali. This year the event returns to the prestigious IISc Bangalore, the location of the first ever workshop. Showcasing cutting edge nanotechnology tools and their use in multiple applications, the two day seminar will comprise over 24 talks from Indian and international expert speakers, as well as Oxford Instruments scientists. There will also be technical poster sessions, which will provide participants the chance to discuss research in detail, and excellent networking opportunities.
Nanotech Security Corp. September 22nd, 2016 Nanotech Security Corp. (TSX VENTURE: NTS) (OTCQX: NTSFF), announces the granting of an aggregate of 350,000 share purchase options, of which 200,000 are to an insider.
Rice University September 23rd, 2016 A temporary tattoo to help control a chronic disease might someday be possible, according to scientists at Baylor College of Medicine who tested antioxidant nanoparticles created at Rice University.
Suomen Akatemia (Academy of Finland) September 23rd, 2016 Researchers at Nanoscience Center of University of Jyväskylä in Finland have succeeded in producing short chains and rings of gold nanoparticles with unprecedented precision. They used a special kind of nanoparticles with a well-defined structure and linked them together with molecular bridges. These structures – being practically huge molecules – allow extremely accurate studies of light–matter interaction in metallic nanostructures and plasmonics. This research was funded by The Academy of Finland.
University of Sydney September 11th, 2016 With one in two Australian children reported to have tooth decay in their permanent teeth by age 12, researchers from the University of Sydney believe they have identified some nanoscale elements that govern the behaviour of our teeth.
Nagoya University September 12th, 2016 Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a simple and ubiquitous method in molecular biology for amplifying DNA segments into millions of copies. This is important not only for basic research, but also in diagnostics, forensics, and medical applications. Quantitative real-time PCR is a modified version that incorporates fluorescence labeling to cumulatively measure DNA amplification, rather than monitoring it at the end of the process, as in conventional PCR. Real-time PCR therefore enables sensitive quantification of the amount of the initial DNA template. However, current techniques may introduce bias through sequence errors, pipetting inaccuracies, or unequal binding of fluorescent probes (hybridization).
Leti September 12th, 2016 Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, and OT (Oberthur Technologies), a leading global provider of embedded security software products and services, today announced they have signed a letter of intent to collaborate on a wide range of technologies and digital solutions for security and performance in a connected world.
Ames Laboratory September 12th, 2016 “Promising” and “remarkable” are two words U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory scientist Javier Vela uses to describe recent research results on organolead mixed-halide perovskites.
American Chemical Society September 12th, 2016 Graphene has been hailed as a wonder material since it was first made more than a decade ago. It’s showing up in an increasing number of products, including coatings, sports equipment and even light bulbs. Now scientists are one step closer to making graphene audio speakers for mobile devices. They report in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces a simple way to fabricate once-elusive thermoacoustic speakers using the ultra-thin material.
Kiel University September 12th, 2016 Through this “nanoscale-sculpturing” process, metals such as aluminium, titanium, or zinc can permanently be joined with nearly all other materials, become water-repellent, or improve their biocompatibility. The potential spectrum of applications of these “super connections” is extremely broad, ranging from metalwork in industry right through to safer implants in medical technology. Their results have now been published in the prestigious journal Nanoscale Horizons of the Royal Society of Chemistry.
Australian National University September 12th, 2016 Scientists at The Australian National University (ANU) have developed a new spray-on material with a remarkable ability to repel water. The new protective coating could eventually be used to waterproof mobile phones, prevent ice from forming on aeroplanes or protect boat hulls from corroding.
The Optical Society September 12th, 2016 Random number generators are crucial to the encryption that protects our privacy and security when engaging in digital transactions such as buying products online or withdrawing cash from an ATM. For the first time, engineers have developed a fast random number generator based on a quantum mechanical process that could deliver the world’s most secure encryption keys in a package tiny enough to use in a mobile device.
Don Powell Associates LTD September 12th, 2016 A new approach to developing a human vaccine against HIV has been developed by researchers at Kymab, a UK therapeutic antibody platform Company, The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) of San Diego, California, and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI). HIV is one of the most intransigent targets for vaccine development, and no effective vaccine has been developed in thirty years of global research.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) September 13th, 2016 DNA, our genetic material, normally has the structure of a twisted rope ladder. Experts call this structure a double helix. Among other things, it is stabilized by stacking forces between base pairs. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have succeeded at measuring these forces for the very first time on the level of single base pairs. This new knowledge could help to construct precise molecular machines out of DNA.
Drexel University September 13th, 2016 If you’ve ever heard your engine rev through your radio while listening to an AM station in your car, or had your television make a buzzing sound when your cell phone is near it, then you’ve experienced electromagnetic interference. This phenomenon, caused by radio waves, can originate from anything that creates, carries or uses an electric current, including television and internet cables, and, of course cell phones and computers. A group of researchers at Drexel University and the Korea Institute of Science & Technology is working on cleaning up this electromagnetic pollution by containing the emissions with a thin coating of a nanomaterial called MXene.
University of Basel September 13th, 2016 On-surface chemical reactions can lead to novel chemical compounds not yet synthesized by solution chemistry. The first-step, second-step, and third-step products can be analyzed in detail using a high-resolution atomic force microscope, as demonstrated in Nature Communications by scientists from the Swiss Nanoscience Institute and the Department of Physics at Basel University and their colleagues from Japan and Finland.
University of California – San Diego September 14th, 2016 Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego, in collaboration with the Materials Project at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), have created the world’s largest database of elemental crystal surfaces and shapes to date. Dubbed Crystalium, this new open-source database can help researchers design new materials for technologies in which surfaces and interfaces play an important role, such as fuel cells, catalytic converters in cars, computer microchips, nanomaterials and solid-state batteries.
Bruker Corporation September 14th, 2016 Bruker has announced the installation of six UMT TriboLab Mechanical Testers at the Tribology Laboratory of Innovation SENAI Institute for Surface Engineering in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Established by Brazil’s National Service of Industrial Training (SENAI), the new state-of-the-art laboratory will utilize the TriboLab systems to carry out research and development of products focused on the evaluation of materials performance for resistance to wear. The TriboLab systems enable the new laboratory to test real-use conditions across an extremely wide range of industrial products, from automotive engine components and hydraulic pumps to cutting tools and aeronautical turbines.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) September 14th, 2016 From the printing press to the jet engine, mechanical machines with moving parts have been a mainstay of technology for centuries. As U.S. industry develops smaller mechanical systems, they face bigger challenges — microscopic parts are more likely to stick together and wear out when they make contact with each other. (Top) A microelectromechanical linkage converts translation (straight arrow) into rotation (curved arrow). The red box indicates the region of the rotating part that has fluorescent nanoparticles on it. (Bottom) Video showing the fluorescent nanoparticles on the rotating part of the linkage. Tracking the nanoparticles enables tests of the performance and reliability of the system.
University of Melbourne September 14th, 2016 The discovery, led by Associate Professor Brian Abbey at La Trobe in collaboration with Associate Professor Harry Quiney at the University of Melbourne, has been published in the journal Science Advances. Their findings reverse what has been accepted thinking in crystallography for more than 100 years.
University of New South Wales September 14th, 2016 When it comes to delivering drugs, nanoparticles shaped like rods and worms are the best bet for making the daunting journey to the centre of a cell, new Australian research suggests.
UC Santa Cruz September 15th, 2016 For well over a decade, electrical engineer Holger Schmidt has been developing devices for optical analysis of samples on integrated chip-based platforms, with applications in areas such as biological sensors, virus detection, and chemical analysis. The latest device from his lab is based on novel technology that combines high-performance microfluidics for sample processing with dynamic optical tuning and switching, all on a low-cost “chip” made of a flexible silicone material.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) September 15th, 2016 It is the double helix, with its stable and flexible structure of genetic information, that made life on Earth possible in the first place. Now a team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has discovered a double helix structure in an inorganic material. The material comprising tin, iodine and phosphorus is a semiconductor with extraordinary optical and electronic properties, as well as extreme mechanical flexibility.
MEMS & Sensors Industry Group September 15th, 2016 SEMI, the global industry association representing more than 2,000 companies in the electronics manufacturing supply chain, today announced that MEMS & Sensors Industry Group (MSIG) will become a SEMI Strategic Association Partner effective January 1, 2017.
GLOBALFOUNDRIES September 15th, 2016 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today introduced a scalable, embedded magnetoresistive non-volatile memory technology (eMRAM) on its 22FDX platform, providing system designers with access to 1,000x faster write speeds and 1,000x more endurance than today’s non-volatile memory (NVM) offerings. 22FDX eMRAM also features the ability to retain data through 260°C solder reflow, industrial temperature operation, while maintaining an industry-leading eMRAM bitcell size.
GLOBALFOUNDRIES September 15th, 2016 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced plans to deliver a new leading-edge 7nm FinFET semiconductor technology that will offer the ultimate in performance for the next era of computing applications. This technology provides more processing power for data centers, networking, premium mobile processors, and deep learning applications.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign September 15th, 2016 Fuel cells have long held promise as power sources, but low efficiency has created obstacles to realizing that promise. Researchers at the University of Illinois and collaborators have identified the active form of an iron-containing catalyst for the trickiest part of the process: reducing oxygen gas, which has two oxygen atoms, so that it can break apart and combine with ionized hydrogen to make water. The finding could help researchers refine better catalysts, making fuel cells a more energy- and cost-efficient option for powering vehicles and other applications.
Brigham and Women’s Hospital September 15th, 2016 The first multicellular organism, Volvox, evolved from self-assembly of individual cells. Inspired by this organism, researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital have developed a novel approach for treating cancer. Drawing from the lessons of evolution, they designed anti-cancer molecules that can self-assemble with each other into a complex structure through weak supramolecular interactions. The complex, supramolecular therapeutics home into the tumor, increasing anticancer efficacy and reducing side effects.
Nagoya University September 15th, 2016 Thiophene-fused polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are known to be useful as organic semiconductors due to their high charge transport properties. Scientists at Nagoya University have developed a short route to form various thiophene-fused PAHs by simply heating mono-functionalized PAHs with sulfur. This new method is expected to contribute towards the efficient development of novel thiophene-based electronic materials.Oak Ridge National Laboratory September 16th, 2016 Scientists at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to harness a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) to directly write tiny patterns in metallic “ink,” forming features in liquid that are finer than half the width of a human hair.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) September 16th, 2016 Individual photons of light now can be detected far more efficiently using a device patented (link is external) by a team including the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), whose scientists have overcome longstanding limitations with one of the most commonly used type of single-photon detectors. Their invention could allow higher rates of transmission of encrypted electronic information and improved detection of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory September 5th, 2016 An ultrafast “electron camera” at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has made the first direct snapshots of atomic nuclei in molecules that are vibrating within millionths of a billionth of a second after being hit by a laser pulse. The method, called ultrafast electron diffraction (UED), could help scientists better understand the role of nuclear motions in light-driven processes that naturally occur on extremely fast timescales.
JPK Instruments September 6th, 2016 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on the use of their NanoWizard® AFM system at the Instituto de Medicina Molecular at the University of Lisbon.
EM Resolutions September 6th, 2016 EM Resolutions, manufacturers and suppliers of tools and accessories for users of electron microscopes, report on the research of Dr Farid Tariq of Imperial College. He is applying Kleindiek micromanipulators in the characterisation of electrochemical energy devices.
Notre Dame September 6th, 2016 Collaborative research at Notre Dame has demonstrated that electronic interactions play a significant role in the dimensional crossover of semiconductor nanomaterials. The laboratory of Masaru Kuno, professor of chemistry and biochemistry, and the condensed matter theory group of Boldizsár Jankó, professor of physics, have now shown that a critical length scale marks the transition between a zero-dimensional, quantum dot and a one-dimensional nanowire.
University of Texas at Austin September 6th, 2016 Scientists at The University of Texas at Austin have demonstrated a method for making three-dimensional images of structures in biological material under natural conditions at a much higher resolution than other existing methods. The method may help shed light on how cells communicate with one another and provide important insights for engineers working to develop artificial organs such as skin or heart tissue.
Rice University September 6th, 2016 Superman can famously make a diamond by crushing a chunk of coal in his hand, but Rice University scientists are employing a different tactic.
A simulation shows how nanotubes deform when shot at a solid target at 5.2 kilometers per second. Experiments and calculations by researchers at Rice University and in Brazil showed the formation of nanodiamonds and other carbon structure
Leti September 6th, 2016 An international project to develop technology and architectures for mimicking neural behavior in integrated circuits will review the state of the art in creating neuromorphic circuits and bring together the device and design communities for this promising field on Sept. 12 in Lausanne, Switzerland.
PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. September 6th, 2016 The PETA International Science Consortium will present on nonanimal nano-toxicity testing at the Global Summit on Regulatory Science Nanotechnology Standards and Applications, September 7-9 in Bethesda, Maryland.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. September 7th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it has dosed the first patient in the multiple ascending dose (MAD) portion of its ongoing Phase 1/2 study of ARC-521, the company’s second RNAi-based investigational medicine for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. To date 24 healthy volunteers have been treated in the study, and the drug safety committee (DSC) approved initiation of the MAD after a planned review of safety data from cohort 3 of the healthy volunteer portion of the study. The MAD is designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and antiviral activity of single and multiple doses of ARC-521 in patients with chronic HBV.
Institute for Basic Science September 7th, 2016 Last March, the artificial intelligence (AI) program AlphaGo beat Korean Go champion LEE Se-Dol at the Asian board game. “The game was quite tight, but AlphaGo used 1200 CPUs and 56,000 watts per hour, while Lee used only 20 watts. If a hardware that mimics the human brain structure is developed, we can operate artificial intelligence with less power,” points out Professor YU Woo Jong. In collaboration with Sungkyunkwan University, researchers from the Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), have devised a new memory device inspired by the neuron connections of the human brain. The research, published in Nature Communications, highlights the devise’s highly reliable performance, long retention time and endurance. Moreover, its stretchability and flexibility makes it a promising tool for the next-generation soft electronics attached to clothes or body.
Universiät Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) September 7th, 2016 Graphene is one of the most promising new materials. However, researchers across the globe are still looking for a way to produce defect-free graphene at low costs. Chemists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universiät Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have now succeeded in producing defect-free graphene directly from graphite for the first time. They recently published their findings in the journal Nature Communications (DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12411).
Rice University September 7th, 2016 Flakes of graphene welded together into solid materials may be suitable for bone implants, according to a study led by Rice University scientists. A molecular dynamics simulation shows how graphene oxide layers stack when welded by spark plasma sintering. The presence of oxygen molecules at left prevents the graphene layers from bonding, as they do without oxygen at right.
University of Wisconsin-Madison September 8th, 2016 For decades, scientists have tried to harness the unique properties of carbon nanotubes to create high-performance electronics that are faster or consume less power — resulting in longer battery life, faster wireless communication and faster processing speeds for devices like smartphones and laptops.
GLOBALFOUNDRIES September 8th, 2016 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced a new partner program, called FDXcelerator™, an ecosystem designed to facilitate 22FDX™ system-on-chip (SoC) design and reduce time-to-market for its customers.
GLOBALFOUNDRIES September 8th, 2016 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today unveiled a new 12nm FD-SOI semiconductor technology, extending its leadership position by offering the industry’s first multi-node FD-SOI roadmap. Building on the success of its 22FDXTM offering, the company’s next-generation 12FDXTM platform is designed to enable the intelligent systems of tomorrow across a range of applications, from mobile computing and 5G connectivity to artificial intelligence and autonomous vehicles.
GLOBALFOUNDRIES September 8th, 2016 Synopsys, Inc. (Nasdaq: SNPS) and GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced that Synopsys has joined the foundry’s FDXcelerator™ Partner Program, an ecosystem designed to facilitate 22FDX™ system-on-chip (SoC) designs. This program enables designers to deploy Synopsys’ comprehensive RTL-to-GSDII solution with superior power and performance metrics for FDX-based designs. The collaboration accelerates the development of innovative products in applications spanning systems for intelligent clients, 5G connectivity, augmented and virtual reality and automotive.
American Institute of Physics September 8th, 2016 Scientists at Iowa State University have developed a new formulation that helps to explain the self-assembly of atoms into nanoclusters and to advance the scientific understanding of related nanotechnologies. Their research offers a theoretical framework to explain the relationship between the distribution of “capture zones,” the regions that surround the nanoscale “islands” formed by deposition on surfaces, and the underlying nucleation or formation process.
American Institute of Physics September 8th, 2016 Large quantities of fish are consumed in India on a daily basis, which generates a huge amount of fish “biowaste” materials. In an attempt to do something positive with this biowaste, a team of researchers at Jadavpur University in Koltata, India explored recycling the fish byproducts into an energy harvester for self-powered electronics.
Georgia State University September 8th, 2016 Edible ginger-derived nano-lipids created from a specific population of ginger nanoparticles show promise for effectively targeting and delivering chemotherapeutic drugs used to treat colon cancer, according to a study by researchers at the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Wenzhou Medical University and Southwest University in China.
Carnegie Mellon University September 8th, 2016 Researchers found that the thermal conductivity of superatom crystals is directly related to the rotational disorder within those structures. The findings were published in an article in Nature Materials this week.
University of Basel September 9th, 2016 Changes in the genetic make-up of tissue samples can be detected quickly and easily using a new method based on nanotechnology. This report researchers from the Swiss Nanoscience Institute, the University of Basel and the University Hospital Basel in first clinical tests with genetic mutations in patients with malignant melanoma. The journal Nano Letters has published the study.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory September 9th, 2016 Scientists at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) discovered a use for perovskites that runs counter to the intended usage of the hybrid organic-inorganic material.
California Institute of Technology September 9th, 2016 Applied scientists led by Caltech’s Kerry Vahala have discovered a new type of optical soliton wave that travels in the wake of other soliton waves, hitching a ride on and feeding off of the energy of the other wave.
Hokkaido University September 9th, 2016 There has been considerable interest worldwide in the patterning of functionalized nanowires–which excel both in semiconductivity and as catalyzers–due to the potential application of such materials in nanodevice construction. Establishing a versatile approach to make functionalized nanowires, with a particular need to controlling spatial patterning, has been seen as essential.
Academy of Finland September 9th, 2016 A wide international collaboration involving researchers from four countries – China, Australia, Germany and Finland – have managed to synthesize and characterize two previously unknown, record-large silver nanoclusters of 136 and 374 silver atoms. These diamond-shaped nanoclusters (see Figure), consisting of a silver core of 2 to 3 nanometers and a protecting layer of silver atoms and organic thiol molecules, are the largest ones whose structure is now known to atomic precision. The research (1) was published in Nature Communications on 9 September 2016.
Lomonosov Moscow State University September 9th, 2016 Lomonosov MSU physicists found a way to “force” silicon nanoparticles to glow in response to radiation strongly enough to replace expensive semiconductors used in display business. According to Maxim Shcherbakov, researcher at the Department of Quantum Electronics of the Moscow State University and one of the authors of the study, the developed method considerably enhances the efficiency of nanoparticle photoluminescence.
University of Manchester September 9th, 2016 Materials containing tiny capillaries and cavities are widely used in filtration, separation and many other technologies, without which our modern lifestyle would be impossible. Those materials are usually found by luck or accident rather than design. It has been impossible to create artificial capillaries with atomic-scale precision.
International Union of Crystallography September 9th, 2016 Neutron crystallography is an important complementary technique to X-ray crystallography since it provides details of the hydrogen atom and proton positions in biological molecules. Furthermore, as neutrons are a non-destructive probe, the resulting structures are free from radiation damage even at room temperature. Knowledge of H-bonding networks, water molecule orientations and protonation states, along with details of hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions, can prove vital towards a better understanding of many biological processes, such as enzyme mechanisms and can help guide structure-based drug design.
Boston College August 27th, 2016 The pursuit of next-generation technologies places a premium on producing increased speed and efficiency with components built at scales small enough to function on a computer chip.
California Institute of Technology August 29th, 2016 Ultrasound imaging is used around the world to help visualize developing babies and diagnose diseases. Sound waves bounce off the tissues, revealing their different densities and shapes. The next step in ultrasound technology is to image not just anatomy, but specific cells and molecules deeper in the body, such as those associated with tumors or bacteria in our gut.
Vienna University of Technology August 29th, 2016 A meteorite impacting the earth under a grazing angle of incidence can do a lot of damage; it may travel a long way, carving a trench into the ground until it finally penetrates the surface. The impact site may be vaporized, there can be large areas of molten ground. All that remains is a crater, some debris, and an extensive trail of devastation on both sides of the impact site.
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) August 29th, 2016 A research team led by Professor Keon Jae Lee from the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) and by Dr. Jae-Hyun Kim from the Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials (KIMM) has jointly developed a continuous roll-processing technology that transfers and packages flexible large-scale integrated circuits (LSI), the key element in constructing the computer’s brain such as CPU, on plastics to realize flexible electronics.
Bentham Science Publishers August 30th, 2016 Nanocatalysis has attracted much attention in the past few years. Functionalized materials with a nano-/submicro-dimension display a significant and dramatically powerful catalytic capability than traditional catalysts in organic chemical reactions due to the increased surface area which they provide and multiple catalytic centers in their structures.
University of Akron August 30th, 2016 New research by scientists at The University of Akron (UA) shows that a nanometer-thin layer of water between two charged surfaces exhibits ice-like tendencies that allow it to withstand pressures of hundreds of atmospheres. The discovery could lead to better ways to minimize friction in a variety of settings.
Penn State August 30th, 2016 A newly discovered method for making two-dimensional materials could lead to new and extraordinary properties, particularly in a class of materials called nitrides, say the Penn State materials scientists who discovered the process. This first-ever growth of two-dimensional gallium nitride using graphene encapsulation could lead to applications in deep ultraviolet lasers, next-generation electronics and sensors.
Penn State August 31st, 2016 A device made of bilayer graphene, an atomically thin hexagonal arrangement of carbon atoms, provides experimental proof of the ability to control the momentum of electrons and offers a path to electronics that could require less energy and give off less heat than standard silicon-based transistors. It is one step forward in a new field of physics called valleytronics.
City College of New York August 31st, 2016 City College of New York led-team headed by physicist Dr. Carlos Meriles has successfully demonstrated charge transport between Nitrogen-Vacancy color centers in diamond. The team developed a novel multi-color scanning microscopy technique to visualize the charge transport. The breakthrough experiment could potentially lead to room-temperature quantum information processing in diamond and optical data storage in three dimensions.
Aalto University August 31st, 2016 Researchers at Aalto University have demonstrated the suitability of microwave signals in the coding of information for quantum computing. Previous development of the field has been focusing on optical systems.
FEI Company August 31st, 2016 FEI (NASDAQ: FEIC) today announced a milestone of the 1,000th Helios™ DualBeam system shipped since the product family was introduced in 2006. The 1,000th system was manufactured in FEI’s Brno plant and was shipped earlier this month to a semiconductor customer who is utilizing the system for advanced failure analysis on sub-20nm semiconductor devices.
Phantoms Foundation August 31st, 2016 The 2nd edition of Graphene & 2D Materials Canada 2016 International Conference & Exhibition (www.graphenecanadaconf.com) will take place in Montreal (Canada): 18-20 October, 2016. Graphene Canada 2016 attractive and promising program features 40 high-level Keynote and Invited speakers from all over the world, with a perfect mixture of fundamental research and industrial perspective. Top industry leaders will discuss recent advances in technology developments and business opportunities in graphene commercialization.
Particle Works August 31st, 2016 Particle Works – the nano- and microstructured material specialist – has developed magnetic nanoparticles offering superior performance and physical characteristics. The particles are composed of cobalt protected by a thin shell of iron oxide, offering up to five times the performance of other commercially available products. Supplied with a choice of functional coatings, they are suitable for organic and aqueous solvents, as well as for functionalization with, for example, antibodies.
Penn State September 1st, 2016 Researchers at Penn State and the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are pushing the limits of electron microscopy into the tens of picometer scale, a fraction of the size of a hydrogen atom.
inverse.com September 1st, 2016 Diamandis explained that he was researching nanotechnology that would allow human brains to interface with machines. This isn’t an unthinkable feat: researchers at the University of Southern California have been working on neural implants to enhance cognitive functions. Diamandis sees technology slowly progressing to the point where humans can actually log on through the mind.
Nagoya University September 1st, 2016 Kaho Maeda, Dr. Hideto Ito, Professor Kenichiro Itami of the JST-ERATO Itami Molecular Nanocarbon Project and the Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM) of Nagoya University, and their colleagues have reported in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, on the development of a new and simple strategy, “helix-to-tube” to synthesize covalent organic nanotubes.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. September 1st, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that the company will make presentations at the following upcoming events.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory September 1st, 2016 Scientists at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) discovered a use for perovskites that runs counter to the intended usage of the hybrid organic-inorganic material.
Lomonosov Moscow State University September 1st, 2016 A senior fellow at the Faculty of Chemistry, MSU, Vladimir Bochenkov together with his colleagues from Denmark succeeded in deciphering the mechanism of interaction of silver nanoparticles with the cells of the immune system. The study is published in the journal Nature Communications.
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science September 1st, 2016 Columbia Engineers discover that samarium nickelate shows promise for active photonic devices – SmNiO3 could potentially transform optoelectronic technologies, including smart windows, infrared camouflage, and optical communications.
American Chemical Society September 1st, 2016 Replacing traditional light bulbs with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) could take a significant bite out of global energy consumption. But making white LEDs isn’t completely benign or budget friendly. To help reduce the environmental footprint and cost of these lights, researchers have developed the first white LED with a hybrid, metal-organic framework material. Their report appears in the journal ACS Nano.
Iowa State University September 2nd, 2016 The researchers in Jonathan Claussen’s lab at Iowa State University (who like to call themselves nanoengineers) have been looking for ways to use graphene and its amazing properties in their sensors and other technologies.
Rice University September 2nd, 2016 Flakes of graphene welded together into solid materials may be suitable for bone implants, according to a study led by Rice University scientists.
Bentham Science Publishers September 2nd, 2016 Various applications of nanosubstances in industrial and consumer goods sectors are becoming increasingly common because of their useful chemical and physical properties. Therefore the development of methods for the assessment of potential hazards to human and ecological health posed by increased exposure to nanosubstances is necessary.
Colorado State University September 2nd, 2016 The growing field of spin electronics – spintronics – tells us that electrons spin like a top, carry angular momentum, and can be controlled as units of power, free of conventional electric current. Nonvolatile magnetic memory based on the “spin torques” of these spinning electrons has been recently commercialized as STT-MRAM (spin transfer torque-magnetic random access memory).
Rutgers University September 2nd, 2016 Rutgers University engineers have found a simple method for producing high-quality graphene that can be used in next-generation electronic and energy devices: bake the compound in a microwave oven.
University of Geneva (UNIGE) August 20th, 2016 Superconductivity with a high critical temperature (high Tc) continues to present a theoretical mystery. While this phenomenon is experimentally well established, no scientist has managed to explain its mechanism. In the late 90’s, the British physicist Anthony Leggett proposed a scenario based on the Coulomb energy. Today, researchers at the University of Geneva (UNIGE), Switzerland, in collaboration with Leggett and his group, committed to test this scenario. Their findings challenge Leggett’s conjecture, opening new avenues for the explanation of high Tc superconductivity. These results are available in the journal Physical Review X.
Nanotech Security Corp. August 21st, 2016 Nanotech Security Corp. (TSX VENTURE: NTS) (OTCQX: NTSFF) today announced that the company and its KolourOptik® technology were recently featured by Simon Fraser University. KolourOptik technology is a branding and anti-counterfeiting nanotechnology developed at Simon Fraser University by Nanotech’s current Chief Technology Officer Mr. Clint Landrock and current Director Dr. Bozena Kaminska. Nanotech acquired the technology from the creators and SFU in 2014. The university profiled Nanotech’s KolourOptik technology, which was used as a security feature on tickets for the Union of European Football Associations’ (UEFA) Euro 2016® Football Championship in France. The video and article are available at SFU.ca.
Carbodeon Ltd Oy August 21st, 2016 Carbodeon Ltd Oy, the global market leader in application-tailored nanodiamond materials, has closed a EUR 1.5 million funding round from Straightforward Capital, a Finnish venture capital firm. The round follows major financing already received from biotech and advanced materials sector investor Enso Ventures.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory August 21st, 2016 Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and UC Berkeley have created a sort of nanoscale display case that enables new atomic-scale views of hard-to-study chemical and biological samples.
Industrial Nanotech, Inc. August 22nd, 2016 Industrial Nanotech, Inc. (OTC PINK: INTK), a global leader in nanotechnology-based energy saving solutions, today announces a shareholder update on company progress and corporate developments.
Bangor University August 22nd, 2016 Scientists at the UK’s Bangor and Oxford universities have achieved a world first: using spider-silk as a superlens to increase the microscope’s potential.
Washington State University August 22nd, 2016 Washington State University researchers have developed a novel nanomaterial that could improve the performance and lower the costs of fuel cells by using fewer precious metals like platinum or palladium.
American Chemical Society August 23rd, 2016 Young people between 5 and 44 are most likely to die from a trauma, and the primary cause of death will be bleeding out. We have a range of technologies to control external bleeding, but there is a dearth of technologies for internal bleeding. Following injury, platelets become activated at the injury site. We have designed nanoparticles that are administered intravenously that bind with activated platelets to help form platelet plugs more rapidly. We have investigated the behavior of these particles in an number of in vitro systems to understand their behavior. We have also tested these particles in a number of models of trauma. The particles lead to a reduction in bleeding in a number of models of trauma including models of brain and spinal cord injury, and these particles lead to increased survival.
XEI Scientific, Inc. August 23rd, 2016 XEI Scientific Inc. reports on the launch of NASA rocket carrying the RockSat-X payload from the University of Puerto Rico which incorporates a plasma radical source from XEI.
University of Texas at Austin August 23rd, 2016 Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have invented a new flexible smart window material that, when incorporated into windows, sunroofs, or even curved glass surfaces, will have the ability to control both heat and light from the sun. Their article about the new material will be published in the September issue of Nature Materials.
Queen’s University Belfast August 23rd, 2016 Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast and ETH Zurich, Switzerland, have created a new theoretical framework which could help physicists and device engineers design better optoelectronics, leading to less heat generation and power consumption in electronic devices which source, detect, and control light.
Institut Pasteur August 24th, 2016 Scientists from the Institut Pasteur have demonstrated the role of lysosomal vesicles in transporting α-synuclein aggregates, responsible for Parkinson’s and other neurodegenerative diseases, between neurons. These proteins move from one neuron to the next in lysosomal vesicles which travel along the “tunneling nanotubes” between cells. These findings were published in The EMBO Journal on Aug. 22, 2016.
Princeton University, Engineering School August 24th, 2016 Princeton University researchers have built a new computer chip that promises to boost performance of data centers that lie at the core of online services from email to social media.
Rice University August 24th, 2016 Where light and matter intersect, the world illuminates. Where light and matter interact so strongly that they become one, they illuminate a world of new physics, according to Rice University scientists.
Lehigh University August 24th, 2016 Charles McLaren, a doctoral student in materials science and engineering at Lehigh University, arrived last fall for his semester of research at the University of Marburg in Germany with his language skills significantly lagging behind his scientific prowess. “It was my first trip to Germany, and I barely spoke a word of German,” he confessed.
Polytechnique Montréal August 25th, 2016 Fifty years to the day after the film Fantastic Voyage was first shown in theatres, the Polytechnique Montréal Nanorobotics Laboratory is unveiling a unique medical interventional infrastructure devoted to the fight against cancer. The outcome of 15 years of research conducted by Professor Sylvain Martel and his team, it enables microscopic nanorobotic agents to be guided through the vascular systems of living bodies, delivering drugs to targeted areas.
Northwestern University August 25th, 2016 A powerful new material developed by Northwestern University chemist William Dichtel and his research team could one day speed up the charging process of electric cars and help increase their driving range.
Johns Hopkins Medicine August 25th, 2016 Cancer researchers have long observed the value of treating patients with combinations of anti-cancer drugs that work better than single drug treatments. Now, in a new study using laboratory-grown cells and mice, Johns Hopkins scientists report that a method they used to track metabolic pathways heavily favored by cancer cells provides scientific evidence for combining anti-cancer drugs, including one in a nanoparticle format developed at Johns Hopkins, that specifically target those pathways.
Semblant August 25th, 2016 Semblant, the market leader in protective nanocoatings and liquid damage protection for electronic devices, today announced that Abe Ghanbari, Chief Solutions Officer, will present at China Mobile Manufacturing Technology Forum (CMMF) 2016 on Thursday, Aug. 25 from 3:00 – 3:30 p.m. Ghanbari will present on the topic of mobile device water/life-proofing, focusing on the importance of green solutions that go beyond making a device waterproof, that are also resistant to the corrosive elements found in sweat, dust, rain, coffee, champagne, and more. It’s not enough for today’s devices to be waterproof; they must also be life-proof and use environmentally friendly approaches.
SUNY Polytechnic Institute August 25th, 2016 AIM Photonics today announced the integrated silicon photonics Process Design Kit (PDK) is now available to all those organizations that have executed membership agreements. The achievement of this important milestone resulted from a project led by SUNY Polytechnic Institute, encompassing a significant effort by Analog Photonics, to create a library of photonic components designed to work within the SUNY Poly silicon photonics process. The PDK will enable AIM Photonics members to access leading edge silicon photonics technology to generate their own piece of real estate on the up-coming Multi Project Wafer (MPW) run.
American Chemical Society August 25th, 2016 Compared to the sandwich structure of conventional supercapacitors, the 2D structure of micro-supercapacitors enables a reduction in the ionic diffusing pathway, and more efficient utilization of the surface area of electrode materials. Meanwhile, emerging wearable electronics require the property of stretchability in addition to flexibility for application on the soft and curved human body that is covered with highly extensible skins. Micro-supercapacitors, as a candidate for essential integrated energy conversion and storage units on wearable electronics, ought to be capable of accommodating large strain while retaining their performance. In this talk, I will present our recent development of highly stretchable micro-supercapacitors with stable electrochemical performance.
Osaka University August 25th, 2016 For the first time in the world, a research group led by Osaka University, Japan, clarified the crystal structure of hydrogen sulfide in its superconducting phase at the high temperature of -70°C. This was achieved by conducting a combination of experiments at one of the world’s largest synchrotron radiation facilities, SPring-8 in Japan. These results mark a huge step towards developing room-temperature superconductors, which may provide promising solutions to energy problems.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) August 25th, 2016 Some water ferns can absorb large volumes of oil within a short time, because their leaves are strongly water-repellent and, at the same time, highly oil-absorbing. Researchers of KIT, together with colleagues of Bonn University, have found that the oil-binding capacity of the water plant results from the hairy microstructure of its leaves. It is now used as a model to further develop the new Nanofur material for the environmentally friendly cleanup of oil spills. (DOI: 10.1088/1748-3190/11/5/056003)
Aalto University August 25th, 2016 A discovery in the field of biomaterials may open new frontiers in stem and cancer cell manipulation and associated advanced therapy development. Novel scaffolds are shown enabling cells to behave in a different but controlled way in vitro due to the presence of aligned, self-assembled ceramic nanofibers of an ultra-high anisotropy ratio augmented into graphene shells.
North Carolina State University August 25th, 2016 “Use of Bayesian Inference in Crystallographic Structure Refinement via Full Diffraction Profile Analysis” A Bayesian inference method for refining crystallographic structures is presented. The distribution of model parameters is stochastically sampled using Markov chain Monte Carlo. Posterior probability distributions are constructed for all model parameters to properly quantify uncertainty by appropriately modeling the heteroskedasticity and correlation of the error structure. The proposed method is demonstrated by analyzing a National Institute of Standards and Technology silicon standard reference material. The results obtained by Bayesian inference are compared with those determined by Rietveld refinement
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology August 25th, 2016 A team of physicists from ITMO University (Saint Petersburg) and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) has demonstrated the potential of silicon nanoparticles for effective non-linear light manipulation. Their work lays the foundation for the development of novel optical devices with a wide range of functionalities. These silicon nanoparticles based devices would allow to transmit, reflect, or scatter incident light in a specified direction, depending on its intensity. They could be integrated into microchips that would enable ultrafast all-optical signal processing in optical communication lines and the next generation optical computers.
Duke University August 25th, 2016 Often described as the blueprint of life, DNA contains the instructions for making every living thing from a human to a house fly. But in recent decades, some researchers have been putting the letters of the genetic code to a different use: making tiny nanoscale computers.
University of Manchester August 26th, 2016 Small balloons made from one-atom-thick material graphene can withstand enormous pressures, much higher than those at the bottom of the deepest ocean, scientists at the University of Manchester report.
Osaka University August 26th, 2016 Researchers discovered a procedure to restore defective graphene oxide structures that cause the material to display low carrier mobility. By applying a high-temperature reduction treatment in an ethanol environment, defective structures were restored, leading to the formation of a highly crystalline graphene film with excellent band-like transport. These findings are expected to come into use in scalable production techniques of highly crystalline graphene films.
The Kavli Foundation August 26th, 2016 The inventors of one of the most versatile tools in modern science – the atomic force microscope, or AFM – tell their story in an interview published online this week. The AFM was invented in the mid 1980s by Gerd Binnig, Christoph Gerber and Calvin Quate, three physicists who are sharing the 2016 Kavli Prize in Nanoscience
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology August 15th, 2016 High-performance electronic circuits made entirely from transparent materials could have countless applications, from head-up displays on car windscreens to transparent TV sets and smart windows in homes and offices. Researchers at KAUST have found a way to make transparent transistors and other essential components of electronic circuitry using inexpensive and readily available materials and a simple fabrication technique.
KaSAM-2016 August 15th, 2016 Pokhara, the most beautiful city situated in the lap of Mount Macchapuchre in Western Nepal, is all set to organize its first ever international meeting on Material Science and Engineering (MSE) during October 17-20, 2016 as a third series of the Biannual International Conference- Kathmandu Symposia on Advanced Materials (KaSAM). This year’s KaSAM-2016 will also be organized by Nepal Polymer Institute (NPI), a Kathmandu based professional organization of polymer scientists which represents the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) in Nepal.
Rice University August 15th, 2016 Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) bend and twist easily in solution, making them adaptable for biological uses like DNA analysis, drug delivery and biomimetic applications, according to scientists at Rice University.
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory August 15th, 2016 In many parts of the world, the only way to make germy water safe is by boiling, which consumes precious fuel, or by putting it out in the sun in a plastic bottle so ultraviolet rays will kill the microbes. But because UV rays carry only 4 percent of the sun’s total energy, the UV method takes six to 48 hours, limiting the amount of water people can disinfect this way.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology August 16th, 2016 Physicists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have found that the two-dimensional form of carbon, known as graphene, might be the ideal material for manufacturing plasmonic devices capable of detecting explosive materials, toxic chemicals, and other organic compounds based on a single molecule, says an article published in Physical Review B.
XEI Scientific Inc. August 16th, 2016 Join us in celebrating 25 years of continuing progress in fighting hydrocarbon contamination with Evactron® plasma cleaners.
Canadelectrochim August 16th, 2016 Next generation’s nuclear reactors require materials that can resist higher temperature and radiations. The ODS steels are used as nuclear fuel cladding and structural materials. This is because the ODS steels are enforced with clusters of 5 nm size of Ti. Yttrium phase that can undergo second order transition to the superionic states.
Harris & Harris Group August 16th, 2016 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY), announced today that it will hold a conference call to update shareholders, analysts and interested attendees on its business and to answer questions, on Tuesday, August 23, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time.
Pixelligent Technologies, LLC August 16th, 2016 Pixelligent Technologies, the leader in high-index advanced materials for Solid State Lighting and Display applications and producer of PixClear® products, announced today that it closed $10.4 million in new funding. The round was led by The Abell Foundation, The Bunting Family Office, and David Testa, the former Chief Investment Officer of T. Rowe Price. Funds will be used to complete the installation of additional manufacturing capacity, open new offices in Asia, and continue to drive innovation in lighting, display and optical applications.
Polytechnique Montréal August 16th, 2016 Researchers from Polytechnique Montréal, Université de Montréal and McGill University have just achieved a spectacular breakthrough in cancer research. They have developed new nanorobotic agents capable of navigating through the bloodstream to administer a drug with precision by specifically targeting the active cancerous cells of tumours. This way of injecting medication ensures the optimal targeting of a tumour and avoids jeopardizing the integrity of organs and surrounding healthy tissues. As a result, the drug dosage that is highly toxic for the human organism could be significantly reduced.
Steadman Philippon Research Institute August 17th, 2016 With 43 of the top names in the field attending the Vail Scientific Summit Aug. 18-20, it’s no wonder the theme of this year’s event is “Engaging the Greatest Minds in Regenerative Medicine and Science.”
Institute for Basic Science August 17th, 2016 The IBS research team headed by the associate director of CCES, KIM Chang Young, presented the possibility of unifying theories to explain the working mechanism of iron- based superconductors. Their research was published in Nature Materials on August 16th. Superconductors are a relatively new concept; they were brought to prominence in the late 80’s when two Nobel Prize winners discovered a new superconducting material. The basic principle of superconductivity arises when a superconducting material is cooled to a fairly low critical temperature allowing an electric current to flow without resistance.
American Institute of Physics August 17th, 2016 One of the most critical issues the United States faces today is preventing terrorists from smuggling nuclear weapons into its ports. To this end, the U.S. Security and Accountability for Every Port Act mandates that all overseas cargo containers be scanned for possible nuclear materials or weapons.
McMaster University August 18th, 2016 Imagine an electronic newspaper that you could roll up and spill your coffee on, even as it updated itself before your eyes.
Office of Naval Research (ONR) August 18th, 2016 -Scientists sponsored by the Office of Naval Research (ONR) have genetically modified a common soil bacteria to create electrical wires that not only conduct electricity, but are thousands of times thinner than a human hair.
Veterans Affairs Research Communications August 19th, 2016 A recent study by researchers at the Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center took them to a not-so-likely destination: local farmers markets. They went in search of fresh ginger root.
American Chemical Society August 19th, 2016 A fall down the stairs, a car crash, a sports injury or an explosive blast can all cause traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients often recover. But in the days or weeks following the hit, they can develop other serious, chronic conditions, such as depression and thinking and memory problems. Now scientists report in the journal ACS Nano a potential way to reduce these effects with a neuron-targeting nanoparticle, using an animal model of TBI.
University of Twente August 19th, 2016 In infection diseases, membrane fouling, interaction with bacteria, as well as in rapid healing of wounds for example, the way proteins interact with a surface plays an important role. On a surface, they function in a different way than in solution. On a ship hull, the larvae of the barnacle will leave tiny traces of proteins to test if the surface is attractive for long-term attachment. If we get to know more about this interaction, it will be possible to develop surface conditions that are less attractive for the barnacle. Large amounts of barnacles on a ship will have a destructive effect on flow resistance and will lead to more fuel consumption. The new measuring method makes use of a modified Atomic Force Microscope: a tiny ball glued to the cantilever of the microscope will attract protein molecules.
University of Basel August 19th, 2016 Physicists at the University of Basel have succeeded in watching a silver catalyst at work for the first time with the aid of an atomic force microscope. The observations made during an Ullmann reaction have allowed the researchers to calculate the energy turnover and, potentially, to optimize the catalysis. The study, which was performed with experts from Japan and Iran, has been published in the scientific journal Small.
Brookhaven National Laboratory August 19th, 2016 Since the 1986 discovery of high-temperature superconductivity in copper-oxide compounds called cuprates, scientists have been trying to understand how these materials can conduct electricity without resistance at temperatures hundreds of degrees above the ultra-chilled temperatures required by conventional superconductors. Finding the mechanism behind this exotic behavior may pave the way for engineering materials that become superconducting at room temperature. Such a capability could enable lossless power grids, more affordable magnetically levitated transit systems, and powerful supercomputers, and change the way energy is produced, transmitted, and used globally.
Hokkaido University August 6th, 2016 Superconductors are materials that, when cooled below a certain temperature, conduct free-flowing electricity without it being impeded by resistance. They are used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) machines, magnetic levitation trains and particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider. Researchers are constantly on the lookout for materials that can become superconducting at higher-than-currently-possible temperatures and lower costs.
Imperial College London August 6th, 2016 New research suggests that it is possible to create a new form of light by binding light to a single electron, combining the properties of both.
University of Oxford August 7th, 2016 Researchers at the University of Oxford have achieved a quantum logic gate with record-breaking 99.9% precision, reaching the benchmark required theoretically to build a quantum computer.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology August 7th, 2016 Dmitry Fedyanin from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Mario Agio from the University of Siegen and LENS have predicted that artificial defects in the crystal lattice of diamond can be turned into ultrabright and extremely efficient electrically-driven quantum emitters. Their work published in New Journal of Physics demonstrates the potential for a number of technological breakthroughs, including the development of quantum computers and secure communication lines, which, in contrast to previously proposed schemes, would be able to operate at room temperature.
Argonne National Laboratory August 7th, 2016 Fans of Superman surely recall how the Man of Steel used immense heat and pressure generated by his bare hands to form a diamond out of a lump of coal.
The tribologists — scientists who study friction, wear, and lubrication — and computational materials scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Argonne National Laboratory will probably never be mistaken for superheroes. However, they recently applied the same principles and discovered a revolutionary diamond-like film of their own that is generated by the heat and pressure of an automotive engine.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory August 7th, 2016 There’s a new tool in the push to engineer rechargeable batteries that last longer and charge more quickly. An X-ray microscopy technique recently developed at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has given scientists the ability to image nanoscale changes inside lithium-ion battery particles as they charge and discharge. The real-time images provide a new way to learn how batteries work, and how to improve them.
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory August 8th, 2016 Better batteries that charge quickly and last a long time are a brass ring for engineers. But despite decades of research and innovation, a fundamental understanding of exactly how batteries work at the smallest of scales has remained elusive.
University of Pennsylvania August 8th, 2016 A team of University of Pennsylvania researchers has developed a computer model that will aid in the design of nanocarriers, microscopic structures used to guide drugs to their targets in the body. The model better accounts for how the surfaces of different types of cells undulate due to thermal fluctuations, informing features of the nanocarriers that will help them stick to cells long enough to deliver their payloads.
Iowa State University August 8th, 2016 Self-destructing electronic devices could keep military secrets out of enemy hands. Or they could save patients the pain of removing a medical device. Or, they could allow environmental sensors to wash away in the rain.
Rice University August 8th, 2016 What does one need to strengthen or toughen concrete? A lot of nothing. Or something. The “nothing” is in the form of microscopic voids and the “something” consists of particular particles embedded in the most common construction material on Earth. Rice University materials scientist Rouzbeh Shahsavari and postdoctoral researcher Ning Zhang analyzed more than 600 computer models of concrete’s inner matrix to determine that both voids and portlandite particles are significant players in giving the material its remarkable qualities.
University of Basque Country August 9th, 2016 Coatings or paints are materials applied to different surfaces basically for decorative and protective purposes. Yet today the market for these materials is being subjected to increasingly tougher specifications. In addition to being decorative and protective, today’s coatings must have additional properties such as, for example, low microorganism-adherence, ease of cleaning or self-repair properties. The development of materials of this type, known as “functional coatings”, calls for the control not only of their physical properties (mainly to do with their morphology) but also of the chemical ones of the surfaces produced.
Drexel University August 9th, 2016 Designers of solar cells may soon be setting their sights higher, as a discovery by a team of researchers has revealed a class of materials that could be better at converting sunlight into energy than those currently being used in solar arrays. Their research shows how a material can be used to extract power from a small portion of the sunlight spectrum with a conversion efficiency that is above its theoretical maximum — a value called the Shockley-Queisser limit. This finding, which could lead to more power-efficient solar cells, was seeded in a near-half-century old discovery by Russian physicist Vladimir M. Fridkin, a visiting professor of physics at Drexel, who is also known as one of the innovators behind the photocopier.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie August 9th, 2016 The team was able to show through neutron measurements made at the Institut Laue-Langevin in Grenoble, France, that lithium ions do not penetrate deeply into the silicon. During the charge cycle, a 20-nm anode layer develops containing an extremely high proportion of lithium. This means extremely thin layers of silicon would be sufficient to achieve the maximal load of lithium.
Brookhaven National Laboratory August 9th, 2016 To continue advancing, next-generation electronic devices must fully exploit the nanoscale, where materials span just billionths of a meter. But balancing complexity, precision, and manufacturing scalability on such fantastically small scales is inevitably difficult. Fortunately, some nanomaterials can be coaxed into snapping themselves into desired formations-a process called self-assembly.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology August 9th, 2016 Quantum computers are largely hypothetical devices that could perform some calculations much more rapidly than conventional computers can. Instead of the bits of classical computation, which can represent 0 or 1, quantum computers consist of quantum bits, or qubits, which can, in some sense, represent 0 and 1 simultaneously.
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences August 9th, 2016 Harvard University researchers have designed more than 1,000 new blue-light emitting molecules for organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) that could dramatically improve displays for televisions, phones, tablets and more.
Michigan Technological University August 10th, 2016 Researchers at the University of Maryland and Michigan Technological University have operated a tiny proposed satellite ion rocket under a microscope to see how it works.
Tania Ewing and Associates August 10th, 2016 For years scientists and dieticians have argued over the health benefits of dietary fat. Research published this week, however, shows that piggybacking onto natural fat absorption pathways can dramatically enhance the utility of some drugs.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) August 11th, 2016 Atomic force microscopes make the nanostructure of surfaces visible. Their probes scan the investigation material with finest measurement needles. KIT has now succeeded in adapting these needles to the application. For any measurement task, e.g. for various biological samples, a suitable measurement needle can be produced. For production, 3D laser lithography, i.e. a 3D printer of structures in the nanometer size, is applied. This success has made it to the title page of the Applied Physics Letters journal. DOI: 10.1063/1.4960386
Uppsala University August 11th, 2016 For the first time, researchers have revealed the nanostructure of the mesoporous magnesium carbonate Upsalite® and pore size control was achieved without organic templates or swelling agents. By controlling the pore structure of the material the amorphous phase stabilisation exerted on poorly soluble drug compounds can be tuned and the drug delivery rate can be tailored.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) August 11th, 2016 Normally, individual molecules of genetic material repel each other. However, when space is limited DNA molecules must be packed together more tightly. This case arises in sperm, cell nuclei and the protein shells of viruses. An international team of physicists has now succeeded in artificially recreating this so-called DNA condensation on a biochip.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory August 11th, 2016 Scientists at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), in collaboration with researchers at Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU), devised a method to improve perovskite solar cells, making them more efficient and reliable with higher reproducibility.
University of Basque Country August 11th, 2016 As it is a basic building material used across the world, cement is subjected to a vast range of conditions, both physiological and meteorological, no matter whether they are caused by extreme temperatures and humidity, pressure, etc. It is possible to find conditions ranging from -80 ºC, in places such as the scientific bases in the Antarctic, to several hundreds of degrees in infrastructures close to heat sources or in the case of fires, for example.
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences August 12th, 2016 Unique optical features of quantum dots make them an attractive tool for many applications, from cutting-edge displays to medical imaging. Physical, chemical or biological properties of quantum dots must, however, be adapted to the desired needs. Unfortunately, up to now quantum dots prepared by chemical methods could be functionalized using copper-based click reactions with retention of their luminescence. This obstacle can be ascribed to the fact that copper ions destroy the ability of quantum dots to emit light. Scientists from the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences (IPC PAS) in Warsaw and the Faculty of Chemistry of the Warsaw University of Technology (FC WUT) have shown, however, that zinc oxide (ZnO) quantum dots prepared by an original method developed by them, after modification by the click reaction with the participation of copper ions, fully retain their ability to emit light.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) August 12th, 2016 For all the promise they have shown in the lab, polymer solar cells still need to “get on a roll” like the ones employed in printing newspapers so that large sheets of acceptably efficient photovoltaic devices can be manufactured continuously and economically. Polymer solar cells offer advantages over their traditional silicon-based counterparts in numerous ways, including lower cost, potentially smaller carbon footprint and a greater variety of uses.
Bangor University August 12th, 2016 Nanobeads are all around us- and are, some might argue, used too frequently in everything from sun-screen to white paint, but a new ground-breaking application is revealing hidden worlds.
University of Illinois College of Engineering July 30th, 2016 Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign have developed a new method for making brighter and more efficient green light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Using an industry-standard semiconductor growth technique, they have created gallium nitride (GaN) cubic crystals grown on a silicon substrate that are capable of producing powerful green light for advanced solid-state light.
University at Buffalo July 30th, 2016 Like a whirlpool, a new light-based communication tool carries data in a swift, circular motion. Described in a study published today (July 28, 2016) by the journal Science, the optics advancement could become a central component of next generation computers designed to handle society’s growing demand for information sharing.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology July 30th, 2016 Researchers from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology (Skoltech), the Technological Institute for Superhard and Novel Carbon Materials (TISNCM), the National University of Science and Technology MISiS (Russia), and Rice University (USA) used computer simulations to find how thin a slab of salt has to be in order for it to break up into graphene-like layers. Based on the computer simulation, they derived the equation for the number of layers in a crystal that will produce ultrathin films with applications in nanoelectronics. Their findings were in The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters (which has an impact factor of 8.54).
Carnegie Institution for Science July 31st, 2016 Scientists have looked for different ways to force hydrogen into a metallic state for decades. A metallic state of hydrogen is a holy grail for materials science because it could be used for superconductors, materials that have no resistance to the flow of electrons, which increases electricity transfer efficiency many times over. For the first time researchers, led by Carnegie’s Viktor Struzhkin, have experimentally produced a new class of materials blending hydrogen with sodium that could alter the superconductivity landscape and could be used for hydrogen-fuel cell storage. The research is published in Nature Communications.
Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory July 31st, 2016 Among the intriguing issues in plasma physics are those surrounding X-ray pulsars — collapsed stars that orbit around a cosmic companion and beam light at regular intervals, like lighthouses in the sky. Physicists want to know the strength of the magnetic field and density of the plasma that surrounds these pulsars, which can be millions of times greater than the density of plasma in stars like the sun.
spectrum.ieee.org/ August 1st, 2016 Graphene has been building quite a reputation for itself in flexible displays. Among the ways graphene has been used in this field is as an alternative to the relatively scarce indium tin oxide (ITO), a transparent conductor that controls display pixels. Graphene has also been used in a display’s pixel electronics, or backplane, where a solution-processed graphene is used as an electrode. Now researchers at Bilkent University in Ankara, Turkey, have demonstrated that an ordinary sheet of paper that is sandwiched between two films of multilayer graphene can act as a rudimentary flexible electronic display.
STMicroelectronics August 1st, 2016 STMicroelectronics (NYSE: STM), a global semiconductor leader serving customers across the spectrum of electronics applications, has been named the MEMS Manufacturer of the Year at the MEMS World Summit, a leading MEMS Manufacturing Conference gathering the top executives in the Worldwide MEMS Manufacturing Industry. The event took place in Shanghai on July 25-26, 2016.
IBM August 1st, 2016 IBM (NYSE: IBM) scientists have developed a new lab-on-a-chip technology that can, for the first time, separate biological particles at the nanoscale and could enable physicians to detect diseases such as cancer before symptoms appear.
Selecta Biosciences, Inc. August 1st, 2016 Selecta Biosciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: SELB), a clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company developing targeted antigen-specific immune therapies for rare and serious diseases, announced today that Nature Nanotechnology has published an article that presents preclinical results from Selecta’s research which demonstrate the broad potential applicability of Selecta’s novel immune tolerance platform. Details that elucidate the mechanism of action of the company’s immune tolerance therapy, SVP-Rapamycin (SEL-110), were also shown. Data in the publication support the Company’s lead clinical program, showing Selecta’s SVP-Rapamycin (SEL-110) induces antigen-specific immune tolerance and mitigates the formation of anti-drug antibodies (ADAs) to biologic drugs, including pegsiticase (for gout) and adalimumab (for rheumatoid arthritis).
American Institute of Physics August 2nd, 2016 It is now feasible to make a prized material for spintronic devices and semiconductors — monolayer graphene nanoribbons with zigzag edges.
Argonne National Laboratory August 2nd, 2016 As scientists and policymakers around the world try to combat the increasing rate of climate change, they have focused on the chief culprit: carbon dioxide.
University of California, San Diego August 3rd, 2016 Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a flexible wearable sensor that can accurately measure a person’s blood alcohol level from sweat and transmit the data wirelessly to a laptop, smartphone or other mobile device. The device can be worn on the skin and could be used by doctors and police officers for continuous, non-invasive and real-time monitoring of blood alcohol content.
American Institute of Physics August 3rd, 2016 Invisibility cloaks have less to do with magic than with metamaterials. These human-engineered materials have properties that don’t occur in nature, allowing them to bend and manipulate light in weird ways. For example, some of these materials can channel light around an object so that it appears invisible at a certain wavelength. These materials are also useful in applications such as smaller, faster, and more energy efficient optics, sensors, light sources, light detectors and telecommunications devices.
International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA) August 3rd, 2016 The function of fuel cells is to transform chemical energy into electricity through a chemical reaction. When this technology is mature enough it will be possible to use a fuel like hydrogen without emitting CO2 into the atmosphere. In the fuel cell, the chemical reaction is facilitated by a catalyst, typically platinum nanoparticles dispersed onto the surface of a durable and reactive material, such as cerium oxide, for example. Before this study, the active areas of these catalysts had been studied under ideal conditions, at very low temperatures and pressures, removing any dirt and moisture which could be found in the devices under ordinary working conditions. Stefano Fabris, a Physicist at the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) of Trieste and CNR-IOM Istituto Officina dei Materiali, and colleagues, however, wanted to study a system in realistic conditions, in this case adding a thin layer of water onto the catalyst. The team made some interesting discoveries: it seems the moisture, rather than making the processes less efficient, gives atoms in transit a “boost” thus significantly improving the overall efficiency of the system. The study, coordinated by Fabris, was published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.
Park Systems August 3rd, 2016 Park Systems, world leading manufacturer of Atomic Force Microscopes (AFM) today announced Park NX20 300mm, the first and only research AFM on the market capable of scanning the entire sample area of 300 mm wafers using a 300 mm vacuum chuck while keeping the system noise level below 0.5angstrom (Å) RMS. The automated measurements over a 300 mm wafer dramatically improve user-convenience and productivity in the industrial lab setting where comparisons within site-to-site and sample-to-sample surface morphologies (height, surface roughness measurements) are extremely important.
Purdue University August 3rd, 2016 Micro-robotic manipulators with the ability to move in increments far smaller than the width of a human hair might be enlisted for a range of applications in research, manufacturing, medicine and homeland security.
Lucintel August 3rd, 2016 According to a new market report published by Lucintel, the future of the alumina trihydrate (ATH) fillers market looks good with opportunities in the electrical and electronics and transportation applications for the composites industry.
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) August 3rd, 2016 In the quantum world, physicists study the tiny particles that make up our classical world – neutrons, electrons, photons – either one at a time or in small numbers because the behaviour of the particles is completely different on such a small scale. If you add to the number of particles that are being studied, eventually there will be enough particles that they no longer act quantum mechanically and must be identified as classical, just like our everyday world. But where is the line between the quantum world and the classical world? A group of scientists from Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) explored this question by showing what was thought to be a quantum phenomenon can be explained classically. They have recently published their results in Physical Review Letters.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology August 4th, 2016 The newest Airbus and Boeing passenger jets flying today are made primarily from advanced composite materials such as carbon fiber reinforced plastic — extremely light, durable materials that reduce the overall weight of the plane by as much as 20 percent compared to aluminum-bodied planes. Such lightweight airframes translate directly to fuel savings, which is a major point in advanced composites’ favor.
RMIT University August 4th, 2016 Science fiction is inching closer to reality with the development of revolutionary self-propelling liquid metals — a critical step towards future elastic electronics.
Cal State LA August 4th, 2016 Cal State LA has been awarded a grant to educate tomorrow’s leaders in the interdisciplinary field of paper microfluidics.
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences August 4th, 2016 A new company will commercialize sensing technology invented at Harvard University that can perform instant, in-field characterization of the chemical make-up and material properties of unknown liquids.
Joint Quantum Institute August 4th, 2016 Quantum computers promise speedy solutions to some difficult problems, but building large-scale, general-purpose quantum devices is a problem fraught with technical challenges.
University of Toronto August 4th, 2016 A team of University of Toronto chemists has created a battery that stores energy in a biologically derived unit, paving the way for cheaper consumer electronics that are easier on the environment.
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg August 5th, 2016 Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg and the Vienna University of Technology have successfully created one-dimensional magnetic atom chains for the first time. Their break-through provides a model system for basic research in areas such as magnetic data storage, as well as in chemistry. Their results were recently published in the renowned journal Physical Review Letters.
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH) August 5th, 2016 Soft electronic devices, such as a smartphone on your wrist and a folding screen in your pocket, are looking to much improve your lifestyle in the not-too-distant future. That is, if we could find ways to make electronic devices out of soft organic materials instead of the existing rigid inorganic materials.
University of Copenhagen – Niels Bohr Institute August 5th, 2016 Cancer treatments based on laser irridation of tiny nanoparticles that are injected directly into the cancer tumor are working and can destroy the cancer from within. Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute and the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Copenhagen have developed a method that kills cancer cells using nanoparticles and lasers. The treatment has been tested on mice and it has been demonstrated that the cancer tumors are considerably damaged. The results are published in the scientific journal, Scientific Reports.
University of Basel August 5th, 2016 Scientists at the University of Basel have developed nanoparticles which can serve as efficient contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging. This new type of nanoparticles produce around ten times more contrast than the actual contrast agents and are responsive to specific environments. The journal Chemical Communications has published these results.
Duke University August 5th, 2016 Imagine pouring a glass of ice water and having the ice cubes remain unchanged hours later, even under a broiler’s heat or in the very back corner of the freezer.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory August 5th, 2016 Solar cells based on cadmium and tellurium could move closer to theoretical levels of efficiency because of some sleuthing by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory August 5th, 2016 In work that aims to protect soldiers from biological and chemical threats, a team of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory scientists has created a material that is highly breathable yet protective from biological agents.
University of California – Riverside August 5th, 2016 Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have created a new silicon-tin nanocomposite anode that could lead to lithium-ion batteries that can be charged and discharged more times before they reach the end of their useful lives. The longer-lasting batteries could be used in everything from handheld electronic devices to electric vehicles.
University of Wisconsin-Madison August 5th, 2016 University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have created high-performance, micro-scale solar cells that outshine comparable devices in key performance measures. The miniature solar panels could power myriad personal devices — wearable medical sensors, smartwatches, even autofocusing contact lenses.
The Optical Society July 23rd, 2016 The brain is the most temperature-sensitive organ in the body. Even small deviations in brain temperature are capable of producing profound effects–including behavioral changes, cell toxicity, and neuronal cell death. The problem faced by researchers and clinicians is how to measure and understand these changes in the brain and how they are influenced by complex biochemical and physiological pathways that may be altered by disease, brain injury or drug abuse.
University of Houston July 23rd, 2016 A multidisciplinary research team led by University of Houston scientist Jarek Wosik has developed a high-temperature superconducting coil that allows magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanners to produce higher resolution images or acquire images in a shorter time than when using conventional coils.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne July 23rd, 2016 For the past few years, scientists around the world have been studying ways to use miniature robots to better treat a variety of diseases. The robots are designed to enter the human body, where they can deliver drugs at specific locations or perform precise operations like clearing clogged-up arteries. By replacing invasive, often complicated surgery, they could optimize medicine.
Kazan Federal University July 24th, 2016 Bionanotechnology research is targeted on functional structures synergistically combining macromolecules, cells, or multicellular assemblies with a wide range of nanomaterials. Providing micrometer-sized cells with tiny nanodevices expands the uses of the cultured microorganisms and requires nanoassembly on individual live cells.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology July 24th, 2016 Physicists from MIPT and the Russian Quantum Center have developed a method which is going to make it easier to create a universal quantum computer — they have discovered a way of using multilevel quantum systems (qudits), each one of which is able to work with multiple “conventional” quantum elements — qubits.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory July 24th, 2016 Using today’s advanced microscopes, scientists are able to capture exponentially more information about the materials they study compared to a decade ago–in greater detail and in less time. While these new capabilities are a boon for researchers, helping to answer key questions that could lead to next-generation technologies, they also present a new problem: How to make effective use of all this data?
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz July 25th, 2016 In today’s world of ever-increasing digital information storage and computation, the next information storage revolution seeks to exploit a novel effect arising from the relativistic physics of Einstein which allows to make a new type of magnet behave like cats. Similar to the ability of a cat to flip itself in the air by twisting different parts of its body in different directions and land on its feet, these magnets can flip themselves through the internal motion of their own electrons. “In these new magnetic materials, a current running through the magnet can turn around the direction of the magnetization depending on the direction of the current,” explained Professor Jairo Sinova of the Institute of Physics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU). “This novel phenomenon in physics, dubbed spin-orbit torques, links the spin-degree of freedom of magnets which gives rise to the magnetization to the charge degree of freedom that allows for current-charge motion inside the material.
XEI Scientific, Inc. July 25th, 2016 XEI Scientific, Inc., the world leader in remote RF plasma cleaning of carbon contamination in SEM, FIB, and other vacuum chambers, is pleased to announce an exclusive partnership with EMS, Electron Microscopy Sciences, to sell and promote Evactron® products in North and South America. XEI has sold more than 2400 plasma radical sources for cleaning localized areas, analytical specimens, and large and small vacuum chambers. EMS specializes in the manufacturing, preparation and distribution of only the highest quality chemicals, supplies and equipment for microscopy and histology.
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine July 25th, 2016 Inspired by the forms and functions of protein molecule machines and materials observed in nature, such as the shells that protect virus genomes, researchers have now engineered ten large, 120-subunit, two-component protein complexes. These structures not only build themselves with atomic-level accuracy, but also can encapsulate other materials.
North Carolina State University July 25th, 2016 Multifunctional heterostructures can exhibit a wide range of functional properties, including colossal magneto-resistance, magnetocaloric, and multiferroic behavior, and can display interesting physical phenomena including spin and charge ordering and strong spin-orbit coupling. However, putting this functionality to work remains a challenge.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology July 25th, 2016 Adapting an old trick used for centuries by both metalsmiths and pastry makers, a team of researchers at MIT has found a way to efficiently create composite materials containing hundreds of layers that are just atoms thick but span the full width of the material. The discovery could open up wide-ranging possibilities for designing new, easy-to-manufacture composites for optical devices, electronic systems, and high-tech materials.
Rice University July 25th, 2016 The old rules don’t necessarily apply when building electronic components out of two-dimensional materials, according to scientists at Rice University. The Rice lab of theoretical physicist Boris Yakobson analyzed hybrids that put 2-D materials like graphene and boron nitride side by side to see what happens at the border. They found that the electronic characteristics of such “co-planar” hybrids differ from bulkier components.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology July 25th, 2016 An MIT-led team has defined the nanoscale forces that control how particles pack together during the formation of cement “paste,” the material that holds together concrete and causes that ubiquitous construction material to be a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. By controlling those forces, the researchers will now be able to modify the microstructure of the hardened cement paste, reducing pores and other sources of weakness to make concrete stronger, stiffer, more fracture-resistant, and longer-lasting. Results from the researchers’ simulations explain experimental measurements that have confused observers for decades, and they may guide the way to other improvements, such as adding polymers to fill the pores and recycling waste concrete into a binder material, reducing the need to make new cement.
JPK Instruments July 26th, 2016 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on the use of their NanoWizard® AFM system at the University of South Australia, Adelaide. AFM is being applied to many areas including smart wound healing, plant toxicology and novel methods of nanoparticle characterization.
Penn State July 26th, 2016 A highly sensitive chemical sensor based on Raman spectroscopy and using nitrogen-doped graphene as a substrate was developed by an international team of researchers working at Penn State. In this case, doping refers to introducing nitrogen atoms into the carbon structure of graphene. This technique can detect trace amounts of molecules in a solution at very low concentrations, some 10,000 times more diluted than can be seen by the naked eye.
Nanometrics Incorporated July 26th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced financial results for its fiscal second quarter ended June 25, 2016.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign July 26th, 2016 At the University of Illinois, an engineer teamed up with a veterinarian to test a bone cancer drug delivery system in animals bigger than the standard animal model, the mouse. They chose dogs – mammals closer in size and biology to humans – with naturally occurring bone cancers, which also are a lot like human bone tumors.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology July 26th, 2016 Lithium-air batteries are considered highly promising technologies for electric cars and portable electronic devices because of their potential for delivering a high energy output in proportion to their weight. But such batteries have some pretty serious drawbacks: They waste much of the injected energy as heat and degrade relatively quickly. They also require expensive extra components to pump oxygen gas in and out, in an open-cell configuration that is very different from conventional sealed batteries.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory July 27th, 2016 A team of scientists led by the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory has developed a novel way to produce two-dimensional nanosheets by separating bulk materials with nontoxic liquid nitrogen. The environmentally friendly process generates a 20-fold increase in surface area per sheet, which could expand the nanomaterials’ commercial applications.
Northwestern University July 27th, 2016 In 2014, an international trio won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for developing super-resolution fluorescence microscopy, a technique that made it possible to study molecular processes in living cells.
Washington State University July 27th, 2016 Washington State University researchers have met the long-standing scientific challenge of watching a material change its crystal structure in real time.
National Research University Higher School of Economics July 27th, 2016 The UN estimates that the number of people aged 65 and older will have reached almost a billion by 2030. The proportion of those aged over 80 will grow at particularly high rates, and their numbers are expected to reach 200 million by 2030 and triple that forty years later.
Starpharma Holdings Limited July 27th, 2016 Starpharma Holdings Ltd (ASX: SPL, OTCQX: SPHRY) today announced the initiation a new DEP™ drug delivery program with AstraZeneca. The new agreement will see the application of Starpharma’s DEP™ platform to a further compound from AstraZeneca’s portfolio. The new program is outside the scope of the existing license agreement signed in September 2015, and is in addition to the current programs.
Rice University July 28th, 2016 Rice University scientists who analyze the properties of materials as small as a single molecule have encountered a challenge that appears at very low temperatures.
Penn team uses nanoparticles to break up plaque and prevent cavities
University of Pennsylvania July 28th, 2016 The bacteria that live in dental plaque and contribute to tooth decay often resist traditional antimicrobial treatment, as they can “hide” within a sticky biofilm matrix, a glue-like polymer scaffold.
Thomas Swan and NGI announce unique partnership
Thomas Swan & Co. Ltd. July 28th, 2016 Thomas Swan the UK’s leading 2D materials supplier agrees to provide development materials to the National Graphene Institute to boost UK research and commercialisation.
Washington University in St. Louis July 28th, 2016 Graphene oxide has been hailed as a veritable wonder material; when incorporated into nanocellulose foam, the lab-created substance is light, strong and flexible, conducting heat and electricity quickly and efficiently.
The Optical Society July 28th, 2016 The primary source of infrared radiation is heat — the radiation produced by the thermal motion of charged particles in matter, including the motion of the atoms and molecules in an object. The higher the temperature of an object, the more its atoms and molecules vibrate, rotate, twist through their vibrational modes, the more infrared radiation they radiate. Because infrared detectors can be “blinded” by their own heat, high-quality infrared sensing and imaging devices are usually cooled down, sometimes to just a few degrees above absolute zero. Though they are very sensitive, the hardware required for cooling renders these instruments less-than-mobile, energy-inefficient and limits in-the-field applications.
Vienna University of Technology July 29th, 2016 At first glance, magnetite appears to be a rather inconspicuous grey mineral. But on an atomic scale, it has remarkable properties: on magnetite, single metal atoms are held in place, or they can be made to move across the surface. Sometimes several metal atoms on magnetite form small clusters. Such phenomena can dramatically change the chemical activity of the material. Atomic processes on the magnetite surface determine how well certain metal atoms can serve as catalysts for chemical reactions.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie July 29th, 2016 Based on our everyday experience, we expect matter at low temperatures to freeze solid with the atoms fixed in a regular arrangement. The magnetic moments arising from the spins of the electrons on the atoms in magnetic materials, also come to rest and become rigidly oriented as temperature falls. However, there are some rare exceptions. In what are referred to as quantum spin liquids, the orientations of the electronic spins do not remain fixed even at temperatures near absolute zero. According to conventional understanding, if the interactions are isotropic (where all spin directions are possible), this phenomenon can occur if the spins are arranged in triangular geometries and the interactions between them are antiferromagnetic favouring antiparallel alignment of the spins. For three atoms forming the corners of a triangle, the electronic spin of one atom cannot simultaneously be oriented antiparallel to those on both the other two atoms. In real materials that contain triangular units coupled by antiferromagnetic interactions this “frustration” can prevent the spins from coming to rest in a particular orientation even at absolute zero temperature, instead they move collectively like atoms in a liquid. By contrast, ferromagnetic interactions do not give rise to frustration in isotropic magnets because mutually parallel alignment of the spins can always occur. For these reasons, only a few isotropic materials have been proposed as spin liquid candidates.
Tomsk State University July 29th, 2016 Scientists of Tomsk State University are working on changing physicochemical properties of zeolites using thermal and mechanical treatment. Based on the results of this research the scientists will be able to create a new material for a portable device for hemodialysis.
University of Massachusetts at Amherst July 16th, 2016 Scientists at UMass Amherst report in the current issue of Small that they have genetically designed a new strain of bacteria that spins out extremely thin and highly conductive wires made up solely of non-toxic, natural amino acids.
Lomonosov Moscow State University July 17th, 2016 A team of the Lomonosov MSU researchers in collaboration with their German colleagues from the Institute of Polymer Research in Dresden (Leibniz Institute) managed to find a molecule that, to their opinion, could give the impetus to the development of organic electronics. The results of the work were published in Advanced Materials.
University Health Network July 17th, 2016 Dr. Gang Zheng and a team of biomedical researchers have discovered a “smart” organic, biodegradable nanoparticle that uses heat and light in a controlled manner to potentially target and ablate tumours with greater precision.
Tufts University July 18th, 2016 For the first time, researchers led by Tufts University engineers have integrated nano-scale sensors, electronics and microfluidics into threads – ranging from simple cotton to sophisticated synthetics – that can be sutured through multiple layers of tissue to gather diagnostic data wirelessly in real time, according to a paper published online July 18 in Microsystems & Nanoengineering. The research suggests that the thread-based diagnostic platform could be an effective substrate for a new generation of implantable diagnostic devices and smart wearable systems.
Rice University July 18th, 2016 In a find that could transform some of the world’s most energy-intensive manufacturing processes, researchers at Rice University’s Laboratory for Nanophotonics have unveiled a new method for uniting light-capturing photonic nanomaterials and high-efficiency metal catalysts.
International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA) July 18th, 2016 “Under the microscope, it looks like a knotted tangle of tubes. It was initially studied by Maurizio De Crescenzi’s team at the University of Rome Tor Vergata for cleaning up spilled hydrocarbons in the sea,” explains Laura Ballerini, SISSA Professor and coordinator of the recently-published study. It was Maurizio Prato’s intuition, however, that pushed them to investigate the possibility of applying such a material to nerve tissue. The idea of developing the hybrids of neurons and nano-materials was the result of a long-term project and collaboration between Prato (University of Trieste) and Ballerini’s (SISSA) groups.
n-tech Research July 18th, 2016 n-tech Research has announced that it will be hosting a webinar to present findings from the firm’s recently issued report, “Smart Coatings Markets 2016-2025.” The webinar will take place on Wednesday, August 3, 2016 at 10:00 AM EDT. Additional details about the report and webinar are available at: ntechresearch.com/market_reports/smart-coatings-markets-2016-2025
University of Copenhagen – Niels Bohr Institute July 19th, 2016 Quantum physics: The human body is controlled by electrical impulses in, for example, the brain, the heart and nervous system. These electrical signals create tiny magnetic fields, which doctors could use to diagnose various diseases, for example diseases of the brain or heart problems in young foetuses. Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have now succeeded in developing a method for extremely precise measurements of such ultra-small magnetic fields with an optical magnetic field sensor. The results are published in the scientific journal, Scientific Reports.
Keystone Nano July 19th, 2016 Keystone Nano is pleased to announce that it has been selected for additional support from the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. After a careful and competitive review by a National Cancer Institute (NCI) panel looking for leading investment opportunities among Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) awardees, Keystone Nano was selected as a top scoring applicant and has been awarded support for business development.
University of Basque Country July 19th, 2016 Everybody knows the force that is required to activate a light switch on a wall – a finger is enough. But how much force do you need to apply if the device was dramatically reduced to the “nanoscale world”, that is, how much force do you need to operate a “single-molecule switch”? This fundamental question is related not only to basic science but also to potential future applications of molecular devices.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) July 19th, 2016 Just as many of us might be resigned to clogged salt shakers or rush-hour traffic, those working to exploit the special properties of carbon nanotubes have typically shrugged their shoulders when these tiniest of cylinders fill with water during processing. But for nanotube practitioners who have reached their Popeye threshold and “can’t stands no more,” the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has devised a cheap, quick and effective strategy that reliably enhances the quality and consistency of the materials–important for using them effectively in applications such as new computing technologies.
Quorum Technologies Limited July 19th, 2016 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, report on the use of their PP3010T cryo SEM preparation system which is being used to understand the formation of ice crystals in high altitude clouds.
Renishaw July 19th, 2016 The Michael Smith Laboratories at the University of British Columbia, Canada, is leading the way in the use of Raman spectroscopy as a tool for monitoring biochemical changes and inter-donor variability in stored red blood cell (RBC) units1,2. The research group of Professors Michael Blades and Robin Turner recently published this work in the Analyst.
Purdue University July 20th, 2016 Electron spin control of optically levitated nanodiamonds in vacuum.
Electron spins of diamond nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centres are important quantum resources for nanoscale sensing and quantum information. Combining NV spins with levitated optomechanical resonators will provide a hybrid quantum system for novel applications. Here we optically levitate a nanodiamond and demonstrate electron spin control of its built-in NV centres in low vacuum. We observe that the strength of electron spin resonance (ESR) is enhanced when the air pressure is reduced. To better understand this system, we investigate the effects of trap power and measure the absolute internal temperature of levitated nanodiamonds with ESR after calibration of the strain effect. We also observe that oxygen and helium gases have different effects on both the photoluminescence and the ESR contrast of nanodiamond NV centres, indicating potential applications of NV centres in oxygen gas sensing. Our results pave the way towards a levitated spin–optomechanical system for studying macroscopic quantum mechanics.
University of Missouri-Columbia July 20th, 2016 Research completed through a collaboration with University of Missouri engineers, biologists, and chemists could transform how scientists study molecules and cells at sub-microscopic (nanoscale) levels. Shubra Gangopadhyay, an electrical and computer engineer and her team at MU recently published studies outlining a new, relatively inexpensive imaging platform that enables single molecule imaging. This patented method highlights Gangopadhyay’s more than 30 years of nanoscale research that has proven invaluable in biological research and battling diseases.
American Institute of Physics July 20th, 2016 3-D printing is revolutionizing many areas of manufacturing and science. In particular, 3-D printing of metals has found novel applications in fields as diverse as customized medical implants, jet engine bearings and rapid prototyping for the automotive industry.
Delft University of Technology July 20th, 2016 Every day, modern society creates more than a billion gigabytes of new data. To store all this data, it is increasingly important that each single bit occupies as little space as possible. A team of scientists at the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience at Delft University managed to bring this reduction to the ultimate limit: they built a memory of 1 kilobyte (8,000 bits), where each bit is represented by the position of one single chlorine atom. “In theory, this storage density would allow all books ever created by humans to be written on a single post stamp”, says lead-scientist Sander Otte. They reached a storage density of 500 Terabits per square inch (Tbpsi), 500 times better than the best commercial hard disk currently available. His team reports on this memory in Nature Nanotechnology on Monday July 18.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf July 20th, 2016 With the rapid advance of miniaturization, data processing using electric currents faces tough challenges, some of which are insurmountable. Magnetic spin waves are a promising alternative for the transfer of information in even more compact chips. Scientists at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), as part of an international research venture, have now succeeded in generating spin waves with extremely short wavelengths in the nanometer range – a key feature for their future application.
Nanometrics Incorporated July 20th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (Nasdaq:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced its participation in the following investor events:
Virginia Tech July 20th, 2016 For years, scientists and engineers have synthesized materials at the nanoscale level to take advantage of their mechanical, optical, and energy properties, but efforts to scale these materials to larger sizes have resulted in diminished performance and structural integrity.
Vienna University of Technology July 20th, 2016 An electron microscope can’t just snap a photo like a mobile phone camera can. The ability of an electron microscope to image a structure – and how successful this imaging will be – depends on how well you understand the structure. Complex physics calculations are often needed to make full use of the potential of electron microscopy. An international research team led by TU Wien’s Prof. Peter Schattschneider set out to analyse the opportunities offered by EFTEM, that is energy-filtered transmission electron microscopy. The team demonstrated numerically that under certain conditions, it is possible to obtain clear images of the orbital of each individual electron within an atom. Electron microscopy can therefore be used to penetrate down to the subatomic level – experiments in this area are already planned. The study has now been published in the physics journal Physical Review Letters.
Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) July 21st, 2016 Widely known as one of the cleanest and most renewable energy sources, solar energy is a fast growing alternative to fossil fuels. Among the various types of solar materials, organometal halide perovskite in particular has attracted researchers’ attention thanks to its superior optical and electronic properties. With a dramatic increase in the power conversion efficiency (PCE) from 3% in 2009 to as high as over 22% today, perovskite solar cells are considered as a promising next-generation energy device; only except that perovskite is weak to water and quickly loses its stability and performance in a damp, humid environment.
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences July 21st, 2016 In a recent work published in Nature Communications, the research group led by ICREA Professor at ICFO Frank Koppens demonstrate a novel way to detect low-energy photons using vertical heterostructures made by stacking graphene and other 2D semiconducting materials. By studying the photoresponse of these atomically thin sandwiches, the researchers have shown that it is possible to generate a current by heating electrons in graphene with infrared light and extracting the hottest electrons over a vertical energy barrier.
University of Houston July 21st, 2016 Researchers from the University of Houston have reported the first explanation for how a class of materials changes during production to more efficiently absorb light, a critical step toward the large-scale manufacture of better and less-expensive solar panels.
Wiley July 21st, 2016 Nanoparticles are being studied as drug delivery systems to treat a wide variety of diseases. New research delves into the physical properties of nanoparticles that are important for successfully delivering therapeutics within the body, with a primary focus on size. This is especially important as relatively subtle differences in size can affect cell uptake and determine the fate of nanoparticles once within cells.
Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw July 21st, 2016 Until quite recently, creating a hologram of a single photon was believed to be impossible due to fundamental laws of physics. However, scientists at the Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, have successfully applied concepts of classical holography to the world of quantum phenomena. A new measurement technique has enabled them to register the first ever hologram of a single light particle, thereby shedding new light on the foundations of quantum mechanics.
University of Texas at Austin July 21st, 2016 With an eye to the next generation of tech gadgetry, a team of physicists at The University of Texas at Austin has had the first-ever glimpse into what happens inside an atomically thin semiconductor device. In doing so, they discovered that an essential function for computing may be possible within a space so small that it’s effectively one-dimensional
Massachusetts Institute of Technology July 21st, 2016 In the world of quantum, infinitesimally small particles, weird and often logic-defying behaviors abound. Perhaps the strangest of these is the idea of superposition, in which objects can exist simultaneously in two or more seemingly counterintuitive states. For example, according to the laws of quantum mechanics, electrons may spin both clockwise and counter-clockwise, or be both at rest and excited, at the same time.
National University of Singapore July 21st, 2016 It looks like a small piece of transparent film with tiny engravings on it, and is flexible enough to be bent into a tube. Yet, this piece of “smart” plastic demonstrates excellent performance in terms of data storage and processing capabilities. This novel invention, developed by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS), hails a breakthrough in the flexible electronics revolution, and brings researchers a step closer towards making flexible, wearable electronics a reality in the near future.
Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ) July 21st, 2016 The collaboration between the research groups of professors Pau Ballester and José R. Galan-Mascaros at the Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ), Dr. Jonas Björk at Linköping University and the group of Dr. David Ecija at Institute IMDEA Nanoscience has allowed the development of a new chemical reaction for the synthesis of low-dimensional polymers that can be rationalised as phthalocyanine derivatives. The results obtained have been published in Nature Communications.
RMIT University July 21st, 2016 A breakthrough into the full characterisation of quantum states has been published today as a prestigious Editors’ Suggestion in the journal Physical Review Letters.
Yale University July 22nd, 2016 Yale University scientists have reached a milestone in their efforts to extend the durability and dependability of quantum information.
University of Iowa July 22nd, 2016 Friction and drag are commonplace in nature. You experience these phenomena when riding in an airplane, pairing electrical wiring, or rubbing pieces of sandpaper together.
Lomonosov Moscow State University July 22nd, 2016 The Lomonosov Moscow State University researchers in collaboration with their German colleagues have succeeded in proving that silicon nanoparticles can be applied to diagnose and cure cancer. For the first time the ability of particles to penetrate into the diseased cells effectively and dissolve completely after delivering the drug was shown. The details of the research are presented in the article published in the latest issue of Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nano.2016.04.004
Thomas Jefferson University July 9th, 2016 Over the years, there have been many efforts to use antioxidants to prevent or help treat various diseases and aging. While reactive oxygen species (ROS), can damage and kill cells – these molecules have also been implicated in normal biochemical processes. Now, researchers have developed tools to study these ephemeral molecules in small quarters of the cell, and using these techniques, have shown that the cell manages the conflicting effects of ROS by sequestering the molecule to tiny compartments or nanodomains where it acts locally, without damaging surrounding organelles or DNA. The findings, published July 6th in the Cell Press journal Molecular Cell, provide new insight into how the cell uses this toxic but essential chemical.
University of Illinois College of Engineering July 9th, 2016 Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated doping-induced tunable wetting and adhesion of graphene, revealing new and unique opportunities for advanced coating materials and transducers.
McMaster University July 10th, 2016 Researchers at McMaster University have established a way to harness DNA as the engine of a microscopic “machine” they can turn on to detect trace amounts of substances that range from viruses and bacteria to cocaine and metals.
Forschungszentrum Juelich July 11th, 2016 So-called “zero-point energy” is a term familiar to some cinema lovers or series fans; in the fictional world of animated films such as “The Incredibles” or the TV series “Stargate Atlantis”, it denotes a powerful and virtually inexhaustible energy source. Whether it could ever be used as such is arguable. Scientists at Jülich have now found out that it plays an important role in the stability of nanomagnets. These are of great technical interest for the magnetic storage of data, but so far have never been sufficiently stable. Researchers are now pointing the way to making it possible to produce nanomagnets with low zero-point energy and thus a higher degree of stability (Nano Letters, DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b01344).
University at Buffalo July 11th, 2016 The pigment that gives spinach and other plants their verdant color may improve doctors’ ability to examine the human gastrointestinal tract.
University of Illinois at Chicago July 11th, 2016 Graphene, a two-dimensional wonder-material composed of a single layer of carbon atoms linked in a hexagonal chicken-wire pattern, has attracted intense interest for its phenomenal ability to conduct electricity. Now University of Illinois at Chicago researchers have used rod-shaped bacteria – precisely aligned in an electric field, then vacuum-shrunk under a graphene sheet – to introduce nanoscale ripples in the material, causing it to conduct electrons differently in perpendicular directions.
Particle Metrix GmbH July 12th, 2016 Particle Metrix, developers of versatile particle characterization solutions for the life sciences, report on how Cell Guidance Systems use the ZetaView® particle characterization system for exosome research and quality control.
American Friends of Tel Aviv University July 12th, 2016 A new temporary “electronic tattoo” developed by Tel Aviv University that can measure the activity of muscle and nerve cells researchers is poised to revolutionize medicine, rehabilitation, and even business and marketing research.
North Carolina State University July 12th, 2016 Materials researchers at North Carolina State University have fine-tuned a technique that enables them to apply precisely controlled silica coatings to quantum dot nanorods in a day – up to 21 times faster than previous methods. In addition to saving time, the advance means the quantum dots are less likely to degrade, preserving their advantageous optical properties.
Osaka University July 12th, 2016 A research team in Japan has now succeeded in developing high precision X-ray deformable mirrors that can be configured as necessary. They are the first to have achieved the formation of three types of X-ray focused beams, which differ in focused spot size, without changing the experimental setup. These findings constitute a considerable step towards developing a multifunctional X-ray microscope, which will be able to perform a variety of microscopic analyses in one device.
University of Basel July 12th, 2016 For the first time, researchers at the University of Basel in Switzerland have coupled the nuclear spins of distant atoms using just a single electron. Three research groups took part in this complex experiment, the results of which have now been published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology.
Berkeley Lab July 13th, 2016 In an advance that helps pave the way for next-generation electronics and computing technologies–and possibly paper-thin gadgets –scientists with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) developed a way to chemically assemble transistors and circuits that are only a few atoms thick.
University of Otago July 13th, 2016 Physicists from New Zealand’s University of Otago have used steerable ‘optical tweezers’ to split minute clouds of ultracold atoms and slowly smash them together to directly observe a key theoretical principle of quantum mechanics.
University of California – Riverside July 13th, 2016 Researchers at the University of California, Riverside are bringing their idea for a ‘Window to the Brain’ transparent skull implant closer to reality through the findings of two studies that are forthcoming in the journals Lasers in Surgery and Medicine and Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.
California Institute of Technology July 13th, 2016 Using folded DNA to precisely place glowing molecules within microscopic light resonators, researchers at Caltech have created one of the world’s smallest reproductions of Vincent van Gogh’s The Starry Night. The reproduction and the technique used to create it are described in a paper published in the advance online edition of the journal Nature on July 11.
Georgia Institute of Technology July 14th, 2016 Baratunde Cola would like to put sand into your computer. Not beach sand, but silicon dioxide nanoparticles coated with a high dielectric constant polymer to inexpensively provide improved cooling for increasingly power-hungry electronic devices.
FEI Company July 14th, 2016 FEI (NASDAQ: FEIC) today released its new Themis™ Z scanning/transmission electron microscope (S/TEM), once again raising the bar for imaging and analysis. The Themis Z is an automated STEM that offers the industry leading specifications for image resolution, analytical speed and quality, and light element imaging sensitivity. The new instrument will be featured at the upcoming Microscopy and Microanalysis meeting, July 24-28 in Columbus, Ohio. FEI expects to ship the first instruments in Q1 2017.
Rice University July 14th, 2016 Nanoscale “rivets” give graphene qualities that may speed the wonder material’s adoption in products like flexible, transparent electronics, according to researchers at Rice University.
University of California, Santa Barbara July 14th, 2016 Using a small quantum system consisting of three superconducting qubits, researchers at UC Santa Barbara and Google have uncovered a link between aspects of classical and quantum physics thought to be unrelated: classical chaos and quantum entanglement. Their findings suggest that it would be possible to use controllable quantum systems to investigate certain fundamental aspects of nature.
American Chemical Society July 14th, 2016 If you have ever seen objects “glow” under a black light, you’re familiar with fluorescence. But have you ever wondered why some materials fluoresce while others don’t? Reactions explains how fluorescence works, along with its importance for applications in forensics, medicine and nanotech.
Leti July 14th, 2016 Leti, a CEA Tech institute, today announced it has developed a new on-chip communications system to improve high-performance computing (HPC) that is faster and more energy efficient than current solutions and is compatible with 3D architectures.
Nanomechanics Inc. July 14th, 2016 Nanomechanics Inc., a leading provider of innovative tools designed to enable users to understand, evaluate, and test the mechanical performance of materials at the micro- and nano- levels, hosted the first in a series of webinars discussing the current trends of nanoindentation.
Nanosystem and Digital Surf July 14th, 2016 Global leader in non-contact 3D measurement and inspection, Nanosystem today announced the release of NanoMap Alpha software based on Digital Surf’s industry-standard Mountains® software platform.
Nanobiotix July 14th, 2016 NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering novel approaches for the local treatment of cancer, today announces its unaudited revenue for the second quarter of 2016.
Leti July 14th, 2016 Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, and the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) today announced an agreement to jointly explore a variety of technologies, including monolithic 3D, neuromorphic architectures, non-volatile 3D memory, spintronics and ultra-low power semiconductors.
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) July 15th, 2016 With increased study of bio-adhesives, a significant effort has been made in search for novel adhesives that will combine reversibility, repeated usage, stronger bonds and faster bonding time, non-toxic, and more importantly be effective in wet and other extreme conditions.
Queen Mary University of London July 15th, 2016 Scientists at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) have made an object disappear by using a composite material with nano-size particles that can enhance specific properties on the object’s surface.
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) July 15th, 2016 A team of physicists at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) has predicted the existence of a new kind of spin liquid. A spin liquid is an exotic phenomenon that intrigues scientists: it is a magnetic material in which the magnetism of the atoms fluctuates continuously between different directions. Their theoretical discovery found confirmation through computer simulation. Notably, this mathematical description of a spin liquid shares important similarities with a gauge symmetry, which is a key element in the way physics describes the world. The researchers, all from OIST Theory of Quantum Matter Unit, published their results in Nature Communications.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) July 15th, 2016 Unlike classical crystals, quasicrystals do not comprise periodic units, even though they do have a superordinate structure. The formation of the fascinating mosaics that they produce is barely understood. In the context of an international collaborative effort, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now presented a methodology that allows the production of two-dimensional quasicrystals from metal-organic networks, opening the door to the development of promising new materials.
Elsevier July 15th, 2016 new method for extracting, enriching and identifying chemical warfare agents from oils and other organic liquids could help government officials and homeland security protect civilians more effectively from their deadly effects. The method, published in Journal of Chromatography A, uses nanoparticles to capture the chemicals.
American Chemical Society July 15th, 2016 Plastic packaging might seem impenetrable — and sometimes nearly impossible to remove — but water molecules can still pass through. And this permeability to moisture can limit the lifespan of a product. To better protect goods such as electronics and medicines, scientists have developed a new kind of packaging that incorporates a single layer of graphene. They report their material, which reduces by a million fold how much water can get through, in the journal ACS Nano.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne July 15th, 2016 Proponents of clean energy will soon have a new source to add to their existing array of solar, wind, and hydropower: osmotic power. Or more specifically, energy generated by a natural phenomenon occurring when fresh water comes into contact with seawater through a membrane.
Hokkaido University July 3rd, 2016 Scientists at Hokkaido University have developed a device that employs both magnetic and electronic signals, which could provide twice the storage capacity of conventional memory devices, such as USB flash drives.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology July 4th, 2016 MIT researchers have developed low-cost chemical sensors, made from chemically altered carbon nanotubes, that enable smartphones or other wireless devices to detect trace amounts of toxic gases.
koreabizwire.com July 4th, 2016 In vivo nanoparticles that can be injected into the body for real-time monitoring of cancer cell metastasis or movement of drugs have been developed by researchers in Korea. On Monday, July 4, Dr. Hong Kwan-su and Dr. Park Hye-sun from the Korea Basic Science Institute and Dr. Seo Yeong-duk and Dr. Nam Sang-hwan from the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology announced that they have jointly developed high-sensitive imaging technology that can track down ‘upconversion nanoparticles’, which can be detected with near-infrared imaging technology.
Washington State University July 4th, 2016 Washington State University researchers have developed a unique, multifunctional smart material that can change shape from heat or light and assemble and disassemble itself. They have filed a provisional patent on the work.
World Scientific July 5th, 2016 A team of researchers from the Iowa State University in Ames, IA has demonstrated a proof-of-concept three-dimensional paper-based microbial fuel cell (MFC) that could take advantage of capillary action to guide the liquids through the MFC system and to eliminate the need for external power. Their report appears in the forthcoming issue of the journal TECHNOLOGY.
EM Resolutions July 5th, 2016 EM Resolutions, manufacturers and suppliers of tools and accessories for users of electron microscopes, report on the use of their support films in use at the Cambridge Advanced Imaging Centre.
Quorum Technologies Limited July 5th, 2016 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, report on the use of their PP3000T cryo preparation system in conjunction with the new beamline at Diamond Light Source to help align protein crystals prior to X-ray macromolecular crystallography experiments.
FEI Company July 5th, 2016 FEI (NASDAQ: FEIC) and the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) have announced a collaboration agreement to establish a new Centre of Excellence. The Centre will be located at the KAUST Research & Technology Park in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.
Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings July 5th, 2016 Is quantum technology the future of the 21st century? On the occasion of the 66th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting, this is the key question to be explored today in a panel discussion with the Nobel Laureates Serge Haroche, Gerardus ‘t Hooft, William Phillips and David Wineland. In the following interview, Professor Rainer Blatt, internationally renowned quantum physicist, recipient of numerous honours, Council Member and Scientific Co-Chairman of the 66th Lindau Meeting, talks about what we can expect from the “second quantum revolution”.
Weizmann Institute of Science July 5th, 2016 Bowtie-shaped nanoparticles made of silver may help bring the dream of quantum computing and quantum information processing closer to reality. These nanostructures, created at the Weizmann Institute of Science and described recently in Nature Communications, greatly simplify the experimental conditions for studying quantum phenomena and may one day be developed into crucial components of quantum devices.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. July 6th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that president and chief executive officer Christopher Anzalone, Ph.D., will present at Cantor Fitzgerald’s 2nd Annual Healthcare Conference on July 13, 2016 at 10:45 a.m. EDT in New York.
Australian National University July 6th, 2016 Scientists at The Australian National University have improved the performance of tiny lasers by adding impurities, in a discovery which will be central to the development of low-cost biomedical sensors, quantum computing, and a faster internet.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology July 6th, 2016 Cells contain thousands of messenger RNA molecules, which carry copies of DNA’s genetic instructions to the rest of the cell. MIT engineers have now developed a way to visualize these molecules in higher resolution than previously possible in intact tissues, allowing researchers to precisely map the location of RNA throughout cells.
Berkeley Lab July 6th, 2016 Scientists from the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have discovered a possible secret to dramatically boosting the efficiency of perovskite solar cells hidden in the nanoscale peaks and valleys of the crystalline material.
Nanometrics Incorporated July 6th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its second quarter financial results after market close on July 26, 2016. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.
Nanobiotix July 6th, 2016 Primary safety and feasibility endpoints achieved Preliminary positive signs of antitumoral effect in all evaluable patients Company preparing now registration clinical plan, including EU and USA
KU Leuven July 6th, 2016 Detecting pesticides and nerve gas in very low concentrations. An international team of researchers led by Ivo Stassen and Rob Ameloot from KU Leuven, Belgium, have made it possible.
University of Texas at Austin July 7th, 2016 Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have been able to quantify fundamental physical limitations on the performance of cloaking devices, a technology that allows objects to become invisible or undetectable to electromagnetic waves including radio waves, microwaves, infrared and visible light.
University of California – Riverside July 7th, 2016 Graphene has emerged as one of the most promising two-dimensional crystals, but the future of electronics may include two other nanomaterials, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Riverside and the University of Georgia.
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard July 7th, 2016 See in this animation how Discrete Molecular Imaging (DMI) uses DNA nanotechnology to reveal densely packed molecular features in structures similar in size as single protein molecules.
American Institute of Physics July 7th, 2016 Scalpels that never need washing. Airplane wings that de-ice themselves. Windshields that readily repel raindrops. While the appeal of a self-cleaning, hydrophobic surface may be apparent, the extremely fragile nature of the nanostructures that give rise to the water-shedding surfaces greatly limit the durability and use of such objects.
Los Alamos National Laboratory July 7th, 2016 In a step that could bring perovskite crystals closer to use in the burgeoning solar power industry, researchers from Los Alamos National Laboratory, Northwestern University and Rice University have tweaked their crystal production method and developed a new type of two-dimensional layered perovskite with outstanding stability and more than triple the material’s previous power conversion efficiency.
University of Delaware July 8th, 2016 Aging, deterioration and extreme events like earthquakes and hurricanes can take a toll on roads, bridges and other structures. With damage and defects often invisible, the search is on for systems that can monitor the health of structures and alert their owners to potential problems and even impending catastrophic failure.
The Kavli Foundation July 8th, 2016 Ten years after its introduction, DNA origami, a fast and simple way to assemble DNA into potentially useful structures, is finally coming into its own.
Hokkaido University July 8th, 2016 Researchers are working on mimicking cellular systems to develop molecular motors that can move or even deliver drugs to target tissues. Engineering such motors may ultimately lead to molecular robots that can execute more complex tasks. To this end, researchers must find ways to convert motion at the molecular level to motion at the macroscopic level. They also must find ways to cause chemical reactions to repeat autonomously and continuously.
Washington State University July 8th, 2016 Researchers have developed a way to use less platinum in chemical reactions commonly used in the clean energy, green chemicals, and automotive industries, according to a paper in Science.
SUNY Polytechnic Institute July 8th, 2016 SUNY Poly team at SEMICON West 2016 Conference will detail progress related to the American Institute for Manufacturing Integrated Photonics, New York Power Electronics Manufacturing Consortium, and champion solar energy advances at Intersolar North America.
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences June 25th, 2016 Many things in the natural world are geometrically chiral, meaning they cannot be superimposed onto their mirror image. Think hands — right and left hands are mirror images but if you transplanted a right hand onto a left, you’d be in trouble. Certain molecules are chiral, including DNA and amino acids.
Northwestern University June 25th, 2016 The discovery power of the gene chip is coming to nanotechnology. A Northwestern University research team is developing a tool to rapidly test millions and perhaps even billions or more different nanoparticles at one time to zero in on the best particle for a specific use.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology June 25th, 2016 Physicists from the Russian Quantum Center (RQC), MIPT, the Lebedev Physical Institute, and L’Institut d’Optique (Palaiseau, France) have devised a method for creating a special quantum entangled state. This state enables producing a high-precision ruler capable of measuring large distances to an accuracy of billionths of a metre. The results of the study have been published in Nature Communications.
Lomonosov Moscow State University June 25th, 2016 Scientists demonstrated the effect of the all-optical switching between streams of photons using non-linear metamaterials. The Lomonosov Moscow State University staff planned the whole study, conducted calculations and experiments, while their German colleagues made samples of metamaterials. The work is published in Scientific Reports.
FEI Company June 27th, 2016 FEI (NASDAQ: FEIC) continues to lead the industry with the launch of the Helios™ G4 DualBeam Series for materials science, offering highly automated and precise sample preparation for transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and three-dimensional (3D) sample characterization. The Helios G4 features FEI’s most advanced scanning electron microscope (SEM) and focused ion beam (FIB) technology with a new level of automation and ease-of-use.
Yale University June 27th, 2016 Researchers at Yale have developed a new technology that could make energy from the low-temperature wasted heat produced by industrial sources and power plants, tapping into a widely available — and mostly unused — resource.
Penn State June 28th, 2016 The era of quantum computers is one step closer as a result of research published in the current issue of the journal Science. The research team has devised and demonstrated a new way to pack a lot more quantum computing power into a much smaller space and with much greater control than ever before. The research advance, using a 3-dimensional array of atoms in quantum states called quantum bits — or qubits — was made by David S. Weiss, professor of physics at Penn State University, and three students on his lab team. He said “Our result is one of the many important developments that still are needed on the way to achieving quantum computers that will be useful for doing computations that are impossible to do today, with applications in cryptography for electronic data security and other computing-intensive fields.”
Harvard University June 28th, 2016 Scientists and doctors in recent decades have made vast leaps in the treatment of cardiac problems – particularly with the development in recent years of so-called “cardiac patches,” swaths of engineered heart tissue that can replace heart muscle damaged during a heart attack.
Texas A&M University June 28th, 2016 An international team led by Texas A&M University chemist Sarbajit Banerjee is one step closer, thanks to new research published today (June 28) in the journal Nature Communications that has the potential to create more efficient batteries by shedding light on the cause of one of their biggest problems — a “traffic jam” of ions that slows down their charging and discharging process.
Oxford Instruments NanoScience June 29th, 2016 Oxford Instruments, a leading provider of high technology tools and systems for industry and research, has entered into a collaboration agreement with the High Field Laboratory (HLD) at Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V. (HZDR), Germany, to develop high temperature superconducting (HTS) insert coils for high field magnet systems greater than 25 Tesla.
American Chemical Society June 30th, 2016 The spread of cancer from a tumor’s original location to other parts of the body can play a major role in whether the disease turns deadly. Many steps in this process, called metastasis, remain murky. But now scientists are gaining new insights into how cancer cells might squeeze through and even divide within narrow blood vessels while travelling in the body. They report their study using microtubular nanomembranes in the journal ACS Nano.
Springer June 30th, 2016 Topological insulators behave like insulators at their core and allow good conductivity on their surface. They owe their characteristics to a new quantum state within the material discovered in 2007 and 2009 for 2D and 3D materials, respectively. Scientists studying the surface of ring-shaped, or toric, topological insulators, have just discovered some characteristics that had only previously been confirmed in spheres. Jakson Fonseca from the University Federal of Viçosa, Brazil, and colleagues describe their findings in a paper published in EPJ B.
Lomonosov Moscow State University June 30th, 2016 A group of physicists from the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, the Lomonosov Moscow State University, has learned to use personal computer for calculations of complex equations of quantum mechanics, usually solved with help of supercomputers. This PC does the job much faster. An article about the results of the work has been published in the journal Computer Physics Communications.
University of Zurich June 30th, 2016 How can a gecko move across a ceiling upside down? Two mechanisms are responsible: Adhesion via billions of extremely fine hairs on its feet, which enable it to stick to ceilings and walls. And as soon as the gecko moves, it relies on stiction. However, any change of adhesion and stiction at macroscopic level is expressed on the nanometer scale through the change in the forces exerted between atoms and molecules.
Institute for Basic Science July 1st, 2016 Graphene, an allotrope of carbon, discovered more than a decade ago has led to myriad research that seeks to unlock its vast potential. Zeolites, commonly used microporous solid catalysts in the petrochemical industry, have recently attracted attention in the field of material science as a template for carbon synthesis. Each individual crystal is distinguished by its unique 1 nanometer (nm) sized pore structure, this structure facilitates the accommodation of carbon nanotubes inside the zeolite.
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) July 1st, 2016 Zap a tumor with radiation to trigger expression of a molecule, then attack that molecule with a drug-loaded nanoparticle. That’s the approach researchers working in mice have taken in a new study that aims to make delivery of chemotherapy to metastatic tumors more effective.
RMIT University June 18th, 2016 RMIT quantum computing researchers have developed and demonstrated a method capable of efficiently detecting high-dimensional entanglement.
The Optical Society June 18th, 2016 Researchers have developed a new enhanced DNA imaging technique that can probe the structure of individual DNA strands at the nanoscale. Since DNA is at the root of many disease processes, the technique could help scientists gain important insights into what goes wrong when DNA becomes damaged or when other cellular processes affect gene expression.
Stanford University June 18th, 2016 A Stanford University research lab has developed new technologies to tackle two of the world’s biggest energy challenges – clean fuel for transportation and grid-scale energy storage.
National University of Singapore June 19th, 2016 Researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute (MBI) at the National University of Singapore have developed a new method, using super-resolution microscopy, to determine the length of stretched proteins in living cells, and monitor the dynamic binding of proteins, at sub-second timescales. This study was published in Nano Letters in May 2016.
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences June 19th, 2016 The development of photodetectors has been a matter of considerable interest in the past decades since their applications are essential to many different fields including cameras, medical devices, safety equipment, optical communication devices or even surveying instruments, among others.
Brookhaven National Laboratory June 19th, 2016 Chemically the same, graphite and diamonds are as physically distinct as two minerals can be, one opaque and soft, the other translucent and hard. What makes them unique is their differing arrangement of carbon atoms.
Washington University in St. Louis June 20th, 2016 Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have found a way to give photons, or light packets, their marching orders.
Chapman University June 20th, 2016 Chapman University Institute for Quantum Studies (IQS) member Yutaka Shikano, Ph.D., recently had research published in Scientific Reports. Superconductors are one of the most remarkable phenomena in physics, with amazing technological implications. Some of the technologies that would not be possible without superconductivity are extremely powerful magnets that levitate trains and MRI machines used to image the human body. The reason that superconductivity arises is now understood as a fundamentally quantum mechanical effect.
University of Bristol June 20th, 2016 Researchers from the Universities of Bristol and Exeter are one step closer to developing a new generation of low-cost, high-efficiency solar cells. The structure is one of the world’s first examples of a tri-layer metasurface absorber using a carbon interlayer.
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences June 20th, 2016 A single drop with the volume of a millionth of a litre is really not very large and certainly does not look like something you can do a lot with. However, a simple device, constructed at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, can split the microdroplet into a collection of equally-sized nanodroplets. From now on, the valuable chemicals or genetic material contained in a single microdroplet can be the starting point of even hundreds of experiments – or they can be archived in the form of nanodroplet libraries.
JPK Instruments June 21st, 2016 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on the use of their NanoWizard® AFM and ForceRobot® systems at the Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH) in Korea. They are being applied to the field of medical diagnostics.
Case Western Reserve University June 21st, 2016 Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to swiftly and precisely control electron spins at room temperature.
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH) June 21st, 2016 POSTECH researchers develop an organic nanofiber based artificial synapse that emulates both important functions and energy consumption of biological ones: Implication of potential use in artificial intelligence computing.
CEA Leti June 21st, 2016 Three Grenoble-based research and medical partners have been selected to join the European Union-funded IDentIFY project to significantly extend the capability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in disease detection.
Brigham and Women’s Hospital June 21st, 2016 Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC), the most aggressive form of thyroid cancer, has a mortality rate of nearly 100 percent and a median survival time of three to five months. One promising strategy for the treatment of these solid tumors and others is RNA interference (RNAi) nanotechnology, but delivering RNAi agents to the sites of tumors has proved challenging. Investigators at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, together with collaborators from Massachusetts General Hospital, have developed an innovative nanoplatform that allows them to effectively deliver RNAi agents to the sites of cancer and suppress tumor growth and reduce metastasis in preclinical models of ATC. Their results appear this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Arizona State University June 21st, 2016 DNA may be the blueprint of life, but it’s also a molecule made from just a few simple chemical building blocks. Among its properties is the ability to conduct an electrical charge, making one of the hottest areas in engineering a race to develop novel, low-cost nanoelectronic devices.
American Society for Microbiology June 22nd, 2016 Lychnopholide, a substance isolated from a Brazilian plant, and formulated as part of “nanocapsules” cured more than half of a group of mice that had been infected experimentally with Chagas disease parasites. “Chagas disease affects millions of people, mainly in poor rural areas of 21 Latin American countries,” said Marta de Lana, PhD. The research is published in online ahead of print June 20 in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology.
University of Washington June 22nd, 2016 The same 20-sided solid that was morphed into geodesic domes in the past century may be the shape of things to come in synthetic biology.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory June 22nd, 2016 When physicists Georg Bednorz and K. Alex Muller discovered the first high-temperature superconductors in 1986, it didn’t take much imagination to envision the potential technological benefits of harnessing such materials.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology June 22nd, 2016 Using numerical modelling, researchers from Russia, the US, and China have discovered previously unknown features of rutile TiO2, which is a promising photocatalyst. The calculations were performed at an MIPT laboratory on the supercomputer Rurik. The paper detailing the results has been published in the journal Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics.
Duke University June 22nd, 2016 DNA molecules don’t just code our genetic instructions. They can also conduct electricity and self-assemble into well-defined shapes, making them potential candidates for building low-cost nanoelectronic devices.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory June 22nd, 2016 Scientists can now detect magnetic behavior at the atomic level with a new electron microscopy technique developed by a team from the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Uppsala University, Sweden. The researchers took a counterintuitive approach by taking advantage of optical distortions that they typically try to eliminate.
FEI Company June 22nd, 2016 FEI (NASDAQ: FEIC) and the University of Liverpool announced today that they have entered into an agreement to enable Liverpool to undertake novel research in the field of petroleum reservoir geoscience using FEI’s QEMSCAN® technology.
Nanometrics Incorporated June 22nd, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (Nasdaq:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announces that company management is scheduled to participate in the 8th Annual CEO Summit, a preeminent investor and analyst event held concurrently with the SEMICON West trade show in San Francisco.
University of Innsbruck June 23rd, 2016 Elementary particles are the fundamental buildings blocks of matter, and their properties are described by the Standard Model of particle physics. The discovery of the Higgs boson at the CERN in 2012 constitutes a further step towards the confirmation of the Standard Model. However, many aspects of this theory are still not understood because their complexity makes it hard to investigate them with classical computers. Quantum computers may provide a way to overcome this obstacle as they can simulate certain aspects of elementary particle physics in a well-controlled quantum system. Physicists from the University of Innsbruck and the Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information (IQOQI) at the Austrian Academy of Sciences have now done exactly that: In an international first, Rainer Blatt’s and Peter Zoller’s research teams have simulated lattice gauge theories in a quantum computer. They describe their work in the journal Nature.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie June 23rd, 2016 An international team has discovered an elegant way to decouple organic nanosheets grown on metal surfaces. After iodine intercalation, measurements at the synchrotron source BESSY II of Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin showed that a network of organic molecules behaved almost as it was free-standing. The strong influence of the metal on the network was reduced. This opens up new ways to transfer organic nanostructures from metal surfaces onto more suitable substrates for molecular electronics. The results have been published in Angewandte Chemie.
University of Exeter June 23rd, 2016 Researchers from the University of Exeter have pioneered an innovative new technique to make flexible screens more effective and efficient.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie June 23rd, 2016 Physicists at BESSY II of Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin studied an artificial structure composed of alternating layers of ferromagnetic and superconducting materials. Charge density waves induced by the interfaces were found to extend deeply into the superconducting regions, indicating new ways to manipulate superconductivity. The results are now being published in Nature Materials.
University of Houston June 24th, 2016 Researchers from the University of Houston have reported a new technique to determine the chemical composition of materials using near-infrared light.
University of Waterloo June 24th, 2016 Math, biology and nanotechnology are becoming strange, yet effective bed-fellows in the fight against cancer treatment resistance. Researchers at the University of Waterloo and Harvard Medical School have engineered a revolutionary new approach to cancer treatment that pits a lethal combination of drugs together into a single nanoparticle.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) June 11th, 2016 Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have “entangled” or linked together the properties of up to 219 beryllium ions (charged atoms) to create a quantum simulator. The simulator is designed to model and mimic complex physics phenomena in a way that is impossible with conventional machines, even supercomputers. The techniques could also help improve atomic clocks.
PLOS June 13th, 2016 New research explains why so many biological networks, including the human brain (a network of neurons), exhibit a hierarchical structure, and will improve attempts to create artificial intelligence. The study, published in PLOS Computational Biology, demonstrates this by showing that the evolution of hierarchy – a simple system of ranking – in biological networks may arise because of the costs associated with network connections.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne June 13th, 2016 EPFL researchers are pushing the limits of perovskite solar cell performance by exploring the best way to grow these crystals.
University of Basque Country June 13th, 2016 The QUTIS group, led by the Ikerbasque professor Enrique Solano, is a world leader in theoretical proposals for quantum simulation and quantum computation with superconducting circuits and other quantum technologies, which are carried out and verified at major international scientific and technological labs. The American company Google has one of the most advanced labs in this field and is a world leader in this technology.
University of Illinois at Chicago June 13th, 2016 An ultrathin film that is both transparent and highly conductive to electric current has been produced by a cheap and simple method devised by an international team of nanomaterials researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago and Korea University.
UC Santa Cruz June 13th, 2016 Perovskite materials have shown great promise for use in next-generation solar cells, light-emitting devices (LEDs), sensors, and other applications, but their instability remains a critical limitation.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory June 13th, 2016 After their nanorods were accidentally created when an experiment didn’t go as planned, the researchers gave the microscopic, unplanned spawns of science a closer look.
University of Cambridge June 14th, 2016 When a molecule emits a blink of light, it doesn’t expect it to ever come back. However researchers have now managed to place single molecules in such a tiny optical cavity that emitted photons, or particles of light, return to the molecule before they have properly left. The energy oscillates back and forth between light and molecule, resulting in a complete mixing of the two.
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) June 14th, 2016 Sometimes it is the tiny things in the world that can make an incredible difference. One of these things is the nanoparticle. Nanoparticles may be small, but they have a variety of important applications in areas such as, medicine, manufacturing, and energy. A team of researchers from Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) recently discovered a unique copper-silver nanoparticle structure that has a core of one element surrounded by a “cage” of the other element. However, the cage does not cover certain areas of the core, which very much resembles the Japanese glass fishing floats traditionally covered with rope called ukidama.
Brookhaven National Laboratory June 14th, 2016 A cube, an octahedron, a prism–these are among the polyhedral structures, or frames, made of DNA that scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have designed to connect nanoparticles into a variety of precisely structured three-dimensional (3D) lattices. The scientists also developed a method to integrate nanoparticles and DNA frames into interconnecting modules, expanding the diversity of possible structures.
Tohoku University June 14th, 2016 Researchers at Tohoku University have realized wafer-scale and high yield synthesis of suspended graphene nanoribbons. The unique growth dynamic has been elucidated through comparing experiments, molecular dynamics simulations and theoretical calculations made with researchers from the University of Tokyo and Hokkaido University.
Nanometrics Incorporated June 14th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced the selection of the company’s flagship Atlas optical critical dimension (OCD) metrology platform and NanoDiffract® modeling and analysis software, for development and production of third-generation 3D-NAND devices by a leading flash memory manufacturer. The systems will be used across all aspects of 3D-NAND device manufacturing, including control of critical thin film deposition and etch processes for the formation of high-aspect-ratio structures in this customer’s most advanced devices.
Elsevier June 14th, 2016 Tiny molecular scaffolding that joins molecules together could be the key to our battle against antibiotic resistance. Research published in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters shows that carbon nanodot scaffolding assembled with small molecules called polyamines can kill some dangerous drug-resistant bacteria, including Acinetobacter baumanii and Klebsiella pneumonia.
University of California – San Diego June 14th, 2016 A team of physicists that visualized the internal nanostructure of an intact butterfly wing has discovered two physical attributes that make those structures so bright and colorful.
Elhuyar Fundazioa June 14th, 2016 The Basque Institute of Agricultural Research and Development Neiker-Tecnalia is currently exploring a strategy to remedy soils contaminated by organic compounds containing chlorine (organochlorine compounds). The innovative process consists of combining the application of zero-iron nanoparticles with bioremediation techniques. The companies Ekotek and Dinam, the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country and Gaiker-IK4 are also participating in this project known as NANOBIOR.
Cell Press June 15th, 2016 Recent breakthroughs in creating artificial systems that outplay humans in a diverse array of challenging games have their roots in neural networks inspired by information processing in the brain. In a Review published June 14 in Trends in Cognitive Sciences, researchers from Google DeepMind and Stanford University update a theory originally developed to explain how humans and other animals learn – and highlight its potential importance as a framework to guide the development of agents with artificial intelligence.
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science June 15th, 2016 Chemically the same, graphite and diamonds are as physically distinct as two minerals can be, one opaque and soft, the other translucent and hard. What makes them unique is their differing arrangement of carbon atoms.
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research June 15th, 2016 Researchers from the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, have demonstrated the ability to manipulate the vibrations of a drum of nanometre scale thickness – realizing the world’s smallest and most versatile drum. This work has implications in improving the sensitivity of small detectors of mass – very important in detecting the mass of small molecules like viruses. This also opens the doors to probing exciting new aspects of fundamental physics.
Elsevier June 15th, 2016 Tiny bubbles filled with the sleep hormone melatonin can make breast cancer treatment more effective, which means people need a lower dose, giving them less severe side effects. In a new study published in Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, researchers show that the bubbles, called nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs), made tamoxifen stronger and help it kill cancer cells.
FEI Company June 15th, 2016 FEI (NASDAQ: FEIC) today announced the release of the latest version of its Auto Slice &View three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction software, which makes 3D imaging faster, easier, more accurate and cost effective. The software works with all of FEI’s current DualBeam focused ion beam (FIB)/scanning electron microscope (SEM) platforms to enable 3D structure and composition of samples at the nanometer scale. DualBeam users across all disciplines, including materials science, life sciences, semiconductor and oil & gas, can benefit from the new, enhanced software.
CEA Leti June 15th, 2016 Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, is hosting a one-day conference covering “System Reliability & Security in a Connected World” in Lyon, France, on June 23.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie June 15th, 2016 This paves the way to fast and energy efficient ultrahigh density data storage. The results are published now in the new journal Physical Review Applied.
Massachusetts General Hospital June 15th, 2016 A team of researchers from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and the Rowland Institute at Harvard University have used a specialized nanoprobe developed by the Harvard/Rowland investigators to directly measure levels of key proteins within living, cultured cells. As described in the journal Nano Letters, the investigators used the device to track levels of the Alzheimer’s-disease-associated proteins amyloid-beta (A-beta) and tau in neurons and other cells exposed to an anesthetic known to produce Alzheimer’s-like changes in the brains of mice. Their results support the view that the generation of A-beta is among the first steps leading to the characteristic neurodegeneration of Alzheimer’s disease.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory June 16th, 2016 A new study by a multi-institutional team, led by researchers from Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University, has revealed exotic magnetic properties in a rare-earth based intermetallic compound. Similar studies suggest a better understanding of those types of behaviors could lead to applications in quantum computing and improved storage device technologies.
University of Chicago June 16th, 2016 Light and matter are typically viewed as distinct entities that follow their own, unique rules. Matter has mass and typically exhibits interactions with other matter, while light is massless and does not interact with itself. Yet, wave-particle duality tells us that matter and light both act sometimes like particles, and sometimes like waves.
Northwestern University June 16th, 2016 Up until recently, researchers thought they had the behaviors of ferroelectric materials mostly figured out. “The conventional wisdom is that you can put almost any material under mechanical stress, and provided the stress is coherently maintained, the material will become ferroelectric or exhibit an electrical polarization,” said James Rondinelli, assistant professor of materials science and engineering at Northwestern University’s McCormick School of Engineering. “If you apply similar stresses to a compound that’s already ferroelectric, then its polarization increases.”
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute June 17th, 2016 By doping a thermoelectric material with minute amounts of sulfur, a team of researchers has found a new path to large improvements in the efficiency of materials for solid-state heating and cooling and waste energy recapture. This approach profoundly alters the electronic band structure of the material – bismuth telluride selenide — improving the so-called “figure of merit,” a ranking of a material’s performance that determines efficiency in applications and opening the door to advanced applications of thermoelectric materials to harvest waste heat from power plants to computer chips.
Rice University June 17th, 2016 The next generation of nanosubmarines being developed at Rice University has been upgraded with tags that fluoresce longer, which enables the submersibles to be tracked for greater periods while being driven through a solution.
Los Alamos National Laboratory June 17th, 2016 In the 2015 movie “The Martian,” stranded astronaut Matt Damon turns to the chemistry of rocket fuel, hydrazine and hydrogen, to create lifesaving water and nearly blows himself up. But if you turn the process around and get the hydrazine to help, you create hydrogen from water by changing conductivity in a semiconductor, a transformation with wide potential applications in energy and electronics.
Yale University June 17th, 2016 Yale scientists have found a way to greatly boost the intensity of light waves on a silicon microchip using the power of sound.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology June 17th, 2016 Terahertz radiation — the band of electromagnetic radiation between microwaves and visible light — has promising applications in security and medical diagnostics, but such devices will require the development of compact, low-power, high-quality terahertz lasers.
Osaka University June 17th, 2016 A research group in Japan found a new compound H5S2 that shows a new superconductivity phase on computer simulation. Further theoretical and experimental research based on H5S2 predicted by this group will lead to the clarification of the mechanism behind high-temperature superconductivity, which takes place in hydrogen sulfide .
Salk Institute June 17th, 2016 When the body is fighting an invading pathogen, white blood cells–including T cells–must respond. Now, Salk Institute researchers have imaged how vital receptors on the surface of T cells bundle together when activated.
Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) June 5th, 2016 The arrival of a thin and lightweight computer that even rolls up like a piece of paper will not be in the far distant future. Flexible organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), built upon a plastic substrate, have received greater attention lately for their use in next-generation displays that can be bent or rolled while still operating.
Hitachi, Ltd. June 5th, 2016 Hitachi, Ltd. (TSE: 6501; “Hitachi”) today announced that it has developed a basic artificial intelligence (AI) technology that analyzes huge volumes of Japanese text data on issues that are subject to debate, and presents in Japanese both affirmative and negative opinions on those issues together with reasons and grounds. In this research, Hitachi applied deep learning(1) to the process of distinguishing sentences representing reasons and grounds for opinions, eliminating the need for a dedicated program to be prepared for each language and thus enabling the creation of a general-purpose system analyzing text data in any language. Previously, Hitachi developed a basic AI technology which analyzed huge volumes of English text data and presented opinions in English.(2) This time, Hitachi incorporated this technology into a new AI technology for the Japanese language to meet the needs of Japanese enterprises.
Industrial Nanotech, Inc. June 6th, 2016 Industrial Nanotech, Inc. (OTC PINK: INTK), a global leader in nanotechnology-based energy saving solutions, today announced that the Company has signed an agreement with and received the first purchase order from a major new customer in the Chinese province of Sichuan, one of the China’s most important economic, financial, commercial, cultural, transportation, and communication regions.
Naval Research Laboratory June 6th, 2016 An interdisciplinary team of scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), Electronics Science and Technology and Materials Science and Technology Divisions, has demonstrated hyperthermal ion implantation (HyTII) as an effective means of substitutionally doping graphene — a hexagonally-arranged single-atomic thickness carbon sheet — with nitrogen atoms. The result is a low-defect film with a tunable bandstructure amenable to a variety of device platforms and applications.
University of Central Florida June 7th, 2016 A finding by a University of Central Florida researcher that unlocks a means of controlling materials at the nanoscale and opens the door to a new generation of manufacturing is featured online today in the journal Nature.
University of Illinois College of Engineering June 7th, 2016 Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a new technique for extremely high speed photonic sensing of the mechanical properties of freely flowing particles using an opto-mechano-fluidic resonator (OMFR). This research potentially opens up completely new mechanical “axes of measurement” on micro/nanoparticles and bioparticles.
Particle-Metrix GmbH June 7th, 2016 Particle Metrix, developers of versatile particle characterization solutions for the life sciences, report on the work of the Giebel Working Group on the Developmental Biology of Stem Cells in the Institute for Transfusion Medicine at the University Hospital of Duisburg-Essen
American Institute of Physics (AIP) June 7th, 2016 Life in the nano lane is fast and just got faster in terms of knowledge of fundamental mechanisms working at the nanoscale — where processes are driven by a dance of particles such as atoms and ions one-billionth of a meter in size.
Tohoku University June 7th, 2016 A research group at Tohoku University’s WPI-AIMR has succeeded in finding the origin and the mechanism of ferromagnetism in Mn-doped GaAs. The discovery is significant as it will accelerate the development of the spintronic element.
Rice University June 7th, 2016 Rice University has won a $2 million grant from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (CPRIT) to recruit biomaterials researcher and entrepreneur Omid Veiseh to Rice’s Department of Bioengineering.
University of Adelaide June 8th, 2016 Australian researchers at the University of Adelaide have developed a method for embedding light-emitting nanoparticles into glass without losing any of their unique properties — a major step towards ‘smart glass’ applications such as 3D display screens or remote radiation sensors.
Springer June 8th, 2016 There is a gap in the theory explaining what is happening at the macroscopic scale, in the realm of our everyday lives, and at the quantum level, at microscopic scale. In this paper published in EPJ D, Holger Hofmann from the Graduate School of Advanced Sciences of Matter at Hiroshima University, Japan, reveals that the assumption that quantum particles move because they follow a precise trajectory over time has to be called into question. Instead, he claims that the notion of trajectory is a dogmatic bias inherited from our interpretation of everyday experience at the macroscopic scale. The paper shows that trajectories only emerge at the macroscopic limit, as we can neglect the complex statistics of quantum correlations in cases of low precision.
University of Geneva (UNIGE) June 9th, 2016 The unusual electronic properties of some superconducting materials permit lossless and dense electrical currents at very low temperatures, even in high magnetic fields. Conductors made of these materials are thus ideal for winding coils to generate very high magnetic fields, which are essential for a number of applications like magnetic medical imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy for the analysis of complex molecules or even accelerator magnets. To generate ever-higher magnetic fields, physicists at the University of Geneva (UNIGE) and an R&D team of Bruker BioSpin in Fällanden (ZH), both in Switzerland, started a collaboration in 2012, which was partially funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF). Together, they successfully developed and tested the first superconducting coil able to reach a magnetic field of 25 Tesla. A first in Europe.
NanoArt 21 June 9th, 2016 The 4th International Festival of NanoArt An Art-Science-Technology special session will be hosted in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, by Babes-Bolyai University between September 8 – 14, 2016 in parallel with the 11th International Conference On Physics Of Advanced Materials (Nanomaterials).
University of Maryland June 9th, 2016 Nanomaterials have the potential to improve many next-generation technologies. They promise to speed up computer chips, increase the resolution of medical imaging devices and make electronics more energy efficient. But imbuing nanomaterials with the right properties can be time consuming and costly. A new, quick and inexpensive method for constructing diamond-based hybrid nanomaterials could soon launch the field forward.
University of Twente June 10th, 2016 NanoLabNL will invest firmly in its research facilities in the coming years. This week, the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs confirmed a financial contribution to the activities of NanoLabNL, as part of the so-called Toekomstfonds (Future Fund). The Dutch national facility for nanotechnological research will use the acquired resources to stimulate the development of proof-of-concepts, demonstrators and small scale production.
University of Queensland June 10th, 2016 The mining, navigation, minerals exploration and environmental hydrology sectors are set to benefit from new University of Queensland research into quantum technology.
Case Western Reserve University June 10th, 2016 In a pair of firsts, researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have shown that the drug candidate phenanthriplatin can be more effective than an approved drug in vivo, and that a plant-virus-based carrier successfully delivers a drug in vivo.
Berkeley Lab June 10th, 2016 The Materials Project, a Google-like database of material properties aimed at accelerating innovation, has released an enormous trove of data to the public, giving scientists working on fuel cells, photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, and a host of other advanced materials a powerful tool to explore new research avenues. But it has become a particularly important resource for researchers working on batteries.
Elhuyar Fundazioa June 10th, 2016 Sagrario Domínguez-Fernández, a Telecommunications engineer, has managed to increase light absorption in silicon by means of nanostructures etched onto photovoltaic cells. This increases the efficiency obtained in these electronic devices which are made of this element and which transform solar energy into electricity.
University of Melbourne June 10th, 2016 Scientists can now identify the exact location of a single atom in a silicon crystal, a discovery that is key for greater accuracy in tomorrow’s silicon based quantum computers.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland June 10th, 2016 VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland developed an extremely efficient small-size energy storage, a micro-supercapacitor, which can be integrated directly inside a silicon microcircuit chip. The high energy and power density of the miniaturized energy storage relies on the new hybrid nanomaterial developed recently at VTT. This technology opens new possibilities for integrated mobile devices and paves the way for zero-power autonomous devices required for the future Internet of Things (IoT).
University of Basel June 10th, 2016 An international consortium led by researchers at the University of Basel has developed a method to precisely alter the quantum mechanical states of electrons within an array of quantum boxes. The method can be used to investigate the interactions between various types of atoms and electrons, which is essential for future quantum technologies, as the group reports in the journal Small.
University of Toronto Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering May 28th, 2016 A U of T Engineering team has designed a simpler way to keep therapeutic proteins where they are needed for long periods of time. The discovery is a potential game-changer for the treatment of chronic illnesses or injuries that often require multiple injections or daily pills.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology May 30th, 2016 Researchers can build complex, nanometer-scale structures of almost any shape and form, using strands of DNA. But these particles must be designed by hand, in a complex and laborious process.
University of Wisconsin-Madison May 30th, 2016 The consumer marketplace is flooded with a lively assortment of smart wearable electronics that do everything from monitor vital signs, fitness or sun exposure to play music, charge other electronics or even purify the air around you — all wirelessly.
UK Nanosafety Group (UKNSG) May 30th, 2016 The UK Nanosafety Group (UKNSG) has updated and published a 2nd edition of guidance to support safe and responsible working practices with nanomaterials in research and development laboratories.
Nanobiotix May 31st, 2016 NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering novel approaches for the local treatment of cancer, announces today that the Company has established preliminary preclinical proof-of-concept (POC) with the lead product NBTXR3 for its new program in Immuno Oncology (IO).
GLOBALFOUNDRIES May 31st, 2016 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding to drive its next phase of growth in China. Through a joint venture with the government of Chongqing, the company plans to expand its global manufacturing footprint by establishing a 300mm fab in China. GLOBALFOUNDRIES is also investing in expanding design support capabilities to better serve customers across the country.
anobiotix May 31st, 2016 ANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering novel approaches for the local treatment of cancer, receives a US$1m milestone payment from its Taiwan-based partner PharmaEngine.
JPK Instruments May 31st, 2016 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on the use of their NanoWizard® AFM system at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow where it is applied to make simultaneous imaging, mechanical and spectroscopy measurements.
Cornell University June 1st, 2016 3-D printing has become a powerful tool for engineers and designers, allowing them to do “rapid prototyping” by creating a physical copy of a proposed design.
University of Texas at Dallas June 1st, 2016 New fundamental research by UT Dallas physicists may accelerate the drive toward more advanced electronics and more powerful computers.
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) June 1st, 2016 Physicists based at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich and the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics have observed a nanoscale light-matter phenomenon which lasts for only attoseconds.
forbes.com June 1st, 2016 Let’s be honest. No one likes an epic overachiever. In the nanotechnology world, no one material has been more deserving of that title than the innocent monolayer of carbon, graphene. Touted to be the next big thing in batteries, reinforced materials and nanoelectronics, it has now proven itself to have the magical power of making solar panels work efficiently even in the wet, dreary greyness that is the British Summer – no, really. We had what could almost be described as a monsoon earlier today – and it is June tomorrow!
Rice University June 1st, 2016 If you’re driving a nanocar on the open road, things are bound to get sticky. Rice University researchers who developed the first nanocars and colleagues at North Carolina State University found in recent tests that driving their vehicles in ambient conditions – exposed to open air, rather than a vacuum – got dicey after a time because the hydrophobic single-molecule cars stuck to the “road” and created what amounted to large speed bumps.
American Institute of Physics June 1st, 2016 A team of American and Chinese researchers has developed a new tool that could aid in the quest for better batteries and fuel cells.
XEI Scientific Inc. June 1st, 2016 XEI Scientific, the leading supplier of Evactron® remote RF plasma de-contaminators for electron microscopes, announced the addition of Dr Barbara Armbruster as Marketing Director. Dr Armbruster has an extensive knowledge of biological and materials electron microscopy and held Product Management positions at Hitachi High Technologies America and JEOL USA. She received a PhD in Botany from Duke University.
American Chemical Society June 2nd, 2016 Technologies from wind turbines to electric vehicles rely on critical materials called rare-earth elements. These elements, though often abundant, can be difficult and increasingly costly to come by. Now, scientists looking for alternatives have reported in ACS’ journal Chemistry of Materials a new way to make nanoparticles that could replace some rare-earth materials and help ensure the continued supply of products people have come to depend on.
American Institute of Physics June 2nd, 2016 Tiny high-performance lasers grown directly on silicon wafers solve a decades-old semiconductor industry challenge that, until now, has held back the integration of photonics with electronics on the silicon platform,
Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin June 2nd, 2016 Dentin is one of the most durable biological materials in the human body. Researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin were able to show that the reason for this can be traced to its nanostructures and specifically to the interactions between the organic and inorganic components. Measurements performed at BESSYII, the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin’s synchrotron radiation source, showed that it is the mechanical coupling between the collagen protein fibers and mineral nanoparticles which renders dentin capable of withstanding extreme forces. Results from this research have been recently published in the journal Chemistry of Materials*.
Lomonosov Moscow State University June 2nd, 2016 Marianna Kharlamova (the Lomonosov Moscow State University Department of Materials Science) examined different types of carbon nanotubes’ “stuffing” and classified them according to the influence on the properties of the nanotubes. The researcher’s work was published in the high-impact journal Progress in Materials Science (impact factor — 26.417).
Georgia Institute of Technology June 2nd, 2016 FullScaleNANO, an early-stage company that automates nanomaterial imaging and measurement and a VentureLab portfolio startup, received the TechConnect Innovation Award at the TechConnect World Innovation Conference & Expo May 22-25 in Washington, D.C.
Dr. Mahendra Patel June 3rd, 2016 (Author: Dr. Mahendra Patel; 616 pages; 36 chapters; Publ in 2015; ISBN No.978-81-923542-5-5) Words of Congratulation by: Prof. (Dr.) Pradeep Rohatgi; State of Wisconsin and UWM Distinguished Professor and Director of UWM Centre of Composites and Advanced Materials manufacture, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, U.S.A. This book provides solutions to the persistent problem of corrosion and help enhancing productivity and profitability of the pulp and paper mills. Selecting machineries etc with appropriate materials is a baffling issue today because the number and quality of materials have increased enormously. The important contents of this book are: · Compositions and designations of most of these iron and steel grades. · Polymer products such as plastic pipes and other parts, rubber, Teflon and fabrics.
Centre for Quantum Technologies, National University of Singapore June 3rd, 2016 You can’t sign up for the quantum internet just yet, but researchers have reported a major experimental milestone towards building a global quantum network – and it’s happening in space.
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters June 3rd, 2016 NINE pioneering scientists from Germany, Switzerland, the UK and the USA have been named this year’s recipients of the Kavli Prizes – prizes that recognize scientists for their seminal advances in astrophysics, nanoscience and neuroscience.
Rice University May 21st, 2016 Bathing a patient in LED light may someday offer a new way to locate tumors, according to Rice University researchers.
Lomonosov Moscow State University May 21st, 2016 The group of Russian and French researchers, with the participation of scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University, has succeeded to synthesize nanoparticles of ultrapure silicon, which exhibited the property of efficient photoluminescence, i.e., secondary light emission after photoexcitation. These particles were able to easily penetrate into cancer cells and it allowed to use them as luminescent markers in the early diagnosis of cancer and in treatments of this disease. The article was published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory May 21st, 2016 A method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications has gained momentum with a demonstration by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
University of Vienna May 23rd, 2016 The interactions between graphene and its environment have a significant influence on the use of this promising material by the semiconductor industry. Thanks to the comprehensive findings of an international research project, these interactions are now better understood and can be controlled as a result.
University of Manchester May 23rd, 2016 In an article published in Carbon, Dr Aravind Vijayaraghavan and Dr Maria Iliut from Manchester have shown that adding a very small amount of graphene, the world’s thinnest and strongest material, to rubber films can increase both their strength and the elasticity by up to 50%. Thin rubber films are ubiquitous in daily life, used in everything from gloves to condoms.
Rice University May 23rd, 2016 Rice University scientists have advanced their graphene-based de-icer to serve a dual purpose. The new material still melts ice from wings and wires when conditions get too cold. But if the air is above 7 degrees Fahrenheit, ice won’t form at all.
World Scientific May 23rd, 2016 A team of researchers from Cornell University in Ithaca, New York demonstrated a drug delivery mechanism that utilizes two independent vehicles, allowing for delivery of chemically and physically dis-tinct agents. The mechanism was utilized to deliver a new anti-cancer combination therapy consisting of piperlongumine (PL) and TRAIL to treat PC3 prostate cancer and HCT116 colon cancer cells. PL, a small-molecule hydrophobic drug, was encapsulated in poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles. TRAIL was chemically conjugated to the surface of nanoscale liposomes. PL was first administered to sensitize cancer cells to the effects of TRAIL. PC3 and HCT116 cells had lower survival rates in vitro after receiving the dual nanoparticle therapy compared to each agent individually. In vivo testing involved a subcutaneous mouse xenograft model using NOD-SCID gamma mice and HCT116 cells. Two treatment cycles were administered over 48 hours. Higher apoptotic rates were observed for HCT116 tumor cells that received the dual nanoparticle therapy compared to individual stages of the nanoparticle therapy alone. The report appears in the latest issue of the journal TECHNOLOGY.
Medical University of South Carolina May 23rd, 2016 Great discoveries do come in small packages. Few know that better than Ann-Marie Broome, Ph.D., who feels nanotechnology holds the future of medicine with its ability to deliver powerful drugs in tiny, designer packages.
University of Notre Dame May 23rd, 2016 University of Notre Dame physicists and their collaborators have produced the first rewriteable artificial magnetic charge ice. The research, described in a paper published in Science today, shows strong potential for technological applications from information encoding, reprogrammable magnonics, and also to spintronics.
Penn State May 23rd, 2016 Synthetic proteins based on those found in a variety of squid species’ ring teeth may lead the way to self-healing polymers carefully constructed for specific toughness and stretchability that might have applications in textiles, cosmetics and medicine, according to Penn State researchers.
Houston Methodist May 24th, 2016 Nanosized Trojan horses created from a patient’s own immune cells have successfully treated inflammation by overcoming the body’s complex defense mechanisms, perhaps leading to broader applications for treating diseases characterized by inflammation, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
ITMO University May 24th, 2016 Scientists from ITMO University and Trinity College have designed an optically active nanosized supercrystal whose novel architecture can help separate organic molecules, thus considerably facilitating the technology of drug synthesis. The study was published in Scientific Reports.
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) May 24th, 2016 Light waves could in principle be used to drive future transistors. Since the electromagnetic waves of light oscillate approximately one million times in a billionth of a second, i.e. at petahertz (PHz) frequencies, optoelectronic computers could attain switching rates 100,000 times higher than current digital electronic systems. However, to achieve this goal, we will need a better understanding of the sub-atomic electron motion induced by the ultrafast electric field of light. Now a team led by Ferenc Krausz, who holds a Chair in Experimental Physics at LMU and is a Director of the Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics in Garching, in collaboration with theorists from Tsukuba University in Japan, has used a novel combination of experimental and theoretical techniques, which for the first time provides direct access to the dynamics of this process. The new findings are reported in the journal Nature.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology May 24th, 2016 A family of compounds known as perovskites, which can be made into thin films with many promising electronic and optical properties, has been a hot research topic in recent years. But although these materials could potentially be highly useful in applications such as solar cells, some limitations still hamper their efficiency and consistency.
Dartmouth College May 24th, 2016 Dartmouth College researchers have discovered a method to design faster pulses, offering a new way to accurately control quantum systems.
American Institute of Physics May 25th, 2016 Along with being a “girl’s best friend,” diamonds also have remarkable properties that could make them ideal semiconductors. This is welcome news for electronics; semiconductors are needed to meet the rising demand for more efficient electronics that deliver and convert power.
Vienna University of Technology May 25th, 2016 In our computer chips, information is transported in form of electrical charge. Electrons or other charge carriers have to be moved from one place to another. For years scientists have been working on elements that take advantage of the electrons angular momentum (their spin) rather than their electrical charge. This new approach, called “spintronics” has major advantages compared to common electronics. It can operate with much less energy.
Brookhaven National Laboratory May 25th, 2016 For nearly 60 years, scientists have been trying to determine how manganese oxide (MnO) achieves its long-range magnetic order of alternating up and down electron spins. Now, a team of scientists has used their recently developed mathematical approach to study the short-range magnetic interactions that they believe drive this long-range order. By comparing measurements of the local magnetic interactions in MnO with those predicted by competing theoretical models, they determined that the antiparallel electron spin alignment is due to neighboring Mn ions interacting magnetically through an intermediary nonmagnetic oxygen ion–a mechanism called superexchange.
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) May 26th, 2016 The detection of carbon monoxide (CO) in the air is a vital issue, as CO is a poisonous gas and an environmental pollutant. CO typically derives from the incomplete combustion of carbon-based fuels, such as cooking gas and gasoline; it has no odour, taste, or colour and hence it is difficult to detect. Scientists have been investigating sensors that can determine CO concentration, and a team from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST), in tandem with the University of Toulouse, has found an innovative method to build such sensors.
Deep Space Industries (DSI) May 26th, 2016 Deep Space Industries, Inc. has been selected by HawkEye 360 as the satellite provider for its Pathfinder small satellite mini-constellation. This is the first step towards the launch of the full commercial constellation of HawkEye 360’s space-based radio frequency mapping and analytics system.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology May 26th, 2016 Researchers at MIT are seeking to redesign concrete — the most widely used human-made material in the world — by following nature’s blueprints.
Kazan Federal University May 26th, 2016 Heat treatment has proved to be an effective method of improving some of the useful properties of wood. Recent developments of the technology have allowed to achieve, among other things, increased hydrophobic properties, better elasticity, and improved dimensional stability.
American Chemical Society May 26th, 2016 The “Internet of Things” could make cities “smarter” by connecting an extensive network of tiny communications devices to make life more efficient. But all these machines will require a lot of energy. Rather than adding to the global reliance on fossil fuels to power the network, researchers say they have a new solution. Their report on a single device that harvests wind and solar energy appears in the journal ACS Nano.
PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. May 26th, 2016 A scientist from the PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. is the lead author of a review on pulmonary fibrosis that results from inhaling nanomaterials, which has been published in Archives of Toxicology. The coauthors are scientists from Health Canada, West Virginia University, and the University of Fribourg in Switzerland.
Yale University May 27th, 2016 Yale physicists have given Schrödinger’s famous cat a second box to play in, and the result may help further the quest for reliable quantum computing.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology May 27th, 2016 Gene transcription is the process by which DNA is copied and synthesized as messenger RNA (mRNA) — which delivers its genetic blueprints to the cell’s protein-making machinery.
Fars News Agency May 14th, 2016 Iranian Vice-President for Science and Technology Sorena Sattari announced that the country has exported its first nano product to South Korea.
University of Basel May 14th, 2016 Physicists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute and the University of Basel have succeeded in measuring the very weak van der Waals forces between individual atoms for the first time. To do this, they fixed individual noble gas atoms within a molecular network and determined the interactions with a single xenon atom that they had positioned at the tip of an atomic force microscope. As expected, the forces varied according to the distance between the two atoms; but, in some cases, the forces were several times larger than theoretically calculated. These findings are reported by the international team of researchers in Nature Communications.
Washington University in St. Louis May 15th, 2016 Flick a switch on a dark winter day and your office is flooded with bright light, one of many everyday miracles to which we are all usually oblivious.
Bentham Science Publishers May 15th, 2016 This article illustrates the mechanism and regulation of hemostasis, provides information on nanoparticle action on hemostasis and describes concept and limitations of in vitro assays in the assessment of nanoparticles.
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences May 16th, 2016 Holograms are a ubiquitous part of our lives. They are in our wallets — protecting credit cards, cash and driver’s licenses from fraud — in grocery store scanners and biomedical devices.
University of Washington May 16th, 2016 In the quest to harvest light for electronics, the focal point is the moment when photons — light particles — encounter electrons, those negatively-charged subatomic particles that form the basis of our modern electronic lives. If conditions are right when electrons and photons meet, an exchange of energy can occur. Maximizing that transfer of energy is the key to making efficient light-captured energetics possible.
University at Buffalo May 16th, 2016 The future of movies and manufacturing may be in 3-D, but electronics and photonics are going 2-D; specifically, two-dimensional semiconducting materials.
Toyohashi University of Technology May 16th, 2016 Carbon nanocoils (CNCs) are an exotic class of low-dimensional nanocarbons whose helical shape may make them suitable for applications such as microwave absorbers and various mechanical components such as springs. Typical thicknesses and coil diameters of CNCs fall within the ranges of 100-400 nm and 400-1000 nm, respectively, and their full lengths are much larger, on the order of several tens of micrometers.
University of Oxford May 17th, 2016 Why doesn’t a spider’s web sag in the wind or catapult flies back out like a trampoline? The answer, according to new research by an international team of scientists, lies in the physics behind a ‘hybrid’ material produced by spiders for their webs.
Penn State May 17th, 2016 Electronic materials have been a major stumbling block for the advance of flexible electronics because existing materials do not function well after breaking and healing. A new electronic material created by an international team, however, can heal all its functions automatically even after breaking multiple times. This material could improve the durability of wearable electronics.
CEA Leti May 17th, 2016 The CEA (Atomic Energy Commission) and Intel are boosting their collaboration through a new R & D agreement signed in Paris on Thursday 12 May. This collaboration, extended to several key areas in digital technology, will enable the two sides to develop a shared R&D programme and jointly submit research and innovation projects on a European scale, particularly as regards High Performance Computing (HPC), as part of the Horizon 2020 programme.
University of California, Santa Barbara May 17th, 2016 Looking up at the night sky — expansive and seemingly endless, stars and constellations blinking and glimmering like jewels just out of reach — it’s impossible not to wonder: Are we alone?
Princeton University May 18th, 2016 Theoretical chemists at Princeton University have pioneered a strategy for modeling quantum friction, or how a particle’s environment drags on it, a vexing problem in quantum mechanics since the birth of the field. The study was published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences May 18th, 2016 Fuel cells, which generate electricity from chemical reactions without harmful emissions, have the potential to power everything from cars to portable electronics, and could be cleaner and more efficient than combustion engines.
American Thoracic Society May 18th, 2016 Gene carrier penetration through an inflamed and remodeled airway, such as that found in asthma, is a prerequisite for successful gene therapy of such conditions. Our group recently reported that thymulin (serum thymic factor) gene transfection mediated by highly compacted DNA nanoparticles effectively prevents the inflammatory and remodeling process in asthmatic lungs, enhancing airway repair and thus improving lung mechanics in a mouse model of allergic asthma.
Carnegie Mellon University May 19th, 2016 Researchers led by Carnegie Mellon University Professor of Biological Sciences Chien Ho have developed a new method for preparing mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that not only leads to the production of more native stem cells, but also labels them with a FDA approved iron-oxide nanoparticle (Ferumoxytol). The technology could allow researchers to track the cells in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during preclinical and clinical trials. The findings are published by Scientific Reports.
Uppsala University May 19th, 2016 A simple paper sheet made by scientists at Uppsala University can improve the quality of life for millions of people by removing resistant viruses from water. The sheet, made of cellulose nanofibers, is called the mille-feuille filter as it has a unique layered internal architecture resembling that of the French puff pastry mille-feuille (Eng. thousand leaves).
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology May 19th, 2016 Scientists have developed a new type of graphene-based transistor and using modelling they have demonstrated that it has ultralow power consumption compared with other similar transistor devices. The findings have been published in a paper in the journal Scientific Reports. The most important effect of reducing power consumption is that it enables the clock speed of processors to be increased. According to calculations, the increase could be as high as two orders of magnitude.
Syracuse University May 19th, 2016 Chemists at Syracuse University have come up with an innovative new way to visualize and monitor chemical reactions in real time.
The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences May 20th, 2016 When one snooker ball hits another, both spring away from each other in an elastic manner. In the case of two photons a similar process – the elastic collision – has never been observed. Physicists from the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences have shown, however, that such a process does not only occur, but even could soon be registered in heavy ion collisions at the LHC accelerator.
FAPESP May 20th, 2016 A biosensor developed by researchers at the National Nanotechnology Laboratory (LNNano) in Campinas, São Paulo State, Brazil, has been proven capable of detecting molecules associated with neurodegenerative diseases and some types of cancer.
Vienna University of Technology May 20th, 2016 In 2010 the Nobel Prize in physics was awarded for the discovery of the exceptional material graphene, which consists of a single layer of carbon atoms arranged in a honeycomb lattice. But graphene research did not stop there. New interesting properties of this material are still being found. An international team of researchers has now explained the peculiar behaviour of electrons moving through narrow constrictions in a graphene layer. The results have been published in the journal Nature Communications.
Lehigh University May 20th, 2016 Quantum mechanics is the field of physics governing the behavior of things on atomic scales, where things work very differently from our everyday world.
The New Economy May 7th, 2016 Ingenuity Lab is proud to announce the opening of the Ingenuity Lab Research Hub at Mahatma Gandhi University in Kottayam, Kerala India, to implement applied research and enable the translation of new 22nd century technologies. This new facility is the result of collaboration between the International and Inter University Centre for Nanoscience Nanotechnology (IIUCNN) and Ingenuity Lab to leverage what each participant does best.
Locus Technologies May 7th, 2016 Locus Technologies (Locus), the industry leader in cloud-based environmental software, announced today that Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has added two new key projects to the Locus EIM Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) contract.
Renishaw May 9th, 2016 The Biomechanics and Biomimetics Research Laboratory at the University of Colorado Boulder uses a Renishaw inVia confocal Raman microscope to characterise biological tissues and biomaterials. The system has been interfaced with a nanoindentation system from Hysitron Inc., Minneapolis, USA, to provide combined chemical and mechanical information on samples.
Rice University May 9th, 2016 Rice University photonics researchers have unveiled a new nanoparticle amplifier that can generate infrared light and boost the output of one light by capturing and converting energy from a second light.
National University of Singapore (NUS) May 9th, 2016 A team led by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has developed a method to enhance the photoluminescence efficiency of tungsten diselenide, a two-dimensional semiconductor, paving the way for the application of such semiconductors in advanced optoelectronic and photonic devices.
Industrial Nanotech, Inc. May 9th, 2016 Industrial Nanotech, Inc. (OTC PINK: INTK), a global leader in nanotechnology-based energy saving solutions, today announced that the Company has significantly expanded its distribution network for its products.
Brookhaven National Laboratory May 9th, 2016 From cell phones to laptops and tablets, lithium-ion batteries power most of today’s portable electronics. Understanding how these batteries store and release energy as they charge and discharge is critical to improving their performance and increasing their longevity, especially for high-power applications such as electric vehicles and smart power grids. Visualizing the atomic-scale reaction pathways involved in battery discharge, however, has been difficult because of the high sensitivity required to detect the corresponding local structural changes in battery materials just billionths of a meter in size.
Lehigh University May 9th, 2016 Quantum dots (QDs) are semiconducting nanocrystals prized for their optical and electronic properties. The brilliant, pure colors produced by QDs when stimulated with ultraviolet light are ideal for use in flat screen displays, medical imaging devices, solar panels and LEDs. One obstacle to mass production and widespread use of these wonder particles is the difficulty and expense associated with current chemical manufacturing methods that often requiring heat, high pressure and toxic solvents.
Oxford Nanoimaging Limited May 10th, 2016 Oxford Nanoimaging Limited commence manufacturing and selling microscopes offering super-resolution and single-molecule performance to research users. Today, the company announces the launch of its first product, the Nanoimager, a desktop, nanoscale imaging system.
Deben May 10th, 2016 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on the application of their CT-Cool stage at the Steinbeis Center for Non-destructive Testing and Measurement, located at the DHBW Heidenheim, Germany. It is being used to study the behaviour of various plastic materials under different temperature conditions.
ICN2 May 10th, 2016 An article published today in Nature Communications presents a new method to determine the spin lifetime anisotropy of spin-polarized carriers in graphene using oblique spin precession. The work, led by ICREA research Prof Sergio O Valenzuela, Group Leader of the ICN2 Physics and Engineering Of Nanodevices Group, demonstrates spin-lifetime anisotropy measurements in graphene and discusses them in light of current theoretical knowledge.
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research May 10th, 2016 Climate change due to excessive CO2 levels is one of the most serious problems mankind has ever faced. This has resulted in abrupt weather patterns such as flood and drought, which are extremely disruptive and detrimental to life, as we have been witnessing in India in recent years. Mitigating rising CO2 levels is of prime importance. In a new development, scientists at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, have developed a novel design of CO2 sorbents that show superior CO2 capture capacity and stability over conventional materials.
Abalonyx AS May 10th, 2016 The product is hydrophobic and electrically conductive, with a bulk density of about 0.01 and a carbon content of about 85 – 86 %. It can be dispersed in non-polar liquids and be blended into organic and inorganic composites, e.g. in inks for additive manufacturing, oils, oil-based paints and laquers etc.
Nanometrics Incorporated May 10th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (Nasdaq:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced their participation in the following investor events: D.A. Davidson & Co. 8th Annual Technology Forum The Roosevelt Hotel, New York, NY June 1, 2016 Benchmark Company, LLC One-on-One Investor Conference The Pfister Hotel, Milwaukee, WI June 2, 2016 Stifel 2016 Technology, Internet & Media Conference The Fairmont Hotel, San Francisco, CA June 6-7, 2016 Presentation Time: 3:00 — 3:30 PM PT on June 6
Solliance May 10th, 2016 Solliance demonstrates a record 10% aperture area power conversion efficiency for its up-scaled thin-film perovskite photovoltaic modules. The efficiency was measured on an aperture area of 168 cm2. Twenty-five cells were serial connected through an optimized P1, P2, P3 interconnection technology. The PV module was realized on a 6×6 inch2 glass substrate using industrial scale-able slot die coating in combination with laser patterning. Further, the PV module was packaged by applying a flexible barrier using a lamination process.
University of Electro-Communications May 10th, 2016 Tunnelling ionization studies by researchers in Japan and Russia show changes in electron distributions between ground- and excited-state in laser tunnelling ionization of molecules.
Oxford Nanoimaging Limited May 10th, 2016 Oxford Nanoimaging (ONI) commence sales of an elegant desktop optical microscope capable of zooming in on objects as tiny as structures inside living cells. This super-resolution microscope will allow scientists to watch how individual molecules perform chemical reactions in real-time.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. May 10th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today presented a poster on ARC-LPA, its preclinical development program targeting lipoprotein (a), or Lp(a), for the treatment of cardiovascular disease at the Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology | Peripheral Vascular Disease (ATVB|PVD) 2016 Scientific Sessions in Nashville. ARC-LPA is the first RNAi therapeutic program to use Arrowhead’s new delivery vehicles designed for subcutaneous (SQ) administration.
University of California, Berkeley May 11th, 2016 To the surprise of chemists, a new technique for taking snapshots of molecules with atomic precision is turning up chemicals they shouldn’t be able to see.
Cell Press May 11th, 2016 To study certain aspects of cells, researchers need the ability to take the innards out, manipulate them, and put them back. Options for this kind of work are limited, but researchers reporting May 10 in Cell Metabolism describe a “nanoblade” that can slice through a cell’s membrane to insert mitochondria. The researchers have previously used this technology to transfer other materials between cells and hope to commercialize the nanoblade for wider use in bioengineering.
National Space Society May 11th, 2016 Enterprise In Space (EIS), an international program of the National Space Society (NSS), is excited to announce the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the Smithsonian Science Education Center (SSEC), the only unit at the Smithsonian Institution that is solely dedicated to formal K-12 science education reform.
Georgia Institute of Technology May 11th, 2016 A nanoparticle commonly used in food, cosmetics, sunscreen and other products can have subtle effects on the activity of genes expressing enzymes that address oxidative stress inside two types of cells. While the titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles are considered non-toxic because they don’t kill cells at low concentrations, these cellular effects could add to concerns about long-term exposure to the nanomaterial.
North Carolina State University May 12th, 2016 We have created a new state of BN (named Q-BN) through rapid melting and super undercooling and quenching by using nanosecond laser pulses.
Rice University May 12th, 2016 Wellbores drilled to extract oil and gas can be dramatically reinforced with a small amount of modified graphene nanoribbons added to a polymer and microwaved, according to Rice University researchers.
International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA) May 12th, 2016 The laboratory of SISSA’s Laura Ballerini in collaboration with the University of Trieste, the University of Manchester and the University of Castilla -la Mancha, has discovered a new approach to modulating synapses. This methodology could be useful for treating diseases in which electrical nerve activity is altered. Ballerini and Maurizio Prato (University of Trieste) are the principal investigators of the project within the European flagship on graphene, a far-reaching 10-year international collaboration (one billion euros in funding) that studies innovative uses of the material.
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona May 13th, 2016 Wireless charging of mobile devices is possibly one of the most desired technological milestones. Some devices can already be charged wirelessly by placing the mobile device on top of a charging base. The next step, charging devices without the need of taking them out of one’s pocket, might be just around the corner.
University of Surrey May 13th, 2016 •Silver nanowires are an ideal material for current and future flexible touch-screen technologies •Traditional touchscreen material is facing supply shortfall, as well as being unfit for flexible devices •Material can be manufactured easily, using less energy than current material
Berkeley Lab May 13th, 2016 Scientists have devised a way to build a “quantum metamaterial”–an engineered material with exotic properties not found in nature–using ultracold atoms trapped in an artificial crystal composed of light. The theoretical work represents a step toward manipulating atoms to transmit information, perform complex simulations or function as powerful sensors.
American Chemical Society May 13th, 2016 Treating a disease without causing side effects is one of the big promises of nanoparticle technology. But fulfilling it remains a challenge. One of the obstacles is that researchers have a hard time seeing where nanoparticles go once they’re inside various parts of the body. But now one team has developed a way to help overcome this problem — by making tissues and organs clearer in the lab. Their study on mice appears in the journal ACS Nano.
Chalmers University of Technology April 30th, 2016 Heat dissipation in electronics and optoelectronics is a severe bottleneck in the further development of systems in these fields. To come to grips with this serious issue, researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed an efficient way of cooling electronics by using functionalized graphene nanoflakes. The results will be published in the renowned journal Nature Communications.
Kazan Federal University May 1st, 2016 The fabrication of a prototype tissue having functional properties close to the natural ones is crucial for effective transplantation. Tissue engineering scaffolds are typically used as supports which allow cells to form tissue-like structures essentially required for the correct functioning of the cells under the conditions close to the three-dimensional tissue.
Washington University in St. Louis May 1st, 2016 Scientists are working diligently to prepare for the expected increase in global population — and therefore an increased need for food production– in the coming decades. A team of engineers at Washington University in St. Louis has found a sustainable way to boost the growth of a protein-rich bean by improving the way it absorbs much-needed nutrients.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie May 2nd, 2016 They thereby demonstrated that this class of materials is suitable for data processing based on spin. The work has been published in the renowned periodical Physical Review B and was selected as “Editor’s Suggestion” article.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology May 2nd, 2016 Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women’s Hospital have developed nanoparticles that can deliver antiobesity drugs directly to fat tissue. Overweight mice treated with these nanoparticles lost 10 percent of their body weight over 25 days, without showing any negative side effects.
University of California, Santa Barbara May 2nd, 2016 If using a single atom to capture high-resolution images of nanoscale material sounds like science fiction, think again. That’s exactly what the Quantum Sensing and Imaging Group at UC Santa Barbara has achieved. Members of physicist Ania Jayich’s lab worked for two years to develop a radically new sensor technology capable of nanometer-scale spatial resolution and exquisite sensitivity. Their findings appear in the journal Nature Nanotechnology.
People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals May 2nd, 2016 A compilation of recommendations from a 2015 workshop organized by the PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. appears in a report in Archives of Toxicology.
University of Basel May 3rd, 2016 Scientists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute and the Department of Physics at the University of Basel have developed a new method that has enabled them to image magnetic fields on the nanometer scale at temperatures close to absolute zero for the first time. They used spins in special diamonds as quantum sensors in a new kind of microscope to generate images of magnetic fields in superconductors with unrivalled precision. In this way the researchers were able to perform measurements that permit new insights in solid state physics, as they report in Nature Nanotechnology.
University of Basel May 3rd, 2016 Predictions from quantum physics have been confirmed by countless experiments, but no one has yet detected the quantum physical effect of entanglement directly with the naked eye. This should now be possible thanks to an experiment proposed by a team around a theoretical physicist at the University of Basel. The experiment might pave the way for new applications in quantum physics.
University of Cambridge May 3rd, 2016 Researchers have developed the world’s tiniest engine – just a few billionths of a metre in size – which uses light to power itself. The nanoscale engine, developed by researchers at the University of Cambridge, could form the basis of future nano-machines that can navigate in water, sense the environment around them, or even enter living cells to fight disease.
University of Basel May 3rd, 2016 Using an ultra fast-scanning atomic force microscope, a team of researchers from the University of Basel has filmed “living” nuclear pore complexes at work for the first time. Nuclear pores are molecular machines that control the traffic entering or exiting the cell nucleus. In their article published in Nature Nanotechnology, the researchers explain how the passage of unwanted molecules is prevented by rapidly moving molecular “tentacles” inside the pore.
Hebrew University of Jerusalem May 3rd, 2016 Quantum information science and technology has emerged as a new paradigm for dramatically faster computation and secure communication in the 21st century. At the heart of any quantum system is the most basic building block, the quantum bit or qbit, which carries the quantum information that can be transferred and processed (this is the quantum analogue of the bit used in current information systems). The most promising carrier qbit for ultimately fast, long distance quantum information transfer is the photon, the quantum unit of light.
FEI Company May 4th, 2016 FEI (NASDAQ: FEIC) today announced the new Apreo™ scanning electron microscope (SEM), offering an industry-leading range of applications. In fields ranging from materials and life sciences, to research in semiconductor, energy, and chemistry, Apreo offers exceptional versatility.
University of California, San Diego May 4th, 2016 E-MAIL Chemists at UC San Diego have developed a new tool that allows scientists for the first time to see, at the scale of five billionths of a meter, “nanoscale” mixing processes occurring in liquids.
University of thej Basque Country May 4th, 2016 One of the long-standing goals being pursued by chemists has been to succeed in following and directly visualising how the structures of molecules change when they undergo complex chemical transformations. Reaction intermediates, which are highly unstable substances that form in different steps in a reaction before the products are obtained, are particularly difficult to identify and characterise owing to their short lifetimes. Getting to know the structure of these intermediate species may be very helpful in understanding the reaction mechanisms and, what is more, could have a great impact on the chemical industry, materials science, nanotechnology, biology and medicine.
Oxford Instruments Asylum Research, Inc. May 4th, 2016 McGill University Department of Physics and Oxford Instruments Asylum Research are pleased to announce the McGill AFM Summer School and Workshop, May 12-13, 2016. The Workshop focuses on nanoelectrical and nanomechanical characterization using atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques. The agenda includes lectures by leading AFM researchers, equipment demonstrations, a poster session, and an information-rich question and answer period. Ideal for those with some AFM experience, attendees will ultimately come away with a better understanding of the “how-to’s” and “whys” of these techniques so they may incorporate them into their own research.
Rice University May 5th, 2016 Mechanics know molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) as a useful lubricant in aircraft and motorcycle engines and in the CV and universal joints of trucks and automobiles. Rice University engineering researcher Isabell Thomann knows it as a remarkably light-absorbent substance that holds promise for the development of energy-efficient optoelectronic and photocatalytic devices.
Lomonosov Moscow State University May 5th, 2016 By now, the research is quite fundamental. However, one of the authors, Igor Potemkin (Professor of the Chair of Polymer and Crystal Physics, Physics Department, the Lomonosov Moscow State University) argues that the creation of the perfect nano-capsules for targeted drug delivery would be possible on the basis of the reported system in the nearest years, and the production will be relatively cheap.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) May 5th, 2016 Rechargeable lithium air batteries are a next-generation technology: Theoretically they might be much lighter and offer better performance than current lithium ion batteries. However, currently they run out of steam after only a few charging cycles. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the Forschungszentrum Jülich have now investigated the processes and discovered a possible culprit: highly reactive singlet oxygen, which is released when the batteries are charged.
Oregon State University May 5th, 2016 Engineers at Oregon State University have found a new way to induce and control boiling bubble formation, that may allow everything from industrial-sized boilers to advanced electronics to work better and last longer.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory May 5th, 2016 In a rechargeable battery, the electrolyte transports lithium ions from the negative to the positive electrode during discharging. The path of ionic flow reverses during recharging. The organic liquid electrolytes in commercial lithium-ion batteries are flammable and subject to leakage, making their large-scale application potentially problematic. Solid electrolytes, in contrast, overcome these challenges, but their ionic conductivity is typically low.
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine May 5th, 2016 An implantable brain device that literally melts away at a pre-determined rate minimizes injury to tissue normally associated with standard electrode implantation, according to research led by a team from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The researchers describe online in Nature Materials a new class of technology that provides greater resolution for measuring electrical activity in space and time that matches or exceeds existing methods.
University of Maryland May 5th, 2016 Researchers at the University of Maryland have made a block of linden wood transparent, which they say will be useful in fancy building materials and in light-based electronics systems.
Bentham Science Publishers May 6th, 2016 In modern microelectronics, nanobiotechnology, nanorobots increasingly have being used both organic biomacromolecules and fragments, as nucleotides, peptides, DNA, and inorganic elements, like as metallic nanoparticles, carbon nanotubes. The charge transfer in such heterogeneous systems to a large extent has to determined by the conformational changes of biological fragments. In studying the properties of these complex nanoparticles one of the effective tool is a hybrid method of molecular dynamics simulation, combining molecular-mechanical and quantum-mechanical approaches.
Norwegian University of Science and Technology May 6th, 2016 When you see how difficult it is to get even next week’s weather forecast right, you can imagine the challenges researchers are faced with when it comes to predicting the weather decades from now.
Haydale Ltd April 23rd, 2016 Haydale, a leader in the development of enhanced graphene and nanoparticulate materials, reports on a presentation that describes the development of roll-to-roll gravure printing of biosensors based upon electrically conductive graphene structures and adherence proteins.
Park Systems April 23rd, 2016 Park Systems, world-leader in atomic force microscopy (AFM) announced today the appointments of Charlie Park as Senior Vice President of Global Sales, and Jong-Pil Park as Vice President of Production. The new Vice Presidents will develop strategic global sales initiatives and further Park’s best-in-class position as the world’s leading AFM manufacturer by enhancing production capabilities to meet increased product demands and customer technology requirements.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie April 23rd, 2016 Copper-indium-gallium-selenide (CIGSe) solar cells have the highest efficiency of polycrystalline thin-film solar cells. The four elements comprising CIGSe are vapour-deposited onto a substrate together to form a very thin layer of tiny chalcopyrite crystals. It is an exceedingly complex process controlled by many variables. This is why CIGSe modules in standard industrial formats have not yet attained the record efficiency already demonstrated at laboratory scale. One possible cause: defects that reduce the efficiency level can form during the course of fabrication. A collaboration of German, Israeli, and British teams has now conducted detailed studies of how different fabrication techniques influence the microstructure. They were able for the first time to observe the defects as these formed during deposition and under what conditions they self-healed by using in-situ X-ray diffraction and fluorescence analysis capabilities at the BESSY II X-ray source.
University of Twente April 24th, 2016 Light propagating in a layer of scattering nanoparticles, shows the principle of diffusion – like tea particles in hot water. The deeper light is penetrating into the layer, the lower the energy density. Scientists of University of Twente’s Complex Photonics Group, however, manage to turn this falling diffusion curve into a rising one, by manipulating the incident light. More light energy inside an opaque layer, is the result, which could lead to solar cells or LED’s with better yields. The results are published in New Journal of Physics.
University of New South Wales April 24th, 2016 In a proof-of-principle experiment, researchers at UNSW Australia have demonstrated that a small group of individual atoms placed very precisely in silicon can act as a quantum simulator, mimicking nature – in this case, the weird quantum interactions of electrons in materials.
The Negev April 25th, 2016 Researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) have developed an innovative anti-biofilm coating, which has significant anti-adhesive potential for a variety of medical and industrial applications.
Brookhaven National Laboratory April 25th, 2016 Oleg Gang, a physicist developing a novel strategy using DNA to guide the self-assembly of nanoparticles at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, is being honored as an “Inventor of the Year” by Battelle, the global science and technology organization that, together with Stony Brook University, manages Brookhaven Lab through the company Brookhaven Science Associates. The annual awards recognize individuals who have made significant scientific or engineering contributions with important societal or financial impacts. Gang, whose work may lead to the design of new “tunable” materials for applications in energy, medicine, and more, was honored at a “Celebration of Solvers” held by Battelle at the Columbus Museum of Art in Ohio on April 22, 2016.
University of California, Santa Barbara April 25th, 2016 Tiny units of matter and chemistry that they are, atoms constitute the entire universe. Some rare atoms can store quantum information, an important phenomenon for scientists in their ongoing quest for a quantum Internet.
XEI Scientific Inc. April 26th, 2016 XEI Scientific Inc. reports on the latest publication from their user group at the Ming Hsieh Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles. The paper released in the ACS Photonics Journal. The authors describe their work with multilayer molybdenum disulfide and their use of XEI’s Soft Clean plasma cleaning system for sample preparation.
Colorado State University April 26th, 2016 With apologies to Isaac Asimov, the most exciting phase to hear in science isn’t “Eureka,” but “That’s funny…” A “that’s funny” moment in a Colorado State University physics lab has led to a fundamental discovery that could play a key role in next-generation microelectronics. Publishing in Nature Physics April 25, the scientists, led by Professor of Physics Mingzhong Wu in CSU’s College of Natural Sciences, are the first to demonstrate using non-polarized light to produce in a metal what’s called a spin voltage – a unit of power produced from the quantum spinning of an individual electron. Controlling electron spins for use in memory and logic applications is a relatively new field called spin electronics, or spintronics, and the subject of the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics.
RIKEN April 26th, 2016 Ever since Kepler’s observation in the 17th century that sunlight is one of the reasons that the tails of comets to always face away from the sun, it has been understood that light exerts pressure in the direction it propagates. Radiation pressure is produced by the momentum carried by light, and it plays a crucial role in a variety of systems, from atomic to astronomical scales.
Tohoku University April 26th, 2016 A thermoelectric (TE) device*1 using cutting edge thermoelectric conversion technology has been created by a team comprising NEC Corporation, NEC TOKIN Corporation and Tohoku University.
PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. April 26th, 2016 A workshop organized last year by the PETA International Science Consortium Ltd has resulted in an article published today in the journal Particle and Fibre Toxicology. It describes aerosol generation and exposure tools that can be used to predict toxicity in human lungs following inhalation of nanomaterials.
Aalto University April 26th, 2016 Several international scientists from over 30 universities and institutes teamed to investigate to what extent quantum simulations of material properties agree when they are performed by different researchers and with different software. Torbjörn Björkman from Åbo Akademi participated from Finland. Björkman has previously worked at COMP Centre of Excellende at Aalto University.
Brown University April 26th, 2016 Thin films of crystalline materials called perovskites provide a promising new way of making inexpensive and efficient solar cells. Now, an international team of researchers has shown a way of flipping a chemical switch that converts one type of perovskite into another — a type that has better thermal stability and is a better light absorber.
Bruker Nano Surfaces Division April 26th, 2016 Bruker today announced the release of the Dimension FastScan Pro™ Automated AFM Nano-Metrology System for high-volume measurement environments. FastScan Pro renders performance previously achievable only by AFM experts in research laboratories while delivering the repeatability and reproducibility expected in a production environment. The system integrates Bruker’s proven lowest noise and fast scanning technology to provide the highest throughput without reducing data quality. FastScan Pro also utilizes a highly comprehensive software automation package that features intuitive recipe-writing capabilities to reduce complex measurement routines to simple, push-button operations.
Bruker Nano Surfaces Division April 26th, 2016 At the 30th Control International (www.control-messe.de) trade fair for quality assurance, Bruker (NASDAQ: BRKR) today announced the release of the innovative and unique Contour CMM™ dimensional analysis system, which is the world’s first non-contact metrology system to perform simultaneous nanoscale surface height, texture, waviness and form measurements, as well as 3D coordinate measurements for geometric dimensioning and tolerancing (GD&T), all on one instrument. Leveraging decades of world-leading optical metrology innovation, the system performs rapid, non-contact precision measurements to meet the industry’s most stringent standards. The Contour CMM system enables more accurate and convenient metrology for R&D and manufacturing of small structures in precision-machined components across a wide range of industries, from medical devices and optics, to automotive and aerospace.
Harris & Harris Group April 27th, 2016 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY), an investor in transformative companies enabled by disruptive science, wanted to let you know that its portfolio company, ORIG3N, Inc., will join three of its other portfolio companies, D-Wave Systems, Inc., HZO. Inc., and Metabolon, Inc. in the morning of presentations on Tuesday, June 7, 2016, at the New York Genome Center, 101 Ave of the Americas, New York, NY 10013, from 8:30 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. ET. These presentations will be followed by Harris & Harris Group’s Annual Meeting of Shareholders which the Board of Directors has set for the same day, June 7, 2016, beginning at 12:00 p.m. ET.
University of Montreal April 27th, 2016 Researchers at University of Montreal have created a programmable DNA thermometer that is 20,000x smaller than a human hair. This scientific advance reported this week in the journal Nano Letters may significantly aid our understanding of natural and human designed nanotechnologies by enabling to measure temperature at the nanoscale.
Dartmouth College April 27th, 2016 A Dartmouth College scientist and his collaborators have created an artificial protein that organizes new materials at the nanoscale.
Elhuyar Fundazioa April 27th, 2016 Graphene, a sheet one atom thick made up of carbon atoms, has a huge number of qualities but lacks magnetic properties. Yet the hydrogen atom has the smallest magnetic moment. The magnetic moment is the magnitude that determines how much and in what direction a magnet will exert force. “In other words, we can all remember having held a magnet in our hands and seeing how it was capable of attracting or repelling another magnet at a certain distance, which was greater or smaller depending on its power. Well, what really determined this behaviour was the magnetic moment of our set of magnets. The distance at which we began to feel the appearance of a force was specified by the spatial extension of their magnetic moments, and the fact that the force should attract or repel depended on the relative orientation between them; that is why when one of the magnets was turned round, they then attracted or repelled each other or vice versa,” explained Miguel Moreno Ugeda, a nanoGUNE researcher.
RE•WORK X LTD April 27th, 2016 Bio-inspired robotics is a rapidly advancing field solving engineering problems by optimising mechanisms found in nature. The Bio-inspired Robotics Summit will explore this rapidly emerging field and its applications in industrial automation, manufacturing, healthcare, architecture and more.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory April 27th, 2016 Researchers at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have uncovered a way to overcome a principal obstacle in using two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors in electronic and optoelectronic devices.
University of Copenhagen – The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences April 27th, 2016 The next generation of vaccines may soon see the light of day, because Danish researchers have discovered a completely new and simple method which sets new standards for the development of vaccines.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory April 27th, 2016 Researchers at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) discovered single-walled carbon nanotube semiconductors could be favorable for photovoltaic systems because they can potentially convert sunlight to electricity or fuels without losing much energy.
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News April 27th, 2016 Large or slow-healing wounds that do not receive adequate blood flow could benefit from a novel approach that combines a nanoscale graft onto which three different cell types are layered. Proper cell alignment on the nanograft allows for the formation of new blood vessel-like structures, as reported in of Tissue Engineering, Part A, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free for download on the Tissue Engineering website until May 26, 2016.
University of Illinois College of Engineering April 27th, 2016 Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a one-step, facile method to pattern graphene by using stencil mask and oxygen plasma reactive-ion etching, and subsequent polymer-free direct transfer to flexible substrates.
JPK Instruments April 28th, 2016 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on the research into the interaction of bacteria with microstructured surfaces in the Department of Physics at the University of Kaiserslautern in Germany.
Particle-Metrix GmbH April 28th, 2016 Particle Metrix, developers of versatile particle characterization solutions for the life sciences, report on the work of the Baur Laboratory in the Department of Dermatology at the University Hospital of Erlangen. The Group, which is part of the Translational Research Center at the University, is working to quantify extracellular vesicles in plasma of patients.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. April 28th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR), recently filed a regulatory submission in New Zealand to begin a Phase 1/2 clinical trial of ARC-521, its RNAi-based therapeutic candidate for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Pending approval, Arrowhead intends to proceed with ARC521-1001, a first-in-human study to assess single and multiple-doses of ARC-521 in healthy volunteers and HBV patients.
University of Copenhagen – Niels Bohr Institute April 28th, 2016 All light sources work by absorbing energy – for example, from an electric current – and emit energy as light. But the energy can also be lost as heat and it is therefore important that the light sources emit the light as quickly as possible, before the energy is lost as heat. Superfast light sources can be used, for example, in laser lights, LED lights and in single-photon light sources for quantum technology. New research results from the Niels Bohr Institute show that light sources can be made much faster by using a principle that was predicted theoretically in 1954. The results are published in the scientific journal, Physical Review Letters.
ITMO University April 28th, 2016 A group of scientists from ITMO University in Saint Petersburg has put forward a new approach to effective manipulation of light at the nanoscale based on hybrid metal-dielectric nanoantennas. The new technology promises to bring about a new platform for ultradense optical data recording and pave the way to high throughput fabrication of a wide range of optical nanodevices capable of localizing, enhancing and manipulating light at the nanoscale. The results of the study were published in Advanced Materials.
The Optical Society April 28th, 2016 Quantum mechanics, with its counter-intuitive rules for describing the behavior of tiny particles like photons and atoms, holds great promise for profound advances in the security and speed of how we communicate and compute.
University of Illinois at Chicago April 28th, 2016 An effective vaccine against the virus that causes genital herpes has evaded researchers for decades. But now, researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago working with scientists from Germany have shown that zinc-oxide nanoparticles shaped like jacks can prevent the virus from entering cells, and help natural immunity to develop.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute April 29th, 2016 Two-dimensional phosphane, a material known as phosphorene, has potential application as a material for semiconducting transistors in ever faster and more powerful computers. But there’s a hitch. Many of the useful properties of this material, like its ability to conduct electrons, are anisotropic, meaning they vary depending on the orientation of the crystal. Now, a team including researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) has developed a new method to quickly and accurately determine that orientation using the interactions between light and electrons within phosphorene and other atoms-thick crystals of black phosphorus.
Penn State April 29th, 2016 Firefighters entering burning buildings, athletes competing in the broiling sun and workers in foundries may eventually be able to carry their own, lightweight cooling units with them, thanks to a nanowire array that cools, according to Penn State materials researchers.
University of Minnesota April 16th, 2016 Using a state-of-the-art ultrafast electron microscope, University of Minnesota researchers have recorded the first-ever videos showing how heat moves through materials at the nanoscale traveling at the speed of sound.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) April 17th, 2016 In the area of nano photonics, scientists for the first time succeeded in integrating a laser with an organic gain medium on a silicon photonic chip. This approach is of enormous potential for low-cost biosensors that might be used for near-patient diagnosis once and without any sterilization expenditure similar to today’s strips for measuring blood sugar. The researchers now present the new laser in Nature Communications: DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10864
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz April 17th, 2016 An article in the latest edition of the journal Science describes an innovative form of heat engine that operates using only one single atom. The engine is the result of experiments undertaken by the QUANTUM work group at the Institute of Physics of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in collaboration with theoretical physicists of Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU).
Oak Ridge National Laboratory April 18th, 2016 Epitaxy, or growing crystalline film layers that are templated by a crystalline substrate, is a mainstay of manufacturing transistors and semiconductors. If the material in one deposited layer is the same as the material in the next layer, it can be energetically favorable for strong bonds to form between the highly ordered, perfectly matched layers. In contrast, trying to layer dissimilar materials is a great challenge if the crystal lattices don’t match up easily. Then, weak van der Waals forces create attraction but don’t form strong bonds between unlike layers.
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science April 18th, 2016 Last year, Columbia Engineering researchers were the first to invent a technology–full-duplex radio integrated circuits (ICs)–that can be implemented in nanoscale CMOS to enable simultaneous transmission and reception at the same frequency in a wireless radio. That system required two antennas, one for the transmitter and one for the receiver. And now the team, led by Electrical Engineering Associate Professor Harish Krishnaswamy, has developed a breakthrough technology that needs only one antenna, thus enabling an even smaller overall system. This is the first time researchers have integrated a non-reciprocal circulator and a full-duplex radio on a nanoscale silicon chip. The circulator research is published online April 15 in Nature Communications (DOI is 10.1038/NCOMMS11217) and the paper detailing the single-chip full-duplex radio with the circulator and additional echo cancellation was presented at the 2016 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference on February 2.
University of Southampton April 18th, 2016 Scientists from the University of Southampton, in partnership with the Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST), have developed a graphene-based sensor and switch that can detect harmful air pollution in the home with very low power consumption.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) April 18th, 2016 Converting a single photon from one color, or frequency, to another is an essential tool in quantum communication, which harnesses the subtle correlations between the subatomic properties of photons (particles of light) to securely store and transmit information. Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have now developed a miniaturized version of a frequency converter, using technology similar to that used to make computer chips.
RMIT University April 18th, 2016 RMIT University researchers have trialled a quantum processor capable of routing quantum information from different locations in a critical breakthrough for quantum computing.
Nanyang Technological University April 18th, 2016 Scientists at Nanyang Technological University (NTU Singapore) have invented a new way to deliver cancer drugs deep into tumour cells.
Australian National University April 19th, 2016 Physicists have discovered radical new properties in a nanomaterial which opens new possibilities for highly efficient thermophotovoltaic cells, which could one day harvest heat in the dark and turn it into electricity.
Forschungszentrum Juelich April 19th, 2016 Magnetic nanovortices in magnetite minerals are reliable witnesses of the earth’s history, as revealed by the first high-resolution studies of these structures undertaken by scientists from Germany and the United Kingdom. The magnetic structures are built during the cooling of molten rock and reflect the earth’s magnetic field at the time of their formation. The vortices are unexpectedly resilient to temperature fluctuations, as electron holographic experiments in Jülich have verified. These results are an important step in improving our understanding of the history of the earth’s magnetic field, its core and plate tectonics. (Science Advances, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1501801)
Quorum Technologies Limited April 19th, 2016 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, announce the release of the GloQube, a new, compact, easy to use glow discharge system primarily for users of TEM.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. April 19th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today presented a poster on ARC-HIF2, its preclinical development program targeting HIF2-α for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2016 (AACR16), in New Orleans. ARC-HIF2 is Arrowhead’s first RNAi therapeutic program to target tissues outside the liver.
Dartmouth College April 19th, 2016 Dartmouth College and Griffith University researchers have devised a new way to “sense” and control external noise in quantum computing.
University of Utah April 19th, 2016 y showing that a phenomenon dubbed the “inverse spin Hall effect” works in several organic semiconductors – including carbon-60 buckyballs – University of Utah physicists changed magnetic “spin current” into electric current. The efficiency of this new power conversion method isn’t yet known, but it might find use in future electronic devices including batteries, solar cells and computers.
University of Southampton April 19th, 2016 Researchers from the University of Southampton (UK), and the Institut d’Optique in Bordeaux (France) have devised a new approach for controlling light in a silicon chip by bringing the concept of spatial light modulation to integrated optics.
Berkeley Lab April 19th, 2016 Liquid crystals, discovered more than 125 years ago, are at work behind the screens of TV and computer monitors, clocks, watches and most other electronics displays, and scientists are still discovering new twists–and bends–in their molecular makeup.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory April 19th, 2016 An unexpected discovery has led to a rechargeable battery that’s as inexpensive as conventional car batteries, but has a much higher energy density. The new battery could become a cost-effective, environmentally friendly alternative for storing renewable energy and supporting the power grid.
Toyohashi University of Technology April 20th, 2016 Conventional 3D displays, such as stereo displays with glasses and glass-free autostereoscopic displays, show two-dimensional images for each eye. Therefore, users experience incongruity and eyestrain owing to these pseudo-3D images. A holographic display produces an exact copy of the wave front of scattered light from an object, and hence, a realistic 3D display is expected. Holographic displays can reconstruct realistic 3D images, thereby eliminating the need for special glasses.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 20th, 2016 Jeffrey Grossman thinks we’ve been looking at coal all wrong. Instead of just setting it afire, thus ignoring the molecular complexity of this highly varied material, he says, we should be harnessing the real value of that diversity and complex chemistry. Coal could become the basis for solar panels, batteries, or electronic devices, he and his research team say.
Linköping University April 20th, 2016 Polymer solar cells can be even cheaper and more reliable thanks to a breakthrough by scientists at Linköping University and the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS). This work is about avoiding costly and unstable fullerenes.
Purdue University April 20th, 2016 In the path toward the realization of carbon nanotube (CNT)-driven electronics and sensors, the ability to precisely position CNTs at well-defined locations remains a significant roadblock. Highly complex CNT-based bottom–up structures can be synthesized if there is a method to accurately trap and place these nanotubes. In this study, we demonstrate that the rapid electrokinetic patterning (REP) technique can accomplish these tasks.
McMaster University April 21st, 2016 Imagine throwing Lego pieces into the air and seeing them fall to the ground assembled into the shape of a house or plane.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) April 21st, 2016 Worldwide growing data volumes make conventional electronic processing reach its limits. Future information technology is therefore expected to use light as a medium for quick data transmission also within computer chips. Researchers under the direction of KIT have now demonstrated that carbon nanotubes are suited for use as on-chip light source for tomorrow’s information technology, when nanostructured waveguides are applied to obtain the desired light properties. The scientists now present their results in Nature Photonics. DOI: 10.1038/NPHOTON. 2016.70
University of California – Irvine April 21st, 2016 University of California, Irvine researchers have invented nanowire-based battery material that can be recharged hundreds of thousands of times, moving us closer to a battery that would never require replacement. The breakthrough work could lead to commercial batteries with greatly lengthened lifespans for computers, smartphones, appliances, cars and spacecraft.
University of Wisconsin-Madison April 21st, 2016 One secret to creating the world’s fastest silicon-based flexible transistors: a very, very tiny knife. Working in collaboration with colleagues around the country, University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have pioneered a unique method that could allow manufacturers to easily and cheaply fabricate high-performance transistors with wireless capabilities on huge rolls of flexible plastic.
The Optical Society April 21st, 2016 A team of researchers from across the country, led by Alexander Spott, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA, have built the first quantum cascade laser on silicon. The advance may have applications that span from chemical bond spectroscopy and gas sensing, to astronomy and free-space communications.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology April 21st, 2016 A team of scientists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have created prototypes of “electronic synapses” based on ultra-thin films of hafnium oxide (HfO2). These prototypes could potentially be used in fundamentally new computing systems. The paper has been published in the journal Nanoscale Research Letters.
Naval Research Laboratory April 21st, 2016 Scientists at the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) have devised a clever combination of materials — when used during the thin-film growth process — to reveal that particle atomic layer deposition, or p-ALD, deposits a uniform nanometer-thick shell on core particles regardless of core size, a discovery having significant impacts for many applications since most large scale powder production techniques form powder batches that are made up of a range of particles sizes.
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH) April 21st, 2016 Polymer semiconductors, which can be processed on large-area and mechanically flexible substrates with low cost, are considered as one of the main components for future plastic electronics. However, they, especially n-type semiconducting polymers, currently lag behind inorganic counterparts in the charge carrier mobility – which characterizes how quickly charge carriers (electron) can move inside a semiconductor – and the chemical stability in ambient air.
Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore April 21st, 2016 Quantum physics has a reputation for being mysterious and mathematically challenging. That makes it all the more surprising that a new technique to detect quantum behaviour relies on a familiar tool: a “zip” program you might have installed on your computer.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory April 22nd, 2016 Hybrid batteries that charge faster than conventional ones could have significantly better electrical capacity and long-term stability when prepared with a gentle-sounding way of making electrodes.
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science April 22nd, 2016 Researchers from Columbia University, with colleagues at Genia Technologies (Roche), Harvard University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) report achieving real-time single molecule electronic DNA sequencing at single-base resolution using a protein nanopore array.
University of Basel April 22nd, 2016 The microscopic world is governed by the rules of quantum mechanics, where the properties of a particle can be completely undetermined and yet strongly correlated with those of other particles. Physicists from the University of Basel have observed these so-called Bell correlations for the first time between hundreds of atoms. Their findings are published in the scientific journal Science.
Drexel University April 22nd, 2016 The secret to making the best energy storage materials is growing them with as much surface area as possible. Like baking, it requires just the right mixture of ingredients prepared in a specific amount and order at just the right temperature to produce a thin sheet of material with the perfect chemical consistency to be useful for storing energy. A team of researchers from Drexel University, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST) and Tsinghua University recently discovered a way to improve the recipe and make the resulting materials bigger and better and soaking up energy — the secret? Just add salt.Graphene Flagship April 22nd, 2016 Notable achievements from the ramp-up phase of the Graphene Flagship – Ramp up phase highlights from the Graphene Flagship
Graphene Flagship April 22nd, 2016 In October 2013 the European Commission as part of its Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) scheme launched the Graphene Flagship. This large scale, international research collaboration is moving forward to the core of its mission; to help graphene and related materials transfer from the laboratory and into society.
Tomsk Polytechnic University (TPU) April 22nd, 2016 Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University and National Autonomous Mexico University develop techniques to treat diabetic foot syndrome with special insoles with silver nano-particles. The techniques help to fight ulcers appearing on feet in diabetic patients, facilitates their healing and disinfection, reducing the risk of amputation.
University of Basque Country April 9th, 2016 The theoretical results of a piece of international research published in Nature, whose first author is Ion Errea, a researcher at the UPV/EHU and DIPC, suggest that the quantum nature of hydrogen (in other words, the possibility of it behaving like a particle or a wave) considerably affects the structural properties of hydrogen-rich compounds (potential room-temperature superconducting substances).
RMIT University April 9th, 2016 An Australian research team has created a breakthrough chip for the nano-manipulation of light, paving the way for next gen optical technologies and enabling deeper understanding of black holes.
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences April 9th, 2016 Objects of the quantum world are of a concealed and cold-blooded nature: they usually behave in a quantum manner only when they are significantly cooled and isolated from the environment. Experiments carried out by chemists and physicists from Warsaw have destroyed this simple picture. It turns out that not only does one of the most interesting quantum effects occur at room temperature and higher, but it plays a dominant role in the course of chemical reactions in solutions!
Stanford University April 9th, 2016 Solar cells made of artificial metallic crystalline structures called perovskites have shown great promise in recent years. Now Stanford University scientists have found that applying pressure can change the properties of these inexpensive materials and how they respond to light.
Entomological Society of America April 9th, 2016 The immature stage of the drone fly (Eristalis tenax) is known as a “rat-tailed maggot” because it resembles a hairless baby rodent with a “tail” that is actually used as a breathing tube. Rat-tailed maggots are known to live in stagnant, fetid water that is rich in bacteria, fungi, and algae. However, despite this dirty environment, they are able to avoid infection by these microorganisms.
University of California, Santa Barbara April 9th, 2016 Using state-of-the-art theoretical methods, UCSB researchers have identified a specific type of defect in the atomic structure of a light-emitting diode (LED) that results in less efficient performance. The characterization of these point defects could result in the fabrication of even more efficient, longer lasting LED lighting.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory April 9th, 2016 Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a potential path to further improve solar cell efficiency by understanding the competition among halogen atoms during the synthesis of sunlight-absorbing crystals.
Brown University April 10th, 2016 The world has more carbon dioxide than it needs, and a team of Brown University chemists has come up with a potential way to put some of it to good use.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory April 10th, 2016 Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons to uncover novel behavior in materials that holds promise for quantum computing. The findings, published in Nature Materials, provide evidence for long-sought phenomena in a two-dimensional magnet.
Toyohashi University of Technology April 10th, 2016 Our current understanding of how the brain works is very poor. The electrical signals travel around the brain and throughout the body, and the electrical properties of the biological tissues are studied using electrophysiology. For acquiring a large amplitude and a high quality of neuronal signals, intracellular recording is a powerful methodology compared to extracellular recording to measure the voltage or current across the cell membranes. Nanowire- and nanotube-based devices have been developed for the intracellular recording applications to demonstrate the advantages of these devices having high spatial resolution and high sensitivity.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne April 10th, 2016 Water is simple and complex at the same time. A single water molecule (H20) is made up of only 3 atoms. Yet the collective behavior of water molecules is unique and continues to amaze us. Water molecules are linked together by hydrogen bonds that break and form several thousands of billions of times per second. These bonds provide water with unique and unusual properties. Living organisms contain around 60% water and salt. Deciphering the interactions among water, salt and ions is thus fundamentally important for understanding life.
National Space Society April 10th, 2016 With a successful launch on April 8 at 4:43 PM EST, 2016 SpaceX achieved several dramatic milestones on their first supply run to the International Space Station (ISS) following the loss of a Falcon 9 in June of 2015. For the first time ever, the first stage of a rocket both returned intact to Earth and landed on a drone ship at sea. This new capability will enable lower-cost access to space by saving the fuel otherwise needed to fly the first stage back to the launch site, which SpaceX has previously demonstrated.
American Institute of Physics April 10th, 2016 University of Houston physicists report finding major theoretical flaws in the generally accepted understanding of how a superconductor traps and holds a magnetic field. More than 50 years ago, C.P. Bean, a scientist at General Electric, developed a theoretical explanation known as the “Bean Model” or “Critical State Model.”
Rice University April 11th, 2016 Rice University materials scientists have introduced a combined electrolyte and separator for rechargeable lithium-ion batteries that supplies energy at usable voltages and in high temperatures.
Brookhaven National Laboratory April 11th, 2016 Harnessing the power of the sun and creating light-harvesting or light-sensing devices requires a material that both absorbs light efficiently and converts the energy to highly mobile electrical current. Finding the ideal mix of properties in a single material is a challenge, so scientists have been experimenting with ways to combine different materials to create “hybrids” with enhanced features.
Argonne National Laboratory April 11th, 2016 A research team led by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory has discovered that only half the atoms in some iron-based superconductors are magnetic, providing a conclusive demonstration of the wave-like properties of metallic magnetism in these materials.
Drexel University April 11th, 2016 For more than a decade, biomedical researchers have been looking for better ways to deliver cancer-killing medication directly to tumors in the body. Tiny capsules, called nanoparticles, are now being used to transport chemotherapy medicine through the bloodstream, to the doorstep of cancerous tumors. But figuring out the best way for the particles to get past the tumor’s “velvet rope” and enter the tumor is a challenge scientists are still working out. Drexel University researchers believe that the trick to gaining access to the pernicious cellular masses is to give the nanoparticles a new look — and that dressing to impress will be able to get them past the tumor’s biological bouncers.
University of Innsbruck April 11th, 2016 Simulations are a popular tool to study physical processes that cannot be investigated experimentally in detail. For example, scientists are challenged to investigate physical processes in materials since their properties are determined by the interactions of single particles, which are hardly measurable directly. Conventional computers quickly reach their limits when dealing with these complex simulations. At the beginning of the 1980s, Richard Feynman proposed to simulate these processes in a quantum system to overcome this obstacle. Two decades later, Ignacio Cirac and Peter Zoller presented concrete concepts of how quantum processes could be studied by using ultracold atoms confined in optical lattices.
University of Pennsylvania April 11th, 2016 The transistor is the most fundamental building block of electronics, used to build circuits capable of amplifying electrical signals or switching them between the 0s and 1s at the heart of digital computation. Transistor fabrication is a highly complex process, however, requiring high-temperature, high-vacuum equipment.
The Freedonia Group April 11th, 2016 Graphene has been touted as a “wonder material” with the potential to disrupt and revolutionize technologies utilized in electronics, energy, and other high-tech industries. Applications with higher technology readiness levels, including graphene-based polymer composites, lithium-ion (Li-Ion) batteries, water filtration systems, and oilfield chemicals, will drive initial commercial demand. By 2035, the world graphene market is expected to reach over $2 billion, supported by a more significant wave of commercialized graphene products in applications such as supercapacitors, high-frequency transistors, sensors, and biomedical technologies. In the shorter term, the global market for graphene is forecast to grow more than sixfold through 2020 to $136 million, supported by improved manufacturing technologies and falling prices, as well as by the ongoing development of novel graphene-enhanced products. These and other trends are presented in World Graphene, a new study from The Freedonia Group, a Cleveland-based industry research firm.
ETH Zurich April 11th, 2016 When water in a pot is slowly heated to the boil, an exciting duel of energies takes place inside the liquid. On the one hand there is the interaction energy that wants to keep the water molecules together because of their mutual attraction. On the other hand, however, the motional energy, which increases due to heating, tries to separate the molecules. Below the boiling point the interaction energy prevails, but as soon as the motional energy wins the water boils and turns into water vapour. This process is also known as a phase transition. In this scenario the interaction only involves water molecules that are in immediate proximity to one another.
CEA Leti April 12th, 2016 Leti, an Institute of CEA Tech, will present six papers, including an invited one on “Universal Signatures from Non-Universal Memories: Clues for the Future…”, during the 2016 International Memory Workshop, May 15-18, at the Paris Marriott Rive Gauche Hotel.
Ames Laboratory April 12th, 2016 Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory have discovered a topological metal, PtSn4 (platinum and tin), with a unique electronic structure that may someday lead to energy efficient computers with increased processor speeds and data storage.
Kyoto University April 12th, 2016 Insights from pure mathematics are lending new insights to material physics, which could aid in development of new devices and sensors. Now an international team of physicists has discovered that applying a magnetic field to a non-magnetic metal made it conduct 70% more electricity, even though basic physics principles would have predicted the opposite.
Particle Metrix GmbH April 12th, 2016 Particle Metrix, developers of versatile particle characterization solutions for the life sciences, report on the work of the Burger Laboratory at Ottawa Hospital Research Institute. The Lab is studying the role of microparticles in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular and kidney disease.
Leti April 13th, 2016 Leti, an institute of CEA Tech, today announced the continuation of its collaboration with Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., a subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, to develop CoolCube™, Leti’s new sequential integration technology that eliminates the need for through-silicon vias (TSVs) and enables the stacking of active layers of transistors in the third dimension.
National Space Society April 13th, 2016 The National Space Society takes great pleasure in announcing that its 2016 Robert A. Heinlein Memorial Award has been won by acclaimed science fiction author Dr. Jerry Pournelle. This prestigious award selected by an international vote of NSS members will be presented to Dr. Jerry Pournelle at the 2016 International Space Development Conference (ISDC). The public is welcome to attend the conference and see the award presentation at the Sheraton Puerto Rico Hotel and Casino in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The ISDC will run from May 18-22, 2016.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. April 13th, 2016 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that three presentations are being made on ARC-520, its investigational medicine for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection, at The International Liver Congress™ 2016 (ILC 2016), in Barcelona, Spain, April 13-17, 2016.
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University April 13th, 2016 Perovskite solar cells first appeared in 2009 with an efficiency of just 3.8%. With the outstanding photovoltaic properties, perovskite solar cell has become a subject of vigorous research for sustainable power generation, with researchers around the world finding new ways to increase its energy conversion efficiency. It has currently established itself as one of the most promising solar cell materials.
Springer April 13th, 2016 Ever wondered how a molecular nanomotor works when repairing DNA or transporting material such as organelles in the cell? Typically, nanomotors move along biopolymer filaments to go about their duties in the cell. To do so, they use the energy of chemical reactions derived from their surroundings to propel themselves. In a new study published in EPJ E, Mu-Jie Huang and Raymond Kapral from the University of Toronto in Ontario, Canada show that small synthetic motors can attach to polymeric filaments and — unlike what previous studies showed — move along without changing either their shape or the direction in which they set out to move. This makes it possible to effectively deliver the substances they transport, such as anti-cancer drugs or anti-pollutants.
ITMO University April 13th, 2016 A group of scientists from ITMO University in Saint Petersburg, Russia has developed a novel approach to the construction of quantum communication systems for secure data exchange. The experimental device based on the results of the research is capable of transmitting single-photon quantum signals across distances of 250 kilometers or more, which is on par with other cutting edge analogues. The research paper was published in the Optics Express journal.
UCLA April 14th, 2016 Scientists at the California NanoSystems Institute at UCLA have developed a new technique for identifying cancer cells in blood samples faster and more accurately than the current standard methods.
Aarhus University April 14th, 2016 The saying of philosopher René Descartes of what makes humans unique is beginning to sound hollow. ‘I think — therefore soon I am obsolete’ seems more appropriate. When a computer routinely beats us at chess and we can barely navigate without the help of a GPS, have we outlived our place in the world? Not quite. Welcome to the front line of research in cognitive skills, quantum computers and gaming.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 14th, 2016 Water filters of the future may be made from billions of tiny, graphene-based nanoscrolls. Each scroll, made by rolling up a single, atom-thick layer of graphene, could be tailored to trap specific molecules and pollutants in its tightly wound folds. Billions of these scrolls, stacked layer by layer, may produce a lightweight, durable, and highly selective water purification membrane.
Institute for Basic Science April 14th, 2016 The international scientific team reported the first ever observation of the atomic scale structure of Cooper-pairs in the superconductor Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+x: a material belonging to the family of high-temperature (High-TC) superconductors bismuth strontium calcium copper oxide, or BSCCO. This detection is a breakthrough in the understanding of the ever elusive high-TC superconductivity phenomena.
Brookhaven National Laboratory April 14th, 2016 Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, Cornell University, and collaborators have produced the first direct evidence of a state of electronic matter first predicted by theorists in 1964. The discovery, described in a paper published online April 13, 2016, in Nature, may provide key insights into the workings of high-temperature superconductors.
Rice University April 15th, 2016 Scientists at Rice University have discovered that the strong force field emitted by a Tesla coil causes carbon nanotubes to self-assemble into long wires, a phenomenon they call “Teslaphoresis.”
Binghamton University April 15th, 2016 An international team of physicists has directly observed some unique characteristics of a superconductor for the first time, according to a paper published Wednesday in the journal Nature.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie April 15th, 2016 This explains why zinc-oxide (ZnO) dye-sensitised solar cells have not yet met expectations. The results evolved from collaboration between Monash University (Australia) and Joint Lab partners Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin (HZB) and the Freie Universität Berlin (FU Berlin). They have now been published online by Nature in the open access magazine Scientific Reports.
University of Exeter April 15th, 2016 A team of scientists from the University of Exeter have created a new type of device that could be used to develop cost-effective gas sensors.
American Chemical Society April 15th, 2016 Smart synthetic skins have the potential to allow robots to touch and sense what’s around them, but keeping them powered up and highly sensitive at low cost has been a challenge. Now scientists report in the journal ACS Nano a self-powered, transparent smart skin that is simpler and less costly than many other versions that have been developed.
University of Basque Country April 15th, 2016 Elemental carbon appears in many different forms, some of which are very well-known and have been thoroughly studied: diamond, graphite, graphene, fullerenes, nanotubes and carbyne. Within this “carbon family”, carbyne (a truly one-dimensional carbon structure) is the only one that has not been synthesised until now, despite having been studied for more than 50 years. Organic chemists across the world had been trying to synthesise increasingly longer carbyne chains by using stabilizing agents; the longest chain obtained so far (achieved in 2010) was 44 carbon atoms.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne April 15th, 2016 EPFL scientists have built a single-atom magnet that is the most stable to-date. The breakthrough paves the way for the scalable production of miniature magnetic storage devices.
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science April 2nd, 2016 In a new study recently published in Nature Nanotechnology, researchers from Columbia Engineering, Cornell, and Stanford have demonstrated heat transfer can be made 100 times stronger than has been predicted, simply by bringing two objects extremely close–at nanoscale distances–without touching. Led by Columbia Engineering’s Michal Lipson and Stanford Engineering’s Shanhui Fan, the team used custom-made ultra-high precision micro-mechanical displacement controllers to achieve heat transfer using light at the largest magnitude reported to date between two parallel objects.
University of Vermont April 2nd, 2016 X-rays have long been used to make pictures of tiny objects, even single atoms. Now a team of scientists has discovered a new use for X-rays at the atomic scale: using them like a radar gun to measure the motion and velocity of complex and messy groups of atoms.
independent.co.uk April 2nd, 2016 The past 70 years have seen the way we live and work transformed by two tiny inventions. The electronic transistor and the microchip are what make all modern electronics possible, and since their development in the 1940s they have been getting smaller. Today, one chip can contain as many as 5 billion transistors. If cars had followed the same development pathway, we would now be able to drive them at 300,000mph and they would cost just £3 each. But to keep this progress going we need to be able to create circuits on the extremely small, nanometre scale. A nanometre (nm) is one billionth of a metre and so this kind of engineering involves manipulating individual atoms. We can do this, for example, by firing a beam of electrons at a material, or by vaporising it and depositing the resulting gaseous atoms layer by layer onto a base.
ETH Zurich April 3rd, 2016 Scientists at ETH Zurich and IBM Research Zurich have developed a new technique that enables for the first time the manufacture of complexly structured tiny objects joining together microspheres. The objects have a size of just a few micrometres and are produced in a modular fashion, making it possible to program their design in such a way that each component exhibits different physical properties. After fabrication, it is also very simple to bring the micro-objects into solution. This makes the new technique substantially different from micro 3D printing technology. With most of today’s micro 3D printing technologies, objects can only be manufactured if they consist of a single material, have a uniform structure and are attached to a surface during production.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology April 3rd, 2016 In manganese monosilicide (MnSi), microscopic magnetic vortices – skyrmions – may behave as “collectivists” or “individuals”, i.e. they are able to create a single structure, or they can also split up individually. These are the findings of scientists from MIPT and Prokhorov General Physics Institute of RAS. Studying the behaviour of skyrmions will help to create unique quantum devices based on new physical principles.
Michigan Technological University April 4th, 2016 The world is run by catalysts. They clean up after cars, help make fertilizers, and could be the key to better hydrogen fuel. Now, a team of chemists, led by Xiaohu Xia from Michigan Technological University, has found a better way to make metal nanoframe catalysts.
Lund University April 4th, 2016 Light of a certain wavelength can be used to put so-called active materials into motion and control their movement. In the future, this discovery can become significant in widely different areas such as environmental protection, medicine and the development of new materials which can be programmed.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) April 4th, 2016 By chemically modifying and pulverizing a promising group of compounds, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have potentially brought safer, solid-state rechargeable batteries two steps closer to reality.
Particle Metrix GmbH April 4th, 2016 Particle Metrix, developers of versatile particle characterization solutions for the life sciences, report on the work in the Liu Laboratory at Augusta University which is studying exosomes where size and concentration are critical parameters.
American University April 4th, 2016 Many materials – sugars, thermoplastics, glass, metals, ceramics and more — are used to produce 3D-printed figures, typically with expensive or custom-built 3D printers.
NYU Tandon School of Engineering April 4th, 2016 A new hybrid molecule developed in the lab at the NYU Tandon School of Engineering shows promise for treating breast cancer by serving as a “shipping container” for cytotoxic — or cell-destroying — chemotherapeutic agents. The protein/polymer-gold nanoparticle (P-GNP) composite can load up with these drugs, carry them to malignant cells, and unload them where they can do the most damage with the least amount of harm to the patient.
University of Rochester April 4th, 2016 Researchers at the University of Rochester have overcome experimental challenges to demonstrate a new way for getting a full picture of twisted light: characterizing the Wigner distribution.
Rice University April 4th, 2016 The American Institute for Medical and Biomedical Engineering (AIMBE) today presented its highest honor, the 2016 Pierre Galletti Award, to Rice University bioengineer Rebecca Richards-Kortum.
Rice University April 4th, 2016 A simple filtration process helped Rice University researchers create flexible, wafer-scale films of highly aligned and closely packed carbon nanotubes.
Robert Clark April 4th, 2016 Robert Clark, an adjunct professor of mathematics at Widener University from Philadelphia, believes that if his hypotheses are correct, carbon nanotubes can be tied together to produce a longer product that could revolutionize 21st century technology, from the creation of the space elevator to private orbital rockets and even ‘flying’ cars. He has started a crowdfunding campaign with Indiegogo titled Nanotech: from air to space to help raise the funds needed to test his theories as to how these nanotubes could be joined together.
University of Georgia April 5th, 2016 Researchers at the University of Georgia and at Ben-Gurion University in Israel have demonstrated for the first time that nanoscale electronic components can be made from single DNA molecules. Their study, published in the journal Nature Chemistry, represents a promising advance in the search for a replacement for the silicon chip.
Purdue University April 5th, 2016 The aim of this work is to build a numerical model of hydrogen plasma inside a microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition system. This model will help in understanding and optimizing the conditions for the growth of carbon nanostructures. A 2-D axisymmetric model of the system is implemented using the ﬁnite element high frequency Maxwell solver and the heat transfer solver in COMSOL Multiphysics. The system is modeled to study variation in parameters with reactor geometry, microwave power, and gas pressure. The results are compared with experimental measurements from the Q-branch of the H2 Fulcher band of hydrogen using an optical emission spectroscopy technique.
Nanometrics Incorporated April 5th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its first quarter financial results after market close on April 26, 2016. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.
FEI Company April 5th, 2016 Organizations involved in the Cambridge Pharmaceutical Cryo-EM Research Consortium will share access to cryo-electron microscopy equipment and methods and will collaborate on developing the technology to benefit pharmaceutical drug discovery research.
American Institute of Physics April 5th, 2016 Optical activity–rotation of the polarization of light–is well known to occur within materials that differ from their mirror image. But what happens if this symmetry is broken by the direction of illumination rather than the material itself?
Tohoku University April 5th, 2016 Almost all electronic devices operate by using an electron charge controlled by electrical means. In addition to a charge, an electron has a spin as a magnetic property. A groundbreaking concept for information processing based on electron spins is proposed using electron spins in semiconductors. Quantum computing enables us to exceed the speed of conventional computing and a spin transistor reduces energy consumption.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory April 5th, 2016 For the first time, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers have shown that carbon nanotubes as small as eight-tenths of a nanometer in diameter can transport protons faster than bulk water, by an order of magnitude.
The Electrochemical Society April 5th, 2016 ECS published its first Editors’ Choice article on Tuesday, March 22, 2016 in the Journal of The Electrochemical Society. The article, entitled “Communication–Comparison of Nanoscale Focused Ion Beam and Electrochemical Lithiation in β-Sn Microspheres,” details transformative findings in the dosage and spatial distribution of lithiation.
University of Helsinki April 5th, 2016 The efficiency of many applications deriving from natural sciences depends dramatically on a finite-size property of nanoparticles, so-called surface-to-volume ratio. The larger the surface of nanoparticles for the same volume is achieved, the more efficiently nanoparticles can interact with the surrounding substance. However, thermodynamic equilibrium forces nanostructures to minimize open surface driven by energy minimization principle. This basic principle predicts that the only shape of nanoparticles can be spherical or close-to-spherical ones.
University of Vienna April 5th, 2016 Even in its elemental form, the high bond versatility of carbon allows for many different well-known materials, including diamond and graphite. A single layer of graphite, termed graphene, can then be rolled or folded into carbon nanotubes or fullerenes, respectively. To date, Nobel prizes have been awarded for both graphene (2010) and fullerenes (1996). Although the existence of carbyne, an infinitely long carbon chain, was proposed in 1885 by Adolf von Baeyer (Nobel laureate for his overall contributions in organic chemistry, 1905), scientists have not yet been able to synthesize this material. Von Baeyer even suggested that carbyne would remain elusive as its high reactivity would always lead to its immediate destruction. Nevertheless, carbon chains of increasing length have been successfully synthesized over the last 50 years, with a record of around 100 carbon atoms (2003).
Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH) April 6th, 2016 Prof. Wan Kyun Chung with PhD student Young Jin Heo, MS student Junsu Kang, and postdoctoral researcher Min Jun Kim in the Robotics Laboratory at POSTECH, Korea, have developed a novel control algorithm to resolve critical problems induced from a Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller by automatizing the technical tuning process. Their research was published in Scientific Reports.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory April 6th, 2016 Scientists with the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have taken a big step toward the practical application of “valleytronics,” which is a new type of electronics that could lead to faster and more efficient computer logic systems and data storage chips in next-generation devices.
University of Cambridge April 6th, 2016 An international team of researchers have found evidence of a mysterious new state of matter, first predicted 40 years ago, in a real material. This state, known as a quantum spin liquid, causes electrons – thought to be indivisible building blocks of nature – to break into pieces.
National Renewable Energy Laboratory April 6th, 2016 A finely tuned carbon nanotube thin film has the potential to act as a thermoelectric power generator that captures and uses waste heat, according to researchers at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).
Kansas State University April 6th, 2016 Think of it as a microscopic movie: A sequence of X-ray images shows the explosion of superheated nanoparticles. The picture series reveals how the atoms in these particles move, how they form plasma and how the particles change shape.
American Institute of Physics April 6th, 2016 Turn on an electric field, and a standard electrocaloric material will eject heat to its surroundings as its internal dipoles reorder themselves. Do the same thing, and a negative electrocaloric material will absorb heat, cooling the environment, thanks to the blend of ferroelectric polymers that make up each. While these materials have been investigated as a method of on-demand microclimate control for quite some time, there’s a catch – the external field needs to remain active, which is energy-consuming and ends up heating the material. Recently, however, researchers at Pennsylvania State University have developed a unique blend of ferroelectric polymers which can hold absorbed heat even after the external field has been switched off – a system which could be adapted for a variety of small-scale systems.
Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. April 6th, 2016 PASADENA, Calif.–(BUSINESS WIRE)– Arrowhead Research Corporation (NASDAQ:ARWR) today announced that it has changed its corporate name to Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The company’s common stock will continue to trade on the NASDAQ Global Select Market under the existing stock ticker symbol, ARWR. These shares have been assigned a new CUSIP number of 04280A100. Holders of stock certificates with the prior corporate name, need not take any action.
Brookhaven National Laboratory April 6th, 2016 Using a highly controlled deposition technique, scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have synthesized ultrathin films containing multiple samples of a copper-oxide compound to study the compound’s electronic behavior at near absolute zero, or minus 459 degrees Fahrenheit. This technique, as described in a paper published in this week’s Online Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, is helping scientists understand how electrons behave as this material transitions from being an insulator to a superconductor capable of carrying electric current with no resistance.
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) April 6th, 2016 Owing to their unbeatable electro-optical properties and compatibility with existing silicon technology, silicon nanosheets (SiNSs) are one of most exciting recent discoveries. They have been the most promising candidate for use in various applications, such as in the process of manufacturing semiconductors and producing hydrogen.
Lomonosov Moscow State University April 6th, 2016 The scientists from the Faculty of Physics of the Lomonosov Moscow State University conducted a study evaluating the appearance of the superconducting state in the iron-based superconductors with two energetic gaps. The report on the study was published in the latest issue of the Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism.
National University of Singapore April 7th, 2016 A team led by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has achieved a major breakthrough in magnetic interaction. By adding a special insulator, they make electrons “twirl” their neighbouring “dance partners” to transfer magnetic information over a longer range between two thin layers of magnetic materials. This novel technique enables magnetic information to make their way from one magnetic layer to another, synonymous to the encoding and transmission of data.
University of California, San Diego April 7th, 2016 A team of engineers has developed and tested a type of steel with a record-breaking ability to withstand an impact without deforming permanently. The new steel alloy could be used in a wide range of applications, from drill bits, to body armor for soldiers, to meteor-resistant casings for satellites.
University of Waterloo April 7th, 2016 Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing at the University of Waterloo and the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) have, for the first time, converted the colour and bandwidth of ultrafast single photons using a room-temperature quantum memory in diamond.
University of Cambridge April 7th, 2016 Researchers have developed a new method to overcome one of the main issues in implementing a quantum cryptography system, raising the prospect of a useable ‘unbreakable’ method for sending sensitive information hidden inside particles of light.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne April 7th, 2016 EPFL and UNIGE scientists have developed a microchip using graphene that could help wireless telecommunications share data at a rate that is ten times faster than currently possible. The results are published today in Nature Communications.
University of Illinois College of Engineering April 7th, 2016 Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated a new approach to modifying the light absorption and stretchability of atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) materials by surface topographic engineering using only mechanical strain. The highly flexible system has future potential for wearable technology and integrated biomedical optical sensing technology when combined with flexible light-emitting diodes.
University of Rochester Medical Center April 7th, 2016 Researchers have developed a new and highly efficient method for gene transfer. The technique, which involves culturing and transfecting cells with genetic material on an array of carbon nanotubes, appears to overcome the limitations of other gene editing technologies.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 7th, 2016 Quantum computers are largely hypothetical devices that could perform some calculations much more rapidly than conventional computers can. They exploit a property called superposition, which describes a quantum particle’s counterintuitive ability to, in some sense, inhabit more than one physical state at the same time.
Wiley April 7th, 2016 Most traditional vaccines have safety and efficacy issues, whereas particulate vaccine delivery systems–which utilize nano- or micro-particulate carriers to protect and deliver antigens–are efficient, stable, include molecules to bolster immune responses, and minimize adverse reactions due to the use of biocompatible biomaterials. A new review summarizes the current status of research efforts to develop particulate vaccine delivery systems against bioterrorism agents and emerging infectious pathogens.
National Space Society April 7th, 2016 Mr. Orlando Figueroa is a winner of the National Space Society’s 2016 Space Pioneer Award for non-Legislative Government Service. This award recognizes the work he has done at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center and NASA Headquarters, including serving as the NASA Deputy Chief Engineer, Director for Mars Exploration, and other important positions at Goddard in engineering, management and as a Deputy Center Director for Science and Technology.
CNRS (Délégation Paris Michel-Ange) April 7th, 2016 High-tech sponges of the infinitely small, nanoporous materials can capture and release gaseous or liquid chemicals in a controlled way. A team of French and German researchers from the Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris (CNRS/Chimie ParisTech) and the Institut Charles Gerhardt de Montpellier (CNRS/Université de Montpellier/ENSCM)1 has developed and described one of these materials, DUT-49, whose behavior is totally counterintuitive. When pressure is increased for a sample of DUT-49 to absorb more gas, the material contracts suddenly and releases its contents—as if, when inhaling, the lungs contracted and expelled the air that they contained. This work, published in Nature on April 6, 2016, makes it possible to envisage innovative behavior in materials science.
Georgia State University April 8th, 2016 Nanoparticles designed to block a cell-surface molecule that plays a key role in inflammation could be a safe treatment for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to researchers in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University and Southwest University in China.
Michigan State University March 26th, 2016 A microbial protein fiber discovered by a Michigan State University scientist transports charges at rates high enough to be applied in manmade nanotechnologies.
Bielefeld University March 26th, 2016 With their special microscopes, experimental physicists can already observe single molecules. However, unlike conventional light microscopes, the raw image data from some ultra-high resolution instruments first have to be processed for an image to appear. For the ultra-high resolution fluorescence microscopy that is also employed in biophysical research at Bielefeld University, members of the Biomolecular Photonics Group have developed a new open source software solution that can process such raw data quickly and efficiently. The Bielefeld physicist Dr. Marcel Müller reports on this new open source software in the latest issue of Nature Communications published on 21 March.
University of Innsbruck March 27th, 2016 In quantum theory, interactions among particles create fascinating correlations known as entanglement that cannot be explained by any means known to the classical world. Entanglement is a consequence of the probabilistic rules of quantum mechanics and seems to permit a peculiar instantaneous connection between particles over long distances that defies the laws of our macroscopic world – a phenomenon that Einstein referred to as “spooky action at a distance.”
Griffith University March 27th, 2016 Researchers from Griffith University and the University of Queensland have overcome one of the key challenges to quantum computing by simplifying a complex quantum logic operation. They demonstrated this by experimentally realising a challenging circuit — the quantum Fredkin gate — for the first time.
Science China Press March 28th, 2016 Unconventional superconductivity and topological quantum phenomena are two frontier research directions of condensed matter physics. A special topic published in 2016(5) issue of Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy collected several works covering important progress in these two directions. Superconductivity was discovered in Hg in 1911 by the group of Kamerling Onnes in Leiden (Holland). The mystery of superconductivity was, however, not uncovered until 1957 when Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) proposed the electron-phonon coupling picture. In the BCS picture, two electrons near the Fermi surface with opposite momenta and spins will form a bound state by exchanging phonons. Such charge carriers are called as Cooper pairs.
Sandia National Labratories March 28th, 2016 A Sandia-led team has developed a way to make a magnetic material that could lead to lighter and smaller, cheaper and better-performing high-frequency transformers, needed for more flexible energy storage systems and widespread adoption of renewable energy.
University of Utah March 28th, 2016 Alkane fuel is a key ingredient in combustible material such as gasoline, airplane fuel, oil — even a homemade bomb. Yet it’s difficult to detect and there are no portable scanners available that can sniff out the odorless and colorless vapor.
Technische Universität Dresden March 28th, 2016 As electronic components are becoming ever smaller, the industry is gradually approaching the limits of what is achievable using the traditional approach with silicon as a semiconductor material. Graphene, the material with a number of “miraculous” properties, is considered a possible replacement. The one atom thin carbon film is ultra-light, extremely flexible and highly conductive.
University of Toronto Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering March 28th, 2016 We can’t control when the wind blows and when the sun shines, so finding efficient ways to store energy from alternative sources remains an urgent research problem. Now, a group of researchers led by Professor Ted Sargent at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering may have a solution inspired by nature.
North Carolina State University March 28th, 2016 Biomedical engineering researchers at North Carolina State University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have developed a technique that uses a patch embedded with microneedles to deliver cancer immunotherapy treatment directly to the site of melanoma skin cancer. In animal studies, the technique more effectively targeted melanoma than other immunotherapy treatments.
Nanometrics Incorporated March 28th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced record 3D-NAND bookings totaling over $38 million for the first quarter of 2016. The record achieved was in aggregate bookings for the quarter as well as for three 3D-NAND customers individually. Strong follow-on orders by a key customer account for its next phase of 3D-NAND build-out drove a large portion of the overall record, while the announcement and rapid ramp of a 3D-NAND fab from the newest entrant to the sector, along with orders from a key memory customer for Nanometrics, each represented all-time high 3D-NAND bookings for these customer accounts.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) March 28th, 2016 Researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a “piezo-optomechanical circuit” that converts signals among optical, acoustic and radio waves. A system based on this design could move and store information in next-generation computers.
University of Cambridge March 29th, 2016 The quantum behaviour of hydrogen affects the structural properties of hydrogen-rich compounds, which are possible candidates for the elusive room temperature superconductor, according to new research co-authored at the University of Cambridge.
Case Western Reserve University March 29th, 2016 Physicists and engineers at Case Western Reserve University have developed an optical sensor, based on nanostructured metamaterials, that’s 1 million times more sensitive than the current best available–one capable of identifying a single lightweight molecule in a highly dilute solution.
Brigham and Women’s Hospital March 29th, 2016 Being able to detect early on whether a cancer therapy is working for a patient can influence the course of treatment and improve outcomes and quality of life. However, conventional detection methods — such as PET scans, CT and MRI — usually cannot detect whether a tumor is shrinking until a patient has received multiple cycles of therapy. A new technique developed in pre-clinical models by investigators at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) offers a new approach and a read out on the effectiveness of chemotherapy in as few as eight hours after treatment. The technology can also be used for monitoring the effectiveness of immunotherapy. Using a nanoparticle that delivers a drug and then fluoresces green when cancer cells begin dying, researchers were able to visualize whether a tumor is resistant or susceptible to a particular treatment much sooner than currently available clinical methods. The team’s findings are published online this week in The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) March 29th, 2016 A team of Korean research team, led by Professor Ju-Young Kim (School of Materials Science and Engineering) of Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST), South Korea has recently announced that they have successfully developed a way to fabricate an ultralight, high-dense nanoporous gold (np-Au).
Berkeley Lab March 29th, 2016 When it comes to the various nanowidgets scientists are developing, nanotubes are especially intriguing. That’s because hollow tubes that have diameters of only a few billionths of a meter have the potential to be incredibly useful, from delivering cancer-fighting drugs inside cells to desalinating seawater.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) March 29th, 2016 Researchers have discovered a so far unknown formation mechanism of cavitation bubbles by means of a model calculation. In the Science Advances journal, they describe how oil-repellent and oil-attracting surfaces influence a passing oil flow. Depending on the viscosity of the oil, a steam bubble forms in the transition area. This so-called cavitation may damage material of e.g. ship propellers or pumps. However, it may also have a positive effect, as it may keep components at a certain distance and, thus, prevent damage.
Picosun Oy March 30th, 2016 Picosun Oy, the leading supplier of advanced ALD (Atomic Layer Deposition) thin film coating technology, now provides ALD equipment to transform battery manufacturing.
Aalto University March 30th, 2016 With people wanting to use smaller electronic devices, smaller energy storage systems are needed. Researchers of Aalto University in Finland have demonstrated the fabrication of electrochemically active organic lithium electrode thin films, which help make microbatteries more efficient than before. Researchers used a combined atomic/molecular layer deposition (ALD/MLD) technique, to prepare lithium terephthalate, a recently found anode material for a lithium-ion battery.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne March 30th, 2016 EPFL researchers have shown that a law of physics having to do with electron transport at nanoscale can also be analogously applied to the ion transport. This discovery provides insight into a key aspect of how ion channels function within our living cells.
Forschungszentrum Juelich March 30th, 2016 Juelich physicists have discovered unexpected effects in doped graphene – i.e. graphene that is mixed with foreign atoms. They investigated samples of the carbon compound enriched with the foreign atom nitrogen on various substrate materials. Unwanted interactions with these substrates can influence the electric properties of graphene. The researchers at the Peter Gruenberg Institute have now shown that effective doping depends on the choice of substrate material. The scientists’ results were published in the journal Physical Review Letters.
Arrowhead Research Corporation March 30th, 2016 Arrowhead Research Corporation (NASDAQ: ARWR), a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted RNAi therapeutics, today announced that the company will make presentations at the following upcoming events.
EM Resolutions March 30th, 2016 EM Resolutions, manufacturers and suppliers of tools and accessories for users of electron microscopes, announce new designs of finder grids from Gilder Grids.
Lehigh University March 30th, 2016 New technology enables real-time microscopic analysis of cell to cell interaction in environment that closely mimics human body; ideal for developing targeted drugs and testing precision treatments.
Emory Health Sciences March 30th, 2016 Scientists have devised a triple-stage “cluster bomb” system for delivering the chemotherapy drug cisplatin, via tiny nanoparticles designed to break up when they reach a tumor.
California Institute of Technology March 30th, 2016 Bacteria are the most abundant form of life on Earth, and they are capable of living in diverse habitats ranging from the surface of rocks to the insides of our intestines. Over millennia, these adaptable little organisms have evolved a variety of specialized mechanisms to move themselves through their particular environments. In two recent Caltech studies, researchers used a state-of-the-art imaging technique to capture, for the first time, three-dimensional views of this tiny complicated machinery in bacteria.
Centre for Process Innovation (CPI) March 30th, 2016 The Centre for Process Innovation (CPI) is leading a specialist consortium creating a world class UK manufacturing supply chain that will enable the widespread adoption of packaging incorporating Near-field Communication (NFC) based technology.
Berkeley Lab March 31st, 2016 An international team working at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has captured the first high-resolution 3-D images from individual double-helix DNA segments attached at either end to gold nanoparticles. The images detail the flexible structure of the DNA segments, which appear as nanoscale jump ropes.
International Union of Crystallography March 31st, 2016 The detector group at the Swiss Light Source at PSI has been one of the pioneers in the development of custom-made hybrid pixel array detectors (HPADs) for synchrotron applications. In a paper published recently [Jungmann-Smith et al. (2016). J. Synchrotron Rad. 23, 385-394; doi:10.1107/S1600577515023541], this group shows that it is now possible to develop HPADs with sufficient low noise to allow single-photon detection below 1 keV as well as to perform spectroscopic imaging. A commentary has also been written about the work [Graafsma (2016). J. Synchrotron Rad. 23, 383-384; doi:10.1107/S1600577516002721].
Faculty of Science – University of Copenhagen March 31st, 2016 Scientists have, for the first time, created a 3-D image of food on the nanometer scale. It has promising prospects as a more detailed knowledge of the structure of complex food systems could potentially save the food industry large sums of money.
Nanomechanics Inc. March 31st, 2016 Nanomechanics Inc., a leading provider of tools used to test mechanical properties at the micro- and nano-levels, has introduced a new function for the iNano nanoindenter, the Remote Video Option. From the product’s inception, the iNano has allowed users to operate the system remotely, but this upgrade will allow users to view the tests from anywhere.
National Science Foundation March 31st, 2016 Water, water is everywhere, but we need more drops to drink. The primary mission of the recently founded Nanotechnology Enabled Water Treatment (NEWT) Center, a consortium based at Rice University and led by environmental engineer Pedro Alvarez, is to produce more drinkable drops where they’re needed the most.
American Chemical Society March 31st, 2016 When it comes to indoor lighting, nothing beats the sun’s rays streaming in through windows. Soon, that natural light could be shining through walls, too. Scientists have developed transparent wood that could be used in building materials and could help home and building owners save money on their artificial lighting costs. Their material, reported in ACS’ journal Biomacromolecules, also could find application in solar cell windows.
American Chemical Society March 31st, 2016 Anti-odor athletic clothes containing silver nanoparticles have gained a foothold among exercise buffs, but questions have arisen over how safe and effective they are. Now scientists report in ACS’ journal Environmental Science & Technology that silver nanoparticles and coatings do wash off of commercially available garments in the laundry but at negligible levels. They also found that even low concentrations of silver on clothing kept microbes at bay.
University of Alberta March 31st, 2016 In the world of nano-scale technology, where work is conducted at the atomic level, even the smallest changes can have an enormous impact. And a new discovery by a University of Alberta materials engineering researchers has caught the attention of electronics industry leaders looking for more efficient manufacturing processes.
University of Oklahoma March 31st, 2016 A University of Oklahoma-led team of physicists believes chip-based atomic physics holds promise to make the second quantum revolution–the engineering of quantum matter with arbitrary precision–a reality. With recent technological advances in fabrication and trapping, hybrid quantum systems are emerging as ideal platforms for a diverse range of studies in quantum control, quantum simulation and computing.
University of Pennsylvania March 31st, 2016 Splitting water into its hydrogen and oxygen parts may sound like science fiction, but it’s the end goal of chemists and chemical engineers like Christopher Murray of the University of Pennsylvania and Matteo Cargnello of Stanford University.
University of Geneva (UNIGE) April 1st, 2016 Superconducting materials have the characteristic of letting an electric current flow without resistance. The study of superconductors with a high critical temperature discovered in the 1980s remains a very attractive research subject for physicists. Indeed, many experimental observations still lack an adequate theoretical description. Researchers from the University of Geneva (UNIGE) in Switzerland and the Technical University Munich in Germany have managed to lift the veil on the electronic characteristics of high-temperature superconductors. Their research, published in Nature Communications, show that the electronic densities measured in these superconductors are a combination of two separate effects. As a result, they propose a new model that suggests the existence of two coexisting states rather than competing ones as was postulated for the past thirty years. A small revolution in the world of superconductivity.
Rice University April 1st, 2016 Rice University scientists have determined that two-dimensional boron is a natural low-temperature superconductor. In fact, it may be the only 2-D material with such potential.
Hiden Analytical Limited March 20th, 2016 The HPR-20 QIC R&DPlus gas analyser merges triple-filter quadrupole mass spectrometer technology and multi-stream gas/vapour flow control together with the Hiden CATLAB-PCS software and control system for application specific operation in areas including catalytic reaction quantification and general thermal reaction processes. Integration with the user process system enables full control of temperature, ramp rate and furnace environment together with up-stream and down-stream process gas composition measurement.
Hiden Analytical Limited March 20th, 2016 Hiden is pleased to announce they will be exhibiting the CATLAB Microreactor System for Catalyst Characterisation at 26th ORCS Conference, 27th – 31st March, Miami, USA. Visit us on Table 4. The Hiden Catlab PCS combined microreactor and mass spectrometer system is purpose designed for the characterisation and evaluation of catalysts together with general thermal studies including temperature programmed desorption and reaction testing. The modular benchtop system features an advanced fast-response low thermal mass 1000C furnace together with multistream gas flow control of up to eight gas streams, and a precision Hiden quadrupole mass spectrometer with quartz inert sampling line close-coupled directly to the reactor for minimised dead volume and sample memory. Sample is inserted via the novel Catalyst Cartridge System to ensure consistent and reproducible sample loading, an in-bed thermocouple providing precise measurement of sample temperature and reaction exotherms.
Fars News Agency March 21st, 2016 Iranian researchers from Amirkabir University of Technology produced nanocomposite surfaces that can adsorb air polluting gases, including carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides.
University of Georgia March 21st, 2016 Researchers at the University of Georgia have created a new therapeutic for prostate cancer that has shown great efficacy in mouse models of the disease. They published their findings recently in the journal Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine.
University of Massachusetts at Amherst March 21st, 2016 In the current issue of Nature Materials, polymer scientists Greg Grason, Douglas Hall and Isaac Bruss at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, with Justin Barone at Virginia Tech, identify for the first time the factors that govern the final morphology of self-assembling chiral filament bundles. They also report experimental results supporting their new model.
California Institute of Technology March 21st, 2016 A team of researchers led by Caltech scientists have shown that nanoparticles can function to target tumors while avoiding adjacent healthy tissue in human cancer patients.
Brown University March 22nd, 2016 Crumple a piece of paper and it’s probably destined for the trash can, but new research shows that repeatedly crumpling sheets of the nanomaterial graphene can actually enhance some of its properties. In some cases, the more crumpled the better.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory March 22nd, 2016 When lots of energy hits an atom, it can knock off electrons, making the atom extremely chemically reactive and initiating further destruction. That’s why radiation is so dangerous. It’s also why high-resolution imaging techniques that use energetic electron beams and X-rays can alter, even obliterate, the samples they explore. For example, monitoring battery dynamics using electron microscopy can introduce artifacts that interfere with electrochemical processes. Another case in point: Employing X-ray spectroscopy to see inside a living cell annihilates that cell.
SUNY Polytechnic Institute March 22nd, 2016 Unique $25M partnership has led to the implementation of energy-saving technologies that will be tested and validated to ensure greater energy efficiency for commercial buildings around the world.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory March 22nd, 2016 Material scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have found certain metal oxides increase capacity and improve cycling performance in lithium-ion batteries.
Elhuyar Fundazioa March 22nd, 2016 Researchers from CIC nanoGUNE, in collaboration with ICFO and Graphenea, have demonstrated how infrared light can be captured by nanostructures made of graphene. This happens when light couples to charge oscillations in the graphene. The resulting mixture of light and charge oscillations – called plasmon – can be squeezed into record-small volumes – millions times smaller than in conventional dielectric optical cavities. This process has been visualized by the researchers now, for the first time, with the help of a state-of the-art near-field microscope and explained by theory. Particularly, the researchers identified two types of plasmons – edge and sheet modes – propagating either along the sheet or along the sheet edges. The edge plasmons are unique for their ability to channel electromagnetic energy in one dimension. The work – funded by the EC Graphene Flagship and reported in Nature Photonics – opens new opportunities for ultra-small and efficient photodetectors, sensors and other photonic and optoelectronic nanodevices.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 22nd, 2016 Researchers at MIT and other institutions have found a new phenomenon in the behavior of a kind of quasiparticles called plasmons as they move along tiny ribbons of two-dimensional materials such as graphene and TMDs (transition metal dichalcogenides), which have a hexagonal structure resembling chicken wire. The team found that these plasmons can be separated into two different streams moving in opposite directions at the edges of the ribbons, like traffic on a two-lane highway, without the need for strong magnetic fields or other exotic conditions.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 22nd, 2016 The secret to a long-hidden magic trick behind the self-assembly of nanocrystal structures is starting to be revealed.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 22nd, 2016 The world within a cell is a chaotic space, where the quantity and movement of molecules and proteins are in constant flux. Trying to predict how widely a protein or process may fluctuate is essential to knowing how well a cell is performing. But such predictions are hard to pin down in a cell’s open system, where everything can look hopelessly random.
University of Missouri-Columbia March 22nd, 2016 In the race to design smaller handheld devices and smartphones, a key factor is decreasing the sizes of components. As the demand for thinner and lighter microelectronic devices increases, manufacturers often are limited by how oddly shaped the energy sources must become to make them conform to the smaller space. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri, have developed a method of transferring an energy source to virtually any shape. Using an efficient laser-writing technique, MU scientists can help smartphone manufacturers potentially fabricate energy storage units like microbatteries and micro fuel cells that are more environmentally friendly, highly designable and thin.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie March 22nd, 2016 The “artificial leaf” consists in principle of a solar cell that is combined with further functional layers. These act as electrodes and additionally are coated with catalysts. If the complex system of materials is submerged in water and illuminated, it can decompose water molecules. This causes hydrogen to be generated that stores solar energy in chemical form. However, there are still several problems with the current state of technology. For one thing, sufficient light must reach the solar cell in order to create the voltage for water splitting despite the additional layers of material. Moreover, the semiconductor materials that the solar cells are generally made of are unable to withstand the typical acidic conditions for very long. For this reason, the artificial leaf needs a stable protective layer that must be simultaneously transparent and conductive.
University of Copenhagen March 22nd, 2016 Drug resistant bacteria are fast becoming one of the big worries of the 21 century. Now researchers at the University of Copenhagen have discovered a previously unknown weakness; an “Achilles heel”, of bacteria. Their discovery, a crucial step in bacteria’s energy metabolism, may be the first step in developing an entirely novel form of antibiotics.
Institute for Basic Science March 22nd, 2016 A scientific team from the Center for Nanoparticle Research at IBS has created a wearable GP-based patch that allows accurate diabetes monitoring and feedback therapy by using human sweat. The researchers improved the device’s detecting capabilities by integrating electrochemically active and soft functional materials on the hybrid of gold-doped graphene and a serpentine-shape gold mesh. The device’s pH and temperature monitoring functions enable systematic corrections of sweat glucose measurements as the enzyme-based glucose sensor is affected by pH (blood acidity levels) and temperature.
University of Innsbruck March 23rd, 2016 In quantum theory, interactions among particles create fascinating correlations known as entanglement that cannot be explained by any means known to the classical world. Entanglement is a consequence of the probabilistic rules of quantum mechanics and seems to permit a peculiar instantaneous connection between particles over long distances that defies the laws of our macroscopic world – a phenomenon that Einstein referred to as “spooky action at a distance.”
Keystone Nano March 23rd, 2016 Keystone Nano is pleased to announce that the National Cancer Institute (NCI) has selected the company to participate in BIO 2016, being held in San Francisco in June. Keystone Nano will participate in the bio-partnering program and the exhibit as a part of the NCI delegation of emerging cancer companies.
RMIT University March 23rd, 2016 A spot of sunshine is all it could take to get your washing done, thanks to pioneering nano research into self-cleaning textiles.
American Institute of Physics March 23rd, 2016 Printing has come a long way since the days of Johannes Gutenberg. Now, researchers have developed a new method that uses plasma to print nanomaterials onto a 3-D object or flexible surface, such as paper or cloth. The technique could make it easier and cheaper to build devices like wearable chemical and biological sensors, flexible memory devices and batteries, and integrated circuits.
Griffith University March 23rd, 2016 Groundbreaking research at Griffith University is leading the way in clean energy, with the use of carbon as a way to deliver energy using hydrogen.
Science China Press March 23rd, 2016 Given the important role in functioning as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, c-myc mRNA has emerged as a potential biomarker for cancer detection. In particular, abnormal expression of mRNAs is commonly observed at early stages of colon cancer development. Therefore, sensitive detection of c-myc mRNA has become a promising approach to achieving early clinical diagnosis of cancer and paves the way for precision medicine. Recently, a China-U.S. collaborative research team reported a label-free colorimetric protocol based on peptide nucleic acid/silver nanoparticles (PNA/AgNPs) for specific detection of c-myc mRNA biomarkers. A correlated research article entitled “A label-free colorimetric assay for detection of c-myc mRNA based on peptide nucleic acid and silver nanoparticles” was recently published in the journal of Science Bulletin (2016, vol.61, No. 4: 276-281, Springer), written by Dr. Xia Li from Liaocheng University (Shandong, China), Shandong Taishan Scholar Prof. Jifeng Liu (current, Tianjin Science and Technology University) and Prof. Chenzhong Li at the Florida International University (Miami, USA).
Tohoku University March 24th, 2016 The research group of Professor Hideo Ohno and Associate Professor Shunsuke Fukami of Tohoku University has developed a new-structure magnetic memory device utilizing spin-orbit- torque-induced magnetization switching.
ETH Zurich March 24th, 2016 Salvador Pané was on a trolleybus in Zurich one day after work. He was deep in thought when the bus came to a sudden stop because the cable was disrupted. He was struck by an idea: “Why can’t we create a microrobot that generates an electric field wirelessly?” The idea stayed with him and, as a result, the ETH researcher and his colleagues have since succeeded in creating tiny particles that can be precisely controlled by magnetic fields and also generate electric fields.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory March 24th, 2016 -Your car’s bumper is probably made of a moldable thermoplastic polymer called ABS, shorthand for its acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene components. Light, strong and tough, it is also the stuff of ventilation pipes, protective headgear, kitchen appliances, Lego bricks and many other consumer products. Useful as it is, one of its drawbacks is that it is made using chemicals derived from petroleum.
Penn State March 24th, 2016 A method to rotate single particles, cells or organisms using acoustic waves in a microfluidic device will allow researchers to take three dimensional images with only a cell phone. Acoustic waves can move and position biological specimens along the x, y and z axes, but for the first time researchers at Penn State have used them to gently and safely rotate samples, a crucial capability in single-cell analysis, drug discovery and organism studies.
St. John’s College, University of Cambridge March 24th, 2016 Scientists have discovered that a highly promising group of materials known as hybrid lead halide perovskites can recycle light – a finding that they believe could lead to large gains in the efficiency of solar cells.
Drexel University March 24th, 2016 You might not be aware of it, but invisible carpets of polymers are keeping things from being sticky right now. The lenses of your glasses might be coated with them to stave off smudges. They’re keeping the underbellies of ships from corroding, artificial joints from locking up and medical devices from gathering germs. The name “polymer nanobrush” doesn’t seem fitting because these bristly materials aren’t used to sweep away debris, they actually prevent it from accumulating at all.
Kyoto University March 24th, 2016 Kyoto University researchers have discovered a way of replacing surface ions of copper oxide nanocrystals at ambient conditions — a feat that will make nanocage production considerably simpler.
SUNY Polytechnic Institute March 25th, 2016 Research published in Microscopy Research and Technique details rapid, cost-effective hyperspectral imaging method for nanomaterial analysis that can shed light on nanomaterials’ health impact.
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (Empa) March 25th, 2016 As electronic components are becoming ever smaller, the industry is gradually approaching the limits of what is achievable using the traditional approach with silicon as a semiconductor material. Graphene, the material with a number of “miraculous” properties, is considered a possible replacement. The one atom thin carbon film is ultra-light, extremely flexible and highly conductive. However, in order to be able to use graphene for electronic components such as field effect transistors, the material has to be “transformed” into a semiconductor. This was achieved by Empa scientists some time ago using a newly developed method – in 2010, they presented, for the first time, graphene nanoribbons (GNR) only a few nanometres wide with precisely shaped edges. For this, the ribbons were grown on a metal surface from specifically designed precursor molecules.
University of Copenhagen – Niels Bohr Institute March 12th, 2016 Quantum technology has the potential to revolutionize computation, cryptography, and simulation of quantum systems. However, quantum physics places a new demand on information processing hardware: quantum states are fragile, and so must be controlled without being measured. Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute have now demonstrated a key property of Majorana zero modes that protects them from decoherence. The result lends positive support to the existence of Majorana modes, and goes further by showing that they are protected, as predicted theoretically. The results have been published in the prestigious scientific magazine, Nature.
Springer March 12th, 2016 Few of us pay attention to the minutiae of coffee stains’ deposition patterns. However, physicists have previously explained the increased deposition of ground coffee particles near the edge of an evaporating droplet of liquid. They attributed it to the collective dynamics of ground coffee grains as the liquid evaporates along the contact line between the liquid coffee and the table. This kind of dynamics also governs microchip production, when particles are deposited on a substrate by means of solvent evaporation. However, until recently, explanations of how such evaporation patterns are formed did not account for the effect of the mutual interactions between electrically charged particles. Now, Diego Noguera-Marín from the University of Granada, Spain, and colleagues have found that particle deposition may be controlled by the interplay between the evaporation of the solvent via convection and the previously identified collective diffusion of suspension nanoparticles. These findings appear as part of an EPJ E topical issue, entitled Wetting and Drying: Physics and Pattern Formation.
International Union of Crystallography March 12th, 2016 X-ray crystallographic analysis is one of the only methods that provides direct information on molecular structures at the atomic level. The method, however, has the intrinsic limitation that the target molecules must be crystalline, and high-quality single crystals must be prepared before measurement. These limitations have often caused considerable problems for scientists in their determination of molecular structures. In 2013, a group of scientists reported a revolutionary new technique for single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis that did not require the crystallisation of samples in the sample preparation [Inokuma et al. (2013), Nature, 495, 461-466]. This method, later coined the crystalline sponge method, uses crystals of porous metal complexes capable of absorbing guest compounds from solution in a common solvent. The guests are efficiently trapped and concentrated at several binding sites in the porous complexes, and the periodic array of the binding sites renders the absorbed guests oriented and observable by common X-ray diffraction studies.
Berkeley Lab March 12th, 2016 Hydrogen is the lightest and most plentiful element on Earth and in our universe. So it shouldn’t be a big surprise that scientists are pursuing hydrogen as a clean, carbon-free, virtually limitless energy source for cars and for a range of other uses, from portable generators to telecommunications towers–with water as the only byproduct of combustion.
INRS March 13th, 2016 The optical chip developed at INRS by Prof. Roberto Morandotti’s team overcomes a number of obstacles in the development of quantum computers, which are expected to revolutionize information processing. The international research team has demonstrated that on-chip quantum frequency combs can be used to simultaneously generate multiphoton entangled quantum bit (qubit) states.
University of Vienna March 13th, 2016 Since the 17th century, science was intrigued by the nature of light. Isaac Newton was certain that it consists of a stream of particles. His contemporary Christiaan Huygens, however, argued that light is a wave. Modern quantum physics says that both were right. Light can be observed both as particles and as waves — depending which characteristic is measured in an experiment, it presents itself more as one or the other. This so-called wave-particle dualism is one of the foundational principles of quantum physics. This questions our common sense: can one and the same indeed be of two contradictory natures at the same time?
American Chemical Society March 13th, 2016 Researchers design and characterize a synthetic repair system where self-propelled nanomotors autonomously seek and localize at microscopic cracks and thus mimic salient features of biological wound healing. Such a nanomotor-based repair system represents an important step toward the realization of biomimetic nanosystems that can autonomously sense and respond to environmental changes, a development that potentially can be expanded to a wide range of applications, from self-healing electronics to targeted drug delivery.
American Chemical Society March 13th, 2016 Nanoparticles were impregnated with suitable surface functionalities so that they can target macrophages selectively and thus can enhance MRI contrast. The technology described here uses biocompatible polymers and lipids for the construction of a HDL mimicking biodegradable nanoparticle and it could be a potent theranostic tool for coronary heart diseases.
University of California, Berkeley March 13th, 2016 In a breakthrough for energy-efficient computing, engineers at the University of California, Berkeley, have shown for the first time that magnetic chips can operate with the lowest fundamental level of energy dissipation possible under the laws of thermodynamics.
Science China Press March 13th, 2016 Quantum mechanics and relativity theory are two pillars of modern physics. With their amalgamation, many novel phenomena have been identified. For example, the Unruh effect  is one of the most significant outcomes of the quantum field theory. This effect serves as an important tool to investigate phenomena such as thermal emission of particles from black holes and cosmological horizons . It has been 40 years since the discovery of the Unruh effect, however, this effect is too weak to be observed with current technique. There have been a lot of attempts in searching for the observational evidence of the Unruh effect and in general the experimental observation is still of great challenge.
University of Basel March 13th, 2016 Liposomes are currently used as drug delivery vehicles but recognized by the immune system. Scientists from the universities of Basel and Fribourg have shown that special artificial liposomes do not elicit any reaction in human and porcine sera as well as pigs. The study was published in the Journal Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) March 13th, 2016 It’s hardly a character flaw, but organic transistors–the kind envisioned for a host of flexible electronics devices–behave less than ideally, or at least not up to the standards set by their rigid, predictable silicon counterparts. When unrecognized, a new study finds, this disparity can lead to gross overestimates of charge-carrier mobility, a property key to the performance of electronic devices.
Institute for Basic Science March 13th, 2016 From converting vehicle exhaust fumes into less harmful gases to refining petroleum, most commercial chemical applications require nanocatalysts since they can reduce the required time and costs by controlling the rate of chemical reactions. The catalytic activity and selectivity largely depends on their physical properties (size, shape, and composition) as well as the electronic characteristics; the dynamics of hot (high energy) electrons on the surface and interface of catalysts. Though the catalyst industry is constantly growing, it’s challenging to permit electric currents to nanocatalysts in order to detect hot electrons and measure the catalytic efficiency.
SUN Sustainable Nanotechnologies Project March 14th, 2016 The EU FP7 SUN Sustainable Nanotechnologies Project has successfully hosted a week of high ranking, international nanotechnology events in Venice in the period 22 – 29 January 2016.
Haydale Ltd. March 14th, 2016 Haydale Composite Solutions (HCS) has announced the launch of three graphene enhanced carbon fibre pre-impregnated (prepreg) products in collaboration with SHD Composite Materials Ltd (Sleaford, Lincolnshire, UK) using epoxy resins from Huntsman Advanced Materials.
GLOBALFOUNDRIES March 14th, 2016 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced the availability of a new set of process design kits (PDKs) with an interoperable co-design flow to help chip designers improve design efficiency and deliver differentiated RF front-end solutions in increasingly sophisticated mobile devices.
American Chemical Society March 14th, 2016 Self-assembling biological molecules especially show promise as useful starting materials, because nanodevice fabrication can exploit interactions that lead to highly specific self-assembly. DNA origami is a method that folds pieces of single-stranded DNA into designed structures by taking advantage of nucleotide base-pairing. Designs that include single-stranded extensions can provide further attachment points for other materials such as metal nanoparticles and nanorods.
University of Central Florida March 14th, 2016 A new minor in the rapidly advancing field of nanoscience is now available for University of Central Florida undergraduates.
National Space Society March 14th, 2016 Dr. Ellen Ochoa is the winner of the Society’s 2016 Space Pioneer Award for Non-Legislative Government Service. This award recognizes Ochoa’s career serving as a professional engineer, a shuttle astronaut, the first hispanic woman in space, and subsequently in very important management positions in NASA, including her current position as the Director of NASA’s Johnson Space Center.
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University March 15th, 2016 PolyU’s new invention utilizes an optical method called upconversion luminescence resonance energy transfer (LRET) process for ultrasensitive virus detection. It involves simple operational procedures, significantly reducing its testing duration from around 1-3 days to 2-3 hours, making it more than 10 times quicker than traditional clinical methods. Its cost is around HK$20 per sample, which is 80% lower than traditional testing methods. The technology can be widely used for the detection of different types of viruses, shedding new light on the development of low-cost, rapid and ultrasensitive detection of different viruses.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 15th, 2016 The batteries that power the ubiquitous devices of modern life, from smartphones and computers to electric cars, are mostly made of toxic materials such as lithium that can be difficult to dispose of and have limited global supplies. Now, researchers at MIT have come up with an alternative system for generating electricity, which harnesses heat and uses no metals or toxic materials.
City College of New York March 15th, 2016 Reducing a barrier that generally hinders the easy generation of new molecules, a team led by City College of New York chemist Mahesh K. Lakshman has devised a method to cleave generally inert bonds to allow the formation of new ones. The study is the cover story in the journal ACS Catalysis published by the American Chemical Society.
University of Leeds March 15th, 2016 A research team led by the University of Leeds has observed for the first time how HIV and Ebola viruses attach to cells to spread infection.
University of Cincinnati March 15th, 2016 When a team of researchers at the University of Cincinnati discovered a new nanostructure that showed significantly higher properties for use in technology that may allow doctors to see and destroy cancerous cells, they knew they were on to something exciting.
Houston Methodist March 15th, 2016 A team of investigators from Houston Methodist Research Institute may have transformed the treatment of metastatic triple negative breast cancer by creating the first drug to successfully eliminate lung metastases in mice. This landmark study appears today in Nature Biotechnology (early online edition).
University of Illinois College of Engineering March 15th, 2016 Using some of the largest supercomputers available, physics researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have produced one of the largest simulations ever to help explain one of physics most daunting problems.
University of Cincinnati March 15th, 2016 Bazinga! University of Cincinnati theoretical physicists are about to report on a controversial discovery that they say contradicts the work of researchers over the decades. The discovery concerns the conventional approach toward bosonization-debosonization. For folks outside the physics lab and the whiteboard, this could affect calculations regarding the future of quantum computers as well as your electronic devices as they become smaller, faster and more advanced. Nayana Shah, a University of Cincinnati assistant professor of physics, and Carlos Bolech, a UC associate professor of physics, will be among researchers from around the world presenting groundbreaking research at the March meeting of the American Physical Society, which takes place March 14-18 in Baltimore.
Drexel University March 15th, 2016 The problem with having a microscopic robot propelled by a horde of tail-flailing bacteria is you never know where it’s going to end up. The tiny, bio-robots, which amount to a chip coated with a “carpet” of flagellated bacteria, emerged from the primordial ooze of microrobotics research a few years ago as a concept for building microscopic devices and delivering medication at the cellular level. But as with any robot, the challenge for making them useful is bridging the gap from movement to automation. A team of engineers at Drexel University might have done just that, according to research recently published in IEEE Transactions on Robotics about using electric fields to direct the robots in a fluid environment.
American Institute of Physics March 16th, 2016 A team of researchers at Aix Marseille Université in Marseille, France led by Dr. Frédéric Leroy developed a technique that allows them to follow physical processes occurring at surfaces of materials at the atomic level in situ and in real time. This new process allowed the research team to study the kinetics of decomposition of a thin layer of silicon dioxide deposited onto silicon during a thermal treatment, a critical component in micro-electronics. The approach is based on the principles of electron microscopy.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory March 16th, 2016 Measurement and data analysis techniques developed at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory could provide new insight into performance-robbing flaws in crystalline structures, ultimately improving the performance of solar cells.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) March 16th, 2016 U.S. government nanotechnology researchers have demonstrated a new window to view what are now mostly clandestine operations occurring in soggy, inhospitable realms of the nanoworld–technologically and medically important processes that occur at boundaries between liquids and solids, such as in batteries or along cell membranes.
University of Cincinnati March 16th, 2016 With new technology getting smaller and smaller, requiring lower power, University of Cincinnati physics research points to new robust electronic technologies using quantum nanowire structures.
Imperial College London March 16th, 2016 Many bacteria swim using flagella – long tails that are attached to tiny motors made of proteins, just tens of nanometres wide. These motors spin the flagella, which work as nanoscale propellers to drive the bacterium forward.
Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences March 16th, 2016 Under certain conditions appropriately selected particles can form closed surfaces in liquids with surprisingly complex shapes, cutting through space by a regular network of channels. So far, we have looked at cubosomes – for this is what these spectacular three-dimensional nanostructures are called – only from the outside. Advanced theoretical modelling carried out at the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw has allowed us to look into their interior for the first time.
American Chemical Society March 17th, 2016 Application of nanopillars to polymer surfaces would result in inherently antibacterial surfaces without use of antibiotic drugs or biocide chemicals. Nano- and microstructured antibacterial surfaces have been previously proposed; none of these approaches can be used on ordinary polymer surfaces or easily scaled up. Recent efforts have focused on optimizing the bactericidal performance of pillars to assess effectiveness against gram-positive bacteria. Our surfaces could be used for a wide variety of environmental and medical applications.
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard March 17th, 2016 From the tension of contracting muscle fibers to hydrodynamic stresses within flowing blood, molecules within our bodies are subject to a wide variety of mechanical forces that directly influence their form and function. By analyzing the responses of single molecules under conditions where they experience such forces we can develop a better understanding of many biological processes, and potentially, develop more accurately acting drugs. But up until now experimental analysis of single molecule interactions under force have been expensive, tedious and difficult to perform because it requires use of sophisticated equipment, such as an atomic force microscope or optical tweezers, which only permit analysis of one molecule at a time.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology March 17th, 2016 A group of scientists from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and from the Moscow State University has developed a fundamentally new type of memory cell based on superconductors – this type of memory will be able to work hundreds of times faster than the types of memory devices commonly used today, according to an article published in the journal Applied Physics Letters.
PLOS March 17th, 2016 By studying an unusual group of magnetic microorganisms, scientists at UC Berkeley have uncovered a new and unexpected function for a ubiquitous protein family. Proteases are workhorse enzymes found in all living organisms that act in general cellular maintenance and communication by chewing up proteins. In a paper publishing in the Open Access journal PLOS Biology on March 16th 2016, the Komeili lab, along with collaborators in the Hurley and Chang groups, have now shown that a bacterial protein called MamO has been transformed from a common protease to an inactive enzyme that helps to build magnetic nanoparticles using a novel metal-binding motif.
Hokkaido University March 17th, 2016 Ceramic capacitors are used in a wide variety of electronics, ranging from computers and mobile phones to telecommunications transmitter stations and high voltage laser power supplies. Capacitors act, in a way, like batteries. They are “dielectric” – they act as an electronic insulator in which an electric field can be sustained with minimum loss of power. Their dielectric properties allow them to store electricity and then release it. One of the most widely used ceramics in capacitors is lead zirconate titanate, but it is hazardous to the health and the environment once it’s disposed. Scientists are trying to find other less hazardous ceramic materials for use in capacitors.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory March 17th, 2016 Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory have combined advanced in-situ microscopy and theoretical calculations to uncover important clues to the properties of a promising next-generation energy storage material for supercapacitors and batteries.
The Optical Society March 18th, 2016 Researchers have developed a new technique for killing bacteria in seconds using highly porous gold nanodisks and light, according to a study published today in Optical Materials Express, a journal published by The Optical Society. The method could one day help hospitals treat some common infections without using antibiotics, which could help reduce the risk of spreading antibiotics resistance.
Cell Press March 18th, 2016 You probably don’t think much of fungi, and especially those that turn bread moldy, but researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on March 17, 2016 have evidence that might just change your mind. Their findings suggest that a red bread mold could be the key to producing more sustainable electrochemical materials for use in rechargeable batteries.
Lund University March 18th, 2016 In an article published in Nature today, researchers at Lund University in Sweden show how different arrangements of atoms can be combined into nanowires as they grow. Researchers learning to control the properties of materials this way can lead the way to more efficient electronic devices.
Joint Quantum Institute March 18th, 2016 Builders of future superconducting quantum computers could learn a thing or two from semiconductors, according to a report in Nature Communications this week. By leveraging the good ideas of the natural world and the semiconductor community, researchers may be able to greatly simplify the operation of quantum devices built from superconductors. They call this a “semiconductor-inspired” approach and suggest that it can provide a useful guide to improving superconducting quantum circuits.
Technische Universität Dresden March 5th, 2016 Since it produces almost no friction at all, it could drastically reduce energy loss in machines when used as a coating, as the researchers report in the journal Science.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) March 5th, 2016 Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have built two new nanoscale machines with moving parts, using DNA as a programmable, self-assembling construction material. In the journal Science Advances, they describe a rotor mechanism formed from interlocking 3-D DNA components. Another recent paper, in Nature Nanotechnology, reported a hinged molecular manipulator, also made from DNA. These are just the latest steps in a campaign to transform so-called “DNA origami” into an industrially useful, commercially viable technology.
University at Buffalo March 6th, 2016 Graphene is a wonder material saddled with great expectations. Discovered in 2004, it is 1 million times thinner than a human hair, 300 times stronger than steel and it’s the best known conductor of heat and electricity. These qualities could, among other things, make computers faster, batteries more powerful and solar panels more efficient.
Springer March 7th, 2016 Studies of molecules confined to nano- or micropores are of considerable interest to physicists. That’s because they can manipulate or stabilise molecules in unstable states or obtain new materials with special properties. In a new study published in EPJ Plus, Stefan Frunza from the National Institute of Materials Physics in Romania and colleagues have discovered the properties of the surface layer in probe molecules on the surface of oxide particles. These properties depend on the interaction at the interface. In this particular study, probes are formed by adsorption of rod-like cyanophenyl derivates on the surface of oxide particles. The authors found that their surface layers behave like glass-forming liquids.
Iowa State University March 7th, 2016 Iowa State University engineers have developed a new flexible, stretchable and tunable “meta-skin” that uses rows of small, liquid-metal devices to cloak an object from the sharp eyes of radar.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) March 7th, 2016 Manufacturers may soon have a speedy and nondestructive way to test a wide array of materials under real-world conditions, thanks to an advance that researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have made in roll-to-roll measurements. Roll-to-roll measurements are typically optical measurements for roll-to-roll manufacturing, any method that uses conveyor belts for continuous processing of items, from tires to nanotechnology components.
International Union of Crystallography March 7th, 2016 Fracture and breakage of single crystals, particularly of silicon wafers, are multi-scale problems: the crack tip starts propagating on an atomic scale with the breaking of chemical bonds, forms crack fronts through the crystal on the micrometre scale and ends macroscopically in catastrophic wafer shattering.
Harris & Harris Group, Inc. March 7th, 2016 The management of Harris & Harris Group, Inc., (NASDAQ:TINY), will hold a conference call to discuss the Company’s financial results for 2015, to update shareholders and analysts on our business and to answer questions, on Wednesday, March 16, 2016, at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time. Additionally, one of Harris & Harris Group’s portfolio companies, Adesto Technologies Corporation, will present during the call.
Arrowhead Research Corporation March 7th, 2016 Arrowhead Research Corporation (NASDAQ: ARWR), a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted RNAi therapeutics, today presented additional preclinical data suggesting that ARC-F12, an RNAi therapeutic that inhibits the production of Factor XII (F12), has the potential to treat hereditary angioedema and to prevent thrombosis. Data presented in a poster at the 2016 American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Annual Meeting (AAAAI), show that ARC-F12 had the desired effects of significantly reduced swelling in a rat model of edema and inhibition of blood clot formation in a mouse model of thrombosis, without the undesired effect of increased bleeding risk.
National Space Society March 7th, 2016 The National Space Society congratulates the Space Solar Power D3 (SSPD3) team on sweeping the awards in a March 2 multi-departmental competition to find promising new technology ideas that could simultaneously advance diplomacy, defense and development (D3). The SSPD3 team proposal was titled “Carbon-Free Energy for Global Resilience and International Goodwill.”
Renishaw March 8th, 2016 The new inVia™ Qontor™ is Renishaw’s most advanced Raman microscope. Building on the market-leading inVia Reflex, the inVia Qontor adds a new dimension to the performance and ease of use for which inVia is renowned.
Oxford Instruments NanoScience March 8th, 2016 Oxford Instruments is unveiling its 2016 new generation Triton Cryofree® dilution refrigerator at a series of high-profile physics conferences this month. With over 220 systems installed worldwide, Triton is used in world-leading research across condensed matter physics, with a particular focus on advanced computing, quantum technologies, spintronics and optics. The new generation Triton system continues to provide market leading performance and reliability, with enhanced cooling power, ease of use, user access and experimental space.
University of California – Riverside March 8th, 2016 Superconductivity – a quantum phenomenon in which metals below a certain temperature develop flow of current with no loss or resistance – is one of the most exciting problems in physics, which has resulted in investments worldwide of enormous brain power and resources since its discovery a little over a century ago. Many prominent theorists, Nobel laureates among them, have proposed theories for new classes of superconducting materials discovered several decades later, followed by teams of experimentalists working furiously to provide solid evidence for these theories. More than 100,000 research papers have been published on the new materials.
UCLA March 8th, 2016 Aprecocious 6-year-old, Spencer Reisner already has an ambitious “to do” list for his future: become an astronaut and go to Mars, create new fuel sources and learn more about nanotechnology. Recently, he achieved one of these lifelong objectives at an unlikely venue: an L.A. shopping mall.
Eindhoven University of Technology March 8th, 2016 Use your computer without the need to start it up: a new type of magnetic memory makes it possible. This ‘MRAM’ is faster, more efficient and robust than other kinds of data storage. However, switching bits still requires too much electrical power to make large-scale application practicable. Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) have discovered a smart way of solving this problem by using a ‘bending current’. They publish their findings today in the journal Nature Communications.
The Optical Society March 9th, 2016 Researchers have demonstrated, for the first time, that laser light can be used to manipulate a glass optical fiber tapered to a sharp point smaller than a speck of dust, in the middle of an optical fiber with a hollow core. Amazingly, optical forces cause the sharp point, or “nanospike,” to self-align at the center of the hollow core, trapping it more and more strongly at the core center as the laser power increases.
Kyushu University, I2CNER March 9th, 2016 The successful future of fuel cells relies on improving the performance of the catalysts they use. Gold nanoparticles have been cited as an ideal solution, but creating a uniform, useful catalyst has proven elusive. However, a team of researchers at Kyushu University’s International Institute for Carbon-Neutral Energy Research (I2CNER) devised a method for using a new type of catalyst support.
Karolinska Institutet March 9th, 2016 Researchers at Karolinska Institutet, Sweden, have developed a nanoparticle technology that can be used to stabilise membrane proteins so that their structure can be studied in a lipid environment. The method, described in Nature Methods, makes it possible to access drug targets that previously could not be investigated and therefore potentially allows for the development of novel drugs, therapeutic antibodies and vaccines.
Harris & Harris Group, Inc. March 9th, 2016 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY), an investor in transformative companies enabled by disruptive science, announced today that it will begin offering limited numbers of accredited investors the opportunity to co-invest with Harris & Harris Group in its portfolio companies through a newly-formed co-investment fund that will be managed by Harris & Harris Group.
Fars News Agency March 10th, 2016 Iranian researchers from K. N. Toosi University of Technology produced a new nanosorbent to detect very low amount of anticancer drugs in biological samples. Iranian researchers succeeded in the synthesis of nanoparticles that can be used in purification of industrial wastewater containing organic compounds.
Cardiff University March 10th, 2016 A group of researchers from the UK, including academics from Cardiff University, has demonstrated the first practical laser that has been grown directly on a silicon substrate.
Haydale Ltd. March 10th, 2016 Haydale Composite Solutions (HCS) has announced the launch of three graphene enhanced carbon fibre pre-impregnated (prepreg) products in collaboration with SHD Composite Materials Ltd (Sleaford, Lincolnshire, UK) using epoxy resins from Huntsman Advanced Materials.
University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign March 10th, 2016 Light and electrons interact in a complex dance within fiber optic devices. A new study by University of Illinois engineers found that in the transistor laser, a device for next-generation high-speed computing, the light and electrons spur one another on to faster switching speeds than any devices available.
National Space Society March 10th, 2016 The entrepreneurial company Blue Origin is the winner of the Society’s 2016 Space Pioneer Award for Science and Engineering. This award recognizes the company’s two recent major achievements: (1) The first successful vertical landing by a large rocket which has reached space and carried a payload (an empty passenger capsule which descended separately by parachute). This flight by the New Shepard vehicle occurred on Nov. 23, 2015 at the company’s test range near the remote West Texas town of Van Horn. (2) Subsequently, the same rocket was flown again and performed a second perfect landing in January 2016, which constitutes the first re-use of a large rocket which has reached space. Creating reusable rockets has been the “holy grail” for many in the space industry for decades, and is a fundamental requirement for spaceflight to be inexpensive enough for general and large scale use.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory March 10th, 2016 A study led by the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory could soon pay dividends in the development of materials with energy-related applications.
Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) March 10th, 2016 A joint research project being undertaken by Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has achieved a breakthrough in fundamental research in the field of potential future data storage technologies. The idea is that electronic storage units (bits) will not be stored on rotating hard disks as is currently standard practice but on a nanowire in the form of magnetic vortex structures, so-called skyrmions, using a process similar to that of a shift register. The magnetic skyrmion bits would be rapidly accessible, while storage density would be high and there would be improved energy efficiency. The project team managed, for the first time, to achieve targeted shifting of individual skyrmions at room temperature using electrical impulses. Their results have been published in the journal Nature Materials.
American Institute of Physics March 10th, 2016 A team of physicists from the University of California, San Diego and The University of Manchester is creating tailor-made materials for cutting-edge research and perhaps a new generation of optoelectronic devices. The materials make it easier for the researchers to manipulate excitons, which are pairs of an electron and an electron hole bound to each other by an electrostatic force.
Bentham Science Publishers March 10th, 2016 Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. It is a leading cause of death and the burden is expected to grow worldwide due to the growth and aging of the population, mainly in less developed countries, in which about 82% of the world’s population resides. By 2030, the global burden is expected to grow to 21.7 million new cancer cases and 13 million cancer deaths simply due to the growth and aging of the population. Current cancer therapy approaches are based in surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, being the chemotherapy the one that shows the greater efficiency for cancer treatment, mainly in more advanced stages. A major problem with this conventional chemotherapy is its toxicity and it also destroys healthy tissues resulting in systemic toxicity besides beneficial characteristics of killing cancer cells. Anticancer drugs also destroy healthy tissues resulting in systemic toxicity.
CUNY Advanced Science Research Center March 10th, 2016 A team of international scientists led by researchers of the CUNY Advanced Science Research Center (ASRC) and the Politecnico of Milan in Italy has demonstrated a novel approach for designing fully reconfigurable magnetic nanopatterns whose properties and functionality can be programmed and reprogrammed on-demand.
ETH Zurich March 11th, 2016 All materials are made up of atoms, which vibrate. These vibrations, or ‘phonons’, are responsible, for example, for how electric charge and heat is transported in materials. Vibrations of metals, semiconductors, and insulators in are well studied; however, now materials are being nanosized to bring better performance to applications such as displays, sensors, batteries, and catalytic membranes. What happens to vibrations when a material is nanosized has until now not been understood.
Northwestern University February 27th, 2016 When the body loses its ability to fold proteins into the correct shapes, the result can be irreversible and tragic. The accumulation of unfolded or misfolded proteins in the brain causes many devastating neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine February 28th, 2016 High-resolution cryo-electron microscopy and supercomputing have now made it possible to analyze in detail the infection mechanisms of coronaviruses. These viruses are notorious for attacking the respiratory tract of humans and animals.
McGill University February 29th, 2016 The substance that provides energy to all the cells in our bodies, Adenosine triphosphate (ATP), may also be able to power the next generation of supercomputers. That is what an international team of researchers led by Prof. Nicolau, the Chair of the Department of Bioengineering at McGill, believe. They’ve published an article on the subject earlier this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), in which they describe a model of a biological computer that they have created that is able to process information very quickly and accurately using parallel networks in the same way that massive electronic super computers do.
International Union of Crystallography February 29th, 2016 Reliable information about the structure of pharmaceutical compounds is important for patient safety, for the development of related drugs and for patenting purposes. However, working out the structures of pharmaceuticals can be tough. The individual molecules can pack together in the solid in different ways to form different polymorphs, and pertinent properties such as stability, bioavailability or how fast they dissolve in the stomach can vary from one polymorph to another. Single crystals (as used in standard X-ray diffraction experiments) therefore might not be representative of the bulk sample, or indeed might not even be available.
Technische Universität Dresden February 29th, 2016 A study reports the realization of a parallel computer based on designed nanofabricated channels explored in a massively parallel fashion by protein filaments propelled by molecular motors.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology February 29th, 2016 First the nucleus, then the shell: Researchers from Marburg and Karlsruhe have studied stepwise formation of metal clusters, smallest fractions of metals in molecular form. The shell gradually forms around the inner atom rather than by later inclusion of the central atom. Knowledge of all development steps may allow for customized optoelectronic and magnetic properties, as is reported by the researchers in the science journal Nature Communications. (DOI: 10.1038/NCOMMS10480)
Kyushu University, Opera March 1st, 2016 Demonstrating a strategy that could form the basis for a new class of electronic devices with uniquely tunable properties, researchers at Kyushu University were able to widely vary the emission color and efficiency of organic light-emitting diodes based on exciplexes simply by changing the distance between key molecules in the devices by a few nanometers.
Arrowhead Research Corporation March 1st, 2016 Arrowhead Research Corporation (NASDAQ: ARWR), a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted RNAi therapeutics, today announced that the company will make presentations at the following upcoming events.
gizmag.com March 1st, 2016 Over the last few years, you’d struggle to have not at least heard mention of an extremely strong, electrically- and thermally-conductive, one-atom thick material called graphene. But now, researchers at the University of Kentucky are looking to create a new material that might just boast even more impressive and useful attributes.
Purdue University March 1st, 2016 Targeting the Tumor Microenvironment Kinam Park1, PhD, Bumsoo Han2, PhD, and Murray Korc3, MD 1Weldon School of Biomedical Engineering and 2School of Mechanical Engineering Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 3Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine Indiana University, Indianapolis, IN Personalized medicine, or precision medicine, relies on the selection of the correct drugs, or drug combinations, based on the disease-specific genetic traits. Selecting the proper drugs is the first step toward precision medicine, but its completion needs effective delivery of the selected drugs to the target (e.g., tumor). Recent progress in nanotechnology has made drug delivery more efficient compared with the control solution formulation, but subsequent effectiveness of the drugs delivered is still in question. Nanoparticulate drug delivery systems are designed and tested for the ultimate goal of developing clinically useful formulations to treat various cancers. Thus, the usefulness of nanoparticle formulations needs to be considered in the context of treating cancers (i.e., improving efficacy and safety) in human patients.
University of Surrey March 1st, 2016 • New ultra-thin, patterned graphene sheets will be essential in designing future technologies such as ‘smart wallpaper’ and internet-of-things applications • Advanced Technology Institute uses moth-inspired ultrathin graphene sheets to capture light for use in energy production and to power smart sensors • Graphene is traditionally an excellent electronic material, but is inefficient for optical applications, absorbs only 2.3% of the light incident on it. A new technique enhances light absorption by 90%.
International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) March 2nd, 2016 Platinum is one of the costly metals used as catalysts in new technologies employed for industrial chemical processes, renewable energy sources, pollution control and many other purposes. In particular, it is used for fuel cells, devices that turn chemical energy directly into electrical energy, without combustion. Research has shown that the greatest efficiency is achieved when the catalyst is available in the form of nanoparticles (smaller than 10-9 m). Simply put, the greater the dispersion of the material and the smaller the size of the particles, the more is it available for catalysis. Unfortunately, the laws of thermodynamics cause the particles to “stick” to one another and form larger clusters, which is why the material becomes less effective over time. So what can be done to maintain maximal dispersion of the “nanopowder”?
Syracuse University March 2nd, 2016 Chemists in Syracuse University’s College of Arts and Sciences have made a transformational advance in an alternate lighting source–one that doesn’t require a battery or a plug.
City College of New York March 2nd, 2016 Understanding nanoscale heat flow is critical in the design of integrated electronic devices and in the development of materials for thermal insulation and thermoelectric energy recovery. While several techniques are currently available to observe heat transport over macroscopic distances, there is a need for new methods capable of revealing the dynamics of heat flow with nanometer resolution.
UCLA March 2nd, 2016 The overall five-year survival rate for people with pancreatic cancer is just 6 percent, and there is an urgent need for new treatment options. More than 80 percent of pancreatic cancer diagnoses occur too late for surgery, making chemotherapy the only possible treatment.
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem March 2nd, 2016 Researchers at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem have developed a nanotechnology-based delivery system containing a protective cellular pathway inducer that activates the body’s natural defense against free radicals efficiently, a development that could control a variety of skin pathologies and disorders.
Washington State University March 3rd, 2016 Researchers have reached a critical milestone in solar cell fabrication, helping pave the way for solar energy to directly compete with electricity generated by conventional energy sources.
Berkeley Lab March 3rd, 2016 Electrons can extend our view of microscopic objects well beyond what’s possible with visible light–all the way to the atomic scale. A popular method in electron microscopy for looking at tough, resilient materials in atomic detail is called STEM, or scanning transmission electron microscopy, but the highly-focused beam of electrons used in STEM can also easily destroy delicate samples.
National Space Society March 3rd, 2016 National Space Society governor Jeff Greason is the winner of the society’s 2016 Space Pioneer Award for Entrepreneurial Business. This award recognizes Jeff’s successes in founding and helping manage and direct technical work at XCOR and other entrepreneurial space companies. It also recognizes his bold spirit in founding Agile Aero, Inc., a new company that will seek to break through a rapid prototyping barrier that has slowed aerospace development for the last several decades.
Renishaw March 3rd, 2016 The Kircher laboratory at Memorial Sloan Kettering is developing novel nanoprobes for molecular imaging, image-guided therapy and theranostics. Its ultimate goal is to develop a universal technology that allows precise determination of the actual spread of a tumour in vivo. Currently surgeons cannot see the microscopic extent of the tumour during a procedure, which is essential information for tumor removal and avoiding excess tissue excision.
nanoFlowcell AG March 3rd, 2016 · nanoFlowcell® makes electric drive suitable for everyday use and fit for the environment · nanoFlowcell® systems are an environmentally friendly form of energy supply and energy storage – powerful, safe to use, harmless to health, kind to the environment and with zero harmful emissions · The performance of nanoFlowcell® is orders of magnitude better than conventional batteries, accumulators or flow cells · nanoFlowcell® has enormous application potential on land, on water and in the air · It costs less than 10 euro cents per litre to produce the energy carrier on an industrial level
Deep Space Industries March 3rd, 2016 A small asteroid called 2013 TX68 is due to fly past Earth next Tuesday, March 8. And while TX68 poses no threat to our planet this time around — the latest NASA projection has the asteroid missing us by about three million miles, or 12.5 times farther away than the Moon — it is something of a curiosity to scientists and skywatchers alike.
GLOBALFOUNDRIES March 3rd, 2016 GLOBALFOUNDRIES, a leading provider of advanced semiconductor manufacturing technology, announced today that Alain Mutricy has joined the company as senior vice president of the Product Management Group. In this role, Mutricy is responsible for the company’s leading edge and mainstream technology solutions and go-to-market activities for these differentiated products.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 3rd, 2016 One of the main reasons for limiting the operating lifetimes of nuclear reactors is that metals exposed to the strong radiation environment near the reactor core become porous and brittle, which can lead to cracking and failure. Now, a team of researchers at MIT and elsewhere has found that, at least in some reactors, adding a tiny quantity of carbon nanotubes to the metal can dramatically slow this breakdown process.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 3rd, 2016 What are the prime factors, or multipliers, for the number 15? Most grade school students know the answer — 3 and 5 — by memory. A larger number, such as 91, may take some pen and paper. An even larger number, say with 232 digits, can (and has) taken scientists two years to factor, using hundreds of classical computers operating in parallel.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne March 4th, 2016 Conductive tracks are usually hard printed on a board. But those recently developed at EPFL are altogether different: they are almost as flexible as rubber and can be stretched up to four times their original length and in all directions. And they can be stretched a million times without cracking or interrupting their conductivity. The invention is described in an article published today in the journal Advanced Materials.
University of Kentucky March 4th, 2016 A new one atom-thick flat material that could upstage the wonder material graphene and advance digital technology has been discovered by a physicist at the University of Kentucky working in collaboration with scientists from Daimler in Germany and the Institute for Electronic Structure and Laser (IESL) in Greece.
University of Vienna March 4th, 2016 Researchers at the Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, the University of Vienna, and the Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona have achieved a new milestone in quantum physics: they were able to entangle three particles of light in a high-dimensional quantum property related to the ‘twist’ of their wavefront structure. The results from their experiment appear in the journal Nature Photonics.
CIFAR February 20th, 2016 New research demonstrates that particles at the quantum level can in fact be seen as behaving something like billiard balls rolling along a table, and not merely as the probabilistic smears that the standard interpretation of quantum mechanics suggests. But there’s a catch – the tracks the particles follow do not always behave as one would expect from “realistic” trajectories, but often in a fashion that has been termed “surrealistic.”
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie February 22nd, 2016 Topological insulators appeared to be rather well-understood from theory until now. The electrons that can only occupy “allowed” quantum states in the crystal lattice are free to move in only two dimensions, namely along the surface, behaving like massless particles. Topological insulators are therefore highly conductive at their surfaces and electrically insulating within. Only magnetic fields should destroy this mobility, according to theory. Now physicists headed by Oliver Rader and Jaime Sánchez-Barriga from HZB along with teams from other HZB departments, groups from Austria, the Czech Republic, Russia, and theoreticians in Munich have disproved this hypothesis.
University of Chicago February 22nd, 2016 While a classical bit found in conventional electronics exists only in binary 1 or 0 states, the more resourceful quantum bit, or ‘qubit’ is represented by a vector, pointing to a simultaneous combination of the 1 and 0 states. To fully implement a qubit, it is necessary to control the direction of this qubit’s vector, which is generally done using fine-tuned and noise-isolated procedures.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne February 22nd, 2016 When remote regions with limited health facilities experience an epidemic, they need portable diagnostic equipment that functions outside the hospital. As demand for such equipment grows, EPFL researchers have developed a low-cost and portable microfluidic diagnostic device. It has been tested on Ebola and can be used to detect many other diseases.
PCATDES February 22nd, 2016 PCATDES is an ambitious collaborative project between the European Union of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), financially supported by the European Commission under its Seventh Framework Programme, grant number 309846.
CIFAR February 22nd, 2016 Physicists have zoomed in on the transition that could explain why copper-oxides have such impressive superconducting powers.
Vienna University of Technology February 22nd, 2016 Nature shows us how it is done: Plants can absorb sunlight and store its energy chemically. Imitating this on large industrial scale, however, is difficult. Photovoltaics convert sunlight to electricity, but at high temperatures, the efficiency of solar cells decreases. Electrical energy can be used to produce hydrogen, which can then be stored — but the energy efficiency of this process is limited.
University of Tsukuba February 22nd, 2016 Key Research Results 1.Successful observation of ultrafast atomic rearrangements on picosecond timescales in a thin film of the DVD phase-change recording material Ge-Sb-Te. 2.Ultra-short x-ray pulses from the free electron laser were used to observe sub-nanometer scale changes on sub-picosecond time-scales.
Lomonosov Moscow State University February 23rd, 2016 A team of physicists including Russian researchers succeeded in conducting an experiment in which, for the first time in history, control over ultrafast motion of electrons down to three attoseconds (one attosecond refers to a second as one second refers to the lifetime of the Universe) was proved possible. This fact paves a way to new directions of research that seemed improbable before. The experiment was conducted with the help of the free-electron laser FERMI located at the “Elettra Sincrotrone” research center in Trieste, Italy.
University of Vienna February 23rd, 2016 Quantum physicist Mario Krenn and his colleagues in the group of Anton Zeilinger from the Faculty of Physics at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences have developed an algorithm which designs new useful quantum experiments. As the computer does not rely on human intuition, it finds novel unfamiliar solutions. The research has just been published in the journal Physical Review Letters.
University of Toronto February 23rd, 2016 When one atom first meets another, the precise nature of that interaction can determine much about what kinds of physical properties and behaviours will emerge. In a paper published today in Nature Physics, a team led by U of T physicist Joseph Thywissen reported their discovery of a new set of rules related to one particular type of atomic-pair interaction. The researchers study interactions between atoms that have been cooled close to absolute zero.
Purdue University February 23rd, 2016 Approaching a universal scaling relationship between fracture stiffness and fluid flow Laura J. Pyrak-Nolte and David D. Nolte A goal of subsurface geophysical monitoring is the detection and characterization of fracture alterations that affect the hydraulic integrity of a site. Achievement of this goal requires a link between the mechanical and hydraulic properties of a fracture. Here we present a scaling relationship between fluid flow and fracture-specific stiffness that approaches universality. Fracture-specific stiffness is a mechanical property dependent on fracture geometry that can be monitored remotely using seismic techniques. A Monte Carlo numerical approach demonstrates that a scaling relationship exists between flow and stiffness for fractures with strongly correlated aperture distributions, and continues to hold for fractures deformed by applied stress and by chemical erosion as well. This new scaling relationship provides a foundation for simulating changes in fracture behavior as a function of stress or depth in the Earth and will aid risk assessment of the hydraulic integrity of subsurface sites.
American Friends of Tel Aviv University February 23rd, 2016 Osteosarcoma is a cancer that develops in the bones of children and adolescents. It is one of the most aggressive cancers, with only a 15 per cent, five-year survival rate when diagnosed in an advanced metastatic stage. There are approximately 800 new cases diagnosed each year in the US, and no viable treatments.
JEOL USA, Inc. February 24th, 2016 Scientists from the Institute of Microbiology and Immunology and the Institute of Pathology in Ljubljana, Slovenia are the first in the world to publish and prove that the ZIKA virus is associated with Microcephaly (New England Journal of Medicine, February 10, 2016). ZIKV was found in fetal brain tissue on reversetranscriptase–polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR) assay, with consistent findings on electron microscopy. The complete genome of ZIKV was recovered from the fetal brain. Imaging of the ultrathin sections and brain homogenate was performed with the use of the new JEOL 120kV JEM-1400Plus transmission electron microscope and the older model JEOL JEM-1200EXII.
Society for Risk Analysis February 24th, 2016 Non-animal methods can be used to evaluate the health and environmental effects of nanomaterials, according to an article that appears today in Risk Analysis.
Brookhaven National Laboratory February 24th, 2016 George Clark, a certified public accountant with more than 20 years’ experience at Oak Ridge and Pacific Northwest national laboratories, has been named Chief Financial Officer (CFO) and Associate Laboratory Director (ALD) for Business Services at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, effective February 22, 2016. Clark succeeds Suzanne Davidson, who left Brookhaven in 2015 for a position at SLAC National Laboratory.
South Dakota School of Mines & Technology February 24th, 2016 The South Dakota School of Mines & Technology Chemical and Biological Engineering speaker series kicked off today with Stacey Bent, Ph.D., of Stanford University, who spoke on nanoscale materials for sustainable energy. Other speakers from Pacific Northwest Laboratory, NASA and Princeton will speak on topics ranging from biomedical engineering to biofuels.
Clinatec February 24th, 2016 Projects include adapting a brain-computer interface to an exoskeleton system to provide mobility to quadriplegics, and using near-infrared radiation to slow Parkinson’s disease.
American Chemical Society February 24th, 2016 Humboldt penguins live in places that dip below freezing in the winter, and despite getting wet, their feathers stay sleek and free of ice. Scientists have now figured out what could make that possible. They report in ACS’ Journal of Physical Chemistry C that the key is in the microstructure of penguins’ feathers. Based on their findings, the scientists replicated the architecture in a nanofiber membrane that could be developed into an ice-proof material.
University of Michigan February 24th, 2016 Scientists at the University of Michigan have found evidence that some carbon nanomaterials can enter into immune cell membranes, seemingly going undetected by the cell’s built-in mechanisms for engulfing and disposing of foreign material, and then escape through some unidentified pathway.
Strem Chemicals, Inc. February 24th, 2016 Strem Chemicals, Inc., a manufacturer of specialty chemicals for research and development, and SONA Nanotech Ltd. (SONA), a manufacturer of gold nanoparticles, today announced the signing of a distribution agreement.
Hiden Analytical Limited February 24th, 2016 Hiden are exhibiting their latest laboratory gas analysers at Pittcon 2016, 6th – 10th March, Atlanta GA, USA, where Hiden will feature their latest HPR-20 systems for direct real time analysis, quantification and control of gas related processes ranging in pressure from 100 mbar to 50 bar.
Fars News Agency February 25th, 2016 Iranian researchers used natural and cheap raw materials to produce special nanocomposites applicable in energy, electronics and computer fields.
University of Massachusetts at Amherst February 25th, 2016 Chemists and polymer scientists collaborating at the University of Massachusetts Amherst report in Nature Communications this week that they have for the first time identified an unexpected property in an organic semiconductor molecule that could lead to more efficient and cost-effective materials for use in cell phone and laptop displays, for example, and in opto-electronic devices such as lasers, light-emitting diodes and fiber optic communications.
Cornell University February 25th, 2016 Just as the single-crystal silicon wafer forever changed the nature of communication 60 years ago, a group of Cornell researchers is hoping its work with quantum dot solids – crystals made out of crystals – can help usher in a new era in electronics.
Penn State February 25th, 2016 A new way to use the chemical reactions of certain enzymes to trigger self-powered mechanical movement has been developed by a team of researchers at Penn State University and the University of Pittsburgh. A paper describing the team’s research, titled “Convective flow reversal in self-powered enzyme micropumps,” is published this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
University of Basel February 25th, 2016 Graphene, a modified form of carbon, offers versatile potential for use in coating machine components and in the field of electronic switches. An international team of researchers led by physicists at the University of Basel have been studying the lubricity of this material on the nanometer scale. Since it produces almost no friction at all, it could drastically reduce energy loss in machines when used as a coating, as the researchers report in the journal Science.
Institute for Basic Science February 25th, 2016 The brain is an enormous network of communication, containing over 100 billion nerve cells, or neurons, with branches that connect at more than 100 trillion points. They are constantly sending signals through a vast neuron forest that forms memories, thoughts and feelings; these patterns of activity form the essence of each person. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) disrupts both the way electrical charges travel within cells and the activity of neurotransmitters. An AD brain has fewer nerve cells and synapses than a healthy brain; plaques and abnormal clusters of protein fragments accumulate between nerve cells. The major pathological indicators of AD are the accumulation of amyloid beta plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain. The pathways in our neuron forest are systemically attacked and destroyed by amyloid beta (Aβ): a solitary molecule that evolves into plaque clusters, which block cell-to-cell signalling at synapses. They may also activate immune system cells that result in inflammation and destroy damaged cells.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology February 26th, 2016 Researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have for the first time experimentally demonstrated that copper nanophotonic components can operate successfully in photonic devices – it was previously believed that only gold and silver components have the required properties for this. Copper components are not only just as good as components based on noble metals, but, unlike them, they can easily be implemented in integrated circuits using industry-standard fabrication processes. “This is a kind of revolution – using copper will solve one of the main problems in nanophotonics,” say the authors of the paper. The results have been published in the scientific journal Nano Letters.
Oxford Instruments NanoScience February 15th, 2016 Oxford Instruments is delighted to announce the winner of the 2016 Lee Osheroff Richardson Science Prize as Dr Mohammad Hamidian, Research Associate in the Department of Physics at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA. The Lee Osheroff Richardson Science Prize promotes and recognises the novel work of young scientists working in the fields of low temperatures and/or high magnetic fields in the Americas.
University of Utah February 15th, 2016 University of Utah engineers have discovered a new kind of 2D semiconducting material for electronics that opens the door for much speedier computers and smartphones that also consume a lot less power.
Berkeley Lab February 15th, 2016 In what may provide a potential path to processing information in a quantum computer, researchers have switched an intrinsic property of electrons from an excited state to a relaxed state on demand using a device that served as a microwave “tuning fork.”
National Space Society February 15th, 2016 We, the members of the National Space Society, believe exploring the unknown is one of the things that drives our vision of “people living and working in thriving communities beyond the Earth, and the use of the vast resources of space for the dramatic betterment of humanity.” The recent discovery of gravitational waves by NSS Space Pioneer award recipient Dr. Kip Thorne is another giant leap forward.
Johns Hopkins Medicine February 15th, 2016 While working to improve a tool that measures the pushes and pulls sensed by proteins in living cells, biophysicists at Johns Hopkins say they’ve discovered one reason spiders’ silk is so elastic: Pieces of the silk’s protein threads act like supersprings, stretching to five times their initial length. The investigators say the tool will shed light on many biological events, including the shifting forces between cells during cancer metastasis.
Brown University February 16th, 2016 Imagine a hand-held environmental sensor that can instantly test water for lead, E. coli, and pesticides all at the same time, or a biosensor that can perform a complete blood workup from just a single drop. That’s the promise of nanoscale plasmonic interferometry, a technique that combines nanotechnology with plasmonics–the interaction between electrons in a metal and light.
Harris & Harris Group February 16th, 2016 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY), an investor in transformative companies enabled by disruptive science, announced today that it will be hosting a morning of presentations from three of its portfolio companies, D-Wave Systems, Inc., HZO. Inc., and Metabolon, Inc. on Tuesday, June 7, 2016, at the New York Genome Center, 101 Ave of the Americas, New York, NY 10013, from 8:30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m. Members of management will also present an update on Harris & Harris Group’s corporate strategy. .
UC Riverside February 16th, 2016 The University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering recently announced its partnership with Pearson to create a new online degree program in engineering, with specializations in bioengineering, electrical engineering (power systems), environmental engineering systems (water), materials at the nanoscale and mechanical engineering. The master’s degree program launched in the fall of 2015 and hopes to enroll over 600 new engineering students by 2020.
Haydale Ltd February 16th, 2016 Haydale, a leader in the development of enhanced graphene and nanoparticulate materials, has announced that it has been awarded a number of research grants, totalling £350k, which will help accelerate the development of new products enhanced by the incorporation of functionalised graphene and other nanomaterials.
Tohoku University February 16th, 2016 Graphene is a single-atomic carbon sheet with a hexagonal honeycomb network (Fig. 1). Electrons in graphene take a special electronic state called Dirac-cone where they behave as if they have no mass. This allows them to flow at very high speed, giving graphene a very high level of electrical conductivity.
University of Texas at Arlington February 16th, 2016 University of Texas at Arlington chemists have developed new high-performing materials for cells that harness sunlight to split carbon dioxide and water into useable fuels like methanol and hydrogen gas. These “green fuels” can be used to power cars, home appliances or even to store energy in batteries.
Parvus Therapeutics, Inc. February 17th, 2016 • Nanotechnology Approach Restores Glucose Regulation and Motor Function in In Vivo Preclinical Models of Diabetes and Multiple Sclerosis, Respectively; Joint Swelling and Destruction Resolved in In Vivo Model of Rheumatoid Arthritis • Parvus’ Approach Can Be Tailored to Treat Diverse Diseases
University of Colorado at Boulder February 17th, 2016 University of Colorado Boulder researchers have demonstrated the use of the world’s first ultrafast optical microscope, allowing them to probe and visualize matter at the atomic level with mind-bending speed.
Oxford Instruments NanoScience February 18th, 2016 Oxford Instruments and SPECS Surface Nano Analysis GmbH have entered an agreement whereby Oxford Instruments NanoScience will be the sole distributor of SPECS Nanonis TrameaTM quantum transport measurement system (QTMS) for applications at ultra low temperatures, below 1 Kelvin. Quantum transport measurements are widely used in characterising new materials and devices for emerging quantum technology applications such as quantum information processing (QIP), quantum computing (QC) and quantum sensors. Such devices hold the potential to revolutionise future technology in high performance computing and sensing in the same way that semiconductors and the transistor did over half a century ago.
Fars News Agency February 18th, 2016 Iranian researchers from Amirkabir University of Technology produced nanocomposite membranes that are able to improve performance of fuel cells at high temperature.
Fars News Agency February 18th, 2016 Iranian researchers from Shiraz University in association with their colleagues from South Korea synthesized nanocomposites to be used in the production of sensors to detect toxic gases and gas pollutants, including carbon monoxide.
Universiteit van Amsterdam (UVA) February 18th, 2016 The rearrangement of particles in materials during deformation, such as when a spoon is bent, doesn’t occur independently, but rather resembles highly collective avalanches that span the entire material. This is the conclusion of experimental research conducted by researchers from the University of Amsterdam (UvA) and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The team’s findings, which are published in the latest edition of Nature Communications, offers a new universal theory of deformation.
University of Michigan Health System February 19th, 2016 Researchers at the University of Michigan Kellogg Eye Center have developed a new nanoparticle that uses a tumor cell’s protective mechanism against itself — short-circuiting tumor cell metabolism and killing tumor cells.
RMIT University February 19th, 2016 Researchers at RMIT University and the University of Adelaide have joined forces to create a stretchable nano-scale device to manipulate light.
University of Tsukuba February 6th, 2016 University of Tsukuba Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences Associate Professor Takahiro Kondo and Professor Junji Nakamura, in cooperation with Researcher Donghui Guo and Professor Susumu Okada of the same faculty, have shown from detailed measurements that in atomically flat areas of a nitrogen-doped graphite surface in the absence of external magnetic fields, Landau levels manifest corresponding to super strong magnetic fields of approximately 100 tesla across bilayer graphene.
Berkeley Lab February 6th, 2016 Scientists have for the first time reengineered a building block of a geometric nanocompartment that occurs naturally in bacteria. They introduced a metal binding site to its shell that will allow electrons to be transferred to and from the compartment. This provides an entirely new functionality, greatly expanding the potential of nanocompartments to serve as custom-made chemical factories.
University of Wisconsin-Madison February 7th, 2016 The material at the heart of the lithium ion batteries that power electric vehicles, laptop computers and smartphones has been shown to impair a key soil bacterium, according to new research published online in the journal Chemistry of Materials.
Berkeley Lab February 7th, 2016 Graphene, a material consisting of a single layer of carbon atoms, has been touted as the strongest material known to exist, 200 times stronger than steel, lighter than paper, and with extraordinary mechanical and electrical properties. But can it live up to its promise?
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston February 7th, 2016 Using nanoparticles to engineer a special drug, a team of researchers from McGovern Medical School at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) has demonstrated in pre-clinical trials a new way to both reduce preterm birth and avoid the risks of medication in pregnancy to unborn babies.
American Chemical Society February 7th, 2016 California is committed to 33 percent energy from renewable resources by 2020. With that deadline fast approaching, researchers across the state are busy exploring options. Solar energy is attractive but for widespread adoption, it requires transformation into a storable form. This week in ACS Central Science, researchers report that nanowires made from multiple metal oxides could put solar ahead in this race.
Michigan Technological University February 8th, 2016 The road to more versatile wearable technology is dotted with iron. Specifically, quantum dots of iron arranged on boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). The new material is the subject of a study to be published in Scientific Reports later this week, led by Yoke Khin Yap, a professor of physics at Michigan Technological University.
Purdue University February 8th, 2016 The conversion of allergic pollen grains into carbon microstructures was carried out through a facile, one-step, solid-state pyrolysis process in an inert atmosphere. The as-prepared carbonaceous particles were further air activated at 300 °C and then evaluated as lithium ion battery anodes at room (25 °C) and elevated (50 °C) temperatures. The distinct morphologies of bee pollens and cattail pollens are resembled on the final architecture of produced carbons. Current studies demonstrate that morphologically distinct renewable pollens could produce carbon architectures for anode applications in energy storage devices.
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research February 8th, 2016 Cells of our immune system kill pathogens by enclosing them in a compartment called the phagosome. The phagosome undergoes programmed maturation, where the pathogen is degraded. Intimately linked to this degradation is active transport of the phagosome inside cells by nanoscale “Motor” proteins such as Dynein and Kinesin, which are force generators for many kinds of biological movements.
University of Waterloo February 8th, 2016 New findings from an international collaboration led by Canadian scientists may eventually lead to a theory of how superconductivity initiates at the atomic level, a key step in understanding how to harness the potential of materials that could provide lossless energy storage, levitating trains and ultra-fast supercomputers.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie February 8th, 2016 Sandwich systems of thin film transition metal oxides display surprising properties at their interfaces. In case of the paradigmatic example of Lanthan-Aluminate ( LaAlO3) and Strontium-Titanate (SrTiO3) both materials are insulators and non-magnetic, while their interface has been observed to display ferromagnetism, high electrical conductivity and even superconductivity.
Aalto University February 8th, 2016 What does it sound like when liquids solidify very fast? Researchers from the Centre of Excellence in Computational Nanoscience at Aalto University and their colleagues at Brown University and the University of California, Irvine, have developed a theory that answers this question by combining for the first time the understanding of vibrations in solid material and the solidification of liquid at a microscopic level. The results were published in the renowned scientific publication Physical Review Letters in January.
Brookhaven National Laboratory February 8th, 2016 Scientists at the U.S Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University have discovered a new way to generate very low-resistance electric current in a new class of materials. The discovery, which relies on the separation of right- and left-“handed” particles, points to a range of potential applications in energy, quantum computing, and medical imaging, and possibly even a new mechanism for inducing superconductivity–the ability of some materials to carry current with no energy loss.
Joint Quantum Institute February 8th, 2016 Scientists have created a crystal structure that boosts the interaction between tiny bursts of light and individual electrons, an advance that could be a significant step toward establishing quantum networks in the future.
Institute of Organic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences February 8th, 2016 Joint theoretical and experimental study suggested that graphene sheets efficiently shield chemical interactions. One of the promising applications of this phenomenon is associated with im-proving quality of 2D materials by “de-charging” of charged defect centers on the surface of carbon materials. Another important feature is the ability to control selectivity and activity of the supported metallic catalysts M/C on the carbon substrate.
University of Bath February 8th, 2016 Shining lasers at superconductors can make them work at higher temperatures, suggests new findings from an international team of scientists including the University of Bath.
UT Southwestern Medical Center February 9th, 2016 An experimental nanoparticle therapy that combines low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and fish oil preferentially kills primary liver cancer cells without harming healthy cells, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers report.
Osaka University February 9th, 2016 In the one-dimensional (1D), various exotic phenomena are predicted that are totally different from those in the 3D world in which we live. One of the reasons of this is that particles cannot pass each other in 1D. (Fig. 1, in other words, correlation between electrons plays much more important role than those in 3D)
Carnegie Institution February 9th, 2016 If you freeze any liquid fast enough, even liquid metal, it becomes a glass. Vitrified metals, or metallic glasses, are at the frontier of materials science research. They have been made by rapidly cooling alloys of various metals including, zirconium, palladium, iron, titanium, copper, and magnesium, and used for a variety of applications from making golf clubs to aerospace construction. But much about them remains poorly understood.
SUNY Poly February 9th, 2016 In support of Governor Andrew M. Cuomo’s commitment to maintaining New York State’s global leadership in nanotechnology research and development, SUNY Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly) and GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced the establishment of a new Advanced Patterning and Productivity Center (APPC), which will be located at the Colleges of Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE) in Albany, N.Y.
Max Planck Gesellschaft February 9th, 2016 Superconductors have long been confined to niche applications, due to the fact that the highest temperature at which even the best of these materials becomes resistance-free is minus 70 degrees Celsius. Nowadays they are mainly used in magnets for nuclear magnetic resonance tomographs, fusion devices and particle accelerators. Physicists from the Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter at the Center for Free-Electron Laser Science (CFEL) in Hamburg shone laser pulses at a material made up from potassium atoms and carbon atoms arranged in bucky ball structures. For a small fraction of a second, they found it to become superconducting at more than 100 degrees Kelvin – around minus 170 degrees Celsius.
University of Alberta February 10th, 2016 An engineering research team at the University of Alberta has invented a new transistor that could revolutionize thin-film electronic devices.
Arizona State University February 10th, 2016 Living systems rely on a dizzying variety of chemical reactions essential to development and survival. Most of these involve a specialized class of protein molecules–the enzymes.
Argonne National Laboratory February 10th, 2016 Just as a photographer needs a camera with a split-second shutter speed to capture rapid motion, scientists looking at the behavior of tiny materials need special instruments with the capacity to see changes that happen in the blink of an eye.
Haydale Ltd February 10th, 2016 Haydale Composite Solutions Ltd has commissioned a composite pipe testing facility with the support of Leicester City Council, Leicester and Leicestershire Enterprise Partnership (LLEP)**, the Regional Growth Fund and European Regional Development Fund .
Cima NanoTech February 11th, 2016 Cima NanoTech, a developer and manufacturer of transparent conductive film solutions, is showcasing industry leading interactive touch screen products enabled by its SANTE® ProTouch™ module for the first time in Europe at ISE 2016. Backed by proven customer traction in the US and Asia, with touch screen displays enabled by SANTE ProTouch modules already out in the market, the company is increasing its footprint in Europe. Products on show include an interactive touch screen embedded in a coffee table as well as devices from customers such as Anoto, a global leader in digital writing and drawing solutions, and faytech, a German developer of industrial touch screens.
American Association for the Advancement of Science February 11th, 2016 In one of the first efforts to date to apply nanotechnology to targeted cancer therapeutics, researchers have created a nanoparticle formulation of a cancer drug that is both effective and nontoxic — qualities harder to achieve with the free drug.
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory February 11th, 2016 Often the most difficult step in taking atomic-resolution images of biological molecules is getting them to form high-quality crystals needed for X-ray studies of their structure. Now researchers have shown they can get sharp images even with imperfect crystals using the world’s brightest X-ray source at the Department of Energy’s SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.
American Chemical Society February 11th, 2016 From dot-matrix to 3-D, printing technology has come a long way in 40 years. But all of these technologies have created hues by using dye inks, which can be taxing on the environment. Now a team reports in ACS Nano the development of a colorless, non-toxic ink for use in inkjet printers. Instead of relying on dyes, the team exploits the nanostructure of this ink to create color on a page with inkjet printing.
American Chemical Society February 11th, 2016 The growing popularity of battery-powered cars could help reduce greenhouse gas emissions, but they are not entirely Earth friendly. Problems can creep in when these batteries are disposed of. Scientists, in a new study in ACS’ journal Chemistry of Materials, are reporting that compounds increasingly used in lithium-ion batteries are toxic to a type of soil-dwelling bacteria that plays an important environmental role.
The New Economy February 11th, 2016 A group of Canadian scientists is creating one of the most groundbreaking tests for the Zika virus infection yet.
National Space Society February 11th, 2016 The National Space Society pays tribute to Dr. Marvin Minsky, a pioneer of artificial intelligence, who served as a long-time member of the NSS Board of Governors, and was involved in the original merger of the L5 Society and the National Space Institute to create the National Space Society. Dr. Minsky was very involved in early NSS activities and was part of many NSS space policy projects such as the 1981 “Citizens Advisory Council on National Space Policy.” He attended Board of Governors meetings and participated in NSS’s annual International Space Development Conference.® He died on January 14 in Boston from a cerebral hemorrhage. He was 88 years old.
Drexel University February 11th, 2016 After more than half a decade of speculation, fabrication, modeling and testing, an international team of researchers led by Drexel University’s Dr. Yury Gogotsi and Dr. Patrice Simon, of Paul Sabatier University in Toulouse, France, have confirmed that their process for making carbon films and micro-supercapacitors will allow microchips and their power sources to become one and the same.
Technical University of Munich (TUM) February 12th, 2016 Physicists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have developed a nanolaser, a thousand times thinner than a human hair. Thanks to an ingenious process, the nanowire lasers grow right on a silicon chip, making it possible to produce high-performance photonic components cost-effectively. This will pave the way for fast and efficient data processing with light in the future.
Fars News Agency February 12th, 2016 Iranian researchers from University of Zanjan produced polymeric nanofibers with optimized diameter and mechanical properties.
Fars News Agency February 12th, 2016 Iranian researchers produced nanoparticles with antibacterial properties, which have desirable performance in the presence of various types of bacteria.
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard February 12th, 2016 The ability to control the transfer of molecules through cellular membranes is an important function in synthetic biology; a new study from researchers at Harvard’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering and Harvard Medical School (HMS) introduces a novel mechanical method for controlling release of molecules inside cells.
Berkeley Lab February 12th, 2016 The nanowires, with diameters as small as 200 nanometers (billionths of a meter) and a blend of materials that has also proven effective in next-generation solar cell designs, were shown to produce very bright, stable laser light. Researchers say the excellent performance of these tiny lasers is promising for the field of optoelectronics, which is focused on combining electronics and light to transmit data, among other applications.
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences February 12th, 2016 Graphene is going to change the world — or so we’ve been told. Since its discovery a decade ago, scientists and tech gurus have hailed graphene as the wonder material that could replace silicon in electronics, increase the efficiency of batteries, the durability and conductivity of touch screens and pave the way for cheap thermal electric energy, among many other things.
Brookhaven National Laboratory February 12th, 2016 Graphene, the two-dimensional powerhouse, packs extreme durability, electrical conductivity, and transparency into a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon. Despite being heralded as a breakthrough “wonder material,” graphene has been slow to leap into commercial and industrial products and processes.
Rice University January 30th, 2016 In a surprising find, physicists from the United States, Germany and China have discovered that nuclear effects help bring about superconductivity in ytterbium dirhodium disilicide (YRS), one of the most-studied materials in a class of quantum critical compounds known as “heavy fermions.”
Umeå University January 30th, 2016 A research team at Umeå University in Sweden has showed, for the first time, that a very efficient vertical charge transport in semiconducting polymers is possible by controlled chain and crystallite orientation. These pioneering results, which enhance charge transport in polymers by more than 1,000 times, have implications for organic opto-electronic devices and were recently published in the journal Advanced Materials.
Pohang University of Science and Technology January 30th, 2016 Along with the fast development of modern information technology, charge-based memories, such as DRAM and flash memory, are being aggressively scaled down to meet the current trend of small size devices. A memory device with high density, faster speed, and low power consumption is desired to satisfy Moore’s law in the next few decades. Among the candidates of next-generation memory devices, cross-bar-shaped non-volatile resistive memory (memristor) is one of the most attractive solutions for its non-volatility, faster access speed, ultra-high density and easier fabrication process.
Northwestern University January 30th, 2016 Imagine a polymer with removable parts that can deliver something to the environment and then be chemically regenerated to function again. Or a polymer that can lift weights, contracting and expanding the way muscles do.
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory January 30th, 2016 Scientists have been trying for years to make a practical lithium-ion battery anode out of silicon, which could store 10 times more energy per charge than today’s commercial anodes and make high-performance batteries a lot smaller and lighter. But two major problems have stood in the way: Silicon particles swell, crack and shatter during battery charging, and they react with the battery electrolyte to form a coating that saps their performance.
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. January 31st, 2016 The complement system, the human body’s first line of defense against blood-borne intruders, is blamed for infusion-related reactions to nanomedicines, but the conventional models used to predict the risk of cardiopulmonary side effects in response to nanopharmaceuticals might not well represent what actually occurs in humans, according to an article in Nucleic Acid Therapeutics, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. The article is available free for download on the Nucleic Acid Therapeutics website until March 1, 2016.
University of Cambridge January 31st, 2016 Researchers have successfully demonstrated how it is possible to interface graphene – a two-dimensional form of carbon – with neurons, or nerve cells, while maintaining the integrity of these vital cells. The work may be used to build graphene-based electrodes that can safely be implanted in the brain, offering promise for the restoration of sensory functions for amputee or paralysed patients, or for individuals with motor disorders such as epilepsy or Parkinson’s disease.
investingnews.com February 1st, 2016 Israel has already established itself as a key player in the cybersecurity, networking, social media and telecommunications sectors. But did you know that Israel is also a hotbed for nanotechnology research and development? Israel has the third-largest concentration of nanotechnology startup companies, surpassed only by California’s Silicon Valley and Boston’s technology corridor. Overall, the country has around 80 companies both large and small working in its nanotech sector.
University of Wisconsin-Madison February 1st, 2016 After six years of painstaking effort, a group of University of Wisconsin-Madison materials scientists believe the tiny sheets of the semiconductor zinc oxide they’re growing could have huge implications for the future of a host of electronic and biomedical devices.
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) February 1st, 2016 A team of Korean researchers, affiliated with UNIST has recently pioneered in developing a new simple nanowire manufacturing technique that uses self-catalytic growth process assisted by thermal decomposition of natural gas. According to the research team, this method is simple, reproducible, size-controllable, and cost-effective in that lithium-ion batteries could also benefit from it.
National University of Singapore February 1st, 2016 Researchers at the National University of Singapore (NUS) and Yale-NUS College have established the mechanisms for spin motion in molybdenum disulfide, an emerging two-dimensional (2D) material. Their discovery resolves a research question on the properties of electron spin in single layers of 2D materials, and paves the way for the next generation of spintronics and low-power devices. The work was published online in the journal Physical Review Letters on 29 January 2016.
Cornell University February 1st, 2016 Building on nearly two decades’ worth of research, a multidisciplinary team at Cornell has blazed a new trail by creating a self-assembled, three-dimensional gyroidal superconductor.
Purdue University February 1st, 2016 The ideal material for nanophotonic applications will have a large refractive index at optical frequencies, respond to both the electric and magnetic fields of light, support large optical chirality and anisotropy, confine and guide light at the nanoscale, and be able to modify the phase and amplitude of incoming radiation in a fraction of a wavelength.
Aalto University February 1st, 2016 Scientists at Aalto University, Finland, have made a breakthrough in physics. They succeeded in transporting heat maximally effectively ten thousand times further than ever before. The discovery may lead to a giant leap in the development of quantum computers.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf February 1st, 2016 The success story of information processing by way of moving electrons is slowly coming to an end. The trend towards more and more compact chips constitutes a major challenge for manufacturers, since the increasing miniaturization creates partly unsolvable physical problems. This is why magnetic spin waves could be the future: they are faster than electronic charge carriers and use less power. Researchers at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) and TU Dresden have developed a method for controlling the propagation of these information carriers at the nanolevel in a targeted and simple way; so far, this required a lot of power. They have thus created a basis for nanocircuits that use spin waves.
Center for Advancing Innovation February 1st, 2016 The National Cancer Institute and Center for Advancing Innovation are sponsoring a challenge to accelerate translation and commercialization of nanomedicines. The Challenge is open to the public and asks entrants to form teams to develop a business plan around cancer nanotechnology inventions. These inventions can originate from an intramural NIH program or can be brought forward by the entering team. Details on the challenge can be found at www.nscsquared.org.
ETH Zurich February 1st, 2016 The quantity of data exchanged via communications networks around the globe is growing at a breathtaking rate. The volume of data for wired and mobile communications is currently increasing by 23% and 57% respectively every year. It is impossible to predict when this growth will end. This also means that all network components must constantly be made more efficient.
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) February 2nd, 2016 The end of Moore’s Law — the prediction that transistor density would double every two years — was one of the hottest topics in electronics-related discussions in 2015. Silicon-based technologies have nearly reached the physical limits of the number and size of transistors that can be crammed into one chip, but alternative technologies are still far from mass implementation. The amount of heat generated during operation and the sizes of atoms and molecules in materials used in transistor manufacturing are some of problems that need to be solved for Moore’s Law to make a comeback.
Goethe University Frankfurt February 2nd, 2016 Researchers at the Goethe University have discovered an important mechanism for superconductivity in a metallic compound containing ytterbium, rhodium and silicon. As reported by Cornelius Krellner and his colleagues in the current edition of the Science journal, the underlying concept of the quantum-critical point has long been discussed as a possible mechanism for high-temperature superconductivity. Confirming this in YbRh2Si2 after 10 years of extensive research is thus a milestone in basic research. Due to its extremely low transition temperature of two-thousandths of a degree above absolute zero, the material will have no practical relevance.
Vienna University of Technology February 2nd, 2016 When cold milk is poured into a hot cup of tea, a temperature equilibrium is reached very quickly. The milk droplets and the tea particles interact, and after a few moments they all have the same average energy. This process is called thermalization. It plays a crucial role in cooling down gases to ultra-low temperatures. But surprisingly, even gases for which this effect is suppressed can be cooled. Scientists at TU Wien (Vienna) took a closer look at this phenomenon and found a special quantum-mechanical kind of cooling at work.
CRISPR/Cas9 therapeutic for tyrosinemai type I delivered to mice: AAV and lipid nanoparticles used to deliver CRISPR/Cas9 formulation capable of repairing genetic disease in animal models
University of Massachusetts Medical School February 2nd, 2016 University of Massachusetts Medical School researchers have found a way to more efficiently delivery a CRISPR/Cas9 therapeutic to adult mice with the metabolic disease Tyrosinemia type I that may also prove to be safer for use in humans. A study published in Nature Biotechnology shows that administering the treatment by combining two delivery mechanisms already in clinical trials for other diseases led to correction of the mutated gene that causes the rare liver disorder in 6 percent of liver cells — enough to effectively cure the disease in mice.
Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine February 2nd, 2016 Using nanoparticles to engineer a special drug, a team of researchers has demonstrated in mice a new way to both reduce preterm birth and avoid the risks of medication in pregnancy to unborn babies.
National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (NNCO) February 2nd, 2016 he National Nanotechnology Coordination Office (NNCO) and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) are asking for examples of commercialization success stories arising from Federal investments in nanotechnology research & development since the inception of the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) in 2001. Under the NNI, the U.S. Government has invested more than $22 billion in fundamental and applied research in nanotechnology, the development of world-class user facilities for fabrication, characterization and modeling/simulation, and in the responsible development of nanotechnology. The formal Request for Information (RFI) can be found in today’s Federal Register; its purpose is to gather information to better understand how these investments and resources have been utilized in the successful transition of nanotechnology-based products from the lab to market.
College of DuPage February 2nd, 2016 Having successfully defended her Ph.D. in Physics at Harvard this past May, the former College of DuPage student is working as a member of the university’s Park Research Group, led by renowned Professor Hongkun Park. The team focuses on researching nanometer-sized materials — such as nano-diamonds, which are not visible to the naked eye — in hopes of developing and building devices that work with cell networks. These devices eventually could be implemented in multiple ways, such as multiplexed brain functional sensing and high-throughput pharmaceutical screening.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) February 3rd, 2016 KIT scientists now present the smallest lattice structure made by man in the Nature Materials journal. Its struts and braces are made of glassy carbon and are less than 1 µm long and 200 nm in diameter. They are smaller than comparable metamaterials by a factor of 5. The small dimension results in so far unreached ratios of strength to density. Applications as electrodes, filters or optical components might be possible. (DOI: 10.1038/nmat4561)
Harris & Harris Group February 3rd, 2016 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY), an investor in transformative companies enabled by disruptive science, notes the announcement by its portfolio company, Magic Leap, of the close of $793.5 million of new funding led by Alibaba Group.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology February 3rd, 2016 Researchers from the General Physics Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (GPI RAS) and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have developed a new biosensor test system based on magnetic nanoparticles. It is designed to provide highly accurate measurements of the concentration of protein molecules (e.g. markers, which indicate the onset or development of a disease) in various samples, including opaque solutions or strongly coloured liquids.
University of York February 3rd, 2016 Scientists at the Universities of York and Torino have used mathematics as a tool to provide precise details of the structure of protein nanoparticles, potentially making them more useful in vaccine design.
Berkeley Lab February 4th, 2016 The observation in a ferroelectric material of “polar vortices” that appear to be the electrical cousins of magnetic skyrmions holds intriguing possibilities for advanced electronic devices. These polar vortices, which were theoretically predicted more than a decade ago, could also “rewrite our basic understanding of ferroelectrics” according to the researchers who observed them.
Fars News Agency February 4th, 2016 Researchers from Iran and Malaysia designed a nanostructure based on carbon nanotubes with antibacterial properties to be used in public places, specially hospitals and clinics.
Fars News Agency February 4th, 2016 Iranian researchers studied the effect of a type of nanoparticle on protection of reproduction and fertility system in cancer-suffering animal samples.
Nanotech Security Corp. February 4th, 2016 Nanotech Security Corp. (TSX VENTURE: NTS)(OTCQX: NTSFF), today announced that Chief Technology Officer Clint Landrock will present on the Company’s advancements in using novel nanostructures for the creation of unique effects in optical variable devices at the Optical Document Security (ODS) Conference on Thursday, February 11, 2016 at the Parc 55 Hotel in San Francisco, California. Nanotech’s presentation is scheduled to begin at 4:15pm PDT.
PEN Inc. February 4th, 2016 PEN Inc. (OTCQB: PENC) (OTCQB: PENCD) (“PEN” or “the Company”), a global leader in developing, commercializing and marketing consumer and industrial products enabled by nanotechnology, today announced plans to expand the Clarity® branded optical products business by introducing new product categories, innovative new products, and by expanding distribution channels.
Washington University in St. Louis February 4th, 2016 Engineers at Washington University in St. Louis found a way to keep a cancerous tumor from growing by using nanoparticles of the main ingredient in common antacid tablets.
Brookhaven National Laboratory February 4th, 2016 Using bundled strands of DNA to build Tinkertoy-like tetrahedral cages, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have devised a way to trap and arrange nanoparticles in a way that mimics the crystalline structure of diamond. The achievement of this complex yet elegant arrangement, as described in a paper published February 5, 2016, in Science, may open a path to new materials that take advantage of the optical and mechanical properties of this crystalline structure for applications such as optical transistors, color-changing materials, and lightweight yet tough materials.
University at Buffalo February 4th, 2016 Phosphine is one of the newest materials to be named a superconductor, a material through which electricity can flow with zero resistance.
North Carolina State University February 5th, 2016 Researchers at North Carolina State University have discovered a new phase of the material boron nitride (Q-BN), which has potential applications for both manufacturing tools and electronic displays. The researchers have also developed a new technique for creating cubic boron nitride (c-BN) at ambient temperatures and air pressure, which has a suite of applications, including the development of advanced power grid technologies.
Lomonosov Moscow State University February 5th, 2016 Scientists from the Faculty of Physics of the Moscow State University have grown organic semiconductor crystals which can reduce the cost of the process of creating light, flexible and transparent light-emitting electronic devices of the new generation.
University of California, Davis February 5th, 2016 UC Davis researchers have developed a way to use the empty shell of a Hepatitis E virus to carry vaccines or drugs into the body. The technique has been tested in rodents as a way to target breast cancer, and is available for commercial licensing through UC Davis Office of Research.
Rockefeller University February 5th, 2016 With over half the U.S. population infected, most people are familiar with the pesky cold sore outbreaks caused by the herpes virus. The virus outsmarts the immune system by interfering with the process that normally allows immune cells to recognize and destroy foreign invaders. How exactly the herpes simplex 1 virus pulls off its nifty scheme has long been elusive to scientists.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology January 23rd, 2016 Since the 1960s, computer chips have been built using a process called photolithography. But in the past five years, chip features have gotten smaller than the wavelength of light, which has required some ingenious modifications of photolithographic processes. Keeping up the rate of circuit miniaturization that we’ve come to expect — as predicted by Moore’s Law — will eventually require new manufacturing techniques.
Fars News Agency January 23rd, 2016 Iranian researchers increased the quality of blue light LEDs by using nanostructures in a new study the results of which can be applied in optical electronics and military industries.
Fars News Agency January 23rd, 2016 Iranian researchers produced special nanostructured coatings that can be used in aircraft bodies to protect them against heat.
Elhuyar Fundazioa January 23rd, 2016 The engineer Aitor Urrutia has received his PhD with these devices that combine nanotechnology and fibre optics for use in hospitals or on industrial premises.
Rice University January 23rd, 2016 Amid all the fancy equipment found in a typical nanomaterials lab, one of the most useful may turn out to be the humble microwave oven.
Berkeley Lab January 24th, 2016 To understand what goes on inside a beehive you can’t just study the activity of a single bee. Likewise, to understand the photosynthetic light-harvesting that takes place inside the chloroplast of a leaf, you can’t just study the activity of a single antenna protein. Researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California (UC) Berkeley have created the first computational model that simulates the light-harvesting activity of the thousands of antenna proteins that would be interacting in the chloroplast of an actual leaf. The results from this model point the way to improving the yields of food and fuel crops, and developing artificial photosynthesis technologies for next generation solar energy systems.
Berkeley Lab January 24th, 2016 There are many different ways to make nanomaterials but weaving, the oldest and most enduring method of making fabrics, has not been one of them – until now. An international collaboration led by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the University of California (UC) Berkeley, has woven the first three-dimensional covalent organic frameworks (COFs) from helical organic threads. The woven COFs display significant advantages in structural flexibility, resiliency and reversibility over previous COFs – materials that are highly prized for their potential to capture and store carbon dioxide then convert it into valuable chemical products.
National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) January 24th, 2016 Researchers at the National Institute for Materials Science — Han Zhang, Senior Researcher, Spin Characterization Group, and Jie Tang, Group Leader of the One-Dimensional Nanomaterials Group, Materials Processing Unit, and collaborators developed technology to fabricate lanthanum hexaboride (LaB6) single-crystal nanowires with clean surface, a promising cold field-emission electron source for electron microscopes and other devices, and thereby improved the performance and stability of the electron source. Furthermore, by installing the new electron source into a scanning electron microscope, they successfully obtained high-resolution images, demonstrating that the electron source can actually serve as a source of ultra-bright electron beams for electron microscopes.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology January 25th, 2016 From gene mapping to space exploration, humanity continues to generate ever-larger sets of data — far more information than people can actually process, manage, or understand.
Fars News Agency January 25th, 2016 Iranian researchers produced laboratorial samples of scaffolds made of nanofibers which have been designed to produce effective cells from stem cells to cure diseases, including diabetes and liver diseases.
University o Tokyo January 25th, 2016 Healthcare practitioners may one day be able to physically screen for breast cancer using pressure-sensitive rubber gloves to detect tumors, owing to a transparent, bendable and sensitive pressure sensor newly developed by Japanese and American teams.
Rice University January 25th, 2016 A thin coating of graphene nanoribbons in epoxy developed at Rice University has proven effective at melting ice on a helicopter blade.
ETH Zurich January 25th, 2016 In November 2015, Brazil experienced an unparalleled environmental disaster. When two dams broke at an iron ore mine, a poisonous cocktail of heavy metals was sent pouring into the Rio Doce, reaching the Atlantic some days later. The consequences were devastating for nature and humans alike: countless fish, birds and animals died, and a quarter of a million people were left without drinking water.
Deep Space Industries (DSI) January 25th, 2016 The world’s first demonstration of autonomous spacecraft maneuvering was recently completed by Silicon Valley-based Deep Space Industries (DSI) and the Space Flight Laboratory (SFL) of Toronto, Canada. Using their highly-successful CanX-4 and CanX-5 pair of nanosatellites, SFL operators executed a DSI-defined experiment on-orbit, in which the world’s first spacecraft-to-spacecraft orbit maneuver was commanded by one satellite and executed by the other.
FLEXcon January 25th, 2016 FLEXcon, an innovator in adhesive coating and laminating, hosted a New England Nanotechnology Association (NENA) event to discuss the newest industry developments and to share information regarding safety initiatives.
CEA Leti January 25th, 2016 Leti will host a workshop from 4-6 p.m. on Tuesday, Feb. 16, during SPIE Photonics West, focusing on some of its recent developments in photonics applications. Leti researchers also will present four invited papers, 14 overall, during the Feb. 13-18 conference in San Francisco’s Moscone Center.
NBCUniversal News Group January 25th, 2016 How can some things be so small, and yet so significant? A new video series produced by NBC Learn, the educational arm of the NBCUniversal News Group, in partnership with the National Science Foundation, sheds light on this question. “Nanotechnology: Super Small Science” features a dozen world-class American researchers, including quantum physicist and National Medal of Science winner Paul Alivisatos. This six-part series shows viewers how atoms and molecules that are thousands of times smaller than the width of a human hair can be used to create technology for the future.
RIKEN January 26th, 2016 A collaboration of scientists from the RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Osaka University, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency, and the Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute have published research clarifying the role of magnetism in a new type of high-temperature superconductor. The research, just published as a Rapid Communication in Physical Review B, gives us a better understanding of the atomic-scale behavior of these materials. Physicists hope that, by understanding how these materials superconduct at relatively high temperature, they can eventually learn enough to make materials that superconduct close to room temperature.
North Carolina State University January 26th, 2016 Biomedical engineering researchers have developed a technique for creating microscopic “depots” for trapping drugs inside cancer tumors. In an animal model, these drug depots were 10 times more effective at shrinking tumors than the use of the same drugs without the depots.
Penn State January 26th, 2016 Acoustic tweezers that can move single cells in three dimensions using surface acoustic waves without touching, deforming or labeling the cells are possible, according to a team of engineers.
National Nanotechnology Coordination Office January 26th, 2016 As highlighted in the White House blog today, the National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with NBC Learn, has launched Nanotechnology: Super Small Science, a series of videos for middle and high school students. This video series features six areas where nanotechnology has a significant impact, including advanced electronics, renewable energy, and human health. The content, which was developed for classroom use, will reach a potential audience of 9 million students across the country. Highlights will also be shared with the more than 200 NBC affiliate stations for use in news segments. The videos are also available through NSF’s Science360 website and Nano.gov.
Digital Surf January 26th, 2016 The Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) is widely used in various fields of industry and science because it is one of the most versatile imaging and measurement instruments. SEMs allow users to see details 1,000 times smaller than a conventional microscope.
QD Vision, Inc. January 26th, 2016 QD Vision, the global leader in quantum dot display technology, today announced it was named to the 2015 Global Cleantech 100 Under the Radar list, produced by Cleantech Group.
UT Southwestern Medical Center January 26th, 2016 UT Southwestern Medical Center chemists have successfully used synthetic nanoparticles to deliver tumor-suppressing therapies to diseased livers with cancer, an important hurdle scientists have been struggling to conquer.
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences January 27th, 2016 What if you could make any object out of a flat sheet of paper? That future is on the horizon thanks to new research by L. Mahadevan, the Lola England de Valpine Professor of Applied Mathematics, Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, and Physics at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS). He is also a core faculty member of the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, and member of the Kavli Institute for Bionano Science and Technology, at Harvard University.
UCLA January 27th, 2016 The development is significant because digital imagery has led to many advances in microscopy, but digital microscopic imaging can sometimes result in blurry, pixelated images.
Therapeutic Solutions International, Inc. January 27th, 2016 Therapeutic Solutions International, Inc., (OTC PINK: TSOI) announced today the signing of an exclusive intellectual property license agreement with Gustave Roussy Transfert of Villejuif, France for an issued U.S. patent covering the clinically tested “Dexosome” cancer immunotherapy product.
PEN Inc. January 27th, 2016 PEN Inc. (OTCQB: PENC) (OTCQB: PENCD) (“PEN” or “the Company”), a global leader in developing, commercializing and marketing enhanced performance products enabled by nanotechnology, today announced a 1-for-180 reverse split of its issued and outstanding shares of common stock.
i-minerals inc. January 27th, 2016 I-Minerals Inc. (TSX VENTURE: IMA) (OTCQX: IMAHF) (the “Company”) announces it has received a market study report from Roskill Consulting Group Ltd. (the “Roskill Report”) that generally validates pricing of quartz, potassium feldspar (“K-spar”), metakaolin and halloysite as used in the Company’s 2014 Pre-Feasibility Study and this data verification together with Letters of Interest from customers will be the basis for mineral pricing in the full Feasibility Study being completed by GBM. Information in the Roskill Report was taken from the landscaping study carried out by Charles River Associates, an independent study by DURTEC, the Roskill database and trade analysis, and marketing data from I-Minerals including interviews, meetings and background information from clients.
Tesla NanoCoatings January 27th, 2016 Tesla NanoCoatings, the world leader in nanotechnology for corrosion protection, announced a significant addition to its team. Joseph Davis has joined as vice president-sales engineering.
nPoint Inc. January 28th, 2016 The LC.300 Series Piezo Controller is the latest addition to nPoint’s nanopositioning electronics. This new closed-loop controller is designed to address OEM applications that benefit from speed, precision, and flexibility but do not require the advanced feature set of the LC.400 Piezo Controller.
Vienna University of Technology January 28th, 2016 Quantum systems are extremely hard to analyse if they consist of more than just a few parts. It is not difficult to calculate a single hydrogen atom, but in order to describe an atom cloud of several thousand atoms, it is usually necessary to use rough approximations. The reason for this is that quantum particles are connected to each other and cannot be described separately. Kaspar Sakmann (TU Wien, Vienna) and Mark Kasevich (Stanford, USA) have now shown in an article published in Nature Physics that this problem can be overcome. They succeeded in calculating effects in ultra-cold atom clouds which can only be explained in terms of the quantum correlations between many atoms. Such atom clouds are known as Bose-Einstein condensates and are an active field of research.
American Chemical Society January 28th, 2016 A great childhood pleasure is playing with Legos® and marveling at the variety of structures you can create from a small number of basic elements. Such control and variety of superstructures is a goal of polymer chemists, but it is hard to regulate their specific size and how the pieces fit together. This week in ACS Central Science, researchers report a simple system to make different nano-architectures with precision.
Fars News Agency January 28th, 2016 Iranian and Singaporean researchers applied an industrial, cost-effective and simple method to boost the efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells to convert solar energy into electrical one by creating nanometric changes in cell structures.
Fars News Agency January 28th, 2016 Environmental preservation is today one of the greatest concerns of scientists in all scientific aspects.
Institute for Basic Science January 28th, 2016 The Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics (CINAP) within IBS has reported results correlating the flake merging angle with grain boundary (GBs) properties, and proven that increasing the merging angle of GBs drastically improves the flow of electrons. This correlates to an increase in the carrier mobility from less than 1 cm2V-1s-1 for small angles, to 16cm2 V-1s-1 for angles greater than 20°. The paper, entitled, ‘Misorientation-angle-dependent electrical transport across molybdenum disulfide grain boundaries’ is published in the journal Nature Communications.
Science China Press January 28th, 2016 Organic/polymer solar cells represent the most important direction for green energy in the future. Fullerene electron acceptors have been widely used in organic/polymer solar cells as well as perovskite solar cells. A recent study reveals that the photovoltaic performance can be influenced by fullerene stereomer, implies that the stereomeric effect should be envisaged if new fullerene derivative was designed as electron acceptor.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology January 28th, 2016 Scientists from the Kurchatov Institute, MIPT, the University of Parma (Italy), Moscow State University, and Saint Petersburg State University have created a neural network based on polymeric memristors – devices that can potentially be used to build fundamentally new computers. According to the researchers, these developments will primarily help in creating systems for machine vision, hearing, and other sensory organs, and also intelligent control systems for various devices, including autonomous robots.
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd January 28th, 2016 The first ever measurement of the temperature of electrons in a nanoelectronic device a few thousandths of a degree above absolute zero was demonstrated in a joint research project performed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd, Lancaster University, and Aivon Ltd. The team managed to make the electrons in a circuit on a silicon chip colder than had previously been achieved.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie January 28th, 2016 Fuel cells convert the chemical energy stored in hydrogen (H2) into electrical energy by electrochemically “combusting” hydrogen gas with oxygen (O2) from the air into water (H2O), thereby generating electricity. As a result, future electric automobiles might be operated quite well with fuel cells instead of with heavy batteries. But for “cold” combustion of hydrogen and oxygen to function well, the anode and cathode of the fuel cell must be coated with extremely active catalysts. The problem is that the platinum-based catalysts employed for this contribute about 25 per cent of the total fuel-cell costs.
Rice University January 28th, 2016 Common coaxial cables could be made 50 percent lighter with a new nanotube-based outer conductor developed by Rice University scientists.
University of Illinois College of Engineering January 29th, 2016 Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have developed a simplified approach to fabricating flat, ultra-thin optics. The new approach enables simple etching without the use of acids or hazardous chemical etching agents.
Berkeley Lab January 29th, 2016 An international research team has simplified the steps to create highly efficient silicon solar cells by applying a new mix of materials to a standard design. Arrays of solar cells are used in solar panels to convert sunlight to electricity.
American Chemical Society January 29th, 2016 Implantable electronics that can deliver drugs, monitor vital signs and perform other health-related roles are on the horizon. But finding a way to power them remains a challenge. Now scientists have built a flexible nanogenerator out of cellulose, an abundant natural material, that could potentially harvest energy from the body — its heartbeats, blood flow and other almost imperceptible but constant movements. Their report appears in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.
Rice University January 29th, 2016 Blood serum proteins have been observed combining one-to-one with gold nanoparticles and prompting them to aggregate, scientists at Rice University reported.
University of Michigan January 16th, 2016 Scientists at the University of Michigan have developed a polymer sphere that delivers a molecule to bone wounds that tells cells already at the injury site to repair the damage.
University of Nottingham January 16th, 2016 If you haven’t already heard of antiferromagnetic spintronics it won’t be long before you do. This relatively unused class of magnetic materials could be about to transform our digital lives. They have the potential to make our devices smaller, faster, more robust and increase their energy efficiency.
University of Kent January 17th, 2016 Scientists at the University of Kent have led a study that has developed a ‘nanoprobe’, a tenth of the size of a human hair, to help uncover more of the secrets of DNA.
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill January 17th, 2016 The cancer drug paclitaxel just got more effective. For the first time, researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have packaged it in containers derived from a patient’s own immune system, protecting the drug from being destroyed by the body’s own defenses and bringing the entire payload to the tumor.
The University of Texas at Austin January 18th, 2016 Researchers in the Cockrell School of Engineering at The University of Texas at Austin have solved a problem in micro- and nanofabrication — how to quickly, gently and precisely handle tiny particles — that will allow researchers to more easily build tiny machines, biomedical sensors, optical computers, solar panels and other devices.
Scripps Research Institute January 18th, 2016 Chemists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have devised a new and widely applicable technique for building potential drug molecules and other organic compounds.
University of Michigan January 18th, 2016 A thin, stretchable film that coils light waves like a Slinky could one day lead to more precise, less expensive monitoring for cancer survivors.
Ohio State University January 18th, 2016 Tracking the path of chemotherapy drugs in real time and at a cellular level could revolutionize cancer care and help doctors sort out why two patients might respond differently to the same treatment.
University of Delaware January 18th, 2016 “Planes, Trains and Automobiles” is a popular comedy from the 1980s, but there’s nothing funny about the amount of energy consumed by our nation’s transportation sector.
American Institute of Physics January 18th, 2016 As we continue to shrink electronic components, top-down manufacturing methods begin to approach a physical limit at the nanoscale. Rather than continue to chip away at this limit, one solution of interest involves using the bottom-up self-assembly of molecular building blocks to build nanoscale devices.
University of Colorado at Boulder January 19th, 2016 In the ever-escalating evolutionary battle with drug-resistant bacteria, humans may soon have a leg up thanks to adaptive, light-activated nanotherapy developed by researchers at the University of Colorado Boulder.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) January 19th, 2016 Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have simulated a new concept for rapid, accurate gene sequencing by pulling a DNA molecule through a tiny, chemically activated hole in graphene–an ultrathin sheet of carbon atoms–and detecting changes in electrical current.
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität January 19th, 2016 Materials scientists at FAU have shown for the first time that the mother-of-pearl in clam shells does not form in a crystallisation process but is a result of the aggregation of nanoparticles within an organic matrix. This could lead to a better understanding of the structure of biomaterials which may be useful in the development of new high-performance ceramics. The findings of the research group led by Prof. Dr. Stephan E. Wolf have been published in the latest issue of the renowned journal Nature Communications (doi: 10.1038/ncomms10097).
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität January 19th, 2016 An international, interdisciplinary team of researchers is developing highly porous biomaterials for localised release of therapeutic ions and drugs in the MOZART project which has received 4.65 million euros in funding. Materials scientist Prof. Dr. Aldo R. Boccaccini is head of the team of researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), one of the project’s academic partners. MOZART is being funded by Horizon 2020, the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation.
Friedrich-Alexander-Universität January 19th, 2016 Superalloys – materials made of a combination of nickel, aluminium and other elements such as rhenium – are essential for manufacturing turbine blades in jet engines, for example. They ensure that the turbines remain stable even at extremely high temperatures close to their melting point – crucial under the immense strain caused by centrifugal force. For this reason, materials scientists are constantly working on making superalloys even better. A team of researchers at FAU led by Prof. Dr. Erik Bitzek has now succeeded in reconstructing the atomic structure of a nickel-based superalloy so exactly using computer simulations that the simulations are able to reproduce and explain the actual deformation process in the real material structure. Until now, researchers have only ever been able to work with idealised structures in their simulations.
UCLA January 19th, 2016 Gardeners often use sheets of plastic with strategically placed holes to allow their plants to grow but keep weeds from taking root. Scientists from UCLA’s California NanoSystems Institute have found that the same basic approach is an effective way to place molecules in the specific patterns they need within tiny nanoelectronic devices. The technique could be useful in creating sensors that are small enough to record brain signals.
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign January 19th, 2016 A new class of small, thin electronic sensors can monitor temperature and pressure within the skull – crucial health parameters after a brain injury or surgery – then melt away when they are no longer needed, eliminating the need for additional surgery to remove the monitors and reducing the risk of infection and hemorrhage.
Fars News Agency January 20th, 2016 Iranian researchers produced antibacterial nanocomposite samples that have applications in foodstuff packaging and they increase durability of the foodstuff without using preservatives.
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne January 20th, 2016 EPFL scientists have developed a solar-panel material that can cut down on photovoltaic costs while achieving competitive power-conversion efficiency of 20.2%.
JPK Instruments January 20th, 2016 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on the breadth of research applications where their NanoWizard® AFM system is being used in the Smart Interfaces in Environmental Nanotechnology Group under the leadership of Associate Professor, Rosa M Espinosa-Marzal.
Tesla NanoCoatings January 20th, 2016 Tesla NanoCoatings today announced development of its breakthrough wet-on-wet application process for Teslan® primer and topcoats as the company strengthens its leadership in carbon nanotube corrosion protection technology.
Rice University January 20th, 2016 The same slip-and-stick mechanism that leads to earthquakes is at work on the molecular level in nanoscale materials, where it determines the shear plasticity of the materials, according to scientists at Rice University and the State University of Campinas, Brazil.
Aalto University January 20th, 2016 The very first experimental observations of knots in quantum matter have just been reported in Nature Physics by scientists at Aalto University (Finland) and Amherst College (USA). The scientists created knotted solitary waves, or knot solitons, in the quantum-mechanical field describing a gas of superfluid atoms, also known as a Bose-Einstein condensate.
University of Vienna January 20th, 2016 Quantum physics is increasingly becoming the scientific basis for a plethora of new “quantum technologies”. These new technologies promise to fundamentally change the way we communicate, as well as radically enhance the performance of sensors and of our most powerful computers. One of the open challenges for practical applications is how to make different quantum technologies talk to each other. Presently, in most cases, different quantum devices are incompatible with one another, preventing these emerging technologies from linking, or connecting, to one another.
Teijin Limited January 21st, 2016 Teijin Limited announced today that it will exhibit a wide range of nanotech materials and products incorporating advanced Teijin technologies during the International Nanotechnology Exhibition and Conference (nano tech 2016), the world’s largest nanotechnology show, at Tokyo Big Sight in Tokyo, Japan from January 27 to 29.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology January 21st, 2016 In a joint study, scientists from the MIPT (Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology), ICP (Institute of Chemical Physics) named after Semenov, MSU (Moscow State University) and IPCP (Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics) have developed a mechanism of laser deposition of patterns on glass with a resolution of 1000 times lower than the width of a human hair. Focusing the laser was conducted with the help of small glass spheres, playing the role of the lens. This mechanism allows inexpensively and relatively easy to apply complex patterns to a glass surface, whereby obtaining a spatial resolution of less than 100 nanometers.
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem January 21st, 2016 A new paradigm for the development of photo-bioelectrochemical cells has been reported in the journal Nature Energy by researchers from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in Israel, and the University of Bochum, in Germany.
Massachusetts General Hospital January 21st, 2016 A nanoparticle drug-delivery system that combines two complementary types of anticancer treatment could improve outcomes for patients with pancreatic cancer and other highly treatment-resistant tumors while decreasing toxicity.
Deben January 21st, 2016 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on the use of a Microtest tensile stage in the Institute of Photonics & Quantum Sciences at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh. It is being used for stress analysis studies of ceramics and engineering plastics.
Vesper January 21st, 2016 Vesper, the technology leader in acoustic MEMS, announced today that it is collaborating with GLOBALFOUNDRIES, a leading provider of advanced semiconductor manufacturing technology, to deliver the world’s first commercially available piezoelectric MEMS microphones for smartphones, wearables, automobiles, Internet of Things (IoT) devices and other high-volume markets.
ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences January 22nd, 2016 Active in situ control of light at the nanoscale remains a challenge in modern physics and in nanophotonics in particular. A promising approach is to take advantage of the technological maturity of nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS) and combine it with on-chip optics, but the integration of such small devices with optical fields remains difficult.
Purdue University January 22nd, 2016 The spin-helical Dirac fermion topological surface states in a topological insulator nanowire or nanoribbon promise novel topological devices and exotic physics such as Majorana fermions.
American Chemical Society January 22nd, 2016 Some drug regimens, such as those designed to eliminate tumors, are notorious for nasty side effects. Unwanted symptoms are often the result of medicine going where it’s not needed and harming healthy cells. To minimize this risk, researchers have developed nanoparticles that only release a drug when exposed to near-infrared light, which doctors could beam onto a specific site. Their report appears in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.
University of Wyoming January 9th, 2016 Mechanical properties of nanomaterials can be altered due to the application of voltage, University of Wyoming researchers have discovered.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology January 10th, 2016 Twenty years ago, scientists discovered that short strands of RNA known as microRNA help cells to fine-tune their gene expression. Disruption or loss of some microRNAs has been linked to cancer, raising the possibility of treating tumors by adjusting microRNA levels.
Fars News Agency January 10th, 2016 Captopril is an edible drug that plays an essential role in the treatment of heart attack, heart malfunction and high blood pressure and persistent consumption of this drug results in side effects.
Fars News Agency January 10th, 2016 Iranian researchers from Arak University studied and simulated optical behavior of nanostructures that are able to perform well at speed ranges higher than megahertz.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory January 10th, 2016 Seashells and lobster claws are hard to break, but chalk is soft enough to draw on sidewalks. Though all three are made of calcium carbonate crystals, the hard materials include clumps of soft biological matter that make them much stronger. A study today in Nature Communications reveals how soft clumps get into crystals and endow them with remarkable strength.
Northeastern University January 10th, 2016 Perhaps no startup was launched for a more intriguing reason than that of Northeastern’s Hanchen Huang. From the company website: “MesoGlue was founded by Huang and two of his PhD students: They had a dream of a better way of sticking things together.”
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Science January 11th, 2016 What do astrophysics, telecommunications and pharmacology have in common? Each of these fields relies on polarimeters — instruments that detect the direction of the oscillation of electromagnetic waves, otherwise known as the polarization of light.
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) January 11th, 2016 Organic-inorganic perovskite materials are key components of the new generation of solar cells. Understanding properties of these materials is important for improving lifetime and quality of solar cells. Researchers from the Energy Materials and Surface Sciences (EMSS) Unit, led by Prof. Yabing Qi, at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) in collaboration with Prof. Youyong Li’s group from Soochow University (China) and Prof. Nam-Gyu Park’s group from Sungkyunkwan University (Korea) report in the Journal of the American Chemical Society the first atomic resolution study of organic-inorganic perovskite.
Nanotech Security Corp. January 11th, 2016 Nanotech Security Corp. (TSX VENTURE: NTS) (OTCQX: NTSFF), announces the granting of 364,000 share purchase options to directors and officers.
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie January 11th, 2016 Tandem solar cells based on silicon and perovskites have raised high hopes for future high efficiency solar modules. A tandem solar cell works by absorbing the high energy photons (visible light) in a top cell which generates a high voltage, and the lower energy photons (Infra red) in a rear cell, which generates a lower voltage. This increases the theoretical maximum efficiency by about 50% in comparison to a standalone silicon cell.
Tohoku University January 11th, 2016 An international research team at Tohoku University’s Advanced Institute of Materials Research (AIMR) succeeded in chemically interconnecting chiral-edge graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) with zigzag-edge features by molecular assembly, and demonstrated electronic connection between GNRs. The GNRs were interconnected exclusively end to end, forming elbow structures, identified as interconnection points (Fig. 1a).
Georgia Institute of Technology January 12th, 2016 A two-stage power management and storage system could dramatically improve the efficiency of triboelectric generators that harvest energy from irregular human motion such as walking, running or finger tapping.
Syracuse University January 12th, 2016 Researchers, particularly those in the medical field, have been searching for a way to combine the properties of liquid crystallinity with those of hydrogels.
Berkeley Lab January 12th, 2016 Lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide, or NMC, is one of the most promising chemistries for better lithium batteries, especially for electric vehicle applications, but scientists have been struggling to get higher capacity out of them. Now researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have found that using a different method to make the material can offer substantial improvements.
Brookhaven National Laboratory January 12th, 2016 Building a better battery is a delicate balancing act. Increasing the amounts of chemicals whose reactions power the battery can lead to instability. Similarly, smaller particles can improve reactivity but expose more material to degradation. Now a team of scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory say they’ve found a way to strike a balance–by making a battery cathode with a hierarchical structure where the reactive material is abundant yet protected.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies January 12th, 2016 Humanity started recycling relatively early in its evolution: there are proofs that trash recycling was taking place as early as in the 500 BC. What about light recycling? Consider light bulbs: more than one hundred and thirty years ago Thomas Edison patented the first commercially viable incandescent light bulb, so that “none but the extravagant” would ever “burn tallow candles”, paving the way for more than a century of incandescent lighting. In fact, emergence of electric lighting was the main motivating factor for deployment of electricity into every home in the world. The incandescent bulb is an example of a high temperature thermal emitter. It is very useful, but only a small fraction of the emitted light (and therefore energy) is used: most of the light is emitted in the infrared, invisible to the human eye, and in this context wasted.
Stanford University January 12th, 2016 Stanford researchers have developed the first lithium-ion battery that shuts down before overheating, then restarts immediately when the temperature cools.
University College London January 12th, 2016 DNA has been used as a ‘molecular building block’ to construct synthetic bio-inspired pores which will improve the way drugs are delivered and help advance the field of synthetic biology, according to scientists from UCL and Nanion Technologies.
BioSolar, Inc. January 13th, 2016 BioSolar, Inc. (OTCQB: BSRC), a developer of breakthrough energy storage technology and materials, today announced that the company has signed an agreement to extend the funding of a sponsored research program at the University of California, Santa Barbara (“UCSB”) to support the next phase of its super battery technology development.
Xmark Media Ltd January 13th, 2016 Xmark Media the organisers of Photonex 2016, the UK’s showcase photonics conference & exhibition announce the second biennial conference on hyperspectral imaging and applications. This FREE-to-attend conference will be held on Wednesday & Thursday 12th and 13th October as part of the growing two-day event at the visitor-friendly Ricoh Arena in Coventry.
FECYT – Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology January 13th, 2016 Scientists from Germany and Spain have discovered a way to create a BioLED by packaging luminescent proteins in the form of rubber. This innovative device gives off a white light which is created by equal parts of blue, green and red rubber layers covering one LED, thus rendering the same effect as with traditional inorganic LEDs but at a lower cost.
Bruker’s Nano Surfaces Division January 13th, 2016 Bruker’s Nano Surfaces Division today announced the release of the MultiMode 8-HR Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), which brings extensive new capabilities for nanomechanics and higher speed imaging to the world’s highest resolution, most widely-used and field-proven scanning probe microscope (SPM). The new nanomechanics features of MultiMode 8-HR enable researchers to access the broadest range of ramp frequencies for viscoelastic studies and nanomechanical assessment of a wide range of materials, from soft biological specimens to hard metallic samples.
Brookhaven National Laboratory January 13th, 2016 Building on its capabilities in data-intensive science, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory has expanded its Computational Science Initiative (CSI, www.bnl.gov/compsci/). The programs within this initiative leverage computational science, computer science, and mathematics expertise and investments across multiple research areas at the Laboratory-including the flagship facilities that attract thousands of scientific users each year-further establishing Brookhaven as a leader in tackling the “big data” challenges at experimental facilities and expanding the frontiers of scientific discovery.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) January 13th, 2016 Use of copper as a fluorescent material allows for the manufacture of inexpensive and environmentally compatible organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). Thermally activated delayed fuorescence (TADF) ensures high light yield. Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), CYNORA, and the University of St Andrews have now measured the underlying quantum mechanics phenomenon of intersystem crossing in a copper complex. The results of this fundamental work are reported in the Science Advances journal and contribute to enhancing the energy efficiency of OLEDs.
Lehigh University January 13th, 2016 Oxygen is indispensable to animal and plant life, but its presence in the wrong places can feed a fire and cause iron to rust.
Nanometrics January 13th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its fourth quarter and full year 2015 financial results after market close on February 2, 2016.
Argonne National Laboratory January 14th, 2016 Target dates are critical when the semiconductor industry adds small, enhanced features to our favorite devices by integrating advanced materials onto the surfaces of computer chips. Missing a target means postponing a device’s release, which could cost a company millions of dollars or, worse, the loss of competitiveness and an entire industry. But meeting target dates can be challenging because the final integrated devices, which include billions of transistors, must be flawless – less than one defect per 100 square centimeters.
Fars News Agency January 14th, 2016 Iranian researchers from University of Mazandaran used silicon carbide (SiC) nanoparticles to produce a sample of cement and concrete with high durability and stability.
Fars News Agency January 14th, 2016 Researchers from Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute (IPPI) succeeded in the laboratorial production of nanostructures with the ability to change color under UV light and application in various fields, including medicine, production of optical lenses, cell tracing, data storage and security systems.
Rice University January 14th, 2016 Developing novel materials from the atoms up goes faster when some of the trial and error is eliminated. A new Rice University and Montreal Polytechnic study aims to do that for graphene and boron nitride hybrids.
Argonne National Laboratory January 15th, 2016 While lithium-ion batteries have transformed our everyday lives, researchers are currently trying to find new chemistries that could offer even better energy possibilities. One of these chemistries, lithium-air, could promise greater energy density but has certain drawbacks as well.
Louisiana Tech University January 15th, 2016 Joshua Tully, senior chemistry student at Louisiana Tech University, has coauthored a paper titled “Halloysite Clay Nanotubes for Enzyme Immobilization,” which has been published in “Biomacromolecules,” a highly influential, international journal of the American Chemical Society (ACS.)
American Chemical Society January 15th, 2016 Sperm that don’t swim well rank high among the main causes of infertility. To give these cells a boost, women trying to conceive can turn to artificial insemination or other assisted reproduction techniques, but success can be elusive. In an attempt to improve these odds, scientists have developed motorized “spermbots” that can deliver poor swimmers — that are otherwise healthy — to an egg. Their report appears in ACS’ journal Nano Letters.
Fars News Agency January 2nd, 2016 Iranian researchers produced metallic nanoparticles with specific optical properties.
Semblant January 2nd, 2016 Semblant, the market leader in protective nanocoatings and liquid damage prevention for electronic devices, today announced that it has appointed Donald Cunningham (Don) as Chief Commercial Officer and Senior Vice President, Worldwide Sales and Marketing.
Lifeboat Foundation January 3rd, 2016 The Lifeboat Foundation Guardian Award is annually bestowed upon a respected scientist or public figure who has warned of a future fraught with dangers and encouraged measures to prevent them.
Fars News Agency January 4th, 2016 Iranian researchers from Tehran University of Medical Sciences in association with American researchers succeeded in the production of nanostructures whose main application is in the treatment of damaged heart tissues after a heart attack.
Cambrios January 4th, 2016 Cambrios Technologies, the Sunnyvale, CA-based leader in silvnowire technology, and their customer, LG Electronics Chemical & Electronic Material division (LGE CEM), today announced continued growth in high volume production and product shipments to major OEM customers. Some of the key OEM customers include Acer, Cisco, HP, Lenovo, LG, MSI, and Toshiba.
Industrial Nanotech, Inc. January 4th, 2016 Industrial Nanotech, Inc. (OTC-PINK INTK), a global leader in nanotechnology based energy saving solutions, today announced that the Company is supplying its patented Heat Shield™ and Nansulate® energy saving and protective coatings to one of the world’s largest pulp and paper companies, with over 130 factories worldwide.
Indiana University January 4th, 2016 Scientists at Indiana University have created a highly efficient biomaterial that catalyzes the formation of hydrogen — one half of the “holy grail” of splitting H2O to make hydrogen and oxygen for fueling cheap and efficient cars that run on water.
Berkeley Lab January 4th, 2016 Trainers of dogs, horses, and other animal performers take note: a bacterium named Moorella thermoacetica has been induced to perform only a single trick, but it’s a doozy. Berkeley Lab researchers are using M. thermoacetica to perform photosynthesis – despite being non-photosynthetic – and also to synthesize semiconductor nanoparticles in a hybrid artificial photosynthesis system for converting sunlight into valuable chemical products.
Binghamton University January 4th, 2016 Thousands bound together are still thinner than a single strand of human hair, but with research from Binghamton University, boron nitride nanotubes may help build better fighter planes and space shuttles.
Toyohashi University of Technology January 5th, 2016 “Printed electronics” has the potential to enable low-cost fabrication of electronics on flexible or curved surfaces, which will lead to the use of electronics in more varied applications. We will be able to fabricate homemade mobile phones or smart watches using a printer in the future. However, the low performance and high cost of current conductive inks limit the advancement of printed electronics.
INRS January 5th, 2016 An international team of researchers including Professor Federico Rosei and members of his group at INRS has developed a new strategy for fabricating atomically controlled carbon nanostructures used in molecular carbon-based electronics. An article just published in the prestigious journal Nature Communications presents their findings: the complete electronic structure of a conjugated organic polymer, and the influence of the substrate on its electronic properties.
Fullerex January 6th, 2016 Fullerex has announced the release of the “Bulk Graphene Pricing Report 2016” as part of its latest research offering.
ETH Zurich January 6th, 2016 From smartphones to the operating interfaces of ticket machines and cash dispensers, every touchscreen we use requires transparent electrodes: The devices’ glass surface is coated with a barely visible pattern made of conductive material. It is because of this that the devices recognise whether and where exactly a finger is touching the surface.
Industrial Nanotech, Inc. January 6th, 2016 Industrial Nanotech, Inc. (OTC-PINK INTK), a global leader in nanotechnology based energy saving solutions, today announced that the Company received a request to bid on supplying its patented Heat Shield™ EPX4 energy saving, anti-corrosion and protective coating to a fuel storage tank farm in India and has supplied the contractor with the bid.
SABIC January 6th, 2016 With large format interactive displays becoming more ubiquitous – from large indoor and outdoor displays to electronic whiteboards – the need has increased for advanced materials that are highly sensitive, quick to respond to touch, and capable of achieving a variety of complex forms and shapes.
Nanometrics January 6th, 2016 Nanometrics Incorporated (Nasdaq:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced that company management is scheduled to present at the 18th Annual Needham Growth Conference.
QD Vision, Inc. January 6th, 2016 QD Vision has been named a CES 2016 Innovation Awards Honoree for its Color IQ™ quantum dot optic, which expands the color gamut for edge-lit displays such as TVs, LCD monitors and all-in-one computers. The Color IQ optic is the most affordable way of delivering quantum dots to a display.
MEMS & Sensors Industry Group January 6th, 2016 What: Internet of MEMS & Sensors, a full-day conference track hosted by MEMS & Sensors Industry Group, at CES® 2016
National Space Society January 6th, 2016 The National Space Society is proud to announce its partnership with Voices From L5. This exciting new podcast will open new discussions on space settlement, focusing on the humanities and social sciences, and educate the public on the science of space settlement. Space settlement is the concept of humankind moving our economy into space, with people living and working in space.
Oxford Instruments NanoScience January 7th, 2016 Oxford Instruments (OI), market leader in cryogenic equipment, and Zurich Instruments (ZI), the technical leader for digital lock-in amplifiers, announce today their joint technical collaboration primarily focused on demonstrating how the efficiency of combining equipment from both companies results in reduced time between installation and measurement. The collaboration will yield a series of joint application notes featuring low temperature measurement techniques and applications. The two companies will also exchange technical expertise in order to improve their customer support for the low temperature community.
American Chemical Society January 7th, 2016 Whether showing off family photos on smartphones or watching TV shows on laptops, many people look at liquid crystal displays (LCDs) every day. LCDs are continually being improved, but almost all currently use color technology that fades over time. Now, a team reports in ACS Nano that using aluminum nanostructures could provide a vivid, low-cost alternative for producing digital color.
American Chemical Society January 7th, 2016 In October, an interdisciplinary group of scientists proposed forming a Unified Microbiome Initiative (UMI) to explore the world of microorganisms that are central to life on Earth and yet largely remain a mystery. An article in the journal ACS Nano describes the tools scientists will need to understand how microbes interact with each other and with us.
Berkeley Lab January 7th, 2016 Just in time for the icy grip of winter: A team of researchers led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has identified several mechanisms that make a new, cold-loving material one of the toughest metallic alloys ever.
The secrets of a new alloy’s amazing toughness is seen in this transmission electron microscopy movie that shows the formation of nano-sized bridges across a growing crack. These bridges inhibit the crack’s growth, and are one of several mechanisms identified by the scientists that give the alloy incredible toughness and strength.
Arrowhead Research Corporation January 7th, 2016 Arrowhead Research Corporation (NASDAQ: ARWR), a biopharmaceutical company developing targeted RNAi therapeutics, dosed the first patient in the Phase 2b MONARCH combination study of ARC-520, it’s RNAi-based drug for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The clinical trial is currently enrolling patients at multiple centers in Australia and New Zealand. MONARCH is intended to identify one or more combinations of ARC-520 and other therapeutic agents that can potentially lead to a functional cure of chronic HBV.
IMEC January 7th, 2016 Cloudtag (CTAG:LN), the company that brings accurate data and personalization to the health, wellbeing and fitness markets, and imec, the world-leading nanoelectronics research center, today presented the first results of their collaboration on accurate frictionless wearable health solutions. Cloudtag TrackTM , a new wearable fitness tracker, that was launched today at CES 2016, combines fitness and health monitoring with design, to pave the way to innovation in fitness wearables as well as in the care, cure and prevention cycle by providing immediate access to accurate medical data and personalized feedback.
Aspen Aerogels, Inc. January 7th, 2016 Aspen Aerogels, Inc. (NYSE: ASPN) (“Aspen Aerogels”) today announced that it will present at the Needham Growth Conference to be held at the New York Palace Hotel.
McGill University January 7th, 2016 Gold nanoparticles have unusual optical, electronic and chemical properties, which scientists are seeking to put to use in a range of new technologies, from nanoelectronics to cancer treatments.
Weizmann Institute of Science January 8th, 2016 Miniature self-assembling “flasks” created at the Weizmann Institute may prove a useful tool in research and industry. The nanoflasks, which have a span of several nanometers, or millionths of a millimeter, can accelerate chemical reactions for research. In the future, they might facilitate the manufacture of various industrial materials and perhaps even serve as vehicles for drug delivery.
Lehigh University January 8th, 2016 How do you get to know a material that you cannot see? That is a question that researchers studying nanomaterials–objects with features at the sub-micrometer scales such as quantum dots, nanoparticles and nanotubes–are seeking to answer.
Fars News Agency December 26th, 2015 Iranian researchers from Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, in a laboratorial research, replaced harmful artificial antioxidant additives with natural compounds extracted from olive tree leaf in edible oils.
Fars News Agency December 27th, 2015 Researchers from Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran boosted the efficiency of dye sensitized solar cells and reduced their production cost by using specified nanostructures.
Fars News Agency December 28th, 2015 Iranian researchers from Tarbiat Modarres University coated and modified the surface of magnetic nanoparticles to produce a special nanosorbent to eliminate environmental pollutions.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) December 28th, 2015 In the nanoworld, tiny particles of gold can operate like snow blowers, churning through surface layers of an important class of semiconductors to dig unerringly straight paths. The surprising trenching capability, reported by scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and IBM,* is an important addition to the toolkit of nature-supplied ‘self-assembly’ methods that researchers aim to harness for making useful devices.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology December 28th, 2015 A new metamaterial with an unusual refraction of light will speed up computers.
Georgia Institute of Technology December 29th, 2015 Understanding where and how phase transitions occur is critical to developing new generations of the materials used in high-performance batteries, sensors, energy-harvesting devices, medical diagnostic equipment and other applications. But until now there was no good way to study and simultaneously map these phenomena at the relevant length scales.
Asociación RUVID December 29th, 2015 Researchers at the University of Valencia have developed a technique to determine the individual polarities of hundreds of semiconducting nanowires in a single, time-saving process. Led by Ana Cros, director of the Universitat de València’s (UV) Materials Science Institute (ICMUV), the study constitutes a major step forward in both our understanding and application of these structures, since their polarity defines the properties of devices made from.
Hiroshima University December 29th, 2015 A group of researchers in Japan and China identified the requirements for the development of new types of extremely low power consumption electric devices by studying Cr-doped (Sb, Bi)2Te3 thin films. This study has been reported in Nature Communications.
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology December 29th, 2015 An international group of scientists from Russia, France, and Germany have developed ion-exchange synthetic membranes based on amphiphilic compounds that are able to convert the energy of chemical reactions into electrical current. The new development described in the journal Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics could potentially be used in fuel cells, and in separation and purification processes. The study was conducted by MIPT’s Laboratory of Functional Organic and Hybrid Materials, which was opened in 2014.
Nanostart AG December 31st, 2015 New alignment decided in the real estate sector •Capital in the form of 49% of the company’s shares to Renaissance Real Estate Frankfurt GmbH •Equity is increased to 9.36 million euros •Depreciation in the old portfolio •Extension of Neef’s Board appointment
Cima NanoTech December 31st, 2015 Cima NanoTech, a developer and manufacturer of transparent conductive film solutions, is offering hands-on demonstrations of ultra responsive large touch screens at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. The company’s proprietary SANTE technology will be showcased at Pepcom Digital Experience and at the Cima NanoTech private suite located at The Venetian.
SITRI December 31st, 2015 •Capitalizes on strengthsof both SITRI and Accelink to advanceoptical technology, products and markets •Strengthens SITRI’s R&D capabilities in optical technology
January 1st, 2016 he OCSiAl Group showed off its nanotube technology to the rubber industry during the recent International Elastomer Conference in Cleveland. Mike Nemeth, vice president of sales and marketing at OCSiAl USA, presented a paper at the conference that showcased Tuball Rubber, an industrial modifier designed for manufacturing high performance rubber products. While the company describes the product as a universal additive, the first question it usually gets is about its name. “It is a bit unusual, but if you actually take a closer look, it is based on the Periodic Table of Elements,” including some of the most common elements on Earth, Nemeth said, noting that carbon is the firm’s main focus.
Bahrain News Agency January 1st, 2016 Activities of the Second Gulf Forum on Nanotechnology Awareness has concluded at Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) under the patronage of Shaikh Mohammed bin Hamdan al-Toobi, Advisor of the Ministry of Education.
Fars News Agency January 1st, 2016 Iranian researchers succeeded in controlled production of graphene and graphene oxide nanosheets at laboratorial scale that may help the economization of fuel cells and energy storage.