NEWS OF THE WEEK 2017

University of California Southern California October 9th, 2017 Gold. The word brings to mind wedding rings, buried treasure and California in the 1840’s. But when gold is reduced to 1/100,000 the size of a human hair, it takes on an entirely new personality. By attaching gold nanoparticles to the surface of a microlaser, researchers in the USC Viterbi School of Engineering demonstrated a frequency comb that takes up less space and requires 1000 times less power than current comb technology.

Purdue University October 9th, 2017 Soliton mode-locking in microresonators enables chip-scale coherent optical frequency comb generation. However, it usually leads to multi-soliton combs with a structured spectrum. Instead, the smooth spectrum of a single soliton is favored for applications. Here, we introduce, experimentally and numerically, a passive mechanism for single temporal soliton formation arising from spatial mode-interaction in microresonators. Deterministic single soliton generation is observed for microresonators with strong mode-interaction in experiments and simulations. Further simulations demonstrate that the soliton number is reduced to one in order to lower the nonlinear loss into mode-interaction-induced Cherenkov radiation (CR). Our results give important insights into soliton–CR interaction in cavities. © 2017 Optical Society of America.

Quorum Technologies Limited October 10th, 2017 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, continue to expand their network of customer support facilities worldwide. The latest laboratory is located at Nanjing Agricultural University, China, in association with distributors, Nanjing Tansi Technology Company.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. October 10th, 2017  Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it will present preclinical data on ARO-AAT, a second generation investigational medicine for the treatment of alpha-1 liver disease that uses Arrowhead’s TRiMTM technology, at The Liver Meeting® 2017, the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD) being held on October 20-24, 2017, in Washington, DC.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology October 10th, 2017 A little-studied member of the perovskite family of materials could find use in a range of electronic devices, after researchers at KAUST discovered the secret of its strong photoluminescence.

Osaka University October 11th, 2017 A research collaboration between Osaka University and the Nara Institute of Science and Technology for the first time used scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to create images of atomically flat side-surfaces of 3D silicon crystals. This work helps semiconductor manufacturers continue to innovate while producing smaller, faster, and more energy-efficient computer chips for computers and smartphones.

Penn State October 12th, 2017 We have come a long way from leaky sulfur-acid automobile batteries, but modern lithium batteries still have some down sides. Now a team of Penn State engineers have a different type of lithium sulfur battery that could be more efficient, less expensive and safer.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES October 12th, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today unveiled AutoPro™, a new platform designed to provide automotive customers a broad set of technology solutions and manufacturing services that minimize certification efforts and speed time-to-market. The company offers the industry’s broadest set of solutions for a full range of driving system applications, from informational Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) to high-performance real-time processors for autonomous cars.

Leti October 12th, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, will hold a workshop on Oct. 17 to present updates on their progress developing CoolCubeTM high-density 3D sequential, monolithic-integration technology, and their supporting design-and-manufacturing ecosystems.

Nanometrics Incorporated October 12th, 2017 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced preliminary results for its fiscal third quarter, which ended September 30. Revenues are expected to be in the range of $56 to $57 million, below the $60 to $64 million range provided in the company’s previous outlook. The shortfall from the midpoint of guidance is attributed to the delay of revenue recognition on multiple systems into Japan that require customer acceptance. As a result of the lower level of revenues, third-quarter earnings are now expected to be in the range of $0.20 to $0.22 per share, reflecting improved gross margins of approximately 54%.

American Chemical Society October 12th, 2017 Lithium-ion batteries can be found in everything from cell phones to hoverboards, but these power sources have recently made headlines for the fires they have inadvertently caused. To address these safety hazards, scientists report in ACS Nano that they are paving the way to better batteries with a naturally occurring form of asphalt.

Rice University October 13th, 2017 Substituting atoms in the process of making two-dimensional alloys not only allows them to be customized for applications but also can make them magnetic, according to Rice University scientists and their collaborators.

Springer October 13th, 2017 By deliberately interrupting the order of materials – by introducing different atoms in metal or nanoparticles in liquid crystals – we can induce new qualities. For example, metallic alloys like duralumin, which is composed of 95% of aluminium and 5% copper, are usually harder than the pure metals. This is due to an elastic interaction between the defects of the crystal, called dislocations, and the solute atoms, which form what are referred to as Cottrell clouds around them.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October 13th, 2017 The same electrostatic charge that can make hair stand on end and attach balloons to clothing could be an efficient way to drive atomically thin electronic memory devices of the future, according to a new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).

 

Rutgers University October 2nd, 2017 Picture two schools of fish swimming in clockwise and counterclockwise circles. It’s enough to make your head spin, and now scientists at Rutgers University-New Brunswick and the University of Florida have discovered the “chiral spin mode” – a sea of electrons spinning in opposing circles.

the-scientist.com October 2nd, 2017 While promising, applications of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing have so far been limited by the challenges of delivery—namely, how to get all the CRISPR parts to every cell that needs them. In a study published today (October 2) in Nature Biomedical Engineering, researchers have successfully repaired a mutation in the gene for dystrophin in a mouse model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy by injecting a vehicle they call CRISPR-Gold, which contains the Cas9 protein, guide RNA, and donor DNA, all wrapped around a tiny gold ball.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology October 2nd, 2017 New research has shown that an exotic kind of magnetic behavior discovered just a few years ago holds great promise as a way of storing data — one that could overcome fundamental limits that might otherwise be signaling the end of “Moore’s Law,” which describes the ongoing improvements in computation and data storage over recent decades.

University of California, Berkeley October 3rd, 2017 Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have engineered a new way to deliver CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology inside cells and have demonstrated in mice that the technology can repair the mutation that causes Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a severe muscle-wasting disease. A new study shows that a single injection of CRISPR-Gold, as the new delivery system is called, into mice with Duchenne muscular dystrophy led to an 18-times-higher correction rate and a two-fold increase in a strength and agility test compared to control groups.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. October 3rd, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that the company will make a presentation at the following upcoming event:

American Institute of Physics October 4th, 2017 As microchips become ever smaller and therefore faster, the shrinking size of their copper interconnects leads to increased electrical resistivity at the nanoscale. Finding a solution to this impending technical bottleneck is a major problem for the semiconductor industry.

University of Central Florida October 4th, 2017 It’s possible to produce hydrogen to power fuel cells by extracting the gas from seawater, but the electricity required to do it makes the process costly. UCF researcher Yang Yang has come up with a new hybrid nanomaterial that harnesses solar energy and uses it to generate hydrogen from seawater more cheaply and efficiently than current materials.

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science October 6th, 2017 Researchers are first to demonstrate a circulator on a silicon chip at mm-wave frequencies that enables nonreciprocal transmission of waves: device could enable two-way radios and transform 5g networks, self-driving cars, and virtual reality.

University of the Basque Country October 6th, 2017 This is the main result obtained by the group led by Professor Ángel Rubio of the UPV/EHU and of the Max Planck Institute PMSD, together with collaborators at the BCCMS centre in Bremen, and which has been echoed by the journal Nature Quantum Materials.

National Research Tomsk State University October 6th, 2017 TSU scientist Rashid Valiev and colleagues from the universities of Helsinki and Oslo have discovered a new type of rare molecules whose properties can be controlled by changing the induction of an external magnetic field. These are paramagnetic molecules from the class porphyrins. Porphyrins are part of hemoglobin and chlorophyll and are closely related to the processes of photosynthesis and respiration in living organisms. The results of the study were published in the journal Chemical Communications of the Royal British Chemical Society.

Science China Press September 23rd, 2017 Quantum mechanics, as a pillar of modern civilization, has benefited human society for a century, in which wavefunctions played a crucial role. In the past 100 years, what most people did was ‘Shut up and calculate’, and wavefunctions always gave us a correct probability list of measurement outcomes. However, the debate on the following deeper philosophical issue behind it still persists: whether wavefunctions describe the reality of quantum entities’ existence and dynamic trajectory. In various delayed-choice experiments that are dedicated to this issue, Copenhagen interpretation denied the reality of wavefunctions for avoiding the paradox of a choice made in the present to alter a photon’s past behavior. However, the determinists argued that the past of photons should be realistic and deterministic prior to the detection, as Einstein’s famous question states: Do you really believe the moon exists only when you look at it?

American Institute of Physics September 24th, 2017 Pure diamond consists of carbon atoms in a perfect crystal lattice. But remove a few carbons and swap some others for nitrogen, and you get a diamond with special quantum-sensing properties. These properties are useful for quantum information applications and sensing magnetic fields, and as a platform for probing the mysteries of quantum physics.

Aalto University September 25th, 2017 It has always been the Holy Grail of materials science to describe and control the material’s structure-function relationship. Nanoparticles are an attractive class of components to be used in functional materials because they exhibit size-dependent properties, such as superparamagnetism and plasmonic absorption of light. Furthermore, controlling the arrangement of nanoparticles can result in unforeseen properties, but such studies are hard to carry out due to limited efficient approaches to produce well-defined three-dimensional nanostructures.

University of California, Santa Barbara September 26th, 2017 Control is a constant challenge for materials scientists, who are always seeking the perfect material — and the perfect way of treating it — to induce exactly the right electronic or optical activity required for a given application.

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) September 26th, 2017 Sangyong Jon, a professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at KAIST, and his team developed combined photoacoustic imaging and photothermal therapy for cancer by using Bilirubin (BR) nanoparticles.

Academy of Finland September 26th, 2017 Researchers from Finland and Taiwan have discovered how graphene, a single-atom-thin layer of carbon, can be forged into three-dimensional objects by using laser light. A striking illustration was provided when the researchers fabricated a pyramid with a height of 60 nm, which is about 200 times larger than the thickness of a graphene sheet. The pyramid was so small that it would easily fit on a single strand of hair. The research was supported by the Academy of Finland and the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Republic of China.

Bentham Science Publishers September 27th, 2017 Outer membrane vesicles, biological nanoparticles shed during normal growth by bacteria, have seen significant recent advances in engineering and are thus finding new utility as therapeutic and drug delivery agents.

University of Electro-Communications September 27th, 2017 Optical sensors operating in the near infrared (NIR) are important for applications in imaging, photodetectors, and biological sensors. Notably, recent reports on the synthesis of high quality, large areas of graphene has motivated researchers to search for other 2D materials with properties suitable for NIR devices.

American Institute of Physics September 28th, 2017 The potential for photon entanglement in quantum computing and communications has been known for decades. One of the issues impeding its immediate application is the fact that many photon entanglement platforms do not operate within the range used by most forms of telecommunication.

University of Warwick September 28th, 2017 A solution to the problem of creating endocytosis on demand is being compared to ‘hotwiring’ a car.

University of Wisconsin-Madison September 29th, 2017 A team of University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers has created the most functional flexible transistor in the world — and with it, a fast, simple and inexpensive fabrication process that’s easily scalable to the commercial level.

 

University of Basel September 9th, 2017 Physicists from the University of Basel have developed a memory that can store photons. These quantum particles travel at the speed of light and are thus suitable for high-speed data transfer. The researchers were able to store them in an atomic vapor and read them out again later without altering their quantum mechanical properties too much. This memory technology is simple and fast and it could find application in a future quantum Internet. The journal Physical Review Letters has published the results.

Wiley September 11th, 2017 Men build dams and huge turbines to turn the energy of waterfalls and tides into electricity. To produce hydropower on a much smaller scale, Chinese scientists have now developed a lightweight power generator based on carbon nanotube fibers suitable to convert even the energy of flowing blood in blood vessels into electricity. They describe their innovation in the journal Angewandte Chemie.

California Institute of Technology September 11th, 2017 For the first time, an international team led by engineers at Caltech has developed a computer chip with nanoscale optical quantum memory.

CNRS (Délégation Paris Michel-Ange) September 12th, 2017 By incorporating magnetic nanoparticles in cells and developing a system using miniaturized magnets, researchers at the Laboratoire Matière et Systèmes Complexes (CNRS/Université Paris Diderot), in collaboration with the Laboratoire Adaptation Biologique et Vieillissement (CNRS/UPMC) and the Centre de Recherche Cardiovasculaire de Paris (Inserm/Université Paris Descartes), have succeeded in creating cellular magnetic “Legos.” They were able to aggregate cells using only magnets and without an external supporting matrix, with the cells then forming a tissue that can be deformed at will. This approach, which is detailed in Nature Communications on September 12, 2017, could prove to be a powerful tool for biophysical studies, as well as the regenerative medicine of tomorrow.

nanomedTAB September 13th, 2017 The Nanomedicine Translation Advisory Board (nanomedTAB) offers since 2015 a free-of-charge mentoring program to assess, advise and accelerate promising nanomedicine projects to the market, based on a team of top skills industry experts with diverse and complementary experience.

Graphene Flagship September 13th, 2017 Graphene Flagship researches from CNR-Istituto Nanoscienze, Italy and the University of Cambridge, UK have shown that it is possible to create a terahertz saturable absorber using graphene produced by liquid phase exfoliation and deposited by transfer coating and ink jet printing. The paper, published in Nature Communications, reports a terahertz saturable absorber with an order of magnitude higher absorption modulation than other devices produced to date.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. September 14th, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR), is hosting an investor & analyst R&D day in New York today to introduce its proprietary Targeted RNAi Molecule (TRiMTM) platform and review its pipeline of RNAi therapeutic candidates.

University of California, Santa Barbara September 14th, 2017 What affects almost everything made of metal, from cars to boats to underground pipes and even the fillings in your teeth? Corrosion — a slow process of decay. At a global cost of trillions of dollars annually, it carries a steep price tag, not to mention, the potential safety, environmental and health hazards it poses.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory September 14th, 2017 Many seashells, minerals, and semiconductor nanomaterials are made up of smaller crystals, which are assembled together like the pieces of a puzzle. Now, researchers have measured the forces that cause the crystals to assemble, revealing an orchestra of competing factors that researchers might be able to control.

Lancaster University September 15th, 2017 Renewable hydrogen can already be produced by photoelectrolysis where solar power is used to split water molecules into oxygen and hydrogen.

Leti September 5th, 2017 Leti today announced that the European R&D project known as PiezoMAT has developed a pressure-based fingerprint sensor that enables resolution more than twice as high as currently required by the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

Northwestern University September 5th, 2017 Research presented in a new paper co-authored by Northwestern University associate professor of mechanical engineering Sandip Ghosal sheds new light on how polymers cross tiny pores ten thousand times smaller than a human hair.

The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences September 5th, 2017 The modern world relies on portable electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, laptops, cameras or camcorders. Many of these devices are powered by lithium-ion batteries, which could be smaller, lighter, safer and more efficient if the liquid electrolytes they contain were replaced by solids. A promising candidate for a solid-state electrolyte is a new class of materials based on lithium compounds, presented by physicists from Switzerland and Poland.

University of Delaware September 5th, 2017 A team of engineers at the University of Delaware has developed a technology that could make fuel cells cheaper and more durable, a breakthrough that could speed up the commercialization of fuel cell vehicles.

Northwestern University September 6th, 2017 After a spinal cord injury, a significant amount of secondary nerve damage is caused by inflammation and internal scarring that inhibits the ability of the nervous system to repair itself.

Technical University of Munich (TUM) September 7th, 2017 Chemistry live: Using a scanning tunneling microscope, researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) were able for the very first time to witness in detail the activity of catalysts during an electro-chemical reaction. The measurements show how the surface structure of the catalysts influences their activity. The new analysis method can now be used to improve catalysts for the electrochemical industry.

ETH Zurich September 7th, 2017 For almost seventy years now, magnetic tapes and hard disks have been used for data storage in computers. In spite of many new technologies that have been developed in the meantime, the controlled magnetization of a data storage medium remains the first choice for archiving information because of its longevity and low price. As a means of realizing random access memories (RAMs), however, which are used as the main memory for processing data in computers, magnetic storage technologies were long considered inadequate. That is mainly due to its low writing speed and relatively high energy consumption.

University of Sydney September 8th, 2017 A new paper in Nature Communications is the latest confirmation of Majorana fermions — a strange quasiparticle at the heart of the next generation of quantum machines being pursued by University of Sydney and Microsoft Station Q engineers.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory August 26th, 2017 Two-dimensional materials are a sort of a rookie phenom in the scientific community. They are atomically thin and can exhibit radically different electronic and light-based properties than their thicker, more conventional forms, so researchers are flocking to this fledgling field to find ways to tap these exotic traits.

Keystone Nano August 28th, 2017 University of Virginia Cancer Center and Keystone Nano, Inc. announce that clinical testing has been initiated at UVA on a new potential cancer therapy. The study is a Phase I clinical trial to assess Ceramide NanoLiposome in the treatment of solid tumors.

FUNDAÇÃO DE AMPARO À PESQUISA DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO August 28th, 2017 When ethanol prices at the pump rise for whatever reason, it becomes economically advantageous for drivers of dual-fuel vehicles to fill up with gasoline. However, the health of the entire population pays a high price: substitution of gasoline for ethanol leads to a 30% increase in the atmospheric concentration of ultrafine particulate matter, which consists of particles with a diameter of less than 50 nanometers (nm).

Deben August 29th, 2017 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, has been chosen by Phenom-World to supply the Microtest Tensile Stage as an accessory to their Phenom XL range of desktop scanning electron microscopes.

American Institute of Physics August 30th, 2017 Northern China’s roadsides are peppered with deciduous phoenix trees, producing an abundance of fallen leaves in autumn. These leaves are generally burned in the colder season, exacerbating the country’s air pollution problem. Investigators in Shandong, China, recently discovered a new method to convert this organic waste matter into a porous carbon material that can be used to produce high-tech electronics. The advance is reported in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, by AIP Publishing.

Ames Laboratory August 30th, 2017 Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory were able to successfully manipulate the electronic structure of graphene, which may enable the fabrication of graphene transistors– faster and more reliable than existing silicon-based transistors.

University of Connecticut August 30th, 2017 Formed deep within the earth, stronger than steel, and thinner than a human hair. These comparisons aren’t describing a new super hero. They’re describing graphene, a substance that some experts have called “the most amazing and versatile” known to mankind.

University of Colorado August 31st, 2017 A University of Colorado Cancer Center study takes a new approach to killing cancer: Why not fry it into oblivion with vibrating gold nanoparticles? “But what about the frickin’ lasers?” you may ask. Don’t worry. There are lasers. And bioluminescence too.

Leti August 31st, 2017 Leti, a technology research institute of CEA Tech, and Mentor®, a Siemens business,, today announced Leti will provide access to the Mentor Veloce® emulator to SMEs and startups and will introduce emulation technology to global companies beginning Q3 2017. The Veloce emulator is Mentor’s high-capacity, high-speed, multi-application tool for emulation of system-on chip (SoC) designs that was installed at Leti in 2013.

Stanford University August 31st, 2017 Packing tiny solar cells together, like micro-lenses in the compound eye of an insect, could pave the way to a new generation of advanced photovoltaics, say Stanford University scientists.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. September 1st, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it will host a Research & Development Day to discuss its pipeline of RNAi-based therapies onSeptember 14 in New York City.

chemeurope.com September 1st, 2017 Imagine repeatedly lifting 165 times your weight without breaking a sweat — a feat normally reserved for heroes like Spider-Man. Rutgers University-New Brunswick engineers have discovered a simple, economical way to make a nano-sized device that can match the friendly neighborhood Avenger, on a much smaller scale. Their creation weighs 1.6 milligrams (about as much as five poppy seeds) and can lift 265 milligrams (the weight of about 825 poppy seeds) hundreds of times in a row.

Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids September 1st, 2017 Today’s world, rapidly changing because of “big data”, is encapsulated in trillions of tiny magnetic objects – magnetic bits – each of which stores one bit of data in magnetic disk drives. A group of scientists from the Max Planck Institutes in Halle and Dresden have discovered a new kind of magnetic nano-object in a novel material that could serve as a magnetic bit with cloaking properties to make a magnetic disk drive with no moving parts – a Racetrack Memory – a reality in the near future.

 

American Chemical Society August 20th, 2017  Low-dimensional carbon materials are one kind of ideal materials for flexible electronics. It is of great importance to explore low cost and scalable preparation approaches for high performance flexible carbon materials-based wearable electronics. We demonstrated that carbonized silk fabric with a plain-weave structure, based on its unique N-doped graphitic carbon nanostructure and the macroscale woven structure, could be worked as strain sensors with both of high sensitivity (gauge factor of 9.6 in the strain range of 0%-250% and 37.5 in the range of 250%-500%) and high tolerable strain (more than 500%).

Tokai University August 21st, 2017 Researchers at Tokai University describe in Advanced Materials how wrapping biological tissue in a nanosheet of a particular organic material results in high-quality microscopy images. Application of the wrap prevents the sample from drying out, and hence from shrinking, enabling larger image-recording times.

Nagoya University August 21st, 2017 We normally associate conduction of electricity with metals. However, some of the high measured conductivities are found in certain organic molecular crystals. Metallic, semiconducting and even superconducting properties can be achieved in these materials, which have interested scientists for decades. Changing temperature or pressure causes phase transitions in the crystal structure of molecular conductors and their related conduction properties. Scientists can usually determine the crystal structure using X-ray diffraction. However, structural change accompanying phase transition in a particular organic crystal (TMTTF)2PF6 has defied examination for almost 40 years.

University of California, Santa Barbara August 22nd, 2017 Fewer trips to the dentist may be in your future, and you have mussels to thank. Inspired by the mechanisms mussels use to adhere to inhospitable surfaces, UC Santa Barbara researchers have developed a new type of dental composite that provides an extra layer of durability to treated teeth. The potential payoff? Longer lasting fillings, crowns, implants and other work.

Université libre de Bruxelles August 22nd, 2017 In physical sciences, certain quantities appear as integer multiples of fundamental and indivisible elements. This quantization of physical quantities, which is at the heart of our description of Nature, made its way through the centuries, as evidenced by the antique concept of the atom. Importantly, the discovery of quantized quantities has often been associated with a revolution in our understanding and appreciation of Nature’s law, a striking example being the quantization of light in terms of photons, which led to our contemporary (quantum-mechanical) description of the microscopic world.

Weizmann Institute of Science August 23rd, 2017 When hemoglobin undergoes just one mutation, these protein complexes stick to one another, stacking like Lego blocks to form long, stiff filaments. These filaments, in turn, elongate the red blood cells found in sickle-cell disease. For over 50 years, this has been the only known textbook example in which a mutation causes such filaments to form. According to Dr. Emmanuel Levy and his group in the Weizmann Institute of Science’s Structural Biology Department, Lego-like assemblies should have formed relatively frequently during evolution. Could this assembly method be common, or even easy to reproduce? Their answer, which was recently published in Nature, may have implications for both biological research and nanoscience.

Aarhus University August 23rd, 2017 The development of DNA sensor systems is of great importance for advances in medical science. Now another piece of the puzzle for the development of personalized medicine has been found with the results of a highly sensitive monitoring of cancer-related topoisomerase II enzymes.

Eindhoven University of Technology August 23rd, 2017 In Nature today an international team of researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology, Delft University of Technology and the University of California – Santa Barbara presents an advanced quantum chip that will be able to provide definitive proof of the mysterious Majorana particles. These particles, first demonstrated in 2012, are their own antiparticle at one and the same time. The chip, which comprises ultrathin networks of nanowires in the shape of ‘hashtags’, has all the qualities to allow Majorana particles to exchange places. This feature is regarded as the smoking gun for proving their existence and is a crucial step towards their use as a building block for future quantum computers.

Lehigh University August 24th, 2017 They may be tiny and invisible, says Xiaoji Xu, but the aerosol particles suspended in gases play a role in cloud formation and environmental pollution and can be detrimental to human health.

American Chemical Society August 24th, 2017 Title Frame suspended into four Cucurbituril wheels: Meet the Ohio Bobcat Nanowagon Abstract We present the design, synthesis and characterization of the Ohio Bobcat Nanowagon, a [5]pseudorotaxane assembly bearing an H-shaped frame threaded into four Cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]) wheels. The key motifs in the frame are two benzimidazolium groups, which link a terphenyl drive shaft (the horizontal bar of the “H” frame) to the axle shafts (the vertical bars of the “H” frame). Four pyridinium units terminate the latter. Positive charges at the pyridinium and benzimidazolium units allow the frame and the CB[7] wheels to assemble into the final nanowagon in water. The white solid obtained upon freeze-drying was used for successful scanning tunneling microscopy imaging (STM).

University of Manchester August 25th, 2017 From smartphones to supercomputers, the growing need for smaller and more energy efficient devices has made higher density data storage one of the most important technological quests.

Rice University August 14th, 2017  Like a sandwich with wheat on the bottom and rye on the top, Rice University scientists have cooked up a tasty new twist on two-dimensional materials.

Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology August 15th, 2017 Oxford Instruments Plasma Technology is delighted to announce that it has signed an Agent Agreement with Woowon Technology Co. Ltd. in Korea. Woowon, established in 1990, are experts in the semiconductor industry, offering a wealth of experience to customers engaged in the development and manufacture of Semiconductor, LED, Solar Energy and MEMS devices.

Deben August 15th, 2017 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on the results of a new paper presented at the 2016 X-Ray Microscopy Conference where a new heating and compression stage has been developed and tested to study irradiated graphite with scientists from the Diamond Light Source and the University of Manchester.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology August 15th, 2017 Improving the efficiency of solar cells requires materials free from impurities and structural defects. Scientists across many disciplines at KAUST have shown that 2D organic-inorganic hybrid materials feature far fewer defects than thicker 3D versions.

Northwestern University August 16th, 2017 Mirkin will develop a materials design method called ‘nanocombinatorics’ Olvera de la Cruz will focus on structures that mimic protein membranes, cells

American Institute of Physics August 16th, 2017 With their remarkable electrical and optical properties, along with biocompatibility, photostability and chemical stability, gold nanoclusters are gaining a foothold in a number of research areas, particularly in biosensing and biolabeling.

Rice University August 16th, 2017 Rice University materials scientists have created a light foam from two-dimensional sheets of hexagonal-boron nitride (h-BN) that absorbs carbon dioxide. A molecular dynamics simulation shows carbon dioxide (red and teal) molecules being adsorbed by a hexagonal-boron nitride (yellow and blue) foam held together by polyvinyl alcohol (white). Researchers at Rice created a macroscale foam that may be useful for capturing carbon dioxide.

Queen Mary University of London August 17th, 2017 Supercapacitors promise recharging of phones and other devices in seconds and minutes as opposed to hours for batteries. But current technologies are not usually flexible, have insufficient capacities, and for many their performance quickly degrades with charging cycles.

Aalto University August 17th, 2017 An international research team has developed inks made of graphene-like materials for inkjet printing. New black phosphorous inks are compatible with conventional inkjet printing techniques for optoelectronics and photonics.

Duke University August 18th, 2017 By combining an FDA-approved cancer immunotherapy with an emerging tumor-roasting nanotechnology, Duke University researchers improved the efficacy of both therapies in a proof-of-concept study using mice.

Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) August 18th, 2017 Originally a mineral, the perovskite used in today’s technology is quite different from the rock found in the Earth mantle. A “perovskite structure” uses a different combination of atoms but keep the general 3-dimensional structure originally observed in the mineral, which possesses superb optoelectronic properties such as strong light absorption and facilitated charge transport. These advantages qualify the perovskite structure as particularly suited for the design of electronic devices, from solar cells to lights.

Northwestern University August 5th, 2017 Enhancing broadband light absorption in solar cells.  Northwestern Design and nanomanufacturing have collided inside a Northwestern University laboratory.

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München (LMU) August 7th, 2017 The color of the light emitted by an LED can be tuned by altering the size of their semiconductor crystals. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers have now found a clever and economical way of doing just that, which lends itself to industrial-scale production.

Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena August 7th, 2017 A visit to the optometrist often involves optical coherence tomography. This imaging process uses infrared radiation to penetrate the layers of the retina and examine it more closely in three dimensions, without having to touch the eye at all. This allows eye specialists to diagnose diseases such as glaucoma without any physical intervention. However, this method would have even greater potential for science if a shorter radiation wavelength were used, thus allowing a higher resolution of the image. Physicists at Friedrich Schiller University Jena (Germany) have now achieved just that and they have reported their research findings in the latest issue of the specialist journal “Optica” (DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.4.000903).

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. August 8th, 2017 Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., the world leader in serving science, strengthened its leadership position in electron microscopy by launching new instruments that raise the standards for performance and automation in materials science and life sciences applications at Microscopy & Microanalysis (M&M) 2017 (booth 1318, 1412), in St. Louis, Missouri, August 6-10, 2017.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. August 8th, 2017  Research laboratories can now address a wide range of high-end material characterization applications using the latest innovation from the Talos product line. The new Thermo Scientific Talos F200i is a high-performance, compact scanning transmission electron microscope (S/TEM) that can be customized to meet customers’ imaging and analytical requirements.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. August 8th, 2017 The ability of scientists to study samples at the nanometer scale and in natural conditions and environments is critical to the discovery and development of new materials and products. The new Thermo Scientific Quattro field-emission environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) is designed for versatility, enabling scientists to perform high-resolution imaging and analysis of most material types under a wide range of experimental conditions, including: hot, wet, or chemically active.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. August 8th, 2017 Thermo Fisher Scientific, the world leader in serving science, has extended its leadership in cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) with the introduction of two new instruments: the Thermo Scientific Krios G3i and the Thermo Scientific Glacios cryo-transmission electron microscopes (cryo-TEMs). The new instruments, which can be used independently or together in a single particle analysis (SPA) workflow, make structural analysis of proteins, protein complexes and other biomolecular structures faster, easier and more accessible than ever before.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. August 8th, 2017 The new Thermo Scientific Aquilos is the first commercial cryo-DualBeam (focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope) system dedicated to the preparation of frozen, thin lamella samples from biological specimens for high-resolution tomographic imaging in a cryo-transmission electron microscope (cryo-TEM).

UNIVERSITY OF ERLANGEN-NUREMBERG August 8th, 2017 Researchers around the world are looking at how they can manipulate the properties of carbon nanostructures to customise them for specific purposes; the idea is to make the promising mini-format materials commercially viable. A team at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) has now managed to selectively influence the properties of hybrid systems consisting of carbon nanostructures and a dye.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES August 9th, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced that it has demonstrated silicon functionality of a 2.5D packaging solution for its high-performance 14nm FinFET FX-14™ integrated design system for application-specific integrated circuits (ASICs).

FRITSCH August 9th, 2017 FRITSCH, an internationally respected manufacturer of application-oriented laboratory instruments for sample preparation and particle sizing, is again one step ahead.

Rice University August 9th, 2017 Rice University researchers have learned to manipulate two-dimensional materials to design in defects that enhance the materials’ properties.

Rochester Institute of Technology August 10th, 2017 Research underway at RIT advances a new kind of sensing technology that captures data with better precision than currently possible and promises cheaper, smaller and lighter sensor designs.

University of Nottingham August 10th, 2017 Today almost all information stored on hard disc drives or cloud servers is recorded in magnetic media, because it is non-volatile (i.e. it retains the information when power is switched off) and cheap. For portable devices such as mobile phones and tablets, other forms of non-magnetic memory are used because the technology based on magnetism is impractical and is not energy efficient. In an age of mass data storage and portable devices which collect and process information, the search is on to find smaller, faster, cheaper and more energy efficient ways, of both processing and storing increasing amounts of data.

AIM Photonics August 10th, 2017 The American Institute for Manufacturing Integrated Photonics (AIM Photonics), a public-private partnership advancing the nation’s photonics manufacturing capabilities, today announced the winner of a proposal call for a new Defense Department Government Directed Project for photonic integrated circuit (PIC) data links for cryogenic focal plane arrays (FPAs).

SCUOLA INTERNAZIONALE SUPERIORE DI STUDI AVANZATI August 10th, 2017 To move a nanoparticle on the surface of a graphene sheet, you won’t need a “nano-arm”: by applying a temperature difference at the ends of the membrane, the nanocluster laying on it will drift from the hot region to the cold one. In addition, contrary to the laws ruling the world at the macroscale, the force acting on the particle — the so-called thermophoretic force — should not decrease as the sheet length rises, sporting a so-called ballistic behavior, same as a bullet in a gun barrel.

University of California – Irvine August 11th, 2017 UCI researchers have devised a new method of dynamically forming a platinum shell on a metallic alloy nanoparticle core, a development that may lead to better materials for oxygen reduction reactions in fuel cells that power some cars and electronic devices.

 

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology July 22nd, 2017 In order to send, receive, and process electromagnetic signals, antennas are used. An antenna is a device capable of effectively transmitting, picking up, and redirecting electromagnetic radiation. Typically, one thinks of antennas as macroscopic devices operating in the radio and microwave range. However, there are similar optical devices (Fig. 1). The wavelengths of visible light amount to several hundred nanometers. As a consequence, optical antennas are, by necessity, nanosized devices. Optical nanoantennas, which can focus, direct, and effectively transmit light, have a wide range of applications, including information transmission over optical channels, photodetection, microscopy, biomedical technology, and even speeding up chemical reactions.

Deep Space Industries July 23rd, 2017 An asteroid the size of a football field is headed straight towards us. And it will be here within days. But not to worry because 2017 BS5 will pass by Earth at a safe yet cosmically-snug gap of just 3.15 lunar distances (roughly 756,000 miles).

Vanderbilt University July 23rd, 2017 Imagine slipping into a jacket, shirt or skirt that powers your cell phone, fitness tracker and other personal electronic devices as you walk, wave and even when you are sitting.

Nagoya University July 24th, 2017 Scientists at Nagoya University have developed a new way to make stimuli-responsive materials in a predictable manner. They used this method to design a new material, a mixture of carbon nanorings and iodine, which conducts electricity and emits white light when exposed to electricity. The team’s new approach could help generate a range of reliable stimuli-responsive materials, which can be used in memory devices, artificial muscles and drug delivery systems, among other applications.

Deben July 25th, 2017 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on how the School of Materials at the University of Manchester is using a Deben mechanical stage for the characterisation of the structure and behaviour at the micro- and nano- scale relates to that of bulk materials.

Nanomechanics Inc. July 26th, 2017  Nanomechanics, Inc., a high technology instrument company comprised of world-class scientists and engineers with unparalleled expertise in materials science, precision mechanical design and advanced instrumentation software, hosted 20 selected doctoral students at their headquarters in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, July 10-14, for their first hands-on NanoCamp. NanoCamp is part of a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant that Nanomechanics received in 2014. Each NSF proposal must include a science component and broader impact component. Through this grant, NanoCamp was developed. In addition to educational sessions and hands-on training,

Phenom-World July 26th, 2017 Phenom-World, the leading global supplier of desktop scanning electron microscopes (SEMs), today introduced its 5th generation Phenom Pro and ProX SEMs. The systems’ enhanced imaging performance, 20 percent resolution improvement, larger choice of detectors and new software significantly widen their application range, while still maintaining the ease-of-use that Phenom-World’s SEMs are known for. Their excellent performance offers a serious alternative to floor model SEMs in applications that include materials science, industrial manufacturing, electronics, earth science, life sciences, education, and more.

Lanzalab July 26th, 2017 Memristors are nanosized electronic devices that can be used to fabricate next generation memories, and to build up electronic synapses for neuromorphic computing. A memristor consists on a metal-insulator-metal nanocell, in which electrical impulses are applied between the electrodes to modulate the resistivity of the insulator. In this way, a high and a low resistivity state can be intentionally and cyclically induced, which can be used to simulate the ones and zeros of the binary code. The resistivity changes are generated due to local atomic rearrangements produced by the electrical field applied, but understanding this phenomenon is very challenging because i) it takes place in very small areas, and ii) it happens at the insulating stack, which is buried in the top electrode.

Science China Press July 26th, 2017 Li-ion batteries (LIBs) are attractive as the major energy storage devices due to their higher specific energy density, lower self-discharge, and lower memory effect. Among the components of batteries, electrode materials play a key role in enhancing electrochemical properties. Thus, the development of advanced electrode materials for high-performance LIBs has been the major objective in the related research fields.

Arizona State University July 27th, 2017 The interdisciplinary nexus of biology and engineering, known as synthetic biology, is growing at a rapid pace, opening new vistas that could scarcely be imagined a short time ago.

University of California Berkeley July 27th, 2017 Fabrication of sub-30nm gap for capacitive transducers seemed impossible, until recently. Researchers at UC Berkeley successfully demonstrated a 13nm-gap capacitive resonator, which will improve sensor and resonator performance by orders of magnitude.

Kyoto University July 27th, 2017 Researchers at Kyoto University’s Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) and the University of Tokyo have developed a light-responsive crystalline material that overcomes challenges faced in previous studies.

Brookhaven National Laboratory July 27th, 2017 The perfect performance of superconductors could revolutionize everything from grid-scale power infrastructure to consumer electronics, if only they could be coerced into operating above frigid temperatures. Even so-called high-temperature superconductors (HTS) must be chilled to hundreds of degrees Fahrenheit below zero.

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz July 27th, 2017 Theoretical physicists led by Professor Kurt Binder and Dr. Arash Nikoubashman at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have used computer simulations to study the arrangement of stiff polymers in spherical cavities. These confined systems play an important role for a wide range of applications, such as the fabrication of nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and for tailored nanomaterials. Furthermore, the investigated systems can give crucial insights into the inner workings of biological problems where confinement effects are crucial, such as the packaging of double-stranded DNA in bacteriophage capsids and the self-assembly of actin filaments in cells.

University of Alberta July 27th, 2017 A key step in unlocking the potential for greener, faster, smaller electronic circuitry was taken recently by a group of researchers led by UAlberta physicist Robert Wolkow.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology July 27th, 2017 Researchers have taken an important step toward the long-sought goal of a quantum computer, which in theory should be capable of vastly faster computations than conventional computers, for certain kinds of problems. The new work shows that collections of ultracold molecules can retain the information stored in them, for hundreds of times longer than researchers have previously achieved in these materials.

Rice University July 27th, 2017 Lithium-ion batteries are popular power sources for cellphones and other electronics, but problematic in extreme heat or cold. A Rice University laboratory has suggested ways to extend their range.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. July 27th, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it will host a webcast and conference call on Thursday, August 3, 2017, at 4:30 p.m. EDT to discuss its financial results for the fiscal 2017 third quarter ended June 30, 2017.

Rice University July 28th, 2017 Splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen to produce clean energy can be simplified with a single catalyst developed by scientists at Rice University and the University of Houston.

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory July 28th, 2017 In recent years, perovskites have taken the solar cell industry by storm. They are cheap, easy to produce and very flexible in their applications. Their efficiency at converting light into electricity has grown faster than that of any other material – from under four percent in 2009 to over 20 percent in 2017 – and some experts believe that perovskites could eventually outperform the most common solar cell material, silicon. But despite their popularity, researchers don’t know why perovskites are so efficient.

Kanazawa University July 28th, 2017 Calcite is one of the most abundant components of the Earth crust, the outer-most layer of the Earth, constituting as the largest carbon reservoir in the global carbon cycle in nature. Thus, large-scale dissolution of calcite would give an enormous impact on the weather, geography, aquatic environment and so on; more specifically, for example, changes in the carbon dioxide concentration of the air and the acidity of the ocean. Recently, the dissolution mechamism of calcite attracts much attention because of its importance in geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) technology to capture carbon dioxide from the air and to store it underground. In order to precisely predict such a large-scale and long-term phenomenon, the dissolution mechanism of calcite should be understood at an atomic level in a precise manner.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology July 22nd, 2017 In order to send, receive, and process electromagnetic signals, antennas are used. An antenna is a device capable of effectively transmitting, picking up, and redirecting electromagnetic radiation. Typically, one thinks of antennas as macroscopic devices operating in the radio and microwave range. However, there are similar optical devices (Fig. 1). The wavelengths of visible light amount to several hundred nanometers. As a consequence, optical antennas are, by necessity, nanosized devices. Optical nanoantennas, which can focus, direct, and effectively transmit light, have a wide range of applications, including information transmission over optical channels, photodetection, microscopy, biomedical technology, and even speeding up chemical reactions.

Deep Space Industries July 23rd, 2017 An asteroid the size of a football field is headed straight towards us. And it will be here within days. But not to worry because 2017 BS5 will pass by Earth at a safe yet cosmically-snug gap of just 3.15 lunar distances (roughly 756,000 miles).

Vanderbilt University July 23rd, 2017 Imagine slipping into a jacket, shirt or skirt that powers your cell phone, fitness tracker and other personal electronic devices as you walk, wave and even when you are sitting.

Nagoya University July 24th, 2017 Scientists at Nagoya University have developed a new way to make stimuli-responsive materials in a predictable manner. They used this method to design a new material, a mixture of carbon nanorings and iodine, which conducts electricity and emits white light when exposed to electricity. The team’s new approach could help generate a range of reliable stimuli-responsive materials, which can be used in memory devices, artificial muscles and drug delivery systems, among other applications.

Deben July 25th, 2017 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on how the School of Materials at the University of Manchester is using a Deben mechanical stage for the characterisation of the structure and behaviour at the micro- and nano- scale relates to that of bulk materials.

Nanomechanics Inc. July 26th, 2017  Nanomechanics, Inc., a high technology instrument company comprised of world-class scientists and engineers with unparalleled expertise in materials science, precision mechanical design and advanced instrumentation software, hosted 20 selected doctoral students at their headquarters in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, July 10-14, for their first hands-on NanoCamp. NanoCamp is part of a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant that Nanomechanics received in 2014. Each NSF proposal must include a science component and broader impact component. Through this grant, NanoCamp was developed. In addition to educational sessions and hands-on training, Nanomechanics provided transportation, housing and meals for the attendees during the weeklong camp.

Phenom-World July 26th, 2017 Phenom-World, the leading global supplier of desktop scanning electron microscopes (SEMs), today introduced its 5th generation Phenom Pro and ProX SEMs. The systems’ enhanced imaging performance, 20 percent resolution improvement, larger choice of detectors and new software significantly widen their application range, while still maintaining the ease-of-use that Phenom-World’s SEMs are known for. Their excellent performance offers a serious alternative to floor model SEMs in applications that include materials science, industrial manufacturing, electronics, earth science, life sciences, education, and more.

Lanzalab July 26th, 2017 Memristors are nanosized electronic devices that can be used to fabricate next generation memories, and to build up electronic synapses for neuromorphic computing. A memristor consists on a metal-insulator-metal nanocell, in which electrical impulses are applied between the electrodes to modulate the resistivity of the insulator. In this way, a high and a low resistivity state can be intentionally and cyclically induced, which can be used to simulate the ones and zeros of the binary code. The resistivity changes are generated due to local atomic rearrangements produced by the electrical field applied, but understanding this phenomenon is very challenging because i) it takes place in very small areas, and ii) it happens at the insulating stack, which is buried in the top electrode.

Science China Press July 26th, 2017 Li-ion batteries (LIBs) are attractive as the major energy storage devices due to their higher specific energy density, lower self-discharge, and lower memory effect. Among the components of batteries, electrode materials play a key role in enhancing electrochemical properties. Thus, the development of advanced electrode materials for high-performance LIBs has been the major objective in the related research fields.

Arizona State University July 27th, 2017 The interdisciplinary nexus of biology and engineering, known as synthetic biology, is growing at a rapid pace, opening new vistas that could scarcely be imagined a short time ago.

University of California Berkeley July 27th, 2017 Fabrication of sub-30nm gap for capacitive transducers seemed impossible, until recently. Researchers at UC Berkeley successfully demonstrated a 13nm-gap capacitive resonator, which will improve sensor and resonator performance by orders of magnitude.

Kyoto University July 27th, 2017 Researchers at Kyoto University’s Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) and the University of Tokyo have developed a light-responsive crystalline material that overcomes challenges faced in previous studies.

Brookhaven National Laboratory July 27th, 2017 The perfect performance of superconductors could revolutionize everything from grid-scale power infrastructure to consumer electronics, if only they could be coerced into operating above frigid temperatures. Even so-called high-temperature superconductors (HTS) must be chilled to hundreds of degrees Fahrenheit below zero.

Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz July 27th, 2017 Theoretical physicists led by Professor Kurt Binder and Dr. Arash Nikoubashman at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) in Germany have used computer simulations to study the arrangement of stiff polymers in spherical cavities. These confined systems play an important role for a wide range of applications, such as the fabrication of nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery and for tailored nanomaterials. Furthermore, the investigated systems can give crucial insights into the inner workings of biological problems where confinement effects are crucial, such as the packaging of double-stranded DNA in bacteriophage capsids and the self-assembly of actin filaments in cells.

University of Alberta July 27th, 2017 A key step in unlocking the potential for greener, faster, smaller electronic circuitry was taken recently by a group of researchers led by UAlberta physicist Robert Wolkow.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology July 27th, 2017 Researchers have taken an important step toward the long-sought goal of a quantum computer, which in theory should be capable of vastly faster computations than conventional computers, for certain kinds of problems. The new work shows that collections of ultracold molecules can retain the information stored in them, for hundreds of times longer than researchers have previously achieved in these materials.

Rice University July 27th, 2017 Lithium-ion batteries are popular power sources for cellphones and other electronics, but problematic in extreme heat or cold. A Rice University laboratory has suggested ways to extend their range.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. July 27th, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it will host a webcast and conference call on Thursday, August 3, 2017, at 4:30 p.m. EDT to discuss its financial results for the fiscal 2017 third quarter ended June 30, 2017.

Rice University July 28th, 2017 Splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen to produce clean energy can be simplified with a single catalyst developed by scientists at Rice University and the University of Houston.

SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory July 28th, 2017 In recent years, perovskites have taken the solar cell industry by storm. They are cheap, easy to produce and very flexible in their applications. Their efficiency at converting light into electricity has grown faster than that of any other material – from under four percent in 2009 to over 20 percent in 2017 – and some experts believe that perovskites could eventually outperform the most common solar cell material, silicon. But despite their popularity, researchers don’t know why perovskites are so efficient.

Kanazawa University July 28th, 2017 Calcite is one of the most abundant components of the Earth crust, the outer-most layer of the Earth, constituting as the largest carbon reservoir in the global carbon cycle in nature. Thus, large-scale dissolution of calcite would give an enormous impact on the weather, geography, aquatic environment and so on; more specifically, for example, changes in the carbon dioxide concentration of the air and the acidity of the ocean. Recently, the dissolution mechamism of calcite attracts much attention because of its importance in geologic carbon sequestration (GCS) technology to capture carbon dioxide from the air and to store it underground. In order to precisely predict such a large-scale and long-term phenomenon, the dissolution mechanism of calcite should be understood at an atomic level in a precise manner.

 

University of Minnesota July 15th, 2017 For more than 60 years, researchers have tried to successfully cryopreserve (or freeze) the embryo of zebrafish, a species that is an important medical model for human health. In a new study, researchers at the University of Minnesota and the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) provide the first-ever reproducible evidence for the successful cryopreservation of zebrafish embryos.

Rice University July 17th, 2017 A Rice University professor’s method to “upconvert” light could make solar cells more efficient and disease-targeting nanoparticles more effective.

Brookhaven National Laboratory July 17th, 2017 Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory had just finished an experiment with a two-dimensional (2D) structure they synthesized for catalysis research when, to their surprise, they discovered that atoms of argon gas had gotten trapped inside the structure’s nanosized pores. Argon and other noble gases have previously been trapped in three-dimensional (3D) porous materials, but immobilizing them on surfaces had only been achieved by either cooling the gases to very low temperatures to condense them, or by accelerating gas ions to implant them directly into materials.

National Space Society July 18th, 2017  The National Space Society (NSS) congratulates NSS Board of Governors member Dr. Scott Pace on his selection as the Executive Secretary of the National Space Council on July 13th, 2017. Pace is the Director of the Space Policy Institute and Professor of Practice of International Affairs at George Washington University. Towards the beginning of Dr. Pace’s long and storied career, he was the NSS Executive Vice President and Chair of the Policy Committee. Among his many contributions, he testified before the Congressional Space Committee.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology July 18th, 2017 A reinvented, low-cost laser source that stores light energy inside nanoscale disks could underpin the development of optically powered neurocomputers, reveals a simulation study led by KAUST researchers.

University of Michigan July 19th, 2017 In an advance that could boost the efficiency of LED lighting by 50 percent and even pave the way for invisibility cloaking devices, a team of University of Michigan researchers has developed a new technique that peppers metallic nanoparticles into semiconductors.

University of Michigan July 19th, 2017 An exotic interaction between light and metal can be harnessed to make chemical reactions more sustainable, but the physics behind it has been widely debated in the field.

Tokyo Institute of Technology July 19th, 2017 Researchers demonstrate high electrical conductance for an antiaromatic nickel complex — an order of magnitude higher than for a similar aromatic complex. Since the conductance is also tunable by electrochemical gating, antiaromatic complexes are promising materials for future electronic devices.

Rice University July 20th, 2017  Rice University scientists have determined that no matter how large or small a piece of tobermorite is, it will respond to loading forces in precisely the same way. But poking it with a sharp point will change its strength.

Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw July 20th, 2017 An electrode brought to the surface of a liquid that contains microparticles can be used to pull out surprisingly long chains of particles. Curiously enough, the particles in the chains are held together by a thin layer of liquid that covers them. This spectacular phenomenon, discovered with the involvement of Polish scientists and described in the prestigious journal Nature Communications, holds promise for a broad variety of applications.

The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences July 20th, 2017 To some degree of approximation, atomic nuclei look like spheres which in most cases are distorted to a greater or lesser extent. When the nucleus is excited, its shape may change, but only for an extremely brief moment, after which it returns to its original state. A relatively permanent ‘second faceâ’ of atomic nuclei has so far only been observed in the most massive elements. In a spectacular experiment, physicists from Poland, Italy, Japan, Belgium and Romania have for the first time succeeded in registering it in a nucleus recognized as being light.

Bentham Science Publishers July 20th, 2017 Probiotics, being live microbes, exert numerous beneficial health effects on the host cells. Such probiotics are commercially available as dietary supplements, foods, pharmaceutical formulations. Yakult, Activia yogurt, DanActive fermented milk provide health benefits like boosting up the immune system, treating digestive problems, mental illness, neurological disorders, cancer, etc. However, the use of probiotic bacteria to develop metallic nanoparticles (MNPs) constitutes novel research nowadays. Research inputs and patent reports according to an article published in the journal Recent Patents on Drug Delivery and Formulation highlight their potential in the field of cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, medicine and biotechnology as well.

American Institute of Physics July 21st, 2017  Magnets and magnetic phenomena underpin the vast majority of modern data storage, and the measurement scales for research focused on magnetic behaviors continue to shrink with the rest of digital technology. Skyrmions, for example, are a kind of nanomagnet, comprised of a spin-correlated ensemble of electrons acting as a topological magnet on certain microscopic surfaces. The precise properties, like spin orientation, of such nanomagnets can store information. But how might you go about moving or manipulating these nanomagnets at will to store the data you want?

Lomonosov Moscow State University July 8th, 2017 Scientists from the Lomonosov Moscow State University together with their Russian and foreign colleagues have done for the first time direct measurements of giant electromagnetic fields, emerging in dielectric particles with the high refractive index at the scattering of electromagnetic waves. The researchers have presented their project results in the Scientific Reports.

Kyoto University July 9th, 2017 Mineko Kengaku, Tatsuya Murakami, and their colleagues from Kyoto University’s Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) have developed a new method that modifies the surface of nanorods, making them more efficient in transporting cancer-killing genes into cells.

Nanometrics Incorporated July 11th, 2017 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced that its Atlas® systems have been adopted by multiple leading memory manufacturers for production control of thin film deposition processes. Complementing the large install base of Atlas tools, the Atlas MPU and Atlas III systems are new members of a fleet of solutions that Nanometrics has deployed to enable yield learning and factory control across multiple process steps of the industry’s advanced 3D-NAND and DRAM devices.

Nanometrics Incorporated July 11th, 2017 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced the release of NanoDiffract® 4, the latest version of its industry-leading optical critical dimension (OCD) modeling and analysis software with an optimized user interface. NanoDiffract 4 enhances user productivity with added features and options resulting in reduced time-to-solution for the most complex devices. The software is designed to improve modeling and analysis for the latest-generation high-aspect-ratio structures used in DRAM and 3D-NAND, as well as handling the most complex 3D FinFET logic/foundry structures. The NanoDiffract 4 analysis engine coupled with its high-fidelity modeling accuracy greatly improves metrology performance, enabling enhanced in-line sensitivity to critical steps, leading to better factory control.

Rice University July 11th, 2017 Materials scientists at Rice University are looking to nature — at the discs in human spines and the skin in ocean-diving fish, for example — for clues about designing materials with seemingly contradictory properties — flexibility and stiffness.

Northwestern University July 11th, 2017  From checkout counters at supermarkets to light shows at concerts, lasers are everywhere, and they’re a much more efficient light source than incandescent bulbs. But they’re not cheap to produce.

American Institute of Physics July 11th, 2017 What would a simple technique to remove thin layers from otherwise thick, rigid semiconductor crystals mean for the semiconductor industry? This concept has been actively explored for years, as integrated circuits made on thin layers hold promise for developments including improved thermal characteristics, lightweight stackability and a high degree of flexibility compared to conventionally thick substrates.

Northwestern University July 12th, 2017 -Proof-of-concept study demonstrates potential therapy for incurable glioblastoma brain tumors -Involves injecting nanoparticles into tumors to shut down the cells driving the cancer -Nanoparticle platform delivers molecules that can target the specific genetic makeup of a patient’s tumor

Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg July 12th, 2017 In view of climate change and the needs of the energy reform, it has become particularly important to significantly increase the efficiency of organic solar cells. In a process known as ‘singlet fission’, one photon simultaneously excites two electrons. If this effect can be exploited, it may well be possible to dramatically increase the power generated by solar cells. Physicists and chemists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) collaborating in an international joint project with Northwestern University in the USA have successfully worked out all the decisive intermediate phases in the singlet fission process and have managed to describe the mechanism in detail for the first time. The results have been published in the leading specialist journal Nature Communications (DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15171).

Ruhr-Universität Bochum July 13th, 2017 Chemists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum have found evidence that carbon atoms cannot only behave like particles but also like waves. This quantum-mechanical property is well-known for light particles such as electrons or hydrogen atoms. However, researchers have only rarely observed the wave-particle duality for heavy atoms, such as carbon. The team led by Prof Dr Wolfram Sander and Tim Schleif from the Chair for Organic Chemistry II together with Prof Dr Weston Thatcher Borden, University of North Texas, reports in the journal “Angewandte Chemie”.

National Space Society July 13th, 2017 The National Space Society (NSS) endorses Vice President Pence’s call to maintain a “constant presence” in low-Earth orbit (LEO) leading to the settlement of the space frontier, made during a visit July 6, 2017 to Kennedy Space Center. Fresh off the June 30th signing of a an executive order that makes VP Pence the leader of a revitalized National Space Council, Pence delivered an optimistic view of NASA’s future. NSS applauds the creation of a revived National Space Council, and looks forward to Pence leading the Council toward a bold future in space that is not just exciting but that delivers the benefits of space resources to all Americans.

Quorum Technologies July 13th, 2017 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, talk about how the Blackett Laboratory of the Physics Department at Imperial College chose the Q150T coater to deposit metals to make plasmonic devices in a fast prototyping and development process.

Nanometrics Incorporated July 13th, 2017  Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced the introduction of SpectraProbe™, a new software-based process control solution designed to provide advanced data analytics to maximize fab productivity. Complementing the high-fidelity modeling capabilities of NanoDiffract® for optical critical dimension (OCD) metrology, SpectraProbe analyzes data generated by a customer’s fleet of Nanometrics Atlas®, IMPULSE® and T3 metrology systems, providing real-time excursion monitoring, rapid model-less OCD recipe analysis and tracking of other process parameters.

Nanometrics Incorporated July 14th, 2017  Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its second quarter financial results after market close on August 1, 2017. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES July 14th, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES and VeriSilicon today announced a collaboration to deliver the industry’s first single-chip IoT solution for next-generation Low Power Wide Area (LPWA) networks. Leveraging GF’s 22FDX® FD-SOI technology, the companies plan to develop intellectual property that could enable a complete cellular modem module on a single chip, including integrated baseband, power management, RF radio and front-end module combining both Narrowband IoT (NB-IoT) and LTE-M capabilities. The new approach is expected to deliver significant improvements in power, area, and cost compared to current offerings.

University of Basel July 14th, 2017 Scientists from the Swiss Nanoscience Institute and the University of Basel have succeeded in coupling an extremely small quantum dot with 1,000 times larger trumpet-shaped nanowire. The movement of the nanowire can be detected with a sensitivity of 100 femtometers via the wavelength of the light emitted by the quantum dot. Conversely, the oscillation of the nanowire can be influenced by excitation of the quantum dot with a laser. Nature Communications published the results.

 

Cornell University July 1st, 2017 Cornell University materials scientists and bioelectrochemical engineers may have created an innovative, cost-competitive electrode material for cleaning pollutants in wastewater.

scientificamerican.com July 1st, 2017 As summers grow steadily hotter, many people feel a need to slather on ever more sunscreen—or wear more clothes—to prevent the sun’s ultraviolet radiation from crisping their skin and increasing the odds of developing cancer. But scientists may have found a new way to block these dangerous rays: melanin-imitating nanoparticles that protect skin cells from within. If proved, this approach could be used to develop better topical protection and possibly treatments for certain skin disorders as well.

Brookhaven National Laboratory July 3rd, 2017 Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory have broken new ground in the study of functional oxide materials. The researchers discovered a previously unknown mechanism involved in “electrolyte gating,” a method for increasing electrical conductivity in materials and potentially inducing superconductivity. Their work was published on Monday, July 3 in Quantum Materials, a Nature partner journal.

Australian National University July 3rd, 2017 Scientists at The Australian National University (ANU) have designed a new nano material that can reflect or transmit light on demand with temperature control, opening the door to technology that protects astronauts in space from harmful radiation.

University of Central Florida July 4th, 2017 An international research team that includes University of Central Florida Professor Enrique del Barco, Damien Thompson of the University of Limerick and Christian A. Nijhuis of the National University of Singapore has cracked an important limitation that for nearly 20 years has prevented the practical use of molecular diodes.

University of Central Florida July 5th, 2017 A team of UCF scientists has developed a new process for creating flexible supercapacitors that can store more energy and be recharged more than 30,000 times without degrading.

Nanomechanics, Inc. July 5th, 2017 Nanomechanics Inc., the world’s leading provider of nano-mechanical testing equipment, announced the establishment of the Advanced Nanomechanical Characterization Centre (ANCC) in Hyderabad, India. The ANCC is a joint technology development centre, established with the prestigious International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI).

Technical University of Munich (TUM) July 6th, 2017 Quantum technology is seen as an important future-oriented technology: smaller, faster and with higher performance than conventional electronics. However, exploiting quantum effects is difficult because nature’s smallest building blocks have properties quite distinct from those we know from our everyday world. An international team of researchers has now succeeded in extracting a fault tolerant manipulation of quanta from an effect of classical mechanics.

Forge Nano July 7th, 2017 Method and System for Continuous Atomic Layer Deposition on Powders and Moving Beds Strengthens Forge Nano’s Intellectual Property Rights Portfolio for their High Throughput Atomic Layer Deposition Technology

Georgia Institute of Technology July 7th, 2017 A new low-temperature solution printing technique allows fabrication of high-efficiency perovskite solar cells with large crystals intended to minimize current-robbing grain boundaries. The meniscus-assisted solution printing (MASP) technique boosts power conversion efficiencies to nearly 20 percent by controlling crystal size and orientation.

Faculty of Science – University of Copenhagen July 7th, 2017 Superconductors: Due to magnetism iron should – theoretically – be a poor superconductor. Nevertheless certain ironbased materials possess fine superconducting properties. Why? Because the five unbound electrons found in iron – as a result of individual modes of operation, it turns out – facilitate superconductivity. This new, long sought-for explanation – appearing in this weeks issue of Science – is the result of international co-operation between experts from the Niels Bohr Institute (NBI) i Copenhagen, Denmark, and colleagues from a number of other scientific institutions in Europa and USA.

University of California – Riverside June 25th, 2017 In the world of electronics, where the quest is always for smaller and faster units with infinite battery life, topological insulators (TI) have tantalizing potential.

University of Chicago June 25th, 2017 An international team led by the University of Chicago’s Institute for Molecular Engineering has discovered how to manipulate a weird quantum interface between light and matter in silicon carbide along wavelengths used in telecommunications.

Bruker Nano Surfaces Division June 27th, 2017 Bruker’s Nano Surfaces Division today announced the introduction of the TriboLab CMP Process and Material Characterization System, which provides a unique characterization capability for the development of chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) processes on the proven robust UMT TriboLab™ mechanical testing platform. The new TriboLab CMP system is the only tool on the market that can provide a broad range of polishing pressure (0.05-50 psi), speeds (1 to 500 rpm), friction, acoustic emissions, and surface temperature measurements for the accurate and complete characterization of CMP processes and consumables.

Picosun Oy June 27th, 2017 Picosun Oy, leading supplier of high quality Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) thin film coating solutions, reports of breakthrough results achieved with its ALD technology in development of novel high-speed memories. These memories are required in state-of-the-art data storage applications, where a combination of very large capacity and extremely fast operating speed is needed. The results have been obtained at Picosun’s long-term customer Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), Russia.

Quorum Technologies Limited June 27th, 2017 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, report on the reliability and repeatability of metal film deposition thickness achieved by the Q150T S coater is so important to the Nanoscale & Microscale Research Centre at the University of Nottingham.

Nanometrics Incorporated June 27th, 2017 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced that company management will participate in the 9th Annual CEO Investor Summit 2017, taking place Wednesday, July 12th, in San Francisco, California.

Bosch Sensortec June 27th, 2017 Step counting and gesture recognition in tiny packages •Step counter optimized for wearable devices, integrated directly in the sensor •No external microcontroller necessary to enable step counting •Easy to integrate for fast time-to-market •Low power consumption

University of Queensland June 27th, 2017 A diagnostic technique that can detect tiny molecules signalling the presence of cancer could be on the horizon.

National Institutes of Natural Sciences June 28th, 2017 Researchers at Institute for Molecular Science (IMS), Innovation Research Center for Fuel Cells, University of Electro-Communications, Research Center for Materials Science, Nagoya University, and JASRI (Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute), have improved an ambient-pressure photoelectron spectroscopy instrument using hard X-rays*1 produced at SPring-8*2 and succeeded in photoelectron spectrometry*3 under real atmospheric pressure for the first time in the world. Their achievements has been published online in the “Applied Physics Express.”

International Union of Crystallography June 29th, 2017 Mechanochemistry is a widespread synthesis technique in all areas of chemistry. Various materials have been synthesized by this technique when the classical wet chemistry route is not satisfactory. Characterization of the reaction mixture is however much less accessible than in solutions.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology June 29th, 2017 Dialysis, in the most general sense, is the process by which molecules filter out of one solution, by diffusing through a membrane, into a more dilute solution. Outside of hemodialysis, which removes waste from blood, scientists use dialysis to purify drugs, remove residue from chemical solutions, and isolate molecules for medical diagnosis, typically by allowing the materials to pass through a porous membrane.

Brown University June 30th, 2017 A team of researchers has found a way to detect trace gases down to concentrations at the parts-per-quadrillion level using a new variation on the photoacoustic effect, a technique that measures the sound generated when light interacts with molecules.

California Institute of Technology June 30th, 2017 Engineers at Caltech have for the first time developed a light detector that combines two disparate technologies — nanophotonics, which manipulates light at the nanoscale, and thermoelectrics, which translates temperature differences directly into electron voltage — to distinguish different wavelengths (colors) of light, including both visible and infrared wavelengths, at high resolution.

 

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology June 17th, 2017 Researchers from MIPT’s Center of Shared Research Facilities have found a way to control oxygen concentration in tantalum oxide films produced by atomic layer deposition. These thin films could be the basis for creating new forms of nonvolatile memory. The paper was published in the journal ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, which has an impact factor of 7.14.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES June 19th, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES and ON Semiconductor (Nasdaq: ON) today announced the availability of a System-on-Chip (SoC) family of devices, on GF’s 55nm Low Power Extended (55LPx), RF-enabled process technology platform. ON Semiconductor’s new RSL10 products are based on a multi-protocol Bluetooth 5 certified radio SoC capable of supporting the advanced wireless functionalities in IoT and “Connected” Health and Wellness markets.

Oregon State University June 19th, 2017 New research into the largely unstudied area of heterostructural alloys could lead to greater materials control and in turn better semiconductors, advances in nanotechnology for pharmaceuticals and improved metallic glasses for industrial applications.

Leti June 20th, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, today announced that Leti’s embedded sensor fusion solution, SigmaFusion, has been embedded in Infineon Technologies’ AURIXTM TC29x platform. This platform enables automotive developers to control powertrain, body, safety and ADAS applications with one single microcontroller family.

Oxford Instruments NanoScience June 20th, 2017 One of the most advanced facilities in the world for quantum technology, Lancaster University’s IsoLab has been inaugurated by the Chief Executive of the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).

Cambridge Nanotherm Ltd June 20th, 2017 •Partnership with Japanese distribution giant brings significant sales and distribution channel to thermal management specialists •Inabata on track to bring Nanotherm’s unique thermal management solution to a wide range of global markets

World Scientific June 21st, 2017 Researchers from PSG College of Technology, India have developed nano-contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as well as optical imaging of cancer cells. This report will appear in the forthcoming issue of the journal NANO.

World Scientific June 21st, 2017 Why do we construct nanocomposite for the photocatalytic oxidation desulfurization? Current hydrodesulfurization (HDS) technology is hard to remove thiols and refractory thiophenic compounds to a minimum in fuels. Moreover, the HDS technology requires severe operation conditions, along with other disadvantages in deep desulfurization. Therefore, considerable attention has been paid to non-HDS techniques, such as adsorption, biodesulfurization and photocatalytic oxidation, etc. Among them, the photocatalytic oxidation desulfurization is the most ideal “green chemistry” technology for deep desulfurization with mild operating conditions. Some researchers have reported nanocomposite as an effective photocatalytic functional material than the host alone, such as Nb6O17@Fe2O3, Cu2O@TiO2 nanotube arrays, etc.

American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev June 21st, 2017 An innovative technique using light and tiny bubbles to propel microparticles at forces many times greater than previously achieved has been developed by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev researchers.

Rice University June 22nd, 2017 Nanotechnologists from Rice University and China’s Tianjin University have used 3-D laser printing to fabricate centimeter-sized objects of atomically thin graphene.

IBM Research June 23rd, 2017 IBM (NYSE: IBM) and the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) today announced they are collaborating on a first-of-a-kind brain-inspired supercomputing system powered by a 64-chip array of the IBM TrueNorth Neurosynaptic System. The scalable platform IBM is building for AFRL will feature an end-to-end software ecosystem designed to enable deep neural-network learning and information discovery. The system’s advanced pattern recognition and sensory processing power will be the equivalent of 64 million neurons and 16 billion synapses, while the processor component will consume the energy equivalent of a dim light bulb – a mere 10 watts to power.

 

Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) June 11th, 2017 A recent study, affiliated with UNIST has engineered a new type of carbon nanomaterials, capable of changing shapes and colors depending on the type of solvents used. Such materials have attracted much attention owing to their unique optical properties and structures.

Nanomechanics Inc. June 12th, 2017 Nanomechanics Inc., a leading provider of innovative tools designed to enable users to understand, evaluate, and test the mechanical performance of materials at the micro and nano-levels, is set to launch a new webinar Wednesday, June 21, from noon to 1 p.m. EST. The lecture will explain how by using instrumentation and software, nanoindentation experiments can be accomplished at a rate faster than one second per indent.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology June 12th, 2017 “Deep Learning” computer systems, based on artificial neural networks that mimic the way the brain learns from an accumulation of examples, have become a hot topic in computer science. In addition to enabling technologies such as face- and voice-recognition software, these systems could scour vast amounts of medical data to find patterns that could be useful diagnostically, or scan chemical formulas for possible new pharmaceuticals.

Deben June 13th, 2017 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on how the new Zeiss Global Centre at the University of Portsmouth will use Deben’s mechanical stages for in situ µXCT studies of the structural competence of biological structures.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES June 13th, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced the availability of its 7nm Leading-Performance (7LP) FinFET semiconductor technology, delivering a 40 percent generational performance boost to meet the needs of applications such as premium mobile processors, cloud servers and networking infrastructure. Design kits are available now, and the first customer products based on 7LP are expected to launch in the first half of 2018, with volume production ramping in the second half of 2018.

Leti June 13th, 2017  Leti, a technology research institute of CEA Tech, today announced the world’s first wearable stress-monitoring device that enables customized recommendations for stress-free travel and indicators for improving public-transportation safety. Leti scientists will demonstrate this device and a smartphone-based mobility observer developed in the Horizon 2020 Programme at the 12th ITS European Conference in Strasbourg, France, June 19-22.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES June 13th, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced the availability of FX-7 TM, an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) offering built on the company’s 7nm FinFET process technology. FX-7 is an integrated design platform that combines leading-edge manufacturing process technology with a differentiated suite of intellectual property and 2.5D/3D packaging to deliver the industry’s most complete solution for data center, machine learning, automotive, wired communications, and 5G wireless applications.

Tokyo Institute of Technology June 14th, 2017 Using femtosecond visible and terahertz (THz) pulses as external perturbations, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology and Kyoto University’s Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) have investigated the second harmonic generation effect in photoexcited BiCoO3. Driven by the THz pulse, this research highlights the importance of orbital excitation in the Co3+ ion and provides clues for improving the performance of nonlinear optical phenomena in nonlinear crystals on the femtosecond time scale.

Johannes Kepler University Linz June 14th, 2017 Silicon still represents the most important material for the production of semiconductor elements such as transistors, diodes or solar cells. For a number of years, however, an interesting alternative has been available: certain hydrocarbons that also exhibit semiconductor properties are now the new standard in OLED displays of mobile phones and television sets. Moreover, these “organic” semiconductors, as these hydrocarbons are also called, can also be used for solar cells or transistors. Their big disadvantage is their lack of stability: atmospheric oxygen quickly destroys these elements, which is why they need to be packaged in an airtight cover. A research team led by the physicist Serdar Sarıçiftçi from the Johannes Kepler University Linz has now achieved a breakthrough in solving this problem. In a project funded by the Austrian Science Fund FWF, the team managed to produce semiconductors related to the indigo pigment which is not only stable when exposed to air, but also under water.

Tokyo Institute of Technology June 15th, 2017 The research group at Tokyo Institute of Technology has found a hybrid photocatalyst exhibits specifically high activity for the reductive conversion reaction of carbon dioxide (CO2) to formic acid under visible light irradiation.

Ames Laboratory June 15th, 2017 Javier Vela, scientist at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory, believes improvements in computer processors, TV displays and solar cells will come from scientific advancements in the synthesis of low-dimensional nanomaterials.

National Space Society June 15th, 2017 The National Space Society (NSS) is very pleased to announce that the team it has been actively supporting in NASA’s Cube Quest Challenge, Cornell University’s Cislunar Explorers has placed first and won one of the three Cube Quest Challenge flight slots on NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) scheduled for launch in 2019. The team is led by Dr. Mason Peck and their spacecraft are planned for lunar orbit.

The National Graphene Association June 16th, 2017 The National Graphene Association has announced the initial 35 members of an unrivaled advisory board of thought leaders and experts from commercial and industrial segments, advanced material and technology companies and corporations, national labs, government agencies, investment firms, standard bodies and academic and research institutions.

University of Pennsylvania June 16th, 2017 A team of researchers at the University of Pennsylvania is gaining new insight into the smart materials used in ultrasound technology. While forming the most thorough model to date of how these materials work, they have found striking similarities with the behavior of water.

 

IBM Research June 5th, 2017 IBM (NYSE: IBM), its Research Alliance partners GLOBALFOUNDRIES and Samsung, and equipment suppliers have developed an industry-first process to build silicon nanosheet transistors that will enable 5 nanometer (nm) chips. The details of the process will be presented at the 2017 Symposia on VLSI Technology and Circuits conference in Kyoto, Japan. In less than two years since developing a 7nm test node chip with 20 billion transistors, scientists have paved the way for 30 billion switches on a fingernail-sized chip.

Nanobiotix June 5th, 2017 · Very good safety profile with no AEs and SAEs in stage III/IV in frail patients older than 70 years old · 7 out 9 patients had Complete Reponse at 10% dose level or more · Follow up shows a potential impact on long term disease control · Amendment filed for a dose expansion cohort of 44 additional patients · Plan to open this study in the United States

Park Systems June 5th, 2017 Park Systems, world-leading manufacturer of Atomic Force Microscopes (AFM), just announced new Park NX12, an affordable versatile platform for analytical chemistry and electrochemistry researchers and multi-user facilities. Park NX12 features a versatile Inverted Optical Microscope (IOM) based SPM platform for SICM, SECM, and SECCM, in addition to Atomic Force Microscopy for research on a broad range of materials from organic to inorganic, transparent to opaque, soft to hard.

Purdue University June 5th, 2017 Design of cost-effective electrocatalysts with enhanced stability and activity is of paramount importance for the next generation of energy conversion systems, including fuel cells and electrolysers. However, electrocatalytic materials generally improve one of these properties at the expense of the other. Here, using density functional theory calculations and electrochemical surface science measurements, we explore atomic-level features of ultrathin (hydroxy)oxide films on transition metal substrates and demonstrate that these films exhibit both excellent stability and activity for electrocatalytic applications.

Graphene Flagship June 6th, 2017 Silicon based CMOS (Complementary metal-oxide semiconductors) technology has truly shaped our world. It enables most of the electronics that we rely on today including computers, smartphones and digital cameras. However, to continue the path of progress in the electronics industry new technology must be developed and a key feature of this is the ability to integrate CMOS with other semiconductors. Now, Graphene Flagship researchers from ICFO (The Institute of Photonic Sciences in Barcelona) have shown that it is possible to integrate graphene into a CMOS integrated circuit.

Carbodeon June 7th, 2017 New generation of affordable NanoDiamond coatings can reduce wear rate by as much as 85 percent, with Vickers hardness of as much as 1030 Hv after annealing, without increasing surface friction.

Brookhaven National Laboratory June 7th, 2017 Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have developed a new way to track dynamic molecular features in soft materials, including the high-frequency molecular vibrations that transmit waves of heat, sound, and other forms of energy. Controlling these vibrational waves in soft materials such as polymers or liquid crystal compounds could lead to a range of energy-inspired innovations-from thermal and acoustic insulators, to ways to convert waste heat into electricity, or light into mechanical motion.

Rice University June 8th, 2017 The endothelial cells that line blood vessels are packed tightly to keep blood inside and flowing, but scientists at Rice University and their colleagues have discovered it may be possible to selectively open gaps in those barriers just enough to let large molecules through — and then close them again.

infozine.com June 8th, 2017 Generation Nano challenges high school students to imagine novel superheroes who use the power of nanotechnology to solve crimes or tackle a societal challenge. Washington DC – infoZine – The National Science Foundation (NSF), in partnership with the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI), named the first- and second-place winners, as well as the People’s Choice winner, for the second annual Generation Nano competition.

American Institute of Physics June 8th, 2017 A team of researchers at the Israel Institute of Technology has developed a new capacitor with a metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) diode structure that is tunable by illumination. The capacitor, which features embedded metal nanoparticles, is similar to a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) diode, except that the capacitance of the new device depends on illumination and exhibits a strong frequency dispersion, allowing for a high degree of tunability.

Rice University June 9th, 2017 Rice University chemists can thank the mussel for putting the muscle into their new macroscale scaffold fibers.

OCSiAl June 9th, 2017 Recent research on the most novel additive – single wall carbon nanotubes – has demonstrated an impressive result: in contrast to conventional additives, no protruding particles appear and no free-standing particles are released when materials containing these nanotubes are being mechanically stressed during simulation of their typical use. Furthermore, nanotube-formulated materials release significantly fewer micro-size or ultrafine particles, demonstrating their high strength and cohesion improvement.

ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences May 29th, 2017 Over the past 40 years, microelectronics have advanced by leaps and bounds thanks to silicon and CMOS (Complementary metal-oxide semiconductors) technology, making possible computing, smartphones, compact and low-cost digital cameras, as well as most of the electronic gadgets we rely on today. ICFO researchers have developed the first graphene — quantum dots — CMOS integrated based camera, capable of imaging visible and infrared light at the same time. The camera will be useful for many applications that include night vision, food inspection, fire control, vision under extreme weather conditions, to name a few. The imaging system is based on the first monolithic integration of graphene and quantum dot photodetectors with a CMOS read-out integrated circuit. It has proven to be easy and cheap to fabricate at room temperature and under ambient conditions, allowing for low-cost mass-production.

Aculon, Inc. May 30th, 2017 culon, Inc. announces the expansion of their NanoProof line of products with the release of NanoProof 8 series and NanoProof DAB (Direct Application Barrier). NanoProof 8 is next generation PCB waterproofing technology which is a surface treatment capable of imparting hydrophobicity to a wide variety of surfaces in a simple, one-step process. NanoProof DAB uses the same unique NanoProof formula but is designed for syringe application to impart waterproofing with the same, simple, one-step process to a wide variety of components, such as connectors, one dab at a time. The Aculon NanoProof series is designed for a wide variety of applications such as smartphones, wearables including smartwatches and sensors, IoT devices, laptops and other electronics that need protecting from water.

Purdue University May 30th, 2017 “If this project is successful it will cause a revolution in computing.” That’s the forecast of Michael Manfra, Purdue University’s Bill and Dee O’Brien Chair Professor of Physics and Astronomy, Professor of Materials Engineering and Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, on a new long-term enhanced collaboration between Purdue and Microsoft Corp. to build a robust and scalable quantum computer by producing what scientists call a “topological qubit.”

University of Pittsburgh May 30th, 2017 Research at the University of Pittsburgh into a more energy-efficient catalytic process to produce olefins, the building blocks for polymer production, was recently featured on the inside front cover of the Royal Society of Chemistry journal, Catalysis Science & Technology (May 21, 2017, Issue 10). The team’s investigations could influence potential applications in diverse technology areas from green energy and sustainable chemistry to materials engineering and catalysis.

American Institute of Physics May 30th, 2017 In recent years, excitement has swirled around a type of quasi-particle called a skyrmion that arises as a collective behavior of a group of electrons. Because they’re stable, only a few nanometers in size, and need just small electric currents to transport them, skyrmions hold potential as the basis for ultra-compact and energy-efficient information storage and processing devices in the future.

JPK Instruments May 31st, 2017 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, is pleased to announce a new demonstration capability at their Berlin headquarters. In collaboration with Abberior Instruments, visitors to JPK’s applications facility will be able to see STED capability demonstrated in conjunction with the NanoWizard® AFMs.

ITMO University June 1st, 2017 Russian physicists from ITMO University have found out that spherical silicon nanoparticles can be effectively heated up, and simultaneously emit light depending on their temperature. According to the scientists, these properties coupled with a good biocompatibility will allow usage of the semiconductor nanoparticles in photothermal therapy and nanosurgery. The researchers plan to control the heating of the silicon particles in the future to internally burn cancer cells without affecting healthy tissue. The results appeared in the prestigious journal Nano Letters.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne June 1st, 2017 Perovskite solar cells promise cheaper and efficient solar energy, with enormous potential for commercialization. But even though they have been shown to achieve over 22% power-conversion efficiency, their operational stability still fails market requirements. Despite a number of proposed solutions in fabrication technology, this issue has continued to undercut whatever incremental increases in efficiency have been achieved. EPFL scientists have now built a low-cost, ultra-stable perovskite solar cell that has operated for more than a year without loss in performance (11.2%). The work is published in Nature Communications.

Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences June 1st, 2017 In molecules there are certain groups of atoms that are able to rotate. This movement occurs under the influence of random stimuli from the environment and is not continuous but occurs in jumps. It is generally believed that such jumps occur in a manner that is typical of classical objects, such as a fan blade prodded by a finger. Chemists from the institutes of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw have, however, observed rotations that follow the non-intuitive rules of the quantum world. It turns out that under the appropriate conditions, quantum rotations can very well mimic normal, classical rotation.

Purdue University June 2nd, 2017 The emerging field of plasmonics could bring advances in chemical manufacturing, usher in new clean and sustainable technologies and desalination systems to avert a future global water crisis.

Brookhaven National Laboratory June 2nd, 2017 Photosynthesis in green plants converts solar energy to stored chemical energy by transforming atmospheric carbon dioxide and water into sugar molecules that fuel plant growth. Scientists have been trying to artificially replicate this energy conversion process, with the objective of producing environmentally friendly and sustainable fuels, such as hydrogen and methanol. But mimicking key functions of the photosynthetic center, where specialized biomolecules carry out photosynthesis, has proven challenging. Artificial photosynthesis requires designing a molecular system that can absorb light, transport and separate electrical charge, and catalyze fuel-producing reactions-all complicated processes that must operate synchronously to achieve high energy-conversion efficiency.

 

Leti May 22nd, 2017 Extending its expertise in high-brightness microdisplay technology for augmented-reality and other applications, Leti will demonstrate the world’s first wide video graphic array (WVGA) GaN microdisplay with 10-micron pixel pitch during Display Week in Los Angeles, May 21-26.

Rice University May 22nd, 2017 Scientists at Rice University and Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) have discovered that laser-induced graphene (LIG) is a highly effective anti-fouling material and, when electrified, bacteria zapper.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES May 23rd, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES and the Chengdu municipality today announced an investment to spur innovation in China’s semiconductor industry. The partners plan to build a world-class FD-SOI ecosystem including multiple design centers in Chengdu and university programs across China. The investment of more than $100 million is expected to attract leading semiconductor companies to Chengdu, making it a center of excellence for designing next-generation chips in mobile, Internet-of-Things (IoT), automotive and other high-growth markets.

Leti May 24th, 2017 Leti, a technology research institute of CEA Tech, will demonstrate the world’s first wireless transceiver dedicated to ultra-narrow band (UNB) communication at the joint conferences of IEEE Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits (RFIC 2017) and the International Microwave Symposium (IMS 2017) in Honolulu, Hawaii, June 4-9.

Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie May 24th, 2017 Carbon is a very versatile element. It not only forms diamonds, graphite, and coal, but can also take a planar form as a hexagonal matrix – graphene. This material, consisting of only a single atomic layer, possesses many extreme properties. It is highly conductive, optically transparent, and is mechanically flexible as well as able to withstand loads. André Geim and Konstantin Novoselov received the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of this exotic form of carbon. And just recently, a Japanese team has been successful in stacking two-dimensional graphene layers in a three-dimensional architecture with nanometre-sized pores.

Nanomechanics, Inc. May 25th, 2017 Nanomechanics Inc., the world’s leading provider of nano-mechanical testing equipment, will exhibit at the annual Conference and Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics on June 12-15, 2017. The three-day event will be held in at the Hyatt Regency Indianapolis.

Nanometrics Incorporated May 25th, 2017 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, today announced that its president and chief executive officer, Dr. Timothy J. Stultz, has notified the company of his plans to retire. The company has retained Spencer Stuart to identify a successor. Dr. Stultz will continue as CEO until his successor is named, assist with a seamless transition, and continue to serve as a director of the company.

North Carolina State University May 25th, 2017 Researchers from North Carolina State University have discovered a technique for controlling light with electric fields.

Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) May 26th, 2017 The quantum world is both elegant and mysterious. It is a sphere of existence where the laws of physics experienced in everyday life are broken–particles can exist in two places at once, they can react to each other over vast distances, and they themselves seem confused over whether they are particles or waves. For those not involved in the field, this world may seem trifling, but recently, researchers from the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) have theoretically described two quantum states that are extraordinary in both the physics that define them and their visual appeal: a complex quantum system that simulates classical physics and a spellbinding necklace-like state. Their study is published in the journal Physical Review A.

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) May 26th, 2017 A research team led by Professor YongKeun Park of the Physics Department at KAIST has developed an optical manipulation technique that can freely control the position, orientation, and shape of microscopic samples having complex shapes. The study has been published online in Nature Communications on May 22.

ITMO University May 26th, 2017 Scientists from the Netherlands and Russia designed and tested a new metasurface-based technology for enhancing the local sensitivity of MRI scanners on humans for the first time. The metasurface consists of thin resonant strips arranged periodically. Placed under a patient’s head, it provided much higher signals from the local brain region. The results published in Scientific Reports, show that the use of metasurfaces can potentially reduce image acquisition time, thus improving comfort for patients, or acquire higher resolution images for better disease diagnosis.

World Scientific May 26th, 2017 In the recent past ZnO has emerged as a promising alternative to Si and GaN in devices like light-emitting diodes (LEDs), photodetectors, and optically pumped lasers for the UV region1-3. ZnO has several special properties such as direct wide bandgap (~3.37eV)4, radiation resistance, high adsorption capacity, high exciton energy (~60meV)4, high mechanical and thermal stabilities, and transparency in the visible range of the electromagnetic radiation4-6. In recent times, one-dimensional (1-D) nanostructures of ZnO have attracted considerable attention of researchers, because of its unique properties (such as controllable shape and size)7-10. A variety of 1-D nanostructures of ZnO, such as nanostructures7, nanowires (NWs)8, nanorods (NRs)9, nanoparticles10, spirals11, nanoneedle12, and nanocombs13 can be grown by different synthesis techniques7-13.

 

Rice University May 15th, 2017 Rice University scientists who invented laser-induced graphene (LIG) for applications like supercapacitors have now figured out a way to make the spongy graphene either superhydrophobic or superhydrophilic. And it’s a gas. Water rolls off a superhydrophilic laser-induced graphene pattern placed inside a superhydrophobic LIG frame.A water droplet bounces on the surface of laser-induced graphene with a sulfur and fluorine gas in the chamber.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign May 15th, 2017 Researchers at the University of Illinois have found a way to apply self-healing technology to lithium-ion batteries to make them more reliable and last longer.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology May 16th, 2017 A strategy to produce highly fluorescent nanoparticles through careful molecular design of conjugated polymers has been developed by KAUST researchers. Such tiny polymer-based particles could offer alternatives to conventional organic dyes and inorganic semiconductor quantum dots as fluorescent tags for medical imaging.

Duke University May 17th, 2017 Materials scientists have written the recipe on how to use an oddball enzyme to build new biomaterials out of DNA. The work provides instructions for researchers the world over to build self-assembling molecules for applications ranging from drug delivery to nanowires.

Stanford University May 18th, 2017 A tiny amount of squeezing or stretching can produce a big boost in catalytic performance, according to a new study led by scientists at Stanford University and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.

Changchun Institute of Optics, Fine Mechanics and Physics May 19th, 2017 Lanthanide-doped upconversion nanocrystals (UCNCs) have recently found great potential in the applications of near-infrared bioimaging and nonlinear optoelectronic devices due to their tunable spectral characteristics and excellent photostability. In particular, their near-infrared excitation bands at 808 and 980 nm are within the first biological transparency window, indicating high penetration depth and low photothermal damage. However, the low quantum efficiency of such UCNCs (typically less than 1%) constitutes an intrinsic obstacle to practical use. To overcome this limitation, many physical and chemical methods have been developed to improve the absorption and emission efficiencies, including surface passivation, energy transfer management, and host lattice manipulation.

Rice University May 19th, 2017 Rice University scientists have created a rechargeable lithium metal battery with three times the capacity of commercial lithium-ion batteries by resolving something that has long stumped researchers: the dendrite problem.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign May 19th, 2017 A small, thin square of an organic plastic that can detect disease markers in breath or toxins in a building’s air could soon be the basis of portable, disposable sensor devices. By riddling the thin plastic films with pores, University of Illinois researchers made the devices sensitive enough to detect at levels that are far too low to smell, yet are important to human health.

University of Minnesota May 6th, 2017 A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, have discovered a new nano-scale thin film material with the highest-ever conductivity in its class. The new material could lead to smaller, faster, and more powerful electronics, as well as more efficient solar cells.

Rice University May 8th, 2017 If they’re quick about it, “hot” electrons excited in a plasmonic metal can tunnel their way across a nanoscale gap to a neighboring metal. Rice University scientists said the cool part is what happens in the gap.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign May 9th, 2017 Engineers are unveiling an upgrade to the transistor laser that could be used to boost computer processor speeds – the formation of two stable energy states and the ability to switch between them quickly.

Oxford Instruments Asylum Research May 9th, 2017 Oxford Instruments Asylum Research in conjunction with Microscopy and Analysis will present the webinar “Video-Rate Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) Enables New Research Opportunities” on June 7, 2017, 8:00 am PDT. Dr. Mario Viani, Director of R&D at Asylum Research, will present new results for scientists interested in exploring video-rate AFM for characterizing biochemical reactions, self–assembly, crystal growth, and other future research opportunities. Free registration is at https://www.oxford-instruments.com/AFM-webinars .

Forge Nano May 10th, 2017 The U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has entered into an exclusive license agreement with Forge Nano to commercialize NREL’s patented battery materials and systems capable of operating safely in high-stress environments. A particular feature of the technology is the encapsulation of materials with solid electrolyte coatings that can be designed to meet the increasingly demanding needs of any battery application.

Rice University May 10th, 2017 Rice University scientists who developed conductive fibers made entirely of carbon nanotubes will enhance their invention with the aid of a grant from the Department of Energy.

Osaka University May 11th, 2017 Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an extremely sensitive technique that allows us to image materials and/or characterize their physical properties on the atomic scale by sensing the force above material surfaces using a precisely controlled tip. However, conventional AFM only provides the surface normal component of the force (the Z direction) and ignores the components parallel to the surface (the X and Y directions). To fully characterize materials used in nanoscale devices, it is necessary to obtain information about parameters with directionality, such as electronic, magnetic, and elastic properties, in more than just the Z direction. That is, it is desirable to measure these parameters in the X and Y directions parallel to the surface of a material as well. Measuring the distribution of such material parameters on the atomic scale will increase our understanding of chemical composition and reactions, surface morphology, molecular manipulation, and nanomachine operation.

UnitySC May 11th, 2017 UnitySC, a leader in advanced inspection and metrology solutions, today announced multiple orders from a leading integrated device manufacturer (IDM) for its modular 4See Series automated defect inspection platform. The systems were selected because they deliver optimal wafer backside surface and edge defect inspection, post thinning and metallization. The 4See Series will be used for automotive applications by a market leader in power semiconductor manufacturing to improve the reliability and performance of its products.

Leti May 11th, 2017 Leti, a technology research institute of CEA Tech, today announced a European Union project to develop a nanotherapy targeting the molecules involved in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.

Racyics May 11th, 2017 Racyics GmbH announced today it has launched makeChip, an innovative design service platform, developed using GLOBALFOUNDRIES’ 22FDX® process technology and supported by Cadence. Available to start-ups, design experts, research institutes, and universities, makeChip is a central gateway to design integrated circuits based on advanced semiconductor technologies.

Springer May 12th, 2017 A non-toxic mixture of chitin-rich crab shell powder and nanosized silver particles could be an environmentally friendly way of curbing the spread of disease-carrying mosquitoes, and malaria in particular. This is according to a series of experiments led by Jiang-Shiou Hwang of the National Taiwan Ocean University. The findings are published in Springer’s journal Hydrobiologia.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) May 12th, 2017 In a battery system, electrodes containing porous graphene scaffolding offer a substantial improvement in both the retention and transport of energy, a new study reveals.

timesofisrael.com May 1st, 2017 Israel’s Bar-Ilan University is positioning itself to be a national leader in the field of quantum science and will soon open a center for research and development of quantum technology. The QUEST center will focus on understanding the basic science associated with quantum entanglement — when two electrons or photons can be “entangled” together and hold information about each other — as well as on using theoretical knowledge to develop new and groundbreaking technology, the university said in a statement.

Mayo Clinic May 1st, 2017 A Mayo Clinic research team has developed a new type of cancer-fighting nanoparticle aimed at shrinking breast cancer tumors, while also preventing recurrence of the disease. In the study, published today in Nature Nanotechnology, mice that received an injection with the nanoparticle showed a 70 to 80 percent reduction in tumor size. Most significantly, mice treated with these nanoparticles showed resistance to future tumor recurrence, even when exposed to cancer cells a month later.

Brookhaven National Laboratory May 1st, 2017 The ability to pattern materials at ever-smaller sizes-using electron-beam lithography (EBL), in which an electron-sensitive material is exposed to a focused beam of electrons, as a primary method-is driving advances in nanotechnology. When the feature size of materials is reduced from the macroscale to the nanoscale, individual atoms and molecules can be manipulated to dramatically alter material properties, such as color, chemical reactivity, electrical conductivity, and light interactions.

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) May 2nd, 2017 3D printing by direct laser writing produces micrometer-sized structures with precisely defined properties. Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have nowdeveloped a method to erase the ink used for 3D printing. In this way, the small structures of up to 100 nm in size can be erased and rewritten repeatedly. One nanometer corresponds to one millionth of a millimeter. This development opens up many new applications of 3D fabrication in biology or materials sciences, for instance.

Precision NanoSystems May 3rd, 2017 Precision NanoSystems will be showcasing the benefits of its NanoAssemblr™ System and microfluidics technologies on booth #6 at this year’s European Foundation of Clinical Nanomedicine (CLINAM) conference and exhibition. Taking place in Basel, Switzerland, from the 7th to the 10th of May, this summit focuses on recent advances and current hurdles in the translation of nanomedicines from the research setting to the clinic.

asianscientist.com May 3rd, 2017 A team from the Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science & Technology (DGIST) has designed a small, flexible electrode that can read brain signals clearly. Their findings have been published in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. Read more from Asian Scientist Magazine at: https://www.asianscientist.com/2017/05/tech/graphene-gold-brain-probe/

Massachusetts Institute of Technology May 4th, 2017 Supporting promising energy research across a wide range of disciplines is one of the core tenets of the MIT Energy Initiative (MITEI). Every spring for the past 10 years, the MITEI Seed Fund Program has awarded funding to a select group of early-stage energy research projects. This spring, 10 projects were awarded $150,000 each, for a total of $1.5 million.

Graphene Flagship May 4th, 2017 Six application-oriented spearhead projects and an invitation to express interest in joining the consortium. Those are examples of how the Graphene Flagship will move forward as it reaches midterm of its ten-year voyage. Representing the European Union’s largest ever research initiative the Graphene Flagship’s general assembly staked out the course for the next phase at its meeting in Bologna, Italy, in early April.

Sandia National Labratories May 5th, 2017 Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have developed new mathematical techniques to advance the study of molecules at the quantum level.

City College of New York May 5th, 2017 Control of light-matter interaction is central to fundamental phenomena and technologies such as photosynthesis, lasers, LEDs and solar cells. City College of New York researchers have nowdemonstrated a new class of artificial media called photonic hypercrystals that can control light-matter interaction in unprecedented ways.

 

Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University April 24th, 2017 Professor of the Institute of Civil Engineering of Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Andrey Ponomarev and a graduate student Alexander Rassokhin developed a new construction technology. Scientists created several types of building blocks based on nanostructured high-strength lightweight concrete, reinforced with skew-angular composite coarse grids. The development has unique characteristics, enabling the increase of load-carrying capability by more than 200% and decrease in specific density of the construction by 80%. In addition, among the advantages, are resistance to corrosion, aggressive environments and excessive frost resistance.

UT Southwestern Medical Center April 24th, 2017 Researchers from UT Southwestern Medical Center have developed a first-of-its-kind nanoparticle vaccine immunotherapy that targets several different cancer types.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 24th, 2017 A single sheet of graphene, comprising an atom-thin lattice of carbon, may seem rather fragile. But engineers at MIT have found that the ultrathin material is exceptionally sturdy, remaining intact under applied pressures of at least 100 bars. That’s equivalent to about 20 times the pressure produced by a typical kitchen faucet.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 25th, 2017 A new system developed by engineers at MIT could make it possible to control the way water moves over a surface, using only light. This advance may open the door to technologies such as microfluidic diagnostic devices whose channels and valves could be reprogrammed on the fly, or field systems that could separate water from oil at a drilling rig, the researchers say.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 25th, 2017 Geoffrey Beach has been tinkering and building things most of his life, including some 50 model rockets that he built and launched while in high school in Oklahoma. But it wasn’t until his undergraduate studies in physics that he zeroed in on the topic that has dominated his research ever since: the study of magnetism and how to control it.

STMicroelectronics April 26th, 2017  The new high-connectivity STM32L4 IoT Discovery kit (B-L475E-IOT01A) from STMicroelectronics gives unrivalled flexibility for developers building IoT (Internet of Things) nodes by supporting multiple low-power wireless standards and Wi-Fi®, while integrating a complete collection of motion, gesture, and environmental sensors, unavailable on other kits in the market.

BASF April 26th, 2017 BASF and UC Berkeley extend alliance for five years Anniversary Symposium marks progress of industry, university research collaboration Advancement made in intermetallic nanomaterials research

Intertronics April 26th, 2017 In the impressive world of nanotechnology, getting to even smaller scale is increasingly important. For example, pharmaceutical companies who want their drugs to be faster acting on patients are considering nanoparticle formulation to improve the dissolution rate and solubility of their compounds.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory April 26th, 2017 With about three times the energy capacity by weight of today’s lithium-ion batteries, lithium-air batteries could one day enable electric cars to drive farther on a single charge.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. April 27th, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it will host a webcast and conference call on Wednesday, May 3, 2017, at 4:30 p.m. EDT to discuss its financial results for the fiscal 2017 second quarter ended March 31, 2017.

Science China Press April 27th, 2017 In the quest to solve solar energy conversion as well as environmental remediation issues, photocatalysis using sunlight have been attracting tremendous attention. Various semiconductors with large band gaps have been proven to be effective under UV light, e.g., TiO2. However, UV light accounts for only ~4% while visible light occupies ~43% of total sunlight. From the perspective of both chemistry and practical applications, it is undoubtedly important to develop visible-light-responsive photocatalytic materials.

Centre of Excellence for Quantum Computation and Communication Technology April 27th, 2017 A team of researchers from Australia and the UK have developed a new theoretical framework to identify computations that occupy the ‘quantum frontier’ — the boundary at which problems become impossible for today’s computers and can only be solved by a quantum computer. Importantly, they demonstrate that these computations can be performed with near-term, intermediate, quantum computers.

Rice University April 27th, 2017 By precisely controlling the quantum behavior of an ultracold atomic gas, Rice University physicists have created a model system for studying the wave phenomenon that may bring about rogue waves in Earth’s oceans.

 

Penn State April 16th, 2017 A new method to improve semiconductor fiber optics may lead to a material structure that might one day revolutionize the global transmission of data, according to an interdisciplinary team of researchers.

Nanomechanics Inc. April 17th, 2017 Warren Oliver, PhD., president of Nanomechanics Inc., the world’s leading provider of nano-mechanical testing equipment, will attend and present at the 44th annual International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films (ICMCTF). The three-day event will be held in San Diego at the Town & Country Resort and Convention Center.

Rice University April 17th, 2017 Microscopic probes developed at Rice University have simplified the process of measuring electrical activity in individual cells of small living animals. The technique allows a single animal like a worm to be tested again and again and could revolutionize data-gathering for disease characterization and drug interactions.

asianscientist.com April 18th, 2017 Researchers from the Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) have developed a three-dimensional sensor that can detect changes in pressure over four log scales. Their findings, published in Nature Communications, can be used to detect a wide range of pressures ranging from finger touch to the full body weight. Read more from Asian Scientist Magazine at: https://www.asianscientist.com/2017/04/tech/tactile-3d-active-matrix-sensor/

CAMECA April 19th, 2017 Scientists from ETH Zürich and Oxford University have succeeded in mapping volatile hydrogen atoms in metal using the first “cryo-transfer” local electrode atom probe (LEAP®).

Sandia National Labratories April 19th, 2017 Using pressure instead of chemicals, a Sandia National Laboratories team has fabricated nanoparticles into nanowire-array structures similar to those that underlie the surfaces of touch-screens for sensors, computers, phones and TVs. The pressure-based fabrication process takes nanoseconds. Chemistry-based industrial techniques take hours.

MSP Corporation April 19th, 2017 MSP’s newly developed Model 1530 Monodisperse Droplet Generator (MDG) produces uniform monodisperse droplets as small as 15 microns in diameter. The 1530’s small high precision droplets are very useful for evaluating the performance of laboratory laser phase Doppler systems. The Vibrating Orifice Aerosol Generator (VOAG) was developed in the 1970s and has been a key device for generating monodisperse droplets of known diameters for research applications such as for calibrating droplet measuring instruments, for studying droplet processes and for generating monodisperse solid particles by drying monodisperse droplets. The VOAG requires forcing liquid out of an orifice about half the

University of California – Riverside April 19th, 2017 Researchers at the University of California, Riverside’s Bourns College of Engineering have used waste glass bottles and a low-cost chemical process to create nanosilicon anodes for high-performance lithium-ion batteries. The batteries will extend the range of electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, and provide more power with fewer charges to personal electronics like cell phones and laptops.

Rice University April 20th, 2017 Rice University chemist James Tour and members of his international team will meet in Toulouse, France, next week for the first Nanocar Race, a competition between single-molecule cars on a track that can only be viewed through a microscope.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. April 20th, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today presented clinical data from a Phase 2 study of ARC-520 and a Phase 1/2 study of ARC-521, the company’s prior generation investigational medicines that were being studied for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 (ILC), the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL).

SUNY Polytechnic Institute April 20th, 2017 Today, the State University of New York Polytechnic Institute (SUNY Poly) announced that 127 new teams have been selected for the Solar in Your Community Challenge. The challenge is a $5 million prize competition supported by the Department of Energy and administered by SUNY Poly that aims to expand solar electricity access to low and moderate income households, non-profits, and local governments and tribes, which have been left out of the growing solar market to date. The new teams will join the 48 teams that were selected earlier this year, for a total of 172 teams competing in the challenge. Their innovative approaches include a wide range of financial, business, and outreach activities that will be validated through on-the-ground projects or programs.

Forge Nano April 20th, 2017 2016 was a landmark year for Forge Nano. The company, formerly PneumatiCoat Technologies, is a Colorado-based startup that innovated a breakthrough technology to enable precision nano coatings at scale for manufacturing of products such as Lithium Ion (Li-Ion) battery materials.

University of Maryland April 21st, 2017 Engineers at the University of Maryland have developed a new use for wood: to filter water. Liangbing Hu of the Energy Research Center and his colleagues added nanoparticles to wood, then used it to filter toxic dyes from water. The team started with a block of linden wood, which they then soaked in palladium – a metal used in cars’ catalytic converters to remove pollutants from the exhaust. In this new filter, the palladium bonds to particles of dye. The wood’s natural channels, that once moved water and nutrients between the leaves and roots, now allow the water to flow past the nanoparticles for efficient removal of the toxic dye particles. The water, tinted with methylene blue, slowly drips through the wood and comes out clear.

Nanomechanics, Inc. April 21st, 2017 Nanomechanics Inc., will showcase its unique new nanoindentation product at booth 315, at the 44th annual International Conference on Metallurgical Coatings and Thin Films (ICMCTF) with special appearances from company president and international nanoindentation expert, Warren Oliver, Ph.D. The 44th annual meeting of ICMCTF will be held April 25-27, in San Diego at the Town & Country Resort and Convention Center.

The REACH Centre Limited April 21st, 2017 ABOUT NANOMONITOR The LIFE+ project NanoMONITOR addresses the challenges of supporting the risk assessment of nanomaterials under REACH by development of a real-time information and monitoring system. SUMMARY OF THE OUTCOMES SO FAR The main outcomes of the project include: -A Microsoft EXCEL based application to evaluate the reliability of data on the concentration of ENMs in indoor and outdoor areas according with the information requirements laid down on REACH -A complete inventory of data on the levels of particles in the nanometer range measured during the production and downstream use of ENMs and nano-enabled products. -An on-line library of exposure scenarios across the life cycle of 15 ENMs -Design of the NanoMONITOR software platform -Design of the first NanoMONITOR measurement station prototype -Edition of dissemination materials.
National Conference on Nanomaterials, (NCN-2017) April 21st, 2017  The organizing committee invites original research papers for Oral/Poster presentation. Authors are requested to submit an abstract of their work in about 200 words typed in 1.5 space in Times New Roman font of 12pt on A4 size paper with 2.5cm margin on all sides. For more details, visit www.ncn2017.in

University of Oxford April 21st, 2017 After extensive research, scientists from the Department of Chemistry at the University of Oxford have found experimental evidence that sheds new light on the melting of two-dimensional substances. Findings from the study could be used to support technological improvements to thin film materials such as graphene.

 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 10th, 2017 Most ovarian cancer is diagnosed at such late stages that patients’ survival rates are poor. However, if the cancer is detected earlier, five-year survival rates can be greater than 90 percent.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 10th, 2017 For certain frequencies of short-wave infrared light, most biological tissues are nearly as transparent as glass. Now, researchers have made tiny particles that can be injected into the body, where they emit those penetrating frequencies. The advance may provide a new way of making detailed images of internal body structures such as fine networks of blood vessels.

Keystone Nano April 11th, 2017 Keystone Nano, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company focused on improving cancer treatments through the application of nanotechnology, announced today that clinical testing has been started for Ceramide NanoLiposome. The therapy is being tested at three leading cancer Institutes: · the Greenebaum Cancer Center of the University of Maryland, · the Medical University of South Carolina, and · the University of Virginia Cancer Center.

Keystone Nano April 11th, 2017 Keystone Nano, Inc. (KN), a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company focused on improving cancer treatments through the application of nanotechnology, announced today significant progress on the delivery of RNA using NanoJackets (NJs). KN’s NanoJackets are proprietary, customizable calcium phosphate nanoparticles that protect the active agent in the bloodstream and deliver it to targeted cells. Key recent achievements include: ü substantial new knowledge on encapsulating various kinds of RNA including siRNA, micro RNA and messenger RNA, ü improved knowledge about the safety/toxicity of the NanoJacketed RNA, ü new understanding of bio-distribution after administration by injection or inhalation, and ü greater knowledge about the length of time RNA-NanoJackets work within the body

AIM Photonics April 11th, 2017 AIM Photonics’ first Technology Summit draws hundreds from around the globe to hear firsthand about industry leading PDK/MPW programs, in addition to TAP facility and project updates.

Nanometrics Incorporated April 11th, 2017 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its first quarter 2017 financial results after market close on May 2, 2017. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.

University of California, San Diego April 12th, 2017 A team led by engineers at the University of California San Diego has developed nanowires that can record the electrical activity of neurons in fine detail. The new nanowire technology could one day serve as a platform to screen drugs for neurological diseases and could enable researchers to better understand how single cells communicate in large neuronal networks.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign April 13th, 2017 Detecting cancer early, just as changes are beginning in DNA, could enhance diagnosis and treatment as well as further our understanding of the disease. A new study by University of Illinois researchers describes a method to detect, count and map tiny additions to DNA called methylations, which can be a warning sign of cancer, with unprecedented resolution.

Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne April 14th, 2017 Titanium dioxide (TiO2) is one of the most promising materials for photovoltaics and photocatalysis nowadays. This material appears in different crystalline forms, but the most attractive one for applications is called “anatase”. Despite decades of studies on the conversion of the absorbed light into electrical charges in anatase TiO2, the very nature of its fundamental electronic and optical properties was still unknown. EPFL scientists, with national and international partners, have now shed light onto the problem by a combination of cutting-edge steady-state and ultrafast spectroscopic techniques, as well as theoretical calculations. The work is published in Nature Communications.

Nanobiosym Diagnostics Inc. April 14th, 2017 Nanobiosym Diagnostics Inc. (Nanobiosym) today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for the Gene-RADAR® Zika Virus Test.

Lund University April 14th, 2017 Researchers from Lund University in Sweden have succeeded in producing nanotubes from a single building block using so-called molecular self-recognition. The tube can also change shape depending on the surrounding environment. The results can contribute to the future development of transport channels for drugs through the cell membrane.

University of Exeter April 1st, 2017 An innovative new technique to produce the quickest, smallest, highest-capacity memories for flexible and transparent applications could pave the way for a future golden age of electronics.

RMIT University April 2nd, 2017 Inspired by an American fern, researchers have developed a groundbreaking prototype that could be the answer to the storage challenge still holding solar back as a total energy solution.

Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) April 3rd, 2017 A recent study, affiliated with UNIST has presented a new cost-efficient way to produce inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) which sets a new world-record efficiency performance, in particular photostability. The research team envisions that this method and platform will significantly contribute to accelerate the commercialization of PCSs.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 3rd, 2017 From an electron’s point of view, graphene must be a hair-raising thrill ride. For years, scientists have observed that electrons can blitz through graphene at velocities approaching the speed of light, far faster than they can travel through silicon and other semiconducting materials.

Nanobiotix April 4th, 2017  NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering new approaches to the treatment of cancer, today announced the expansion and acceleration of its clinical development activities. These include: Acceleration of the head and neck cancer program. Phase I/II data will be presented at ASCO in June Expansion of Nanobiotix’s Immuno-Oncology program into patients focused on the objective of turning cold tumors into hot tumors. Nanobiotix will present the first clinical data from this program mid year

Leti April 4th, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, today announced a European and South Korean project, 5G CHAMPION, to deliver the world’s first fully integrated and operational 5G prototype in conjunction with the 2018 Winter Olympics.

Purdue University April 4th, 2017  Dipole–dipole interactions, which govern phenomena such as cooperative Lamb shifts, superradiant decay rates, Van der Waals forces and resonance energy transfer rates, are conventionally limited to the Coulombic near-field. Here we reveal a class of real-photon and virtual-photon long-range quantum electrodynamic interactions that have a singularity in media with hyperbolic dispersion. The singularity in the dipole–dipole coupling, referred to as a super-Coulombic interaction, is a result of an effective interaction distance that goes to zero in the ideal limit irrespective of the physical distance. We investigate the entire landscape of atom–atom interactions in hyperbolic media confirming the giant long-range enhancement.

JPK Instruments April 5th, 2017 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on the work of Professor Marco De Spirito’s research group at the Catholic University of Rome. The group uses a NanoWizard® AFM and CellHesion® module to study how cells sense and respond to mechanical stimuli.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. April 5th, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it will present clinical data on ARC-520, ARC-521, and ARC-AAT, the company’s prior generation investigational medicines that were being studied for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B infection and liver disease associated with alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 (ILC), the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) being held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands from April 19-23, 2017.

BASF April 5th, 2017 BASF and Landa Labs announced their strategic long-term partnership today at the European Coatings Show (ECS) in Nuremberg, Germany. Under this exclusive agreement, BASF will employ Landa’s revolutionary nano-pigment technology in a new portfolio of easy dispersible ultra-high transparency pigments marketed under the Colors & Effects brand. This groundbreaking development will offer unprecedented color depth while significantly simplifying the production of automotive coatings.

University of Sydney April 5th, 2017 Researchers from the ARC Centre for Ultrahigh bandwidth Devices for Optical Systems (CUDOS) in the University of Sydney’s Australian Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology have made a breakthrough achieving radio frequency signal control at sub-nanosecond time scales on a chip-scale optical device.

Siberian Federal University April 6th, 2017 The project received support from the Regional Science Foundation and the Russian Foundation for Basic Research in the competition for oriented interdisciplinary research in 2016. The results of the research were published in the journals “Physics of the Solid State”, “Vacuum” and “Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism”.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology April 7th, 2017 The foodborne pathogen Escherichia coli O157 causes an estimated 73,000 illnesses and 60 deaths every year in the United States. Better safety tests could help avoid some of the illnesses caused by this strain of E. coli and other harmful bacteria, according to MIT researchers who have come up with a possible new solution.

 

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory March 25th, 2017 Cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM)–which enables the visualization of viruses, proteins, and other biological structures at the molecular level–is a critical tool used to advance biochemical knowledge. Now Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers have extended cryo-EM’s impact further by developing a new computational algorithm that was instrumental in constructing a 3-D atomic-scale model of bacteriophage P22 for the first time.

Brigham Young University March 27th, 2017 Brigham Young University researchers have developed new glass technology that could add a new level of flexibility to the microscopic world of medical devices.

Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences March 27th, 2017 The ability to deliver cargo like drugs or DNA into cells is essential for biological research and disease therapy but cell membranes are very good at defending their territory. Researchers have developed various methods to trick or force open the cell membrane but these methods are limited in the type of cargo they can deliver and aren’t particularly efficient.

Leti March 27th, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, and HORIBA Scientific, global leader in spectroscopy solutions building on Jobin Yvon core technologies, today announced a webinar on April 4, 2017, to show the characterization capabilities of HORIBA Scientific’s new Plasma Profiling Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer (PP-TOFMS) instrument.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES March 27th, 2017  ATTOPSEMI Technology, Ltd. today announced that it has joined GLOBALFOUNDRIES’ FDXcelerator™ Partner Program, to provide a scalable, non-volatile one-time programmable (OTP) memory IP to be compatible with GF’s 22FDX® technology. ATTOPSEMI’s leading-edge I-fuse™ OTP IP offers increased reliability, smaller cell size, low programming voltage/current, and high data security enabling customers and designers the ability to utilize an advanced OTP for harsh applications such as automotive, 3D IC, and IoT applications.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. March 27th, 2017 Italian Institute of Technology’s Andrea Jacassi is the grand prize winner of the Sixth Annual 2016 Thermo Fisher Scientific Electron Microscopy image contest for his “Cysteine Rose” image. The image, acquired using the FEI Helios NanoLab 650 DualBeam, focused ion beam/scanning electron microscope (FIB/SEM) and was selected by a vote of Thermo Fisher employees from more than 270 entries. Jacassi will receive a Canon EOS 80D DSLR camera package.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 27th, 2017 For the last few decades, microchip manufacturers have been on a quest to find ways to make the patterns of wires and components in their microchips ever smaller, in order to fit more of them onto a single chip and thus continue the relentless progress toward faster and more powerful computers. That progress has become more difficult recently, as manufacturing processes bump up against fundamental limits involving, for example, the wavelengths of the light used to create the patterns.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology March 28th, 2017 Swirling objects known as magnetic vortices and skyrmions can be miniaturized without sacrificing mobility, a KAUST-led international research team has found. These findings are relevant for future “race-track” memory technologies that feature massive densities of moveable magnetic bits1.

Imperial College London March 29th, 2017 Using sunlight to drive chemical reactions, such as artificial photosynthesis, could soon become much more efficient thanks to nanomaterials.

The Optical Society March 29th, 2017 Using a tiny device known as an optical antenna, researchers have created an X-ray sensor that is integrated onto the end of an optical fiber just a few tens of microns in diameter. By detecting X-rays at an extremely small spatial scale, the sensor could be combined with X-ray delivering technologies to enable high-precision medical imaging and therapeutic applications.

King Abdullah University of Science and Technology March 29th, 2017 Expanding the potential of gold nanoparticles for a range of uses requires methods to stabilize the clusters and control their size. Researchers at KAUST reveal how simple organic citrate ions, derived from readily available citric acid, can interact with the gold atoms to yield the stable nanoparticles needed for further research.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) March 30th, 2017 Adding to strong recent demonstrations that particles of light perform what Einstein called “spooky action at a distance,” in which two separated objects can have a connection that exceeds everyday experience, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have confirmed that particles of matter can act really spooky too.

180 Degree Capital Corp. March 31st, 2017 180 Degree Capital Corp. (NASDAQ:TURN), (“180” and the “Company”) announced today that Kevin Rendino has formally joined the Company as its Chairman and Chief Executive Officer. Mr. Rendino is a financial services leader with three decades of Wall Street experience in the global equity market and in value investing. For over twenty years, he worked on one fund, Basic Value Fund, with a consistent Graham and Dodd focus, at the same firm, BlackRock/Merrill Lynch. He was the Value team leader overseeing 11 funds and $13 billion in assets, a member of BlackRock’s Leadership Committee and a frequent contributor to CNBC, Bloomberg TV, Fox Business, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal. For the entirety of his money management career, Mr. Rendino ranked in top quartile and beat the competitor average and SPX by over 100 basis points. He also received numerous Lipper awards for Investment Excellence during his career.

Leti March 31st, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, is marking its 50th anniversary this year during industry events and workshops in Grenoble, Tokyo, and Taipei and at both SEMICON West and IEDM 2017 in San Francisco.

Northwestern University March 31st, 2017  Teri Odom will design novel 3-D nanoscale metamaterials Richard Van Duyne will work to control chemical reaction pathways and dynamics

 

University of Queensland March 18th, 2017 Next-generation steel and metal alloys are a step closer to reality, thanks to an international research project involving a University of Queensland scientist.

University of Bradford March 20th, 2017 A potential new drug to tackle the highly aggressive ‘triple negative’ breast cancer – and a nanoparticle to deliver it directly into the cancer cells – have been developed by UK researchers.

The Optical Society March 20th, 2017 A silicon optical switch newly developed at Sandia National Laboratories is the first to transmit up to 10 gigabits per second of data at temperatures just a few degrees above absolute zero. The device could enable data transmission for next-generation superconducting computers that store and process data at cryogenic temperatures. Although these supercomputers are still experimental, they could potentially offer computing speeds ten times faster than today’s computers while significantly decreasing power usage.

Deben March 21st, 2017 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on how the Center for Research in Metallurgy (CRMGroup) in Belgium is using a three point bending stage in their development program to produce new steel and coated steel products for the automotive and other industrial uses.

Rice University March 21st, 2017 Researchers at Rice University and the Indian Institute of Science have an idea to simplify electronic waste recycling: Crush it into nanodust.

University of Basel March 22nd, 2017 Surfaces that have been coated with rare earth oxides develop water-repelling properties only after contact with air. Even at room temperature, chemical reactions begin with hydrocarbons in the air. In the journal Scientific Reports, researchers from the University of Basel, the Swiss Nanoscience Institute and the Paul Scherrer Institute report that it is these reactions that are responsible for the hydrophobic effect.

University of Nottingham March 22nd, 2017 Scientists have succeeded in ‘filming’ inter-molecular chemical reactions – using the electron beam of a transmission electron microscope (TEM) as a stop-frame imaging tool. They have also discovered that the electron beam can be simultaneously tuned to stimulate specific chemical reactions by using it as a source of energy as well as an imaging tool. To find out more watch the video. High and web images available here.

Princeton University March 23rd, 2017 Princeton researchers have discovered a new form of the simple compound GeSe that has surprisingly escaped detection until now. This so-called beta-GeSe compound has a ring type structure like graphene and its monolayer form could have similarly valuable properties for electronic applications, according to the study published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

Rice University March 23rd, 2017 Rice University scientists have created an efficient, simple-to-manufacture oxygen-evolution catalyst that pairs well with semiconductors for solar water splitting, the conversion of solar energy to chemical energy in the form of hydrogen and oxygen.

Rice University March 23rd, 2017 Natural gas producers want to draw all the methane they can from a well while sequestering as much carbon dioxide as possible, and could use filters that optimize either carbon capture or methane flow. No single filter will do both, but thanks to Rice University scientists, they now know how to fine-tune sorbents for their needs.

Leti March 23rd, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, presented a paper at the 11th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP) on March 21 that characterizes the propagation channel in the V- and E-bands for indoor scenarios. The paper is one of 15 that Leti researchers presented at the March 19-24 conference in Paris.

Nanobiotix March 23rd, 2017 NANOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering new approaches to the local treatment of cancer, today announced that the Independent Data Monitoring Committee (IDMC) has completed the interim evaluation of the Phase II/III trial results (Act.In.Sarc) of NBTXR3 in soft tissue sarcoma.

Aalto University March 24th, 2017 Platinum is a very expensive metal and it is therefore one of the bottlenecks hindering the growth of renewable energy. Platinum is used as the catalyst in electrolysers that store electric energy as chemical compounds, and it also plays an important role in fuel cells, catalytic converters and many chemical processes used in industry.

Carnegie Institution for Science March 24th, 2017 Hydrogen is both the simplest and the most-abundant element in the universe, so studying it can teach scientists about the essence of matter. And yet there are still many hydrogen secrets to unlock, including how best to force it into a superconductive, metallic state with no electrical resistance.

 

TriboTEX March 13th, 2017 TriboTEX has launched a Kickstarter campaign to bring to the market their anisotropic flat nanoparticle-with functionally different sides ( sticlky/Slippery) which creates self-forming films and reverses wear..

Ames Laboratory March 13th, 2017 The U.S. Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory has successfully created the first pure, single-crystal sample of a new iron arsenide superconductor, CaKFe4As4, and studies of this material have called into question some long-standing theoretical models of superconductivity.

Georgia Institute of Technology March 14th, 2017 One of the keys to building electric cars that can travel longer distances and to powering more homes with renewable energy is developing efficient and highly capable energy storage systems.

Leti March 14th, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, today announced the release of its middleware for the SensiNact Internet of Things (IoT) platform for open-source development.

Rice University March 14th, 2017 James Tour, the T.T. and W.F. Chao Professor of Chemistry, professor of computer science and of materials science and nanoengineering at Rice University, will testify before the U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce’s Subcommittee on Digital Commerce and Consumer Protection at the hearing “Disrupter Series: Advanced Materials and Production” at 10:15 a.m. EDT Wednesday, March 15, in Room 2322 of the Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

Chalmers University of Technology March 15th, 2017 More efficient sensors are needed to be able to detect environmental pollution. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have proposed a new, sophisticated method of detecting molecules with sensors based on ultra-thin nanomaterials. The novel method could improve environmental sensing in the future. The results are published today in the scientific journal Nature Communications.

Nanogate AG March 15th, 2017 Nanogate AG, a leading global specialist for design-oriented high-tech surfaces and components, has submitted its first statement of compliance with the German Sustainability Code (Deutscher Nachhaltigkeitskodex/ DNK). Nanogate’s statement of compliance will be available for all interested parties to view in the DNK database immediately after it has been audited by the German Federal Government’s Council for Sustainable Development. This expands the Group’s sustainability management and reinforces its long-standing commitment to sustainability and corporate social responsibility (CSR).

Intertronics March 15th, 2017 The tendency for some nanoparticles to agglomerate or cluster into denser masses can lead to homogeneity and performance issues in their subsequent use. Existing methodologies to de-agglomerate them do not always produce uniform results, or can be invasive and wasteful.

Harris & Harris Group March 15th, 2017 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY), reported today that, as of December 31, 2016, its net asset value and net asset value per share were $72,255,610 and $2.34, respectively. The Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K may be accessed at http://ir.hhvc.com/sec.cfm .

University of Minnesota March 15th, 2017 A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has developed a groundbreaking one-step, crystal growth process for making ultra-thin layers of material with molecular-sized pores. Researchers demonstrated the use of the material, called zeolite nanosheets, by making ultra-selective membranes for chemical separations.

Tokyo Institute of Technology March 16th, 2017 Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have used high-resolution crystallography to uncover the mechanism behind protein-assisted synthesis of gold nanoparticles, providing a platform for designing nanomaterials tailored for biomedical application.

AIM Photonics March 16th, 2017 Today’s Announcement Builds On Progress Of Finger Lakes Forward, The Region’s Award-Winning Strategic Plan To Generate Robust Economic Growth And Community Development

Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY March 17th, 2017 Scientists are interested in the spatial structure of proteins, as it reveals much about the workings of these biomolecules. This knowledge can lead to a better understanding of the functions of biomolecules and to tailored medicines. X-ray crystallography is the prime tool to solve protein structures. However, it requires to grow crystals of the proteins under investigation. When X-rays hit these crystals, they are diffracted from the atoms to form a characteristic pattern from which the spatial structure of the crystal — and hence the protein molecules — can be calculated.

University of Cincinnati March 17th, 2017 In electronics, the race for smaller is huge. Physicists at the University of Cincinnati are working to harness the power of nanowires, microscopic wires that have the potential to improve solar cells or revolutionize fiber optics.

Technische Universität Dresden March 17th, 2017 The precise positioning of individual molecules with respect to one another is fundamentally challenging. DNA Nanotechnology enables the synthesis of nanometer-sized objects with programmable shapes out of many chemically produced DNA fragments. One of the most widely used methods in this field is called “DNA origami” which allows to fabricate nanoparticles with almost arbitrary shapes, which are around a thousand-fold smaller than the diameter of a human hair. They can be site-specifically functionalized with a large variety of materials such as individual protein molecules, antibodies, drugs molecules or inorganic nanoparticles. This allows to place them in defined geometries or distances with nanometer precision.

 

Aalto University March 4th, 2017 In cooperation with Okmetic Oy and the Polish ITME, researchers at Aalto University have studied the application of SOI (Silicon On Insulator) wafers, which are used as a platform for manufacturing different microelectronics components, as a substrate for producing gallium nitride crystals. The researchers compared the characteristics of gallium nitride (GaN) layers grown on SOI wafers to those grown on silicon substrates more commonly used for the process. In addition to high-performance silicon wafers, Okmetic also manufactures SOI wafers, in which a layer of silicon dioxide insulator is sandwiched between two silicon layers. The objective of the SOI technology is to improve the capacitive and insulating characteristics of the wafer.

University of California, San Diego March 6th, 2017 Nanoengineers at the University of California San Diego have 3D printed a lifelike, functional blood vessel network that could pave the way toward artificial organs and regenerative therapies.

Elsevier March 7th, 2017 Satellite-powering technology that was abandoned decades ago has been reinvented to potentially work with traditional power stations to help them convert heat to electricity more efficiently, meaning we would need less fossil fuel to burn for power. A new study in Nano Energy presents a prototype energy converter, which uses graphene instead of metal, making it almost seven times more efficient.

JPK Instruments March 7th, 2017 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, works closely with users at the University of Sheffield where their NanoWizard® AFM systems are being used to further understand soft matter and biological systems at the molecular scale in the Hobbs SPM Group in the Department of Physics.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology March 8th, 2017 A team of scientists from the Laboratory for Advanced Studies of Membrane Proteins at MIPT, Research Center Jülich (Germany), and Institut de Biologie Structurale (France) have developed a new approach to membrane protein crystallization.

Leti March 8th, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, today announced it has developed a shield that can help protect electronic devices against physical attacks from the chips’ backside. Integrated circuits (ICs) embedded in connected objects, smart cards or other systems dealing with sensitive data would benefit from this technology, which brings more privacy, safety and security to the users.

Rice University March 8th, 2017 Rice University’s latest nanophotonics research could expand the color palette for companies in the fast-growing market for glass windows that change color at the flick of an electric switch.

Brookhaven National Laboratory March 9th, 2017 Sometimes understanding how a problem arises in the first place is key to finding its solution. For a team of scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, taking this approach led them to the cause of degraded performance in an operating sodium-ion battery.

Los Alamos National Laboratory March 10th, 2017  In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating innovative 2D layered hybrid perovskites that allow greater freedom in designing and fabricating efficient optoelectronic devices. Industrial and consumer applications could include low cost solar cells, LEDs, laser diodes, detectors, and other nano-optoelectronic devices.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology March 10th, 2017 Physicists from MIPT have predicted the existence of transparent composite media with unusual optical properties. Using graphics card based simulations, scientists studied regular volume structures composed of two dielectrics with close parameters, and found that the optical properties of these structures differ from both those of natural crystals and artificial periodic composites, which are currently attracting a lot of interest.

 

Sandia National Labratories February 25th, 2017 Sometimes, you have to go small to win big. That is the approach a multilab, interdisciplinary team took in using nanoparticles and a novel nanoconfinement system to develop a method to change hydrogen storage properties. This discovery could enable the creation of high-capacity hydrogen storage materials capable of quick refueling, improving the performance of emerging hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles. Sandia National Laboratories, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), the National Institute of Standards and Technology and Mahidol University in Bangkok, Thailand, collaborated on the research, which was published Feb. 8 in the journal Advanced Materials Interfaces.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES February 27th, 2017 Dream Chip Technologies announced today the presentation of the industry`s first 22nm FD-SOI silicon for a new ADAS System-on-Chip (SoC) for automotive computer vision applications at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona. The SoC was created in close cooperation with ARM, Arteris, Cadence, GLOBALFOUNDRIES, and INVECAS as part of the European Commission’s ENIAC THINGS2DO reference development platform.

Rice University February 27th, 2017 Rice University researchers have modeled a nanoscale sandwich, the first in what they hope will become a molecular deli for materials scientists.

Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. February 28th, 2017 A new contract research laboratory operated by France-based NovAliX will provide pharmaceutical companies with access to high-resolution cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-TEM) by Thermo Fisher Scientific for facilitating small molecule and biologic drug discovery. NovAliX’s new laboratory will use the cryo-TEM to provide two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) characterization of small molecule and biological samples. NovAliX has completed its first program with a Japanese pharmaceutical customer. It has multiple projects planned with additional customers, including some of the top pharmaceutical companies.

Tufts University February 28th, 2017 Researchers at Tufts University’s School of Engineering have developed a new bioinspired technique that transforms silk protein into complex materials that are easily programmable at the nano-, micro- and macro-scales as well as ultralight and robust. Among the varied structures generated was a web of silk nano fibers able to withstand a load 4,000 times its own weight. The research is published online in Nature Nanotechnology on February 27.

Springer March 1st, 2017 The nanometric-size islands of magnetic metal sporadically spread between vacuum gaps display unique conductive properties under a magnetic field. In a recent study published in EPJ Plus, Anatoliy Chornous from Sumy State University in Ukraine and colleagues found that the vacuum gaps impede the direct magnetic alignment between the adjacent islands — which depends on the external magnetic field — while allowing electron tunneling between them. Such externally controlled conducting behaviour opens the door for applications in electronics with magnetic field sensors — which are used to read data on hard disk drives — biosensors and microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), as well as in spintronics with magnetic devices used to increase memory density.

nature.com March 1st, 2017 A new MRI-based ‘nanoruler’ allows the in vivo sensing of a range of biological targets, including pH changes and the presence of cancer biomarkers. As Jinwoo Cheon and co-workers report in Nature Materials , this nanosensor overcomes the limitations of conventional, optics-based biosensors.

Georgia Institute of Technology March 1st, 2017 Triboelectric nanogenerators convert mechanical energy harvested from the environment to electricity for powering small devices such as sensors or for recharging consumer electronics. Now, researchers have harnessed these devices to improve the charging of molecules in a way that dramatically boosts the sensitivity of a widely-used chemical analysis technique.

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory March 2nd, 2017 Scientists have found adding a pinch of something new to a battery’s electrolyte gives the energy storage devices more juice per charge than today’s commonly used rechargeable batteries.

Brookhaven National Laboratory March 2nd, 2017 Some insect bodies have evolved the abilities to repel water and oil, adhere to different surfaces, and eliminate light reflections. Scientists have been studying the physical mechanisms underlying these remarkable properties found in nature and mimicking them to design materials for use in everyday life.

Oxford Instruments NanoScience March 2nd, 2017 Oxford instruments NanoScience, the provider of market-leading research tools, recently announced that it has achieved ISO 9001:2015 certification. NanoScience has been registered and certified with the ISO 9001 Quality Management System standard since 1994. As a leader in the industry, this latest certification further distinguishes the quality of NanoScience products and services that will help the company maintain its competitive edge.

Northwestern University March 2nd, 2017 •New crystal nanostructures are far more complex than others •Tour de force demonstration of controlling nanoparticle shape and connections •Researchers use DNA in smart way to build the complex crystal structures

SPIE – InternationalSociety for Optics and Photonics March 3rd, 2017 A new optical nanosensor enabling more accurate measurement and spatiotemporal mapping of the brain also shows the way forward for design of future multimodal sensors and a broader range of applications, say researchers in an article published in the current issue of Neurophotonics. The journal is published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.

University of Exeter March 3rd, 2017 A pioneering new technique to produce cutting-edge, versatile microchips could revolutionize the speed, efficiency and capability of the next generation of computers.

Applied Graphene Materials plc March 3rd, 2017 Ahead of the Company’s interim results for the six months ended 31 January 2017, which are expected to be announced on 11th April 2017, Applied Graphene Materials, the producer of specialty graphene materials, is pleased to give the following period end update on its operational progress during the last six months.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology March 3rd, 2017 A single cell can contain a wealth of information about the health of an individual. Now, a new method developed at MIT and National Chiao Tung University could make it possible to capture and analyze individual cells from a small sample of blood, potentially leading to very low-cost diagnostic systems that could be used almost anywhere.

 

RMIT University February 18th, 2017 A new technique using liquid metals to create integrated circuits that are just atoms thick could lead to the next big advance for electronics.

Vanderbilt University February 19th, 2017 You may not realize it but alien subatomic particles raining down from outer space are wreaking low-grade havoc on your smartphones, computers and other personal electronic devices.

University of California, San Diego February 20th, 2017 Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a material that could reduce signal losses in photonic devices. The advance has the potential to boost the efficiency of various light-based technologies including fiber optic communication systems, lasers and photovoltaics.

University of Konstanz February 20th, 2017 Heat transport is of similar fundamental importance and its control is for instance necessary to efficiently cool the ever smaller chips. An international team including theoretical physicists from Konstanz, Junior Professor Fabian Pauly and Professor Peter Nielaba and their staff, has achieved a real breakthrough in better understanding heat transport at the nanoscale. The team used a system that experimentalists in nanoscience can nowadays realize quite routinely and keeps serving as the “fruit fly” for breakthrough discoveries: a chain of gold atoms. They used it to demonstrate the quantization of the electronic part of the thermal conductance. The study also shows that the Wiedemann-Franz law, a relation from classical physics, remains valid down to the atomic level. The results were published in the scientific journal “Science” on 16 February 2017.

Northwestern University February 20th, 2017 •Nominations also sought for $10,000 prize recognizing a young nanoscientist •Deadline for nominations is May 15, 2017 •Biennial prizes are awarded by the International Institute for Nanotechnology •Global team of experts in the field will select winners, announce names in September

Oxford Instruments NanoScience February 20th, 2017 The Lee Osheroff Richardson (LOR) Science Prize promotes and recognises the novel work of young scientists working in the fields of low temperatures and/or high magnetic fields in the Americas. Oxford Instruments is delighted to announce Dr Brad Ramshaw, Assistant Professor at Cornell University as the winner of the 2017 LOR Science Prize.

Strem Chemicals, Inc. February 21st, 2017 Strem Chemicals, Inc., a manufacturer of specialty chemicals for research and development, and Dotz Nano Ltd., an exciting new company aimed at capitalizing on the technological innovation in the Graphene Quantum Dots (GQD) market, are proud to announce the signing of a licensing agreement.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign February 21st, 2017 As devices become smaller and more powerful, they require faster, smaller, more stable batteries. University of Illinois chemists have developed a superionic solid that could be the basis of next-generation lithium-ion batteries.

University of Warwick February 22nd, 2017 •Cutting edge tech shows molecule self-assembling into different forms passing from solution state to solid state and back again – a curious phenomenon in science – says University of Warwick research •Phenomenon discovered using state-of-the-art national solid-state NMR facility at Warwick •Research published by Chemistry: A European Journal – designated as ‘Very Important Paper’

Deben February 22nd, 2017 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, have supplied leading German instrument manufacturers, JPK Instruments, with a tensile stage to use in conjunction with the world-renowned NanoWizard® AFM platform.

EmTech Asia February 22nd, 2017 The fourth edition of EmTech Asia, co-organised by MIT Technology Review and Koelnmesse Pte Ltd, concluded on a high note after two days of stimulating and insightful discussions on the latest breakthroughs in science and technology. Held from 14 to 15 February at the Marina Bay Sands Expo and Convention Centre, EmTech Asia was attended by over 600 like-minded individuals from 22 countries. This year’s line-up of speakers included some of the brightest minds in the areas of artificial intelligence, cybersecurity, smart cities, space exploration, augmented and virtual reality, computing and materials science.

GlobalFoundries February 22nd, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced the availability of its 45nm RF SOI (45RFSOI) technology offering, making GF the first foundry to announce an advanced, 300mm RF silicon solution to support next generation millimeter-wave (mmWave) beam forming applications in future 5G base stations and smartphones.

Particle Works February 23rd, 2017 Particle Works – the nano- and microparticle materials specialist – has developed a range of high quality quantum dots for use in diagnostic, biomedical and optoelectronic applications. Available with a range of functional coatings, these high performance quantum dots offer unmatched color purity and unbeatable value.

Kazan Federal University February 23rd, 2017 Soil nematodes Caenorhabditis elegans are very small roundworms that are studied with microscopy. They are widely used as model organisms in genetics, neurophysiology, and developmental and quantitative biology research. Their cuticle is a fitting testing material for toxicology and medication screening.

Chinese Academy of Sciences February 24th, 2017 The research group led by Prof. BAO Xinhe from Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered that oxide nanostructures (NSs) with a diameter below 3 nm could exhibit an oxidation resistance much more superior than larger NSs. By investigating the oxidation mechanism at the atomic level, the team proposed, for the first time, a “dynamic size effect”, that determines the stability of supported nanoparticles.

University of Liverpool February 24th, 2017 Successful results of a University of Liverpool-led trial that utilised nanotechnology to improve drug therapies for HIV patients has been presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle, a leading annual conference of HIV research, clinical practice and progress.

 

University of Illinois College of Engineering February 11th, 2017 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), which is ubiquitously used as a solid lubricant, has recently been shown to have a two-dimensional (2D) form that is similar to graphene. But, when thinned down to less than a nanometer thick, MoS2 demonstrates properties with great promise as a functional material for electronic devices and surface coatings.

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign February 11th, 2017 Cellphones and other devices could soon be controlled with touchless gestures and charge themselves using ambient light, thanks to new LED arrays that can both emit and detect light.

Cedars-Sinai February 13th, 2017 A team of investigators from Cedars-Sinai and UCLA is using a new blood-analysis technique and tiny experimental device to help physicians predict which cancers are likely to spread by identifying and characterizing tumor cells circulating through the blood.

World Scientific February 13th, 2017 Li-S batteries are considered as promising alternatives for Li-ion batteries in the new generation of energy storages, due to high specific capacity (1675 mAh/g) and energy density (2600 mWh/g) of sulfur. But the poor conductivity of sulfur and severe shuttle effect of reaction intermediates destory the stability of this system. A variety of porous carbon materials have been applied as sulfur host to improve the performances of Li-S batteries for high conductivity, specific surface area and absorption effect. However, what kind of porous carbon would be the optimal choice to accommodate active material? And Which characteristic of carbon pores should be emphasized? A team of researchers from the School of Materials Science and Engineering and School of Electronic Science and Applied Physics at Hefei University of Technology demostrated that pore size distribution substantially influences the performances of cathode rather than specific surface area and total pore volume. Furthermore, an optimized assembly of micro/meso/macroporous carbon enables cathode present greatly improved electrochemical performances, in which micropore-volume-ratio to the total pore volume dominates cycling stability of batteries, meso/macropore-volume-ratio influences spaces for sulfur loading and channels to ion transfer. This research provides a direction of fabricating porous materials for energy storage.The report appears in the latest issue of the journal NANO.

Rice University February 13th, 2017 A chunk of conductive graphene foam reinforced by carbon nanotubes can support more than 3,000 times its own weight and easily bounce back to its original height, according to Rice University scientists.

Tokyo Institute of Technology February 14th, 2017 In nature, proteins are assembled into sophisticated and highly ordered structures, which enable them to execute numerous functions supporting different forms of life. The exquisite design of natural proteins prompted scientists to exploit it in synthetic biology to engineer molecules that can self-assemble into nanoparticles with desired structure and that may be used for various purposes such as gas storage, enzyme catalysis, intracellular drug delivery, etc.

Brown University February 14th, 2017 Researchers from Brown University have shown experimentally how a unique form of magnetism arises in an odd class of materials called Mott insulators. The findings are a step toward a better understanding the quantum states of these materials, which have generated much interest among scientists in recent years.

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) February 15th, 2017 The Middle Ages certainly were far from being science-friendly: Whoever looked for new findings off the beaten track faced the threat of being burned at the stake. Hence, the contribution of this era to technical progress is deemed to be rather small. Scientists of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), however, were inspired by medieval mail armor when producing a new metamaterial with novel properties. They succeeded in reversing the Hall coefficient of a material.

Rice University February 15th, 2017 Five years of hard work and a little “cosmic luck” led Rice University researchers to a new method to obtain structural details on molecules in biomembranes.

Australian National University February 16th, 2017 Research led by The Australian National University (ANU) on the use of magnets to steer light has opened the door to new communications systems which could be smaller, cheaper and more agile than fibre optics.

Brookhaven National Laboratory February 16th, 2017 Francis (Frank) Alexander, a physicist with extensive management and leadership experience in computational science research, has been named Deputy Director of the Computational Science Initiative at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, effective February 1.

University of Texas at Dallas February 17th, 2017 Researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas have created an atomic force microscope on a chip, dramatically shrinking the size — and, hopefully, the price tag — of a high-tech device commonly used to characterize material properties.

 

National Space Society February 4th, 2017 An enormously successful first annual Space Settlement Summit hosted by the National Space Society (NSS) occurred on January 10-11, 2017, in Santa Monica, California. Industry leaders, financial experts, scientists and engineers, and leading space activists were brought together to assess the state of the art driving space settlement.

Eindhoven University of Technology February 5th, 2017 The electronic data connections within and between microchips are increasingly becoming a bottleneck in the exponential growth of data traffic worldwide. Optical connections are the obvious successors but optical data transmission requires an adequate nanoscale light source, and this has been lacking. Scientists at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) now have created a light source that has the right characteristics: a nano-LED that is 1000 times more efficient than its predecessors, and is capable of handling gigabits per second data speeds. They have published their findings in the online journal Nature Communications.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory February 6th, 2017 Scientists used one of the world’s most powerful electron microscopes to map the precise location and chemical type of 23,000 atoms in an extremely small particle made of iron and platinum.

Kumamoto University February 6th, 2017 Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a group of carbon-based chemicals with low evaporation or vaporization points. Some VOCs are harmful to animal or environmental health so sensing these gasses is important for maintaining health and safety. VOCs also occur in nature and can be useful in medical diagnostics, which require highly sensitive sensors to be effective.

Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) February 7th, 2017 Optical microscopy is applied widely in the life sciences sector. Among others, it is used to minimally invasively examine living cells. Resolution of conventional light microscopy, however, is limited to half the wavelength of light, i.e. about 200 nm, such that finest cellular structures are blurred in the image. In the past years, various nanoscopy methods were developed which overcome the diffraction limit and produce images of highest resolution. Stefan W. Hell, Eric Betzig, and William Moerner were granted the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their nanoscopy methods in 2014. Now, researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have refined the STED (Simulated Emission Depletion) nanoscopy method developed by Hell by modifying image acquisition in a way that background is suppressed efficiently. The resulting enhanced image quality is particularly advantageous for quantitative data analysis of three-dimensional, densely arranged molecules and cell structures.

Georgia Institute of Technology February 7th, 2017 Using tiny snippets of DNA as “barcodes,” researchers have developed a new technique for rapidly screening the ability of nanoparticles to selectively deliver therapeutic genes to specific organs of the body. The technique could accelerate the development and use of gene therapies for such killers as heart disease, cancer and Parkinson’s disease.

JPK Instruments February 8th, 2017 JPK Instruments, a world-leading manufacturer of nanoanalytic instrumentation for research in life sciences and soft matter, reports on how STM is being used to study surface plasmons in the Molecular Nanoscience Group at ISMO – Institut des Sciences Moléculaires d’Orsay – CNRS and the Université Paris-Sud.

University of Chicago February 8th, 2017 New research provides scientists looking at single molecules or into deep space a more accurate way to analyze imaging data captured by microscopes, telescopes and other devices.

Nanobiotix February 8th, 2017 NOBIOTIX (Euronext: NANO – ISIN: FR0011341205), a late clinical-stage nanomedicine company pioneering novel approaches for the local treatment of cancer, announced today the appointment of Alain Dostie, a senior executive from the pharmaceutical industry, as its Chief Operating Officer (COO).

National Renewable Energy Laboratory February 8th, 2017 A team of scientists from the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) determined that surface recombination limits the performance of polycrystalline perovskite solar cells.

American Institute of Physics February 8th, 2017 Superconductivity, where electrical currents course unhindered through a material, is one of modern physics’ most intriguing scientific discoveries. It has many practical uses. Governments, industries, and health care and science centers all make use of superconductivity in applications extending from MRIs in hospitals to the cavities of particle accelerators, where scientists explore the fundamentals of matter. However, practical exploitation of superconductivity also presents many challenges.

American Institute of Physics February 9th, 2017 Many forms of energy surround you: sunlight, the heat in your room and even your own movements. All that energy — normally wasted — can potentially help power your portable and wearable gadgets, from biometric sensors to smart watches. Now, researchers from the University of Oulu in Finland have found that a mineral with the perovskite crystal structure has the right properties to extract energy from multiple sources at the same time.

Wiley February 9th, 2017 Positron emission tomography plays a pivotal role for monitoring the distribution and accumulation of radiolabeled nanomaterials in living subjects. The radioactive metals are usually connected to the nanomaterial through an anchor, a so-called chelator, but this chemical binding can be omitted if nanographene is used, as American scientists report in the journal Angewandte Chemie. The replacement of chelator-based labeling by intrinsic labeling significantly enhances the bioimaging accuracy and reduces biases.

American Institute of Physics February 9th, 2017 A research team of physicists from Harvard University has developed new hand-held spectrometers capable of the same performance as large, benchtop instruments. The researchers’ innovation explained this week in APL Photonics, from AIP Publishing, derives from their groundbreaking work in meta-lenses. The hand-held spectrometers offer real promise for applications ranging from health care diagnostics to environmental and food monitoring.

GLOBALFOUNDRIES February 10th, 2017 GLOBALFOUNDRIES today announced plans to expand its global manufacturing footprint in response to growing customer demand for its comprehensive and differentiated technology portfolio. The company is investing in its existing leading-edge fabs in the United States and Germany, expanding its footprint in China with a fab in Chengdu, and adding capacity for mainstream technologies in Singapore.

University of Bonn February 10th, 2017 Physicists at the University of Bonn have cleared a further hurdle on the path to creating quantum computers: in a recent study, they present a method with which they can very quickly and precisely sort large numbers of atoms. The work has now been published in Physical Review Letters.

 

Harvard University January 28th, 2017 Nearly a century after it was theorized, Harvard scientists have succeeded in creating the rarest – and potentially one of the most valuable – materials on the planet.

National Space Society January 29th, 2017 The NASA Kepler and K2 Team is the winner of the National Space Society’s 2017 Space Pioneer Award in the Science and Engineering category. This prestigious award will be presented to team representatives Charles K.Sobeck, Project Manager, and Dr. Natalie Batalha, Project Scientist, on Sunday, May 28, 2017 at the National Space Society’s 2017 International Space Development Conference® ( http://isdc.nss.org/2017/ ). This will be the 36th ISDC® and will be held in St Louis, Missouri, at the Union Station Hotel. The conference will run from May 25-29, 2017.

Springer January 29th, 2017 In shampoo ads, hair always looks like a shiny, smooth surface. But for physicists peering into microscopes, the hair surface looks much more rugged, as it is made of saw-tooth, ratchet-like scales. In a new theoretical study published in EPJ E, Matthias Radtke and Roland Netz have demonstrated that massaging hair can help to apply drug treatment – encapsulated in nanoparticles trapped in the channels formed around individual hairs – to the hair roots. This is because the oscillatory movement of the massaging directs the way these particles are transported.

University of Rochester January 30th, 2017 A new beam pattern devised by University of Rochester researchers could bring unprecedented sharpness to ultrasound and radar images, burn precise holes in manufactured materials at a nano scale — even etch new properties onto their surfaces.

Vienna University of Technology January 31st, 2017 Recently, surprising physical effects were observed using special microscopic waveguides for light. Such “photonic structures” currently are revolutionizing the fields of optics and photonics, and have opened up the new research area of “Chiral Quantum Optics”. Physicists from Copenhagen, Innsbruck, and Vienna, who are leading figures in this field, have now written an overview on the topic which just appeared in the scientific journal Nature.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. January 31st, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today announced that it will host a webcast and conference call on Monday, February 6, 2017, at 4:30 p.m. EST to discuss its financial results for the fiscal 2017 first quarter ended December 31, 2016.

Cambridge Nanotherm Ltd January 31st, 2017 Thermal management innovator Cambridge Nanotherm today announces how its Nanotherm LC thermal management solution addresses the unique needs of chip-scale packaging (CSP) LEDs.

Deben January 31st, 2017 Deben, a leading provider of in-situ testing stages together with innovative accessories and components for electron microscopy, reports on the use of a cathodoluminescence detector to understand structure of geological specimens collected in South East Asia by the research team of Professor Robert Hall of Royal Holloway University of London.

Quorum Technologies Limited January 31st, 2017 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, report on how their PP3010T Cryo-SEM preparation system is being used in the preparation of hydrated whole cells to be imaged using electron cryotomography in the Jensen Laboratory located at HHMI Caltech.

Oxford Nanoimaging Limited January 31st, 2017 Oxford Nanoimaging Limited manufacture and sell custom microscopes offering super-resolution and single-molecule capabilities to research users. The multidisciplinary bioimaging unit, Micron Oxford, are using the Nanoimager instrument to advance their cellular imaging techniques for both their facilities and research programs.

National Space Society January 31st, 2017 William H. Gerstenmaier, Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations at NASA Headquarters in Washington DC, is the recipient of the National Space Society’s 2017 Space Pioneer Award in the Non-Legislative Government Service category.

Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University January 31st, 2017 Scientists of Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) in collaboration with the French, Swiss and Polish researchers have found unique atomic-scale processes in crystal lattice of antiferroelectric lead zirconate during synchrotron x-ray scattering experiment. The discovery is the first step toward creating efficient electrolyte-free accumulators of electric energy.

National University of Singapore February 1st, 2017 Portable handheld sensors for detecting explosives, wearable sensors that can detect chemical agents, compact devices for fast and accurate identification of defects in computing chips as well as advanced, non-invasive imaging techniques that could detect tiny tumours could become a reality sooner than expected as researchers around the world are actively studying novel ways to exploit terahertz (THz) technology. Giving a big boost to this global research effort is a major technological breakthrough in terahertz technology achieved by researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS).

newscientist.com February 1st, 2017 However, lasers fired from Earth can accelerate ultra-light solar sails made from graphene to around 20 per cent of the speed of light within a few minutes. That means an interstellar probe could reach the Alpha Centauri system – including the Earth-mass planet orbiting its companion star, Proxima Centauri – just 20 years after launch.

Leti February 2nd, 2017 Leti, a technology research institute of CEA Tech, today announced a European project to develop a portable and wearable, multisensor and low-power spatial-exploration and obstacle-detection system for all conditions of weather and visibility.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology February 2nd, 2017 Engineers at MIT have fabricated transparent, gel-based robots that move when water is pumped in and out of them. The bots can perform a number of fast, forceful tasks, including kicking a ball underwater, and grabbing and releasing a live fish.

Oak Ridge National Laboratory February 2nd, 2017 Snow falls in winter and melts in spring, but what drives the phase change in between?

Leti February 3rd, 2017 Leti, a research institute of CEA Tech, today announced it has developed a μLED fabrication process to create high-resolution arrays at 10-micron pitch. That pixelization and the 873 x 500 resolution that are enabled by the new process exceed state-of-the-art technology.

University of Sussex February 3rd, 2017 An international team, led by a scientist from the University of Sussex, have today unveiled the first practical blueprint for how to build a quantum computer, the most powerful computer on Earth.

University of California – Los Angeles February 3rd, 2017 In the world of the very tiny, perfection is rare: virtually all materials have defects on the atomic level. These imperfections — missing atoms, atoms of one type swapped for another, and misaligned atoms — can uniquely determine a material’s properties and function. Now, UCLA physicists and collaborators have mapped the coordinates of more than 23,000 individual atoms in a tiny iron-platinum nanoparticle to reveal the material’s defects.

 

Kyoto University January 21st, 2017 Solar cells convert light into electricity. While the sun is one source of light, the burning of natural resources like oil and natural gas can also be harnessed.

University of Konstanz January 22nd, 2017 With these results, the researchers from the field of ultrafast phenomena and photonics build on their earlier findings, published in October 2015 in the scientific journal Science, where they have demonstrated direct detection of signals from pure nothingness. This essential scientific progress might make it possible to solve problems that physicists have grappled with for a long time, ranging from a deeper understanding of the quantum nature of radiation to research on attractive material properties such as high-temperature superconductivity. The new results are published on 19 January 2017 in the current online issue of the scientific journal Nature: DOI: 10.1038/nature21024.

University of Central Florida January 23rd, 2017 A UCF researcher has combined cutting-edge nanoscience with a magnetic phenomenon discovered more than 170 years ago to create a method for speedy medical tests.

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology January 23rd, 2017 Researchers at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology have developed a theory that gives the possibility to precisely predict the level of noise caused by the amplification of photonic and plasmonic signals in nanoscale optoelectronic circuits.

Harris & Harris Group January 24th, 2017 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY) (the “Company”) announced today that it has filed a preliminary proxy statement with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) relating to a special meeting of shareholders (the “Special Meeting”) to be held on or about March 24, 2017.

Wiley January 24th, 2017 Water purification processes usually make use of robust membranes for filtering off contaminants while working at high pressures. Can materials employing water as major component be made strong enough to suit such a demanding application? Israeli scientists now report in the journal Angewandte Chemie that a supramolecular aqua material can be utilized as a sustainable membrane for water purification at high pressures.

Quorum Technologies Limited January 24th, 2017 Quorum Technologies, market and technology leaders in electron microscopy coating and cryogenic preparation products, hear from experienced electron microscopist, David McCarthy, about his work using Quorum vacuum coaters and Cryo-SEM preparation equipment in a career spanning five decades.

Georgia Institute of Technology January 24th, 2017 A simple technique for producing oxide nanowires directly from bulk materials could dramatically lower the cost of producing the one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures. That could open the door for a broad range of uses in lightweight structural composites, advanced sensors, electronic devices – and thermally-stable and strong battery membranes able to withstand temperatures of more than 1,000 degrees Celsius.

Bruker Corporation January 24th, 2017 Bruker today announced that it has acquired Hysitron, Inc., a technology leader in the development, manufacture, and sale of nanomechanical test instrumentation. The acquisition adds Hysitron’s innovative nanomechanical testing instruments to Bruker’s existing portfolio of atomic force microscopes (AFMs), surface profilometers, and tribology and mechanical testing systems, significantly enhancing Bruker’s leadership position in nanomaterials research markets. Hysitron’s 2016 revenues were approximately $20 million. Financial details of the transaction were not disclosed.

St  John’s College, University of Cambridge January 24th, 2017 Researchers have found a way to trigger the innate, but previously hidden, ability of graphene to act as a superconductor – meaning that it can be made to carry an electrical current with zero resistance.

Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) January 25th, 2017 A recent study, affiliated with UNIST has developed a new method of repairing injured bone using stem cells from human bone marrow and a carbon material with photocatalytic properties, which could lead to powerful treatments for skeletal system injuries, such as fractures or periodontal disease.

Carnegie Mellon University January 25th, 2017 Chemists at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated that synthetic nanoparticles can achieve the same level of structural complexity, hierarchy and accuracy as their natural counterparts – biomolecules. The study, published in Science, also reveals the atomic-level mechanisms behind nanoparticle self-assembly.

Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology January 26th, 2017 Silicon crystals are the semiconductors most commonly used to make transistors, which are critical electronic components used to carry out logic operations in computing. However, as faster and more powerful processors are created, silicon has reached a performance limit: the faster it conducts electricity, the hotter it gets, leading to overheating.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory January 26th, 2017 There’s a known rule-breaker among materials, and a new discovery by an international team of scientists adds more evidence to back up the metal’s nonconformist reputation. According to a new study led by scientists at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and at the University of California, Berkeley, electrons in vanadium dioxide can conduct electricity without conducting heat.

Rice University January 26th, 2017 Hold on, there, graphene. You might think you’re the most interesting new nanomaterial of the century, but boron might already have you beat, according to scientists at Rice University.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) January 27th, 2017 Sometimes old-school methods provide the best ways of studying cutting-edge tech and its effects on the modern world.

University of California, Berkeley January 27th, 2017 To most people, crystals mean diamond bling, semiprecious gems or perhaps the jagged amethyst or quartz crystals beloved by collectors.

Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) January 27th, 2017 Currently, biologists who study the function of protein nanomachines isolate these complexes in test tubes, divorced from the cell, and then apply in vitro techniques that allow them to observe their structure up to the atomic level. Alternatively, they use techniques that allow the analysis of these complexes within the living cell but that give little structural information. In this study, the scientists have managed to directly observe the structure of the protein machinery in living cells while it is executing its function.

Duke University January 27th, 2017 Mechanical engineers at Duke University have demonstrated a tiny whirlpool that can concentrate nanoparticles using nothing but sound. The innovation could gather proteins and other biological structures from blood, urine or saliva samples for future diagnostic devices.

Rice University January 27th, 2017 Treated particles of graphene derived from carbon nanotubes have demonstrated remarkable potential as life-saving antioxidants, but as small as they are, something even smaller had to be created to figure out why they work so well.

 

National University of Singapore January 14th, 2017 Semiconductors, which are the very basic components of electronic devices, have improved our lives in many ways. They can be found in lighting, displays, solar modules and microprocessors that are installed in almost all modern day devices, from mobile phones, washing machines, and cars, to the emerging Internet of Things. To innovate devices with better functionality and energy efficiency, researchers are constantly looking for better ways to make them, in particular from earth-abundant materials using eco-friendly processes. Plastic or organic electronics, which is made from organic carbon-based semiconductors, is one such group of technologies that can potentially provide flexible, light-weight, large-area and additively-manufactured devices, which are attractive for some types of applications.

University of Sydney January 16th, 2017 Scientists at the University of Sydney have demonstrated the ability to “see” the future of quantum systems, and used that knowledge to preempt their demise, in a major achievement that could help bring the strange and powerful world of quantum technology closer to reality.

Stanford University January 16th, 2017 In a lab 18 feet below the Engineering Quad of Stanford University, researchers in the Dionne lab camped out with one of the most advanced microscopes in the world to capture an unimaginably small reaction.

Helmholtz-Zentrum München January 17th, 2017 Nanoparticles from combustion engines can activate viruses that are dormant in in lung tissue cells. This is the result of a study by researchers of Helmholtz Zentrum München, a partner in the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), which has now been published in the journal Particle and Fibre Toxicology.

DGIST January 17th, 2017 DGIST announced that Professor Kyung-in Jang’s research team succeeded in developing a technology that can control various color changes by coating several nanometers of semiconducting materials on a metal substrate through joint research with a research team led by professor Young-min Song of GIST.

Princeton University, Engineering School January 18th, 2017 Just when lighting aficionados were in a dark place, LEDs came to the rescue. Over the past decade, LED technologies — short for light-emitting diode — have swept the lighting industry by offering features such as durability, efficiency and long life.

University of California, San Diego January 18th, 2017 In a new study, researchers at the University of California San Diego investigate why hair is incredibly strong and resistant to breaking. The findings could lead to the development of new materials for body armor and help cosmetic manufacturers create better hair care products.

University of Michigan January 19th, 2017 In research that could one day lead to advances against neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s, University of Michigan engineering researchers have demonstrated a technique for precisely measuring the properties of individual protein molecules floating in a liquid.

Nanometrics Incorporated January 19th, 2017 Nanometrics Incorporated (NASDAQ:NANO), a leading provider of advanced process control systems, will release its fourth quarter and full year 2016 financial results after market close on February 7, 2017. A conference call to discuss the results will be held at 4:30 PM ET.

National Space Society January 19th, 2017 Eric Berger, who is the senior space editor at Ars Technica, is the winner of the National Space Society’s 2017 Space Pioneer Award in the Mass Media category. This award will recognize the exemplary work he has done in the space news field for both Ars Technica, (a major technology news web site), and previously for the Houston Chronicle. It will be presented to him on May 29, 2017 at the National Space Society’s 2017 International Space Development Conference (http://isdc.nss.org/2017/). This will be the 36th ISDC and will be held in St Louis, Missouri, at the Union Station Hotel. The conference will run from May 25-29, 2017.

National Space Society January 19th, 2017 The National Space Society congratulates SpaceX on the return to flight of the Falcon 9 on January 14, 2017, at 12:54 pm EST, successfully lofting ten Iridium NEXT communications satellites manufactured by Thales Alenia into polar orbit from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

Northwestern University January 19th, 2017 •Imaging method shows nanomaterial forming in real time, for first time •‘As close to useful molecular LEGOs as I’ve seen,’ William Dichtel says •Dichtel is a pioneer in developing useful porous polymers

The Hebrew University of Jerusalem January 20th, 2017 Chip scale high precision measurements of physical quantities such as temperature, pressure and refractive index have become common with nanophotonics and nanoplasmonics resonance cavities. As excellent transducers to convert small variations in the local refractive index into measurable spectral shifts, resonance cavities are being used extensively in a variety of disciplines ranging from bio-sensing and pressure gauges to atomic and molecular spectroscopy. Chip-scale microring and microdisk resonators (MRRs) are widely used for these purposes owing to their miniaturized size, relative ease of design and fabrication, high quality factor, and versatility in the optimization of their transfer function.

Swansea University January 20th, 2017 Research by scientists at Swansea University is helping to meet the challenge of incorporating nanoscale structures into future semiconductor devices that will create new technologies and impact on all aspects of everyday life.

Institute for Basic Science January 20th, 2017 Cracks sank the ‘unsinkable’ Titanic; decrease the performance of touchscreens and erode teeth. We are familiar with cracks in big or small three-dimensional (3D) objects, but how do thin two-dimensional (2D) materials crack? 2D materials, like molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), have emerged as an important asset for future electronic and photoelectric devices. However, the mechanical properties of 2D materials are expected to differ greatly from 3D materials. Scientists at the Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics (CINAP), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) published, on Nature Communications, the first observation of 2D MoS2 cracking at the atomic level. This study is expected to contribute to the applications of new 2D materials.

Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences January 20th, 2017  Metamaterials — materials whose function is determined by structure, not composition — have been designed to bend light and sound, transform from soft to stiff, and even dampen seismic waves from earthquakes. But each of these functions requires a unique mechanical structure, making these materials great for specific tasks, but difficult to implement broadly.

 

Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science January 7th, 2017 New technique uses biomaterials to make complex devices — implantable microrobots — that could be used for many implantable applications, including drug delivery and stents, and could lead to advances in precision medicine.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology January 7th, 2017 A team of researchers at MIT has designed one of the strongest lightweight materials known, by compressing and fusing flakes of graphene, a two-dimensional form of carbon. The new material, a sponge-like configuration with a density of just 5 percent, can have a strength 10 times that of steel.

Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. January 7th, 2017 Arrowhead Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ARWR) today responded to the announcement by Silence Therapeutics plc that it acquired, in the open-market, an equity stake of 6,000,359 Arrowhead shares, representing 8.4% of the common shares outstanding. Arrowhead was advised of this just prior to the announcement by Silence.

Johns Hopkins University January 9th, 2017 In a microscopic feat that resembled a high-wire circus act, Johns Hopkins researchers have coaxed DNA nanotubes to assemble themselves into bridge-like structures arched between two molecular landmarks on the surface of a lab dish.

National Science Foundation January 9th, 2017 We can’t see them, but nanomaterials, both natural and manmade, are literally everywhere, from our personal care products to our building materials–we’re even eating and drinking them.

Keystone Nano January 10th, 2017 Keystone Nano, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company focused on improving cancer treatments through the application of nanotechnology, announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the company’s Investigational New Drug (IND) Application to assess Ceramide NanoLiposome in the treatment of solid tumors. The therapy will be tested in a Phase I clinical trial at three sites: the University of Maryland, the University of Virginia and the Medical University of South Carolina. The clinical trial will enable the Company to establish a safe dose level, and begin gathering information about the efficacy of the product as a cancer therapy.
Harris & Harris Group January 10th, 2017 Harris & Harris Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:TINY) (the “Company”) reminds shareholders and other interested parties that it will be hosting a shareholder update call tomorrow, Tuesday, January 10, 2017, at 2:00 p.m. Eastern Time. Management of the Company will update participants in the call on the proposed restructuring discussed in a press release by the Company on December 20, 2016, which can be accessed at the following link.

University of Illinois College of Engineering January 10th, 2017 A team of researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has advanced gallium nitride (GaN)-on-silicon transistor technology by optimizing the composition of the semiconductor layers that make up the device. Working with industry partners Veeco and IBM, the team created the high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) structure on a 200 mm silicon substrate with a process that will scale to larger industry-standard wafer sizes.

The Optical Society January 11th, 2017 Researchers have developed a new type of optomechanical device that uses a microscopic silicon disk to confine optical and mechanical waves. The new device is highly customizable and compatible with commercial manufacturing processes, making it a practical solution for improving sensors that detect force and movement.

American Institute of Physics January 11th, 2017 Inspired by micro-scale motions of nature, a group of researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology Madras and the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, in Chennai, India, has developed a new design for transporting colloidal particles, tiny cargo suspended in substances such as fluids or gels, more rapidly than is currently possible by diffusion.

American Institute of Physics January 11th, 2017 Shrinking the investigation of objects down to the nanometer scale often reveals new properties of matter that have no equivalent for their bulk analysis. This phenomenon is motivating many current studies of nanomaterials which can reveal fascinating new phenomena.

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) January 12th, 2017 Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have cooled a mechanical object to a temperature lower than previously thought possible, below the so-called “quantum limit.”

University of California, San Diego January 12th, 2017 Researchers at the University of California San Diego have demonstrated the world’s first laser based on an unconventional wave physics phenomenon called bound states in the continuum. The technology could revolutionize the development of surface lasers, making them more compact and energy-efficient for communications and computing applications. The new BIC lasers could also be developed as high-power lasers for industrial and defense applications.

Northwestern University January 12th, 2017 What can a beetle tell us about good design principles? Quite a lot, actually. Many insects and crustaceans possess hard, armor-like exoskeletons that, in theory, should weigh the creatures down. But, instead, the exoskeletons are surprisingly light — even allowing the armor-wearing insects, like the beetle, to fly.

Colorado State University January 12th, 2017 The energy density contained in the center of a star is higher than we can imagine – many billions of atmospheres, compared with the 1 atmosphere of pressure we live with here on Earth’s surface.

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory January 13th, 2017 Defects and jagged surfaces at the edges of nanosized platinum and gold particles are key hot spots for chemical reactivity, a team of researchers working at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Israel confirmed with a unique infrared probe.

Swansea University January 13th, 2017 Scientists at Swansea University show nanoscale modifications to the edge region of nanocontacts to nanowires can be used to engineer the electrical transport process.

University of Manchester January 13th, 2017 Scientists at The University of Manchester have produced the most tightly knotted physical structure ever known – a scientific achievement which has the potential to create a new generation of advanced materials.

Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Barcelona December 31st, 2016 Through a novel approach, we provide a method to decouple one of the major problems into KPFM/EFM advanced modes, the mechanical crosstalk. The idea is simple, we will use KPFM/EFM to acquire an image with the electrical information plus the mechanical crosstalk. Afterwards, a standard Bimodal AFM image is used to acquire the mechanical properties of the sample. Both images are then compared to see if electrostatic data can be used to interpret different electrostatic properties of the sample.

theconversation.com January 2nd, 2017 Writing in an experimental paper, published in the International Journal of Nanotechnology, the researchers were surprised to find a number of physical properties of water change their behaviour between 50℃ and 60℃. This sign of a potential change to a second liquid state could spark a heated discussion in the scientific community. And, if confirmed, it could have implications for a range of fields, including nanotechnology and biology.

STMicroelectronics January 2nd, 2017 v ST smart MEMS sensors with on-board pedometer extend battery life of devices hosting always-on activity-tracking apps v Already designed into several smartphones to enable the social fitness feature WeRun inside WeChat messaging app v Low-power design combines with superior performance and faster and easier calibration by end user

University of Illinois College of Engineering January 3rd, 2017 Topological insulators, an exciting, relatively new class of materials, are capable of carrying electricity along the edge of the surface, while the bulk of the material acts as an electrical insulator. Practical applications for these materials are still mostly a matter of theory, as scientists probe their microscopic properties to better understand the fundamental physics that govern their peculiar behavior.

Duke University January 4th, 2017 By suspending tiny metal nanoparticles in liquids, Duke University scientists are brewing up conductive ink-jet printer “inks” to print inexpensive, customizable circuit patterns on just about any surface.

Ohio State University January 4th, 2017 The same researchers who pioneered the use of a quantum mechanical effect to convert heat into electricity have figured out how to make their technique work in a form more suitable to industry.

Rice University January 4th, 2017 A few nanoscale adjustments may be all that is required to make graphene-nanotube junctions excel at transferring heat, according to Rice University scientists.

Penn State January 4th, 2017 Some researchers are working to discover new, safer ways to deliver cancer-fighting drugs to tumors without damaging healthy cells. Others are finding ways to boost the body’s own immune system to attack cancer cells. Researchers at Penn State have combined the two approaches by taking biodegradable polymer nanoparticles encapsulated with cancer-fighting drugs and incorporating them into immune cells to create a smart, targeted system to attack cancers of specific types.

Aalto University January 5th, 2017 Researchers at Aalto University, Finland are the first to develop a plasmonic nanolaser that operates at visible light frequencies and uses so-called dark lattice modes.

Rice University January 6th, 2017 Concrete isn’t thought of as a plastic, but plasticity at small scales boosts concrete’s utility as the world’s most-used material by letting it constantly adjust to stress, decades and sometimes even centuries after hardening. Rice University researchers are a step closer to understanding why.

Florida State University January 6th, 2017 A Florida State University research team has discovered a new crystal structure of organic-inorganic hybrid materials that could open the door to new applications for optoelectronic devices like light-emitting diodes and lasers.

Institute for Basic Science January 6th, 2017 PARK Je-Geun, Associate Director at the Center for Correlated Electron Systems, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), working in collaboration with CHEONG Hyeonsik at Sogang University and PARK Cheol-Hwan at Seoul National University demonstrated the magnetic behavior of a special class of 2D materials. This is the first experimental proof to a theory proposed more than 70 years ago. The paper, describing the experiment, is published in the journal Nano Letters.

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